SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Presented By:-
                 Amit Kapoor
                  MCA Deptt.
                      MAIMT
Contents
 Introduction to Animation
 Why Do We See Images As Moving ?
 Effects On Picture During Animation
 Categories Of Animation
 Animation Functions
 Animation Techniques
 Uses Of Animation
 Animation Software's
 Animation File Formats
Introduction to Animation
The word “animation” derives from “animate,” which
means “to bring to life”.

Thus when a multimedia developer wants to bring an
Image to life, animation is used.

“Animation is the process resulting time-varying
visual effects of motion, shape, color and so on.”
Why Do We See Images As Moving ?

The Persistence of Vision Theory

   Our brain holds onto an image for a
    fraction of a second after the image has
    passed. If the eye sees a series of still
    images very quickly one picture after
    another, then the images will appear to
    move because our eyes cannot deal with
    fast-moving images.
Effects On Picture During Animation
In Animation, you get moving images when the
pictures change in some way. Here are some ways
in which pictures can change :-
            Change in Size
            Change in Position
            Change in Angle
            Change in Color
            Change of Shape
Categories Of Animation
Animation deals with graphics drawn by hand or by animation
software. Depending upon the techniques used to create and
manage the frame. There are two broad categories of
animation :-
1. Cell Animation
2. Computer Animation :-
   a) Computer Assisted (two-dimensional) animation
   b) Computer Generated (three dimensional ) animation
Animation Functions

 Zooming
 Tilting
 Panning
 Tweening
 Morphing
Zooming

If we fix the window on an object but reduce or
increase its size, the object would appear bigger
(zoom in) or smaller (zoom out), respectively.
Tilt (camera)
Tilting is a technique in
which the camera is
stationary and rotates in a
vertical plane (or tilting
plane). Tilting the camera       pitch rotation.
results in a motion similar
to someone nodding their
head "yes" or to an
aircraft performing a pitch
rotation.
Panning

A rotation in a horizontal
plane is known as
panning (yaw rotation).
Tilting the camera results
in a motion similar to             yaw rotation
someone nodding their
head “no" or to an aircraft
performing      a     yaw
rotation.
Tweening

Traditional animation sequence is created by
two types of artists :-
1. the lead artists or experts who draw those
   frames where major changes take place
   within the sequence, called key frames.
2. assistants draw a number of frames in
   between the frames, process is called
   tweening.
Morphing

Transformation of object shapes from one to
another is called morphing.
Animation Techniques

There are four basic techniques used in animation.
These are:-

     1.   Drawn Animation
     2.   Cut-out Animation
     3.   Model Animation
     4.   Computer Animation
Drawn Animation

This covers any form where one drawing is
replaced by another in a sequence. Each drawing is
slightly different from one before.

Disadvantages:-
                    It takes a very long time to film
from start to finish and is expensive needing many
animators to complete the work.
Cut-out Animation

This covers any form where cut-out shapes are
moved around or replaced by other cut-out. Flat
objects like buttons, matchsticks and string can also
be used in this form of animation.

Disadvantages:-
                 It is difficult to have more than one
or two cut-outs moving at the same time.
Model Animation

This involves the filming of
puppets or any form of
three-dimensional models.

Disadvantages:-
                   This type of animation needs
a lot of time and hard work. The makers of
„James and the Giant Peach‟ were only able to
complete 45 seconds of model animation a
week, 10 seconds a day. This was because
each puppet had so many joint.
Computer Animation

This refers to drawing of three dimensional models
and sets on the computer. Images can be scanned
into the computer using digital photography or
made within the computer itself.
11 Basic Principle of Animation
1.    Squash and stretch
2.    Anticipation
3.    Staging
4.    Straight ahead action and pose to pose
5.    Follow through and overlapping action
6.    Slow in and slow out
7.    Arcs
8.    Secondary action
9.    Timing
10.   Exaggeration
11.   Appeal
1. Squash and Stretch


