SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 30
Indian National Congress, Congress-I (also known as the Congress
Party and abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India.
Created in 1885 by A. O. Hume, Dadabhai Naoroji and Sir Dinshaw
Edulji Wacha, the Indian National Congress became the nation's leader
in the Independence Movement, with over 15 million Indians involved
in its organizations and over 70 million participants in its struggle
against the British Empire.
During this phase, it functioned not so much as a political party than
as a forum for Indians and their British supporters to express to the
colonial authorities their views, opinions and to assert India’s right to
self-determination
After independence in 1947, it became the nation's dominant political
party, in power from 1947 until 1977, then from 1980 to 1999, 1991 to
1996 and winning the 2004 general election.
In the 14th Lok Sabha (2004-2009), 145 INC members, the largest
contingent amongst all parties, serve in the house. The party is
currently the chief member of the ruling United Progressive Alliance
coalition supported by the Left Front.
Famous members include Annie Besant, its first woman INC President,
Mahatma Gandhi (President in 1924) and Sarojini Naidu, the first
Indian woman President (1925) and the first woman State Governor
and India’s first woman Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi.
Aim and Objectives of the Congress
1. Promotion of the friendship among the countrymen.
2. Development and consolidation of feeling of national unity
3. irrespective of race, caste, religion and provinces.
4. Formation of popular demands and presentation before the
5. Government through petitions.
6. Training and organisation of public opinion.
7. Consolidation of sentiments of national unity.
8. Recording of the opinions of educated classes on pressing problems.
9.Laying downlines for future course of action in public interest
The Indian National Congress through resolution demanded for:
(i) The appointment of a commission to inquire into the working of the Indian
government,
(ii) The abolition of the India council of the Secretary of state for India,
(iii) Creation of legislative councils of the north-west provinces and Awadh and the
Punjab,
(iv) Enhancement of the number of elected members in the central and provincial
legislative councils with the right of interpolation and discussion of the budget and
the creation of a standing committee in the house of commons to look into the
demands of the people,
(v) Reduction of military expenditure and equitable division of expenditure
between India and England,
(vi) Introduction of simultaneous Public Service Examinations in England and India
and raising age of the candidates who wish to appear for ICS. Till 1905, the Indian
National Congress, demanded only for piecemeal reforms through petitions and
prayers.
On the basis of the goal, strategy and technique adopted by the Indian National
Congress, the national movement of India was divided as moderate phase (1885-
1905), extremist phase (1905 to 1918) and the revolutionary phase and finally the
Gandhian phase (1919 to 1947).
Founded in 1885 with the objective of obtaining a greater share in
government for educated Indians, the Indian National Congress was
initially not opposed to British rule.
 The Congress met once a year during December. Indeed, it was a
Scotsman, Allan Octavian Hume, who brought about its first
meeting in Mumbai, with the approval of Lord Dufferin, the then-
Viceroy.
Womesh Chandra Bonerjee was the first President of the INC.
The first meeting was scheduled to be held in Pune, but due to a
plague outbreak there, the meeting was later shifted to Mumbai. The
first Session of INC was held from 28-31 December 1885, and was
attended by 72 delegates
The pre-independence era
A few years down the line, the demands of INC became
more radical in the face of constant opposition from the
government, and the party became very active in the
independence movement
. By 1907 the party was split into two halves: the Garam Dal
of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, or Extremists (literally "hot faction"),
and the Naram Dal of Gopal Krishna Gokhale, or Moderates
(literally "soft faction"), distinguished by their attitude
towards the British.
The post-independence era
The party remained in power for thirty continuous years between
independence in 1947 and its first taste of electoral defeat (at the
national level) in 1977.
Jawaharlal Nehru
After the murder of Gandhi in 1948 and the death of Sardar Patel in
1950, Jawaharlal Nehru was the sole remaining iconic national leader,
and he became key to the political potency and future of the Congress
Nehru embraced secularism, socialist economic policies and a non-
aligned foreign policy, which became the hallmark of the modern
Congress Party.
Nehru's policies challenged the landed class, the business class and
improved the position of religious minorities and lower caste Hindus.
A generation of freedom fighting leaders were soon replaced by a
generation of people who had grown up in the shadow of Nehru.
Nehru led the Congress Party to consecutively awesome majorities in
the elections of 1952, 1957 and 1962.
1. After Nehru's death in 1964, the party's future first came into question.
2. No leader was competitive enough to touch Nehru's iconic status, so the second-
stage leadership mustered around the compromise candidate, the gentle, soft-
spoken and Nehruvian Lal Bahadur Shastri. Shastri remained Prime Minister till
his own death in 1966,
3.The first serious challenge to Congress hegemony came in 1967
when a united opposition, under the banner of Samyukt Vidhanayak
Dal, won control over several states in the Hindi belt
