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Apostrophes
To Show Contraction
When you join two
words together, use
an apostrophe to
show where the
letter(s) have been
removed
*Contractions should
not be used in formal
writing.
I have = I’ve
Does not = doesn’t
He has/is = He’s
It is/has = It’s
Could have = could’ve
Do not = don’t
Are not = aren’t
April 14, 2014 2
Apostrophes to Show Possession
Possession means ownership. We use an
APOSTROPHE to show possession.
Bill’s jacket – the jacket belongs to Bill
Susan’s dress – the dress belongs to Susan
The Smiths’ home – the home belongs the Smiths
Jason and Deb’s children – The children belong to Jason and
Deb
Jayden’s and Sophia’s bikes –Jayden has his own bike and
Sophia has her own bike
The item belongs to whatever comes
before the apostrophe.
The Smiths’ The
The Smiths’ home
was a dream come
true.
Bill’s dog was his
best friend.
Singular Possessive Nouns
The possessive form of
a singular noun is an
apostrophe followed by
the letter "s.“
• Noun + Apostrophe +
S
Hector’s homework
Kyoko’s book
Lydia’s instructor
Lily’s cat
April 14, 2014 5
Becky’s purse—apostrophe shows
ownership
Plural Possessive Nouns
If the noun is made
plural by adding –s or
–es, put an
apostrophe after the -
s
The boys’ bikes
The students’ books
April 14, 2014 7
Girls’ purses
Ladies’ purses
For nouns made plural by
adding an s, add only an
apostrophe at the end.
Plural Possessives
If the noun has an
irregular plural form,
add the apostrophe
and an ‘s
The children’s toys
The women’s restroom
The mice’s tails
April 14, 2014 9
Women’s pursesFor nouns made plural by
an irregular form, add an
apostrophe and an –s
The
plural
form of
woman is
women.
Possession with Compound Nouns
When a sentence
indicates joint
ownership in a
compound
construction, the
possessive form is
attached only to the
second noun:
Jason and Deb’s son – the
son belong to both Jason and Deb
Michelle and Mark’s
dog – the dog belongs to both Mike
and Mark
April 14, 2014 11
Possession with Compound Nouns
When a sentence
indicates individual
ownership in a
compound
construction, this is
indicated by a double
possessive
Kyle’s and Jessica’s
microscopes
Ken’s and Tom’s suits
April 14, 2014 12
Singular Singular Possessive Plural Plural Possessive
Boy Boy’s Boys Boys’
Mary Mary’s Marys Marys’
Boss Boss’s Bosses Bosses’
Nurse Nurse’s Nurses Nurses’
Sister-in-law Sister-in-law’s Sisters-in-law Sisters-in-law’s
Child Child’s Children Children’s
Editor-in-chief Editor-in-chief’s Editors-in-chief Editors-in-chief’s
Attorney general Attorney general’s Attorney generals Attorney generals’
Woman Woman’s Women Women’s
Teacher Teacher’s Teachers Teachers’
Daughter Daughter’s Daughters Daughters’
Singular, Singular Possessive, Plural, and
Plural Possessive Forms

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Apostrophes

  • 2. To Show Contraction When you join two words together, use an apostrophe to show where the letter(s) have been removed *Contractions should not be used in formal writing. I have = I’ve Does not = doesn’t He has/is = He’s It is/has = It’s Could have = could’ve Do not = don’t Are not = aren’t April 14, 2014 2
  • 3. Apostrophes to Show Possession Possession means ownership. We use an APOSTROPHE to show possession. Bill’s jacket – the jacket belongs to Bill Susan’s dress – the dress belongs to Susan The Smiths’ home – the home belongs the Smiths Jason and Deb’s children – The children belong to Jason and Deb Jayden’s and Sophia’s bikes –Jayden has his own bike and Sophia has her own bike The item belongs to whatever comes before the apostrophe.
  • 4. The Smiths’ The The Smiths’ home was a dream come true. Bill’s dog was his best friend.
  • 5. Singular Possessive Nouns The possessive form of a singular noun is an apostrophe followed by the letter "s.“ • Noun + Apostrophe + S Hector’s homework Kyoko’s book Lydia’s instructor Lily’s cat April 14, 2014 5
  • 7. Plural Possessive Nouns If the noun is made plural by adding –s or –es, put an apostrophe after the - s The boys’ bikes The students’ books April 14, 2014 7
  • 8. Girls’ purses Ladies’ purses For nouns made plural by adding an s, add only an apostrophe at the end.
  • 9. Plural Possessives If the noun has an irregular plural form, add the apostrophe and an ‘s The children’s toys The women’s restroom The mice’s tails April 14, 2014 9
  • 10. Women’s pursesFor nouns made plural by an irregular form, add an apostrophe and an –s The plural form of woman is women.
  • 11. Possession with Compound Nouns When a sentence indicates joint ownership in a compound construction, the possessive form is attached only to the second noun: Jason and Deb’s son – the son belong to both Jason and Deb Michelle and Mark’s dog – the dog belongs to both Mike and Mark April 14, 2014 11
  • 12. Possession with Compound Nouns When a sentence indicates individual ownership in a compound construction, this is indicated by a double possessive Kyle’s and Jessica’s microscopes Ken’s and Tom’s suits April 14, 2014 12
  • 13. Singular Singular Possessive Plural Plural Possessive Boy Boy’s Boys Boys’ Mary Mary’s Marys Marys’ Boss Boss’s Bosses Bosses’ Nurse Nurse’s Nurses Nurses’ Sister-in-law Sister-in-law’s Sisters-in-law Sisters-in-law’s Child Child’s Children Children’s Editor-in-chief Editor-in-chief’s Editors-in-chief Editors-in-chief’s Attorney general Attorney general’s Attorney generals Attorney generals’ Woman Woman’s Women Women’s Teacher Teacher’s Teachers Teachers’ Daughter Daughter’s Daughters Daughters’ Singular, Singular Possessive, Plural, and Plural Possessive Forms