Defining the rigidity and
mass of an object by
distorting its shape
during an action
2. Anticipation

Preparation for an action

Example:
Goofy prepares to hit a baseball.
3. Staging

Presenting an idea so that it is unmistakably clear
4. Straight Ahead Action and Pose-
            to-Pose Action

1. Straight Ahead
Animator start from first drawing in the scene and
draw all subsequent frames until the end of scene.
2. Pose-to-Pose
Animator plans actions, draws a sequence of poses,
  in between frames etc.
5. Follow Through and
           Overlapping Action

 The termination of an action and establishing its
 relationship to the next action



Example: Luxo Jr.‟s hop with
overlapping action on chord.
6. Slow in and Out
7. Arcs


• Visual path of action for natural movement.
• Makes animation much smoother and less
  stiff than a straight line.
8. Secondary Action

The action of an object resulting from another action



 Example:
 Body movement is the primary
 action, facial expression is the
 secondary action
9. Timing and Motion



Examples:
1. Timing: tiny characters move quicker than
larger ones.

2. Motion: can define weights of objects.
10. Exaggeration

Accentuating the essence of an idea via the
design and the action



Example: Luxo Jr.
made smaller to give
idea of a child.
11. Appeal

Creating a design or an action that the audience
enjoys watching
Animation File Formats
Software                          File Format
Director                          .dir & .dcr
Animator Pro                      .fli
Studio Max                        .max
SuperCard and Director            .pics
Windows Audio Video Interleaved   .avi
Macintosh                         .qt & .mov
Motion Video                      .mpeg
CompuServe                        .gif
Flash                             .swf
Shockwave                         .dcr
Current Companies

• Pixar                  •   Metrolight Studios
• Industrial Light and   •   Boss Film Studios
  Magic (ILM)            •    deGraf/Wahrman
• Pacific Data Images    •   R/Greenberg
  (PDI)                      Associates
• Disney                 •   Blue Sky Productions
• Xaos                   •   Sony Pictures
• Rhythm & Hues          •    Cinesite
• Digital Domain         •   Imageworks
• Lamb & Company         •   Apple…. .
Animation
Thank You All

More Related Content

What's hot

animation
animationanimation
animation
UPSIcoursework
 
Computer animation
Computer animationComputer animation
Computer animation
Karan Singh Rawat
 
Animation Techniques
Animation TechniquesAnimation Techniques
Animation Techniques
Media Studies
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
Preet Kanwal
 
Introduction to Animation
Introduction to AnimationIntroduction to Animation
Introduction to Animation
mrnasim
 
History & types of animation
History & types of animationHistory & types of animation
History & types of animation
Aayushi Jain
 
Animation presentation
Animation presentationAnimation presentation
Animation presentation
Rounak Muchhal
 
Lecture 9 animation
Lecture 9 animationLecture 9 animation
Lecture 9 animation
Mr SMAK
 
History of animation in brief
History of animation in briefHistory of animation in brief
History of animation in brief
Jebbie Barrios
 
Computer animation
Computer animationComputer animation
Computer animation
Anisa Oshafi
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
Abhijeet Chavan
 
Compositing, Composing Worlds
Compositing, Composing WorldsCompositing, Composing Worlds
Compositing, Composing Worlds
Nelson Zagalo
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
Vasu Mathi
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
Shubham Bammi
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
Shaikh Taiyaba
 
Animation Summary
Animation SummaryAnimation Summary
Animation Summary
H Pemberton
 
Difference between 2d and 3d Animation
Difference between 2d and 3d AnimationDifference between 2d and 3d Animation
Difference between 2d and 3d Animation
Animation Courses, Ahmedabad
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
Divam Goyal
 
Animation 2D and 3D
Animation 2D and 3DAnimation 2D and 3D
Animation 2D and 3D
Veetil Digital Service
 

What's hot (20)

animation
animationanimation
animation
 
Computer animation
Computer animationComputer animation
Computer animation
 
Animation Techniques
Animation TechniquesAnimation Techniques
Animation Techniques
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
 
Introduction to Animation
Introduction to AnimationIntroduction to Animation
Introduction to Animation
 
History & types of animation
History & types of animationHistory & types of animation
History & types of animation
 
Animation presentation
Animation presentationAnimation presentation
Animation presentation
 
Lecture 9 animation
Lecture 9 animationLecture 9 animation
Lecture 9 animation
 
History of animation in brief
History of animation in briefHistory of animation in brief
History of animation in brief
 
Computer animation
Computer animationComputer animation
Computer animation
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
 
Compositing, Composing Worlds
Compositing, Composing WorldsCompositing, Composing Worlds
Compositing, Composing Worlds
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
 
Animation Summary
Animation SummaryAnimation Summary
Animation Summary
 
Difference between 2d and 3d Animation
Difference between 2d and 3d AnimationDifference between 2d and 3d Animation
Difference between 2d and 3d Animation
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
 
Animation 2D and 3D
Animation 2D and 3DAnimation 2D and 3D
Animation 2D and 3D
 

Similar to Animation

Unit vi
Unit viUnit vi
Unit vi
swapnasalil
 
Animation
Animation Animation
Animation
Rajendran Jhansi
 
Ch07
Ch07Ch07
Ch07
azuankota
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
marwa_ma
 
Multimedia chapter 5
Multimedia chapter 5Multimedia chapter 5
Multimedia chapter 5
PrathimaBaliga
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
SeemeTrivedi
 
Animation in Computer Graphics
Animation in Computer GraphicsAnimation in Computer Graphics
Animation in Computer Graphics
RinkuNahar
 
Chapter 5 : ANIMATION
Chapter 5 : ANIMATIONChapter 5 : ANIMATION
Chapter 5 : ANIMATION
azira96
 
Types of animation
Types of animationTypes of animation
Types of animation
Animation Courses, Ahmedabad
 
Computer Generated Graphics
Computer Generated GraphicsComputer Generated Graphics
Computer Generated Graphics
Shubhrank Rastogi
 
PPT on Animation.pdf
PPT on Animation.pdfPPT on Animation.pdf
PPT on Animation.pdf
Home
 
CHAPTER – 10 Animation
CHAPTER – 10        AnimationCHAPTER – 10        Animation
CHAPTER – 10 Animation
Amir Ibrahim Tahir
 
Computer animation
Computer animationComputer animation
Computer animation
amme77
 
Multimedia Animation, Introduction, History, Types
Multimedia Animation, Introduction, History, TypesMultimedia Animation, Introduction, History, Types
Multimedia Animation, Introduction, History, Types
maaithilisaravanan
 
Lec28 29 30 animation
Lec28 29 30 animationLec28 29 30 animation
Lec28 29 30 animation
Dom Mike
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
Sukhiyasuraj
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
kundaixo
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
Muneeb Rana
 
Animation theory pro forma (2)
Animation theory pro forma (2)Animation theory pro forma (2)
Animation theory pro forma (2)
HICKMAN98
 
Explain Animation & Types Of Animation In Computer Graphics
Explain Animation & Types Of Animation In Computer Graphics Explain Animation & Types Of Animation In Computer Graphics
Explain Animation & Types Of Animation In Computer Graphics
Vikashkumar2175
 

Similar to Animation (20)

Unit vi
Unit viUnit vi
Unit vi
 
Animation
Animation Animation
Animation
 
Ch07
Ch07Ch07
Ch07
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
 
Multimedia chapter 5
Multimedia chapter 5Multimedia chapter 5
Multimedia chapter 5
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
 
Animation in Computer Graphics
Animation in Computer GraphicsAnimation in Computer Graphics
Animation in Computer Graphics
 
Chapter 5 : ANIMATION
Chapter 5 : ANIMATIONChapter 5 : ANIMATION
Chapter 5 : ANIMATION
 
Types of animation
Types of animationTypes of animation
Types of animation
 
Computer Generated Graphics
Computer Generated GraphicsComputer Generated Graphics
Computer Generated Graphics
 
PPT on Animation.pdf
PPT on Animation.pdfPPT on Animation.pdf
PPT on Animation.pdf
 
CHAPTER – 10 Animation
CHAPTER – 10        AnimationCHAPTER – 10        Animation
CHAPTER – 10 Animation
 
Computer animation
Computer animationComputer animation
Computer animation
 
Multimedia Animation, Introduction, History, Types
Multimedia Animation, Introduction, History, TypesMultimedia Animation, Introduction, History, Types
Multimedia Animation, Introduction, History, Types
 
Lec28 29 30 animation
Lec28 29 30 animationLec28 29 30 animation
Lec28 29 30 animation
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
 
Animation
AnimationAnimation
Animation
 
Animation theory pro forma (2)
Animation theory pro forma (2)Animation theory pro forma (2)
Animation theory pro forma (2)
 
Explain Animation & Types Of Animation In Computer Graphics
Explain Animation & Types Of Animation In Computer Graphics Explain Animation & Types Of Animation In Computer Graphics
Explain Animation & Types Of Animation In Computer Graphics
 

More from Amit Kapoor

Shading
ShadingShading
Shading
Amit Kapoor
 
Tweening and morphing
Tweening and morphingTweening and morphing
Tweening and morphing
Amit Kapoor
 
Study from where
Study from whereStudy from where
Study from where
Amit Kapoor
 
Projection
ProjectionProjection
Projection
Amit Kapoor
 
Computer graphics syllabus
Computer graphics syllabusComputer graphics syllabus
Computer graphics syllabus
Amit Kapoor
 
Cg my own programs
Cg my own programsCg my own programs
Cg my own programs
Amit Kapoor
 
3 d modeling of objects
3 d modeling of objects3 d modeling of objects
3 d modeling of objects
Amit Kapoor
 
Essential c
Essential cEssential c
Essential c
Amit Kapoor
 
C aptitude scribd
C aptitude scribdC aptitude scribd
C aptitude scribd
Amit Kapoor
 
C in7-days
C in7-daysC in7-days
C in7-days
Amit Kapoor
 
C interview question answer 2
C interview question answer 2C interview question answer 2
C interview question answer 2
Amit Kapoor
 
C interview question answer 1
C interview question answer 1C interview question answer 1
C interview question answer 1
Amit Kapoor
 
C notes mca i sem 2011
C notes mca i sem 2011C notes mca i sem 2011
C notes mca i sem 2011
Amit Kapoor
 
C tutorials
C tutorialsC tutorials
C tutorials
Amit Kapoor
 
User defined data type
User defined data typeUser defined data type
User defined data type
Amit Kapoor
 
2 d transformations by amit kumar (maimt)
2 d transformations by amit kumar (maimt)2 d transformations by amit kumar (maimt)
2 d transformations by amit kumar (maimt)
Amit Kapoor
 

More from Amit Kapoor (17)

Shading
ShadingShading
Shading
 
Tweening and morphing
Tweening and morphingTweening and morphing
Tweening and morphing
 
Study from where
Study from whereStudy from where
Study from where
 
Projection
ProjectionProjection
Projection
 
Display devices
Display devicesDisplay devices
Display devices
 
Computer graphics syllabus
Computer graphics syllabusComputer graphics syllabus
Computer graphics syllabus
 
Cg my own programs
Cg my own programsCg my own programs
Cg my own programs
 
3 d modeling of objects
3 d modeling of objects3 d modeling of objects
3 d modeling of objects
 
Essential c
Essential cEssential c
Essential c
 
C aptitude scribd
C aptitude scribdC aptitude scribd
C aptitude scribd
 
C in7-days
C in7-daysC in7-days
C in7-days
 
C interview question answer 2
C interview question answer 2C interview question answer 2
C interview question answer 2
 
C interview question answer 1
C interview question answer 1C interview question answer 1
C interview question answer 1
 
C notes mca i sem 2011
C notes mca i sem 2011C notes mca i sem 2011
C notes mca i sem 2011
 
C tutorials
C tutorialsC tutorials
C tutorials
 
User defined data type
User defined data typeUser defined data type
User defined data type
 
2 d transformations by amit kumar (maimt)
2 d transformations by amit kumar (maimt)2 d transformations by amit kumar (maimt)
2 d transformations by amit kumar (maimt)
 

Recently uploaded

Qatar Airways Kuwait Office.pdf.........
Qatar Airways Kuwait Office.pdf.........Qatar Airways Kuwait Office.pdf.........
Qatar Airways Kuwait Office.pdf.........
anissageorge9890
 
Network Observability – 5 Best Platforms for Observability
Network Observability – 5 Best Platforms for ObservabilityNetwork Observability – 5 Best Platforms for Observability
Network Observability – 5 Best Platforms for Observability
GauriKale30
 
Why is Structural Engineering Critical in Disaster Preparedness and Resilienc...
Why is Structural Engineering Critical in Disaster Preparedness and Resilienc...Why is Structural Engineering Critical in Disaster Preparedness and Resilienc...
Why is Structural Engineering Critical in Disaster Preparedness and Resilienc...
grouphirani24
 
Look at our July library display on Mining
Look at our July library display on MiningLook at our July library display on Mining
Look at our July library display on Mining
NZSG
 
upGrad_Case_Study_by_Himanshu_Singh.pptx
upGrad_Case_Study_by_Himanshu_Singh.pptxupGrad_Case_Study_by_Himanshu_Singh.pptx
upGrad_Case_Study_by_Himanshu_Singh.pptx
himanshubclubofgsv
 
Benefits of Hiring Gen X Compared to Gen Z and Millennials.pptx
Benefits of Hiring Gen X Compared to Gen Z and Millennials.pptxBenefits of Hiring Gen X Compared to Gen Z and Millennials.pptx
Benefits of Hiring Gen X Compared to Gen Z and Millennials.pptx
Brian Frerichs
 
Maximise your Business Potential: Annual Planning Workshop
Maximise your Business Potential: Annual Planning WorkshopMaximise your Business Potential: Annual Planning Workshop
Maximise your Business Potential: Annual Planning Workshop
chris908327
 
Chief Compliance Officer Leadership Vision 2024 Report
Chief Compliance Officer Leadership Vision 2024 ReportChief Compliance Officer Leadership Vision 2024 Report
Chief Compliance Officer Leadership Vision 2024 Report
Compliance Vision
 
Standard Operating Procedure for Digital Marketing
Standard Operating Procedure for Digital MarketingStandard Operating Procedure for Digital Marketing
Standard Operating Procedure for Digital Marketing
Dipendra Prasad Poudel
 
High Profile Girls Call Bhubaneswar 🎈🔥000XX00000 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Gir...
High Profile Girls Call Bhubaneswar 🎈🔥000XX00000 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Gir...High Profile Girls Call Bhubaneswar 🎈🔥000XX00000 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Gir...
High Profile Girls Call Bhubaneswar 🎈🔥000XX00000 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Gir...
dimplekumaridk322
 
Innovation Hub_ Spotlight on Toms River's Role as a Beacon for Entrepreneuria...
Innovation Hub_ Spotlight on Toms River's Role as a Beacon for Entrepreneuria...Innovation Hub_ Spotlight on Toms River's Role as a Beacon for Entrepreneuria...
Innovation Hub_ Spotlight on Toms River's Role as a Beacon for Entrepreneuria...
Philip M Caputo
 
Test Bank For Principles Of Cost Accounting, 17th Edition Edward J. Vander...
Test Bank For Principles Of Cost Accounting, 	  17th Edition Edward J. Vander...Test Bank For Principles Of Cost Accounting, 	  17th Edition Edward J. Vander...
Test Bank For Principles Of Cost Accounting, 17th Edition Edward J. Vander...
kevinkariuki227
 
AI at Work​ The demystification of AI and real-world stories on how to apply ...
AI at Work​ The demystification of AI and real-world stories on how to apply ...AI at Work​ The demystification of AI and real-world stories on how to apply ...
AI at Work​ The demystification of AI and real-world stories on how to apply ...
Auxis Consulting & Outsourcing
 
Zodiac Signs and Fashion: Dressing to Suit Your Astrological Style
Zodiac Signs and Fashion: Dressing to Suit Your Astrological StyleZodiac Signs and Fashion: Dressing to Suit Your Astrological Style
Zodiac Signs and Fashion: Dressing to Suit Your Astrological Style
my Pandit
 
HiFi Girls Call Surat 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
HiFi Girls Call Surat 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...HiFi Girls Call Surat 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
HiFi Girls Call Surat 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
pranjalgarg474
 
Corporate Governance for South African Mining Companies
Corporate Governance for South African Mining CompaniesCorporate Governance for South African Mining Companies
Corporate Governance for South African Mining Companies
James AH Campbell
 
Luxury Lifestyle Summit 2024 - Sponsorship
Luxury Lifestyle Summit 2024 - SponsorshipLuxury Lifestyle Summit 2024 - Sponsorship
Luxury Lifestyle Summit 2024 - Sponsorship
uitdiedosfinance
 
21stcenturyskillsframeworkfinalpresentation2-240509214747-71edb7ee.pdf
21stcenturyskillsframeworkfinalpresentation2-240509214747-71edb7ee.pdf21stcenturyskillsframeworkfinalpresentation2-240509214747-71edb7ee.pdf
21stcenturyskillsframeworkfinalpresentation2-240509214747-71edb7ee.pdf
emmanuelpulido003
 
Cracking the Customer Experience Code.pptx
Cracking the Customer Experience Code.pptxCracking the Customer Experience Code.pptx
Cracking the Customer Experience Code.pptx
Workforce Group
 
Business Model Canvas for Successful Business
Business Model Canvas for Successful BusinessBusiness Model Canvas for Successful Business
Business Model Canvas for Successful Business
SuganthiPrakash1
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Qatar Airways Kuwait Office.pdf.........
Qatar Airways Kuwait Office.pdf.........Qatar Airways Kuwait Office.pdf.........
Qatar Airways Kuwait Office.pdf.........
 
Network Observability – 5 Best Platforms for Observability
Network Observability – 5 Best Platforms for ObservabilityNetwork Observability – 5 Best Platforms for Observability
Network Observability – 5 Best Platforms for Observability
 
Why is Structural Engineering Critical in Disaster Preparedness and Resilienc...
Why is Structural Engineering Critical in Disaster Preparedness and Resilienc...Why is Structural Engineering Critical in Disaster Preparedness and Resilienc...
Why is Structural Engineering Critical in Disaster Preparedness and Resilienc...
 
Look at our July library display on Mining
Look at our July library display on MiningLook at our July library display on Mining
Look at our July library display on Mining
 
upGrad_Case_Study_by_Himanshu_Singh.pptx
upGrad_Case_Study_by_Himanshu_Singh.pptxupGrad_Case_Study_by_Himanshu_Singh.pptx
upGrad_Case_Study_by_Himanshu_Singh.pptx
 
Benefits of Hiring Gen X Compared to Gen Z and Millennials.pptx
Benefits of Hiring Gen X Compared to Gen Z and Millennials.pptxBenefits of Hiring Gen X Compared to Gen Z and Millennials.pptx
Benefits of Hiring Gen X Compared to Gen Z and Millennials.pptx
 
Maximise your Business Potential: Annual Planning Workshop
Maximise your Business Potential: Annual Planning WorkshopMaximise your Business Potential: Annual Planning Workshop
Maximise your Business Potential: Annual Planning Workshop
 
Chief Compliance Officer Leadership Vision 2024 Report
Chief Compliance Officer Leadership Vision 2024 ReportChief Compliance Officer Leadership Vision 2024 Report
Chief Compliance Officer Leadership Vision 2024 Report
 
Standard Operating Procedure for Digital Marketing
Standard Operating Procedure for Digital MarketingStandard Operating Procedure for Digital Marketing
Standard Operating Procedure for Digital Marketing
 
High Profile Girls Call Bhubaneswar 🎈🔥000XX00000 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Gir...
High Profile Girls Call Bhubaneswar 🎈🔥000XX00000 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Gir...High Profile Girls Call Bhubaneswar 🎈🔥000XX00000 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Gir...
High Profile Girls Call Bhubaneswar 🎈🔥000XX00000 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Gir...
 
Innovation Hub_ Spotlight on Toms River's Role as a Beacon for Entrepreneuria...
Innovation Hub_ Spotlight on Toms River's Role as a Beacon for Entrepreneuria...Innovation Hub_ Spotlight on Toms River's Role as a Beacon for Entrepreneuria...
Innovation Hub_ Spotlight on Toms River's Role as a Beacon for Entrepreneuria...
 
Test Bank For Principles Of Cost Accounting, 17th Edition Edward J. Vander...
Test Bank For Principles Of Cost Accounting, 	  17th Edition Edward J. Vander...Test Bank For Principles Of Cost Accounting, 	  17th Edition Edward J. Vander...
Test Bank For Principles Of Cost Accounting, 17th Edition Edward J. Vander...
 
AI at Work​ The demystification of AI and real-world stories on how to apply ...
AI at Work​ The demystification of AI and real-world stories on how to apply ...AI at Work​ The demystification of AI and real-world stories on how to apply ...
AI at Work​ The demystification of AI and real-world stories on how to apply ...
 
Zodiac Signs and Fashion: Dressing to Suit Your Astrological Style
Zodiac Signs and Fashion: Dressing to Suit Your Astrological StyleZodiac Signs and Fashion: Dressing to Suit Your Astrological Style
Zodiac Signs and Fashion: Dressing to Suit Your Astrological Style
 
HiFi Girls Call Surat 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
HiFi Girls Call Surat 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...HiFi Girls Call Surat 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
HiFi Girls Call Surat 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
 
Corporate Governance for South African Mining Companies
Corporate Governance for South African Mining CompaniesCorporate Governance for South African Mining Companies
Corporate Governance for South African Mining Companies
 
Luxury Lifestyle Summit 2024 - Sponsorship
Luxury Lifestyle Summit 2024 - SponsorshipLuxury Lifestyle Summit 2024 - Sponsorship
Luxury Lifestyle Summit 2024 - Sponsorship
 
21stcenturyskillsframeworkfinalpresentation2-240509214747-71edb7ee.pdf
21stcenturyskillsframeworkfinalpresentation2-240509214747-71edb7ee.pdf21stcenturyskillsframeworkfinalpresentation2-240509214747-71edb7ee.pdf
21stcenturyskillsframeworkfinalpresentation2-240509214747-71edb7ee.pdf
 
Cracking the Customer Experience Code.pptx
Cracking the Customer Experience Code.pptxCracking the Customer Experience Code.pptx
Cracking the Customer Experience Code.pptx
 
Business Model Canvas for Successful Business
Business Model Canvas for Successful BusinessBusiness Model Canvas for Successful Business
Business Model Canvas for Successful Business
 

Animation

  • 1. Presented By:- Amit Kapoor MCA Deptt. MAIMT
  • 2. Contents  Introduction to Animation  Why Do We See Images As Moving ?  Effects On Picture During Animation  Categories Of