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classroommanagementppt1-160220142609.pptx
classroommanagementppt1-160220142609.pptx
PRINCIPLES IN
CLASSROOM
MANAGEMENT
1. Consistent, proactive discipline is the
crux of effective classroom management.
“Prevention is better than cure”, so
goes the adage. If we are proactive in
our approach to discipline we prevent
unnecessary disciplinary problems from
cropping up. We have not to wait for
disciplinary problems to erupt for us to
take a move.
2.Establish routines for all daily tasks
and needs.
Routinized collection of assignments,
passing of papers, and preparation for
experiments saves as a lot of time and effort.
We have not to explain or instruct our pupils/
students on how to pass papers, collect
assignments, prepare for experiments day in
and day out because we have established the
routines for these everyday tasks. They have
become habitual for each member of the
class.
3. Orchestrate smooth transitions and
continuity of momentum throughout the
day.
Smooth transitions and continuity of
momentum throughout the day ensure
us that every instructional moment is
made use of wisely. No unnecessary lull
is created that will breed classroom
restlessness, which is the father of
disciplinary problems.
4. Strike a balance between variety and
challenge in students’ activities.
A variety of student activities will ensure that
students’ multiple intelligences and varied learning
styles are considered in the conduct of student
activities. Most of the time our activities fall under the
word use, talking, writing will certainly challenge the
linguistically intelligent students but bore the logic
and math wizards and other groups of different
intelligences. When boredom creeps into the
classroom, we have disciplinary problems in our
hands.
5. As classroom manager, be aware of all
actions and activities in the classroom.
Our heightened awareness of everything
that is happening in our classroom puts our
pupils and students on their toes all the time.
While our back faces them when we write on
the board, our “eyes on the back of our
heads” will make our pupils and students feel
that we know what they are doing. This is
what Kounin calls with-it-ness.
6. Resolve minor inattention and
disruption before they become major
disruptions.
The old adage “a stitch on time saves nine”
aptly applies here. We have not to wait until
our class is out of control. Misdemeanor has a
“ripple effect” if not checked early.
Conflagration begins with a spark. Put out the
spark early enough to avoid conflagration. We
ought to respond to inappropriate behavior
promptly.
7. Reinforce positive behavior
Be generous with genuine praise. Some
teachers are quite stingy with praise. These are
the teachers who think will become less when
they praise others. They have the so-called
“subtraction mentality.” Other teachers are
overgenerous with their praise. Their praises
overflow so much that they give praise even
when is not appropriate. For our praise to be
genuine it must be given according to merit. It is
our way of appreciating and recognizing hard
work and good behavior.
8. Treat minor disturbance calmly.
“Do not make a mountain out of a
mole.” If a stern look or gesture can kill
the inappropriate behavior so be it.
That’s the end period! Let us not make a
fuss about it.
9. Work out a physical arrangement
of chairs that facilitates an interactive
teaching-learning process.
There is no doubt that external environment
affects us. The most common arrangement of
tables and chair in the classroom is one where the
teachers’ table and chairs are in front and the
student’s desk or chairs are arranged in rows
facing the teacher. This seat arrangement does not
always enhance interaction among students. Let
us work for a flexible seating arrangement where
we can re-arrange seats or desk to suit our
learning needs and conditions.
10. Make good use of every
instructional moment.
Minimize discipline time to
maximize instructional time.
CLASSROOM
MANAGEMENT
TECHNIQUES
classroommanagementppt1-160220142609.pptx
Time is of the essence in learning. How much
students learn depends upon the amount of
time they spend in learning. The impact of
time however on achievement is influenced
also by the quality of instruction and the
learning tasks. No matter what amount of
time is spent, no learning takes place if there
is poor instruction and poorly devised
learning tasks. It is observed that classes
where students are occupied with learning
activities, where time is managed properly,
learn more.
HERE ARE SOME RESEARCH-BASED
EFFECTIVE TECHNIQUES TO MAKE WISE ALL
OF TIME:
Orchestrate smooth classroom transitions.
Remain involved with the students during the
entire class period allowing for no idle time.
Use fillers, in case you finish the lesson ahead
of time. Examples of fillers are reciting a favorite
stanza then letting others explain the meaning or
conducting a short contest about the lesson.
Use a common place to keep materials such
as scissors, school supplies. This saves time.
You have not to look for them when you need
them.
Follow a consistent schedule and maintain the
procedures and routines established at the
beginning of the year.
 Prepare materials in advance.
Make clear and smooth transitions.
Limit disruptions and interruptions through
appropriate behavioral management technique.
Cont…
FOR QUALITY OUTPUT WITHIN AN ALLOTTED
PERIOD, HERE ARE SOME SUGGESTIONS:
Schedule all activities with corresponding time
allotment way ahead of time. Early preparations
could avoid haste and confusion.
Provide enough time for everything you expect
to happen.
Avoid rushing since you know you have carefully
allotted required time for every activity. Quality may
suffer.
Anticipate difficulties or failure of some
operations in order to be able to pursue alternative
actions.
Be flexible with time assignments. If
students are observed to be so interested
and eager to continue working, allow a little
more time for them to complete and
achieve the objectives with satisfaction.
Set the example by showing that you are
time- conscious. They will develop the
same precision regarding time utilization.
Cont…
classroommanagementppt1-160220142609.pptx
Discipline is controlled behavior. It
constitutes the next important
concern of teachers as part of good
management. No matter how well-
managed a learning environment
is, students will occasionally
misbehave. Teachers must be
ready to deal with them with utmost
care and consideration.
SOME CAUSES OF DISCIPLINARY
PROBLEMS
 Unfavorable learning conditions
-The classroom may not be conducive to learning if it is:
•overcrowded with more than the regular number of students
to a class.
• with poor lighting facilities and inadequate ventilation.
• with furniture and storage cabinets disorderly positioned,
making the collection and retrieval of tools less efficient.
•with inappropriate seating arrangement such that
distractions can easily occur
•near sources of noise which obstruct understanding of the
lesson.
 Teacher’s poor management skills
- The teachers’ lack of adequate knowledge
and skills in handling occurrences of misbehavior
likewise contribute to a trouble-prone setting.
 Students’ varied background
- The students bring to the classroom a
surprising record of individual attitudes, interests
and abilities. Said characteristics could be traced
from their differences in: a) family background, b)
physical and mental capacities, and c) emotional
traits among others.
HOW TO PREVENT DISCIPLINE
PROBLEMS
To prevent discipline problems, teachers can:
implement group-oriented methodologies
such as: 1) cooperative learning approach, 2)
team learning, 3) peer tutoring, and 4) group
projects and collections.
 use varied teaching techniques
develop patience, compassion, genuine
respect and care for the students.
Schools differ in how they achieve and maintain
good discipline. Following are some common
practices.
1. Discipline is the students’ responsibility. If they misbehave,
the teacher accepts no excuses. They must be ready for
the consequences.
2. Discipline is the teachers’ way of establishing a desirable
student- oriented environment for learning.
3. Discipline is coupled with effective teaching strategies and
techniques.
4. Discipline is achieved through the effects of group
dynamics on behavior.
5. Discipline is believed to be the exclusive responsibility of
the teachers.
WAYS OF DEALING WITH DISCIPLINE
PROBLEMS
ACCEPTABLE AND EFFECTIVE:
1. Use verbal reinforcers that encourage good
behavior and discourage bad tendencies.
2. Use nonverbal gestures, frown or a hard look to
dissuade them from mischiefs.
3. Dialogues can help in discovering problems and
agreeing on mutually beneficial solutions
4. Focus attention on one who is unruly and is
about to disturb the neighbors.
5. Award merits for good behavior and
demerits for inconsistencies and lapses.
6. A private one-on- one brief conference
can lead to a better understanding of
mistakes that need to be remedied or
improved.
7. Give students the free to express or
explain agitated feelings and misgivings
rather than censure them right away.
UNACCEPTABLE AND INEFFECTIVE:
1. Scolding and harsh words as a reprimand will
have a negative effect on the entire class.
2. Nagging and faultfinding, together with long
“sermons” are repugnant and nasty.
3. keeping a student in a “detention area” during or
after classes as a penalty for misbehavior is a
waste of time and occasion for learning. The
shameful experience is not easy to forget.
4. Denying a student some privileges due to
unnecessary hyperactivity can all the more
encourage repetitions.
5.Assignment of additional homework
compared to the rest can make them
dislike the subject.
6.Use of ridicule or sarcasm could
humiliate and embarrass a student.
7.Grades for academic achievement
should not be affected due to
misdemeanor.
classroommanagementppt1-160220142609.pptx
FURNITURE ARRANGEMENT
Furniture such as chairs and tables for
demonstrations or displays must be positioned
appropriately.
Exhibit shelves are either permanently pinned to
the wall or are made to stand at the sides.
White board for writing and clarifying lesson
discussions, together with bulletin boards, are
available for posting important messages and
outstanding pieces of students work, art and
illustrations.
Below are some sample seating arrangements:
Students in rows face front of
classroom (door is in back of room)
Door
1. Traditional rows in
columns are ideal for
establishing classroom
management. This
arrangement allows
students to focus on you
when you are lecturing or
teaching routines and
procedures. It is great for
direct instruction.
Students
face center
of
classroom
2. Position student desks
so that they face the
center when you are
facilitating classroom
discussions. The outer
area is ideal for skits, role
playing, and student
demonstrations. It creates
a friendlier atmosphere
and can be used in lieu of
traditional rows.
Students
at tables
face front
of room
3. Situate chairs around
tables so that students do
not have their backs facing
you. When it is time for
small group activities, they
can move their chairs to
face each other. This
arrangement is ideal for
cooperative learning
activities. Be aware that
seating students in groups
invites dialogue, which is
great if that is your purpose.
Students
desks
grouped
so
students
face each
other
4. This format is
wonderful if you have
desks because you can
rearrange them from
traditional rows into
groups and back again,
depending on your
lesson plan. Teach
students how to quickly
rearrange the desks to
facilitate small group
work.
Clean rooms, hallways and surroundings are
wholesome places to stay in. the teacher should
schedule who is responsible for their neatness on a
regular basis.
The physical environment must also be a safe
place where curious, overactive and energetic
children are always o n the go.
During class hours proper lighting and ventilation
must be provided and maintained for everybody’s
comfort.
classroommanagementppt1-160220142609.pptx
Refers to the established activities or
procedures that are repeatedly done.
1. Teach pupils to learn how to form
various grouping and return to standard
arrangement with minimum confusion.
2. Do not use the first few minutes of the
class session to collect materials when
students are potentially most alert to
instruction.
3. “Overlapping” technique is used for collection
and distribution of materials. It refers to the
teacher’s ability to attend to the task at hand
and at the same time prevent an extraneous
situation from getting out of control.
4. Prepare for transition by planning distinct
types and sequences of teacher- pupil activity e.g.
checking homework assignment, presentation of
new material, giving assignment, monitoring
seatwork. Transition should be quick and quiet.
classroommanagementppt1-160220142609.pptx
This refers to emotional climate and
communications affecting learning
conditions.
1. Maintain positive climate characteristics
which allow students to choose a variety of
activities to achieve common goals.
2. Develop sense of interdependence, common
bonds, defined group expectations and
relationship qualities that enhance
wholesome emotional climate.
3. Develop communication characteristics
that promote wholesome classroom
relationship like positive constructive
conversations aimed at understanding on
another’s point of view.
4 . Render different forms of assistance by
providing class meetings or students to
have an opportunity to examine the ideas
and feelings that influence value judgment.
classroommanagementppt1-160220142609.pptx
classroommanagementppt1-160220142609.pptx

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classroommanagementppt1-160220142609.pptx

  • 1. Prepared by: Marie Lyn Adezas Agcol and Roschella Anong Mama
  • 5. 1. Consistent, proactive discipline is the crux of effective classroom management. “Prevention is better than cure”, so goes the adage. If we are proactive in our approach to discipline we prevent unnecessary disciplinary problems from cropping up. We have not to wait for disciplinary problems to erupt for us to take a move.
  • 6. 2.Establish routines for all daily tasks and needs. Routinized collection of assignments, passing of papers, and preparation for experiments saves as a lot of time and effort. We have not to explain or instruct our pupils/ students on how to pass papers, collect assignments, prepare for experiments day in and day out because we have established the routines for these everyday tasks. They have become habitual for each member of the class.
  • 7. 3. Orchestrate smooth transitions and continuity of momentum throughout the day. Smooth transitions and continuity of momentum throughout the day ensure us that every instructional moment is made use of wisely. No unnecessary lull is created that will breed classroom restlessness, which is the father of disciplinary problems.
  • 8. 4. Strike a balance between variety and challenge in students’ activities. A variety of student activities will ensure that students’ multiple intelligences and varied learning styles are considered in the conduct of student activities. Most of the time our activities fall under the word use, talking, writing will certainly challenge the linguistically intelligent students but bore the logic and math wizards and other groups of different intelligences. When boredom creeps into the classroom, we have disciplinary problems in our hands.
  • 9. 5. As classroom manager, be aware of all actions and activities in the classroom. Our heightened awareness of everything that is happening in our classroom puts our pupils and students on their toes all the time. While our back faces them when we write on the board, our “eyes on the back of our heads” will make our pupils and students feel that we know what they are doing. This is what Kounin calls with-it-ness.
  • 10. 6. Resolve minor inattention and disruption before they become major disruptions. The old adage “a stitch on time saves nine” aptly applies here. We have not to wait until our class is out of control. Misdemeanor has a “ripple effect” if not checked early. Conflagration begins with a spark. Put out the spark early enough to avoid conflagration. We ought to respond to inappropriate behavior promptly.
  • 11. 7. Reinforce positive behavior Be generous with genuine praise. Some teachers are quite stingy with praise. These are the teachers who think will become less when they praise others. They have the so-called “subtraction mentality.” Other teachers are overgenerous with their praise. Their praises overflow so much that they give praise even when is not appropriate. For our praise to be genuine it must be given according to merit. It is our way of appreciating and recognizing hard work and good behavior.
  • 12. 8. Treat minor disturbance calmly. “Do not make a mountain out of a mole.” If a stern look or gesture can kill the inappropriate behavior so be it. That’s the end period! Let us not make a fuss about it.
  • 13. 9. Work out a physical arrangement of chairs that facilitates an interactive teaching-learning process. There is no doubt that external environment affects us. The most common arrangement of tables and chair in the classroom is one where the teachers’ table and chairs are in front and the student’s desk or chairs are arranged in rows facing the teacher. This seat arrangement does not always enhance interaction among students. Let us work for a flexible seating arrangement where we can re-arrange seats or desk to suit our learning needs and conditions.
  • 14. 10. Make good use of every instructional moment. Minimize discipline time to maximize instructional time.
  • 17. Time is of the essence in learning. How much students learn depends upon the amount of time they spend in learning. The impact of time however on achievement is influenced also by the quality of instruction and the learning tasks. No matter what amount of time is spent, no learning takes place if there is poor instruction and poorly devised learning tasks. It is observed that classes where students are occupied with learning activities, where time is managed properly, learn more.
  • 18. HERE ARE SOME RESEARCH-BASED EFFECTIVE TECHNIQUES TO MAKE WISE ALL OF TIME: Orchestrate smooth classroom transitions. Remain involved with the students during the entire class period allowing for no idle time. Use fillers, in case you finish the lesson ahead of time. Examples of fillers are reciting a favorite stanza then letting others explain the meaning or conducting a short contest about the lesson.
  • 19. Use a common place to keep materials such as scissors, school supplies. This saves time. You have not to look for them when you need them. Follow a consistent schedule and maintain the procedures and routines established at the beginning of the year.  Prepare materials in advance. Make clear and smooth transitions. Limit disruptions and interruptions through appropriate behavioral management technique. Cont…
  • 20. FOR QUALITY OUTPUT WITHIN AN ALLOTTED PERIOD, HERE ARE SOME SUGGESTIONS: Schedule all activities with corresponding time allotment way ahead of time. Early preparations could avoid haste and confusion. Provide enough time for everything you expect to happen. Avoid rushing since you know you have carefully allotted required time for every activity. Quality may suffer. Anticipate difficulties or failure of some operations in order to be able to pursue alternative actions.
  • 21. Be flexible with time assignments. If students are observed to be so interested and eager to continue working, allow a little more time for them to complete and achieve the objectives with satisfaction. Set the example by showing that you are time- conscious. They will develop the same precision regarding time utilization. Cont…
  • 23. Discipline is controlled behavior. It constitutes the next important concern of teachers as part of good management. No matter how well- managed a learning environment is, students will occasionally misbehave. Teachers must be ready to deal with them with utmost care and consideration.
  • 24. SOME CAUSES OF DISCIPLINARY PROBLEMS  Unfavorable learning conditions -The classroom may not be conducive to learning if it is: •overcrowded with more than the regular number of students to a class. • with poor lighting facilities and inadequate ventilation. • with furniture and storage cabinets disorderly positioned, making the collection and retrieval of tools less efficient. •with inappropriate seating arrangement such that distractions can easily occur •near sources of noise which obstruct understanding of the lesson.
  • 25.  Teacher’s poor management skills - The teachers’ lack of adequate knowledge and skills in handling occurrences of misbehavior likewise contribute to a trouble-prone setting.  Students’ varied background - The students bring to the classroom a surprising record of individual attitudes, interests and abilities. Said characteristics could be traced from their differences in: a) family background, b) physical and mental capacities, and c) emotional traits among others.
  • 26. HOW TO PREVENT DISCIPLINE PROBLEMS To prevent discipline problems, teachers can: implement group-oriented methodologies such as: 1) cooperative learning approach, 2) team learning, 3) peer tutoring, and 4) group projects and collections.  use varied teaching techniques develop patience, compassion, genuine respect and care for the students.
  • 27. Schools differ in how they achieve and maintain good discipline. Following are some common practices. 1. Discipline is the students’ responsibility. If they misbehave, the teacher accepts no excuses. They must be ready for the consequences. 2. Discipline is the teachers’ way of establishing a desirable student- oriented environment for learning. 3. Discipline is coupled with effective teaching strategies and techniques. 4. Discipline is achieved through the effects of group dynamics on behavior. 5. Discipline is believed to be the exclusive responsibility of the teachers.
  • 28. WAYS OF DEALING WITH DISCIPLINE PROBLEMS ACCEPTABLE AND EFFECTIVE: 1. Use verbal reinforcers that encourage good behavior and discourage bad tendencies. 2. Use nonverbal gestures, frown or a hard look to dissuade them from mischiefs. 3. Dialogues can help in discovering problems and agreeing on mutually beneficial solutions 4. Focus attention on one who is unruly and is about to disturb the neighbors.
  • 29. 5. Award merits for good behavior and demerits for inconsistencies and lapses. 6. A private one-on- one brief conference can lead to a better understanding of mistakes that need to be remedied or improved. 7. Give students the free to express or explain agitated feelings and misgivings rather than censure them right away.
  • 30. UNACCEPTABLE AND INEFFECTIVE: 1. Scolding and harsh words as a reprimand will have a negative effect on the entire class. 2. Nagging and faultfinding, together with long “sermons” are repugnant and nasty. 3. keeping a student in a “detention area” during or after classes as a penalty for misbehavior is a waste of time and occasion for learning. The shameful experience is not easy to forget. 4. Denying a student some privileges due to unnecessary hyperactivity can all the more encourage repetitions.
  • 31. 5.Assignment of additional homework compared to the rest can make them dislike the subject. 6.Use of ridicule or sarcasm could humiliate and embarrass a student. 7.Grades for academic achievement should not be affected due to misdemeanor.
  • 33. FURNITURE ARRANGEMENT Furniture such as chairs and tables for demonstrations or displays must be positioned appropriately. Exhibit shelves are either permanently pinned to the wall or are made to stand at the sides. White board for writing and clarifying lesson discussions, together with bulletin boards, are available for posting important messages and outstanding pieces of students work, art and illustrations.
  • 34. Below are some sample seating arrangements: Students in rows face front of classroom (door is in back of room) Door 1. Traditional rows in columns are ideal for establishing classroom management. This arrangement allows students to focus on you when you are lecturing or teaching routines and procedures. It is great for direct instruction.
  • 35. Students face center of classroom 2. Position student desks so that they face the center when you are facilitating classroom discussions. The outer area is ideal for skits, role playing, and student demonstrations. It creates a friendlier atmosphere and can be used in lieu of traditional rows.
  • 36. Students at tables face front of room 3. Situate chairs around tables so that students do not have their backs facing you. When it is time for small group activities, they can move their chairs to face each other. This arrangement is ideal for cooperative learning activities. Be aware that seating students in groups invites dialogue, which is great if that is your purpose.
  • 37. Students desks grouped so students face each other 4. This format is wonderful if you have desks because you can rearrange them from traditional rows into groups and back again, depending on your lesson plan. Teach students how to quickly rearrange the desks to facilitate small group work.
  • 38. Clean rooms, hallways and surroundings are wholesome places to stay in. the teacher should schedule who is responsible for their neatness on a regular basis. The physical environment must also be a safe place where curious, overactive and energetic children are always o n the go. During class hours proper lighting and ventilation must be provided and maintained for everybody’s comfort.
  • 40. Refers to the established activities or procedures that are repeatedly done. 1. Teach pupils to learn how to form various grouping and return to standard arrangement with minimum confusion. 2. Do not use the first few minutes of the class session to collect materials when students are potentially most alert to instruction.
  • 41. 3. “Overlapping” technique is used for collection and distribution of materials. It refers to the teacher’s ability to attend to the task at hand and at the same time prevent an extraneous situation from getting out of control. 4. Prepare for transition by planning distinct types and sequences of teacher- pupil activity e.g. checking homework assignment, presentation of new material, giving assignment, monitoring seatwork. Transition should be quick and quiet.
  • 43. This refers to emotional climate and communications affecting learning conditions. 1. Maintain positive climate characteristics which allow students to choose a variety of activities to achieve common goals. 2. Develop sense of interdependence, common bonds, defined group expectations and relationship qualities that enhance wholesome emotional climate.
  • 44. 3. Develop communication characteristics that promote wholesome classroom relationship like positive constructive conversations aimed at understanding on another’s point of view. 4 . Render different forms of assistance by providing class meetings or students to have an opportunity to examine the ideas and feelings that influence value judgment.