4. Indira Gandhi, the daughter of Nehru, and Congress president, was
then challenged by the majority of the party leadership. The conflict
led to a split, and Indira launched a separate INC. Initially this party
was known as Congress (R), but it soon came to be generally known as
the New Congress. The official party became known as Indian National
Congress (Organisation) led by Kamaraj. It was informally called the
Old Congress. As Indira Priyadarshini had control over the state
machinery, her faction was recognized as the "real" INC by the Election
Commission of India, although her organization was the break-away
group
After she lifted the emergency in 1977, more Congress factions were
formed, the one remaining loyal to Indira Gandhi being popularly
known as Congress(I) with an 'I' for Indira.
The Congress (I) was routed in the general elections by the Janata
Party. The party was able to return to power in the 1980 elections.
In 1984 Indira Gandhi was assassinated by two of her Sikh
bodyguards, as a revenge for Operation Blue Star. In the following days
thousands of Sikhs were killed in the 1984 riots, mainly in Delhi, by
activists and leaders of the Congress Party
The post-Indira era
After Indira, her son Rajiv Gandhi, took over as Congress leader and
led the party to victory with a large majority in the 1984 Lok Sabha
elections.
It governed from 1984-9 and then was defeated in the 1989 general
election. Rajiv Gandhi was also assassinated by the LTTE during the
course of the election campaign in 1991.
Following Rajiv Gandhi's assassination, P.V. Narasimha Rao succeeded
him as Congress leader and became prime minister.
The 1990s was a period of prolonged crisis for the Congress.
After gradually losing political influence the party asked the Rajiv
Gandhi's widow, Sonia, to accept the position as Congress President.
Refusing in 1991, the Congress stuck with Narasimha Rao. Rao
dramatically changed the party's traditionally socialist policies and
introduced major economic reforms and liberalization, with the help
of then Finance minister (and future Prime Minister) Manmohan
Singh.
Nonetheless, his involvement in the bribery of members of
parliament was a major issue which led to the downfall of the
Congress in 1996, and subsequently his own disgraced exit from
politics.
Indian Prime Ministers from the
Congress Party
Jawaharlal Nehru (1947 - 1964)
Gulzarilal Nanda (May - June1964, January 1966)
Lal Bahadur Shastri (1964 - 1966)
Indira Gandhi (1966 - 1977, 1980 - 1984)
Rajiv Gandhi (1984 - 1989)
P.V. Narasimha Rao (1991 - 1996)
Manmohan Singh (2004 -)
Congress Party and Social Liberalism
Congress has been the ruling party of India for no less than 49 years, though not at a
stretch. The dominant party in Indian political space has formed government for 10
times, winning majority on six occasions and forming coalitions for four times.
For its social liberal outlook, the Congress Party is generally placed on the Centre-Left
of the political spectrum. It adheres to the Gandhian principle of upliftment of all
sections of society.
Unlike many other contemporary parties, Congress supports liberal nationalism,
which can also be referred as a more tolerant nationalism with space for equality,
freedom and rights.
Socialist tendencies and the restrictive economic policies framed by its government
have often been blamed for the downhill ride of Indian economy. There is a
significant dichotomy in the party’s economic policies.
On the one hand, it supports free market policies, and on the other hand it adopts a
wait-and-watch approach when it comes to liberalising the economy. Despite all
these, the party is credited with initiating deregularisation, liberalisation and
privatisation policies
Congress Creating The Republic
1. Freedom Movement
2. Our Constitution
3. Commitment to Democracy
4. Panchayati Raj
5. Combating Corruption
6. Lowering the Voting Age
CongressBuilding An Equal India
1. Voting Rights for All
2. Progressive Values
3. Equal Economic Opportunity
4. Building Social Equality
5. Women's Reservation
Congress Bringing Prosperity
1. Temples of Modern India
2. 5-year Plan
3. Bank Nationalisation
4. Green Revolution
5. White Revolution
6. Indiraji's 20 Point Programme
7. Economic Reforms
8. Right Based Approach
9. Mahatma Gandhi NREGA
10. Food Security Act
11. Land Acquisition Act
12. Education
13. Tribal Empowerment
14. Aadhaar & DBT
15. Healthcare
16. Economic Growth
17. FDI
18. Power
19. Roads, Rail and Air Transport
20. Urban Development
21. Nuclear Power
Congress Strengthening the Nation
1. Secularism
2. Unifying the Nation
3. Fighting Internal Threats
4. Empowering States
5. Improving Internal Security
Promoting World Peace
1. Panchsheel and Non-Alignment
2. Liberating Bangladesh
Scams under Indian National
Congress governance:
Insurance Scam
Telecom scam (Sukh Ram)
HDW Submarine
Bitumen scam
Tansi land deal
Securities Scam
JMM Bribery Scandal
St Kitts case
Urea scam
CRB Scam
Anantnag transport scam
1971 Nagarwala scandal
Fooder scam)
Churhat lottery scam
Bofors Scandal (1990)
Animal Husbandry Case (1990)
Bombay Stock Exchange Fraud
Home Trade
Ketan Parekh Scandal,
Barak Missile Deal Scandal,
Tehelka Scandal (2001)
UTI Scam
Taj corridor case (2002–2003)
Telgi scandal (2003)
DSQ Software
IPO Scam- karvy
Oil-for-food programme scam (Natwar) (05)
Human Trafficking Scam (Babubhai Katara)
Cash-for-votes scandal
Satyam scandal
2G Spectrum- 2008
Madhu Koda, laundering money Rs. 4000 Cr
NREGA Scam
CWG
Adarsh
Hawala scandal (1993)
Bangalore-Mysore Corridor (1995)
Sukh Ram (1996)
Fodder Scam in Bihar (1996)
Kerala SNC Lavalin power scandal(97
Lack of transparency within party:
Failure to communicate with voters
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
No leadership hierarchy
Corruption and scams
sachin.srswatz@gmail.com0shaista96@gmail..com

More Related Content

What's hot

Framing The ConstitutIon PPT CLASS 12
Framing The ConstitutIon PPT CLASS 12Framing The ConstitutIon PPT CLASS 12
Framing The ConstitutIon PPT CLASS 12SimranRaina7
 
Second Phase of Indian National Movement
Second Phase of Indian National MovementSecond Phase of Indian National Movement
Second Phase of Indian National MovementSuhas Mandlik
 
History Of Indian National Congress - Detailed Information
History Of Indian National Congress - Detailed InformationHistory Of Indian National Congress - Detailed Information
History Of Indian National Congress - Detailed InformationAliAqsamAbbasi
 
The Round Table Conference
The Round Table ConferenceThe Round Table Conference
The Round Table Conferenceraniya_karim32
 
Indian NationalCongress
Indian NationalCongressIndian NationalCongress
Indian NationalCongressAzam Khan
 
Cabinet mission plan and simla conference
Cabinet mission plan and simla conferenceCabinet mission plan and simla conference
Cabinet mission plan and simla conferencesaifkhankakar
 
Formation of interim government and 3rd june plan
Formation of interim government and 3rd june planFormation of interim government and 3rd june plan
Formation of interim government and 3rd june plansaifkhankakar
 
Simmion commision
Simmion commisionSimmion commision
Simmion commisionPakMade1
 
Bengal partition 1905
Bengal partition 1905Bengal partition 1905
Bengal partition 1905ShaheerAbbasi
 
The cripps mission & general elections
The cripps mission & general electionsThe cripps mission & general elections
The cripps mission & general electionssaifkhankakar
 
Government of India Act 1935
Government of India Act 1935Government of India Act 1935
Government of India Act 1935Abdul Azim Akhtar
 
The Khilafat Movement
The Khilafat Movement The Khilafat Movement
The Khilafat Movement z2217
 

What's hot (20)

Framing The ConstitutIon PPT CLASS 12
Framing The ConstitutIon PPT CLASS 12Framing The ConstitutIon PPT CLASS 12
Framing The ConstitutIon PPT CLASS 12
 
Second Phase of Indian National Movement
Second Phase of Indian National MovementSecond Phase of Indian National Movement
Second Phase of Indian National Movement
 
Jawaharlal nehru
Jawaharlal nehruJawaharlal nehru
Jawaharlal nehru
 
History Of Indian National Congress - Detailed Information
History Of Indian National Congress - Detailed InformationHistory Of Indian National Congress - Detailed Information
History Of Indian National Congress - Detailed Information
 
Nehru Report
Nehru ReportNehru Report
Nehru Report
 
The swadeshi movement
The swadeshi movementThe swadeshi movement
The swadeshi movement
 
Lucknow pact
Lucknow pactLucknow pact
Lucknow pact
 
The Round Table Conference
The Round Table ConferenceThe Round Table Conference
The Round Table Conference
 
Indian NationalCongress
Indian NationalCongressIndian NationalCongress
Indian NationalCongress
 
Cabinet mission plan and simla conference
Cabinet mission plan and simla conferenceCabinet mission plan and simla conference
Cabinet mission plan and simla conference
 
Formation of interim government and 3rd june plan
Formation of interim government and 3rd june planFormation of interim government and 3rd june plan
Formation of interim government and 3rd june plan
 
Quit India Movement
Quit India MovementQuit India Movement
Quit India Movement
 
Simmion commision
Simmion commisionSimmion commision
Simmion commision
 
Lecture 11 indian act 1935 and congress ministries
Lecture 11 indian act 1935 and congress ministriesLecture 11 indian act 1935 and congress ministries
Lecture 11 indian act 1935 and congress ministries
 
1935 act
1935 act1935 act
1935 act
 
Bengal partition 1905
Bengal partition 1905Bengal partition 1905
Bengal partition 1905
 
The cripps mission & general elections
The cripps mission & general electionsThe cripps mission & general elections
The cripps mission & general elections
 
Government of India Act 1935
Government of India Act 1935Government of India Act 1935
Government of India Act 1935
 
Nehru Report
Nehru ReportNehru Report
Nehru Report
 
The Khilafat Movement
The Khilafat Movement The Khilafat Movement
The Khilafat Movement
 

Viewers also liked (10)

Role of Indian National Congress in Freedom Struggle
Role of Indian National Congress in Freedom StruggleRole of Indian National Congress in Freedom Struggle
Role of Indian National Congress in Freedom Struggle
 
Congress Powerpoint
Congress PowerpointCongress Powerpoint
Congress Powerpoint
 
Role of personalities in pakistan movement
Role of personalities in pakistan movementRole of personalities in pakistan movement
Role of personalities in pakistan movement
 
Quaid
QuaidQuaid
Quaid
 
The Legislative Branch | Congress
The Legislative Branch | CongressThe Legislative Branch | Congress
The Legislative Branch | Congress
 
Congress
CongressCongress
Congress
 
On ijtihad and taqlid
On ijtihad and taqlidOn ijtihad and taqlid
On ijtihad and taqlid
 
iMobMedia Kiosk Address
iMobMedia Kiosk AddressiMobMedia Kiosk Address
iMobMedia Kiosk Address
 
Syed_Altaf_CV
Syed_Altaf_CVSyed_Altaf_CV
Syed_Altaf_CV
 
Neuquén modelo de integrabilidad de sistemas
Neuquén   modelo de integrabilidad de sistemasNeuquén   modelo de integrabilidad de sistemas
Neuquén modelo de integrabilidad de sistemas
 

Similar to Congress

Regional parties and its implications in India
Regional parties and its implications in IndiaRegional parties and its implications in India
Regional parties and its implications in IndiaCol Mukteshwar Prasad
 
Indira gandhi ppt mohammed shaheed ts
Indira gandhi ppt mohammed shaheed tsIndira gandhi ppt mohammed shaheed ts
Indira gandhi ppt mohammed shaheed tsAnzarSalman
 
Bjmc i, igp, unit-iii, Major National Regional parties
Bjmc i, igp, unit-iii, Major National Regional partiesBjmc i, igp, unit-iii, Major National Regional parties
Bjmc i, igp, unit-iii, Major National Regional partiesRai University
 
A ppt on political parties of India.
A   ppt on political parties of India.A   ppt on political parties of India.
A ppt on political parties of India.keshav pareek
 
The great indian elections
The great indian electionsThe great indian elections
The great indian electionsDeepansha Singh
 
Coalition Politics & Mandal Commission
Coalition Politics & Mandal CommissionCoalition Politics & Mandal Commission
Coalition Politics & Mandal CommissionManish Kumar
 
Largest political party in the world.pdf
Largest political party in the world.pdfLargest political party in the world.pdf
Largest political party in the world.pdfMaheswarDalabehera1
 
WHAT IS A REGIONAL PARTY FINAL.pptx
WHAT IS A REGIONAL PARTY FINAL.pptxWHAT IS A REGIONAL PARTY FINAL.pptx
WHAT IS A REGIONAL PARTY FINAL.pptxRajatbisht23
 
Indian National Congress
Indian National CongressIndian National Congress
Indian National CongressZia ullah
 
Jawaharlal Nehru ppt.ppt
Jawaharlal Nehru ppt.pptJawaharlal Nehru ppt.ppt
Jawaharlal Nehru ppt.pptZahidTulve
 
Political Parties Of India
Political Parties Of India Political Parties Of India
Political Parties Of India Utsav Mahendra
 
PARTIES AND THE PARTY SYSTEM IN INDIA
PARTIES AND THE PARTY SYSTEM IN INDIAPARTIES AND THE PARTY SYSTEM IN INDIA
PARTIES AND THE PARTY SYSTEM IN INDIARaaviKapoor
 
Congrress rule in india
Congrress rule in india Congrress rule in india
Congrress rule in india Reetesh Agarwal
 
National and state parties1
National and state parties1National and state parties1
National and state parties1mohit goyal
 
Evolution of Muslim leage
Evolution of Muslim leage Evolution of Muslim leage
Evolution of Muslim leage ayeshafehmi
 
Political party (gopal krishna biswas) x 'b'
Political party (gopal krishna biswas) x 'b'Political party (gopal krishna biswas) x 'b'
Political party (gopal krishna biswas) x 'b'Gopal Krishna Biswas
 

Similar to Congress (20)

Regional parties and its implications in India
Regional parties and its implications in IndiaRegional parties and its implications in India
Regional parties and its implications in India
 
Indira gandhi ppt mohammed shaheed ts
Indira gandhi ppt mohammed shaheed tsIndira gandhi ppt mohammed shaheed ts
Indira gandhi ppt mohammed shaheed ts
 
Bjmc i, igp, unit-iii, Major National Regional parties
Bjmc i, igp, unit-iii, Major National Regional partiesBjmc i, igp, unit-iii, Major National Regional parties
Bjmc i, igp, unit-iii, Major National Regional parties
 
india elections
india electionsindia elections
india elections
 
A ppt on political parties of India.
A   ppt on political parties of India.A   ppt on political parties of India.
A ppt on political parties of India.
 
The great indian elections
The great indian electionsThe great indian elections
The great indian elections
 
Chaithanya jhade
Chaithanya jhadeChaithanya jhade
Chaithanya jhade
 
Coalition Politics & Mandal Commission
Coalition Politics & Mandal CommissionCoalition Politics & Mandal Commission
Coalition Politics & Mandal Commission
 
Largest political party in the world.pdf
Largest political party in the world.pdfLargest political party in the world.pdf
Largest political party in the world.pdf
 
WHAT IS A REGIONAL PARTY FINAL.pptx
WHAT IS A REGIONAL PARTY FINAL.pptxWHAT IS A REGIONAL PARTY FINAL.pptx
WHAT IS A REGIONAL PARTY FINAL.pptx
 
Indian National Congress
Indian National CongressIndian National Congress
Indian National Congress
 
Jawaharlal Nehru ppt.ppt
Jawaharlal Nehru ppt.pptJawaharlal Nehru ppt.ppt
Jawaharlal Nehru ppt.ppt
 
Political Parties Of India
Political Parties Of India Political Parties Of India
Political Parties Of India
 
Political party
Political partyPolitical party
Political party
 
PARTIES AND THE PARTY SYSTEM IN INDIA
PARTIES AND THE PARTY SYSTEM IN INDIAPARTIES AND THE PARTY SYSTEM IN INDIA
PARTIES AND THE PARTY SYSTEM IN INDIA
 
Congrress rule in india
Congrress rule in india Congrress rule in india
Congrress rule in india
 
National and state parties1
National and state parties1National and state parties1
National and state parties1
 
Evolution of Muslim leage
Evolution of Muslim leage Evolution of Muslim leage
Evolution of Muslim leage
 
Coalition Politics.pptx
Coalition Politics.pptxCoalition Politics.pptx
Coalition Politics.pptx
 
Political party (gopal krishna biswas) x 'b'
Political party (gopal krishna biswas) x 'b'Political party (gopal krishna biswas) x 'b'
Political party (gopal krishna biswas) x 'b'
 

Recently uploaded

Happy International Day of light - SPIE.
Happy International Day of light - SPIE.Happy International Day of light - SPIE.
Happy International Day of light - SPIE.Christina Parmionova
 
Finland's mental health policy and its implementation: a CSO perspective
Finland's mental health policy and its implementation: a CSO perspectiveFinland's mental health policy and its implementation: a CSO perspective
Finland's mental health policy and its implementation: a CSO perspectiveKristian Wahlbeck
 
Geate Advertising Agency by Slidesgo.pptx
Geate Advertising Agency by Slidesgo.pptxGeate Advertising Agency by Slidesgo.pptx
Geate Advertising Agency by Slidesgo.pptxnouralhuda2210173
 
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 34
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 342024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 34
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 34JSchaus & Associates
 
Daftar Rumpun, Pohon, dan Cabang Ilmu (2024) - Daftar Rumpun, Pohon, dan Caba...
Daftar Rumpun, Pohon, dan Cabang Ilmu (2024) - Daftar Rumpun, Pohon, dan Caba...Daftar Rumpun, Pohon, dan Cabang Ilmu (2024) - Daftar Rumpun, Pohon, dan Caba...
Daftar Rumpun, Pohon, dan Cabang Ilmu (2024) - Daftar Rumpun, Pohon, dan Caba...suryaaamsyah
 
Ian Bremmer's message for those graduating in toxic times.pdf
Ian Bremmer's message for those graduating in toxic times.pdfIan Bremmer's message for those graduating in toxic times.pdf
Ian Bremmer's message for those graduating in toxic times.pdfEnergy for One World
 
researching client.pptxffffffffffffffffffffffffff
researching client.pptxffffffffffffffffffffffffffresearching client.pptxffffffffffffffffffffffffff
researching client.pptxfffffffffffffffffffffffffflolsDocherty
 
Ghana High Commission on list of diplomats including US & China who owe £143m...
Ghana High Commission on list of diplomats including US & China who owe £143m...Ghana High Commission on list of diplomats including US & China who owe £143m...
Ghana High Commission on list of diplomats including US & China who owe £143m...Kweku Zurek
 
Sponsoring a Girl Child's Education in kurnool
Sponsoring a Girl Child's Education in kurnoolSponsoring a Girl Child's Education in kurnool
Sponsoring a Girl Child's Education in kurnoolSERUDS INDIA
 
Who are the Sherden Yale Historical Review
Who are the Sherden Yale Historical ReviewWho are the Sherden Yale Historical Review
Who are the Sherden Yale Historical Reviewyalehistoricalreview
 
sarkarijobswork.online-bsf-si-vehicle-mechanic-and-constable-technical-may24.pdf
sarkarijobswork.online-bsf-si-vehicle-mechanic-and-constable-technical-may24.pdfsarkarijobswork.online-bsf-si-vehicle-mechanic-and-constable-technical-may24.pdf
sarkarijobswork.online-bsf-si-vehicle-mechanic-and-constable-technical-may24.pdfSarkari Jobs Work
 
Rocky Mount Greenville Willson Regional Transit Plan
Rocky Mount Greenville Willson Regional Transit PlanRocky Mount Greenville Willson Regional Transit Plan
Rocky Mount Greenville Willson Regional Transit PlanRobert Hiett
 
Pitch Presentation for b2.pptxsssssssssssssssssssssss
Pitch Presentation for b2.pptxsssssssssssssssssssssssPitch Presentation for b2.pptxsssssssssssssssssssssss
Pitch Presentation for b2.pptxsssssssssssssssssssssssDanielOliver74
 
Dreamwater Portable Filter- Footsteps Bangladesh
Dreamwater Portable Filter- Footsteps BangladeshDreamwater Portable Filter- Footsteps Bangladesh
Dreamwater Portable Filter- Footsteps Bangladeshshahrafayat
 
30th anniversary of the International Year of Families.
30th anniversary of the International Year of Families.30th anniversary of the International Year of Families.
30th anniversary of the International Year of Families.Christina Parmionova
 
Lahore Resolution of 1940, Emergence of Bangladesh.pptx
Lahore Resolution of 1940, Emergence of Bangladesh.pptxLahore Resolution of 1940, Emergence of Bangladesh.pptx
Lahore Resolution of 1940, Emergence of Bangladesh.pptxtasfia2829
 
Rocky Mount | Wilson | Greenville Regional Transit Plan Executive Summary
Rocky Mount | Wilson | Greenville Regional Transit Plan Executive SummaryRocky Mount | Wilson | Greenville Regional Transit Plan Executive Summary
Rocky Mount | Wilson | Greenville Regional Transit Plan Executive SummaryRobert Hiett
 
Effective Financial Reporting - May 2024
Effective Financial Reporting - May 2024Effective Financial Reporting - May 2024
Effective Financial Reporting - May 2024FelixPerez547899
 
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 35
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 352024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 35
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 35JSchaus & Associates
 
#Bepartoftheplan on International Day For Biological Diversity 2024
#Bepartoftheplan on International Day For Biological Diversity 2024#Bepartoftheplan on International Day For Biological Diversity 2024
#Bepartoftheplan on International Day For Biological Diversity 2024Christina Parmionova
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Happy International Day of light - SPIE.
Happy International Day of light - SPIE.Happy International Day of light - SPIE.
Happy International Day of light - SPIE.
 
Finland's mental health policy and its implementation: a CSO perspective
Finland's mental health policy and its implementation: a CSO perspectiveFinland's mental health policy and its implementation: a CSO perspective
Finland's mental health policy and its implementation: a CSO perspective
 
Geate Advertising Agency by Slidesgo.pptx
Geate Advertising Agency by Slidesgo.pptxGeate Advertising Agency by Slidesgo.pptx
Geate Advertising Agency by Slidesgo.pptx
 
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 34
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 342024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 34
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 34
 
Daftar Rumpun, Pohon, dan Cabang Ilmu (2024) - Daftar Rumpun, Pohon, dan Caba...
Daftar Rumpun, Pohon, dan Cabang Ilmu (2024) - Daftar Rumpun, Pohon, dan Caba...Daftar Rumpun, Pohon, dan Cabang Ilmu (2024) - Daftar Rumpun, Pohon, dan Caba...
Daftar Rumpun, Pohon, dan Cabang Ilmu (2024) - Daftar Rumpun, Pohon, dan Caba...
 
Ian Bremmer's message for those graduating in toxic times.pdf
Ian Bremmer's message for those graduating in toxic times.pdfIan Bremmer's message for those graduating in toxic times.pdf
Ian Bremmer's message for those graduating in toxic times.pdf
 
researching client.pptxffffffffffffffffffffffffff
researching client.pptxffffffffffffffffffffffffffresearching client.pptxffffffffffffffffffffffffff
researching client.pptxffffffffffffffffffffffffff
 
Ghana High Commission on list of diplomats including US & China who owe £143m...
Ghana High Commission on list of diplomats including US & China who owe £143m...Ghana High Commission on list of diplomats including US & China who owe £143m...
Ghana High Commission on list of diplomats including US & China who owe £143m...
 
Sponsoring a Girl Child's Education in kurnool
Sponsoring a Girl Child's Education in kurnoolSponsoring a Girl Child's Education in kurnool
Sponsoring a Girl Child's Education in kurnool
 
Who are the Sherden Yale Historical Review
Who are the Sherden Yale Historical ReviewWho are the Sherden Yale Historical Review
Who are the Sherden Yale Historical Review
 
sarkarijobswork.online-bsf-si-vehicle-mechanic-and-constable-technical-may24.pdf
sarkarijobswork.online-bsf-si-vehicle-mechanic-and-constable-technical-may24.pdfsarkarijobswork.online-bsf-si-vehicle-mechanic-and-constable-technical-may24.pdf
sarkarijobswork.online-bsf-si-vehicle-mechanic-and-constable-technical-may24.pdf
 
Rocky Mount Greenville Willson Regional Transit Plan
Rocky Mount Greenville Willson Regional Transit PlanRocky Mount Greenville Willson Regional Transit Plan
Rocky Mount Greenville Willson Regional Transit Plan
 
Pitch Presentation for b2.pptxsssssssssssssssssssssss
Pitch Presentation for b2.pptxsssssssssssssssssssssssPitch Presentation for b2.pptxsssssssssssssssssssssss
Pitch Presentation for b2.pptxsssssssssssssssssssssss
 
Dreamwater Portable Filter- Footsteps Bangladesh
Dreamwater Portable Filter- Footsteps BangladeshDreamwater Portable Filter- Footsteps Bangladesh
Dreamwater Portable Filter- Footsteps Bangladesh
 
30th anniversary of the International Year of Families.
30th anniversary of the International Year of Families.30th anniversary of the International Year of Families.
30th anniversary of the International Year of Families.
 
Lahore Resolution of 1940, Emergence of Bangladesh.pptx
Lahore Resolution of 1940, Emergence of Bangladesh.pptxLahore Resolution of 1940, Emergence of Bangladesh.pptx
Lahore Resolution of 1940, Emergence of Bangladesh.pptx
 
Rocky Mount | Wilson | Greenville Regional Transit Plan Executive Summary
Rocky Mount | Wilson | Greenville Regional Transit Plan Executive SummaryRocky Mount | Wilson | Greenville Regional Transit Plan Executive Summary
Rocky Mount | Wilson | Greenville Regional Transit Plan Executive Summary
 
Effective Financial Reporting - May 2024
Effective Financial Reporting - May 2024Effective Financial Reporting - May 2024
Effective Financial Reporting - May 2024
 
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 35
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 352024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 35
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 35
 
#Bepartoftheplan on International Day For Biological Diversity 2024
#Bepartoftheplan on International Day For Biological Diversity 2024#Bepartoftheplan on International Day For Biological Diversity 2024
#Bepartoftheplan on International Day For Biological Diversity 2024
 

Congress

  • 1.
  • 2. Indian National Congress, Congress-I (also known as the Congress Party and abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India. Created in 1885 by A. O. Hume, Dadabhai Naoroji and Sir Dinshaw Edulji Wacha, the Indian National Congress became the nation's leader in the Independence Movement, with over 15 million Indians involved in its organizations and over 70 million participants in its struggle against the British Empire. During this phase, it functioned not so much as a political party than as a forum for Indians and their British supporters to express to the colonial authorities their views, opinions and to assert India’s right to self-determination
  • 3. After independence in 1947, it became the nation's dominant political party, in power from 1947 until 1977, then from 1980 to 1999, 1991 to 1996 and winning the 2004 general election. In the 14th Lok Sabha (2004-2009), 145 INC members, the largest contingent amongst all parties, serve in the house. The party is currently the chief member of the ruling United Progressive Alliance coalition supported by the Left Front. Famous members include Annie Besant, its first woman INC President, Mahatma Gandhi (President in 1924) and Sarojini Naidu, the first Indian woman President (1925) and the first woman State Governor and India’s first woman Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi.
  • 4. Aim and Objectives of the Congress 1. Promotion of the friendship among the countrymen. 2. Development and consolidation of feeling of national unity 3. irrespective of race, caste, religion and provinces. 4. Formation of popular demands and presentation before the 5. Government through petitions. 6. Training and organisation of public opinion. 7. Consolidation of sentiments of national unity. 8. Recording of the opinions of educated classes on pressing problems. 9.Laying downlines for future course of action in public interest
  • 5. The Indian National Congress through resolution demanded for: (i) The appointment of a commission to inquire into the working of the Indian government, (ii) The abolition of the India council of the Secretary of state for India, (iii) Creation of legislative councils of the north-west provinces and Awadh and the Punjab, (iv) Enhancement of the number of elected members in the central and provincial legislative councils with the right of interpolation and discussion of the budget and the creation of a standing committee in the house of commons to look into the demands of the people, (v) Reduction of military expenditure and equitable division of expenditure between India and England, (vi) Introduction of simultaneous Public Service Examinations in England and India and raising age of the candidates who wish to appear for ICS. Till 1905, the Indian National Congress, demanded only for piecemeal reforms through petitions and prayers. On the basis of the goal, strategy and technique adopted by the Indian National Congress, the national movement of India was divided as moderate phase (1885- 1905), extremist phase (1905 to 1918) and the revolutionary phase and finally the Gandhian phase (1919 to 1947).
  • 6. Founded in 1885 with the objective of obtaining a greater share in government for educated Indians, the Indian National Congress was initially not opposed to British rule.  The Congress met once a year during December. Indeed, it was a Scotsman, Allan Octavian Hume, who brought about its first meeting in Mumbai, with the approval of Lord Dufferin, the then- Viceroy. Womesh Chandra Bonerjee was the first President of the INC. The first meeting was scheduled to be held in Pune, but due to a plague outbreak there, the meeting was later shifted to Mumbai. The first Session of INC was held from 28-31 December 1885, and was attended by 72 delegates The pre-independence era
  • 7. A few years down the line, the demands of INC became more radical in the face of constant opposition from the government, and the party became very active in the independence movement . By 1907 the party was split into two halves: the Garam Dal of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, or Extremists (literally "hot faction"), and the Naram Dal of Gopal Krishna Gokhale, or Moderates (literally "soft faction"), distinguished by their attitude towards the British.
  • 8. The post-independence era The party remained in power for thirty continuous years between independence in 1947 and its first taste of electoral defeat (at the national level) in 1977. Jawaharlal Nehru After the murder of Gandhi in 1948 and the death of Sardar Patel in 1950, Jawaharlal Nehru was the sole remaining iconic national leader, and he became key to the political potency and future of the Congress
  • 9. Nehru embraced secularism, socialist economic policies and a non- aligned foreign policy, which became the hallmark of the modern Congress Party. Nehru's policies challenged the landed class, the business class and improved the position of religious minorities and lower caste Hindus. A generation of freedom fighting leaders were soon replaced by a generation of people who had grown up in the shadow of Nehru. Nehru led the Congress Party to consecutively awesome majorities in the elections of 1952, 1957 and 1962.
  • 10. 1. After Nehru's death in 1964, the party's future first came into question. 2. No leader was competitive enough to touch Nehru's iconic status, so the second- stage leadership mustered around the compromise candidate, the gentle, soft- spoken and Nehruvian Lal Bahadur Shastri. Shastri remained Prime Minister till his own death in 1966, 3.The first serious challenge to Congress hegemony came in 1967 when a united opposition, under the banner of Samyukt Vidhanayak Dal, won control over several states in the Hindi belt 4. Indira Gandhi, the daughter of Nehru, and Congress president, was then challenged by the majority of the party leadership. The conflict led to a split, and Indira launched a separate INC. Initially this party was known as Congress (R), but it soon came to be generally known as the New Congress. The official party became known as Indian National Congress (Organisation) led by Kamaraj. It was informally called the Old Congress. As Indira Priyadarshini had control over the state machinery, her faction was recognized as the "real" INC by the Election Commission of India, although her organization was the break-away group
  • 11. After she lifted the emergency in 1977, more Congress factions were formed, the one remaining loyal to Indira Gandhi being popularly known as Congress(I) with an 'I' for Indira. The Congress (I) was routed in the general elections by the Janata Party. The party was able to return to power in the 1980 elections. In 1984 Indira Gandhi was assassinated by two of her Sikh bodyguards, as a revenge for Operation Blue Star. In the following days thousands of Sikhs were killed in the 1984 riots, mainly in Delhi, by activists and leaders of the Congress Party
  • 12. The post-Indira era After Indira, her son Rajiv Gandhi, took over as Congress leader and led the party to victory with a large majority in the 1984 Lok Sabha elections. It governed from 1984-9 and then was defeated in the 1989 general election. Rajiv Gandhi was also assassinated by the LTTE during the course of the election campaign in 1991. Following Rajiv Gandhi's assassination, P.V. Narasimha Rao succeeded him as Congress leader and became prime minister.
  • 13. The 1990s was a period of prolonged crisis for the Congress. After gradually losing political influence the party asked the Rajiv Gandhi's widow, Sonia, to accept the position as Congress President. Refusing in 1991, the Congress stuck with Narasimha Rao. Rao dramatically changed the party's traditionally socialist policies and introduced major economic reforms and liberalization, with the help of then Finance minister (and future Prime Minister) Manmohan Singh. Nonetheless, his involvement in the bribery of members of parliament was a major issue which led to the downfall of the Congress in 1996, and subsequently his own disgraced exit from politics.
  • 14. Indian Prime Ministers from the Congress Party Jawaharlal Nehru (1947 - 1964) Gulzarilal Nanda (May - June1964, January 1966) Lal Bahadur Shastri (1964 - 1966) Indira Gandhi (1966 - 1977, 1980 - 1984) Rajiv Gandhi (1984 - 1989) P.V. Narasimha Rao (1991 - 1996) Manmohan Singh (2004 -)
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20. Congress Party and Social Liberalism Congress has been the ruling party of India for no less than 49 years, though not at a stretch. The dominant party in Indian political space has formed government for 10 times, winning majority on six occasions and forming coalitions for four times. For its social liberal outlook, the Congress Party is generally placed on the Centre-Left of the political spectrum. It adheres to the Gandhian principle of upliftment of all sections of society. Unlike many other contemporary parties, Congress supports liberal nationalism, which can also be referred as a more tolerant nationalism with space for equality, freedom and rights. Socialist tendencies and the restrictive economic policies framed by its government have often been blamed for the downhill ride of Indian economy. There is a significant dichotomy in the party’s economic policies. On the one hand, it supports free market policies, and on the other hand it adopts a wait-and-watch approach when it comes to liberalising the economy. Despite all these, the party is credited with initiating deregularisation, liberalisation and privatisation policies
  • 21. Congress Creating The Republic 1. Freedom Movement 2. Our Constitution 3. Commitment to Democracy 4. Panchayati Raj 5. Combating Corruption 6. Lowering the Voting Age
  • 22. CongressBuilding An Equal India 1. Voting Rights for All 2. Progressive Values 3. Equal Economic Opportunity 4. Building Social Equality 5. Women's Reservation
  • 23. Congress Bringing Prosperity 1. Temples of Modern India 2. 5-year Plan 3. Bank Nationalisation 4. Green Revolution 5. White Revolution 6. Indiraji's 20 Point Programme 7. Economic Reforms 8. Right Based Approach 9. Mahatma Gandhi NREGA 10. Food Security Act 11. Land Acquisition Act 12. Education 13. Tribal Empowerment 14. Aadhaar & DBT 15. Healthcare 16. Economic Growth 17. FDI 18. Power 19. Roads, Rail and Air Transport 20. Urban Development 21. Nuclear Power
  • 24. Congress Strengthening the Nation 1. Secularism 2. Unifying the Nation 3. Fighting Internal Threats 4. Empowering States 5. Improving Internal Security Promoting World Peace 1. Panchsheel and Non-Alignment 2. Liberating Bangladesh
  • 25. Scams under Indian National Congress governance: Insurance Scam Telecom scam (Sukh Ram) HDW Submarine Bitumen scam Tansi land deal Securities Scam JMM Bribery Scandal St Kitts case Urea scam CRB Scam Anantnag transport scam 1971 Nagarwala scandal Fooder scam) Churhat lottery scam Bofors Scandal (1990) Animal Husbandry Case (1990) Bombay Stock Exchange Fraud
  • 26. Home Trade Ketan Parekh Scandal, Barak Missile Deal Scandal, Tehelka Scandal (2001) UTI Scam Taj corridor case (2002–2003) Telgi scandal (2003) DSQ Software IPO Scam- karvy Oil-for-food programme scam (Natwar) (05) Human Trafficking Scam (Babubhai Katara) Cash-for-votes scandal Satyam scandal 2G Spectrum- 2008 Madhu Koda, laundering money Rs. 4000 Cr NREGA Scam CWG Adarsh Hawala scandal (1993) Bangalore-Mysore Corridor (1995) Sukh Ram (1996) Fodder Scam in Bihar (1996) Kerala SNC Lavalin power scandal(97
  • 27. Lack of transparency within party: Failure to communicate with voters Prime Minister Manmohan Singh No leadership hierarchy Corruption and scams
  • 28.
  • 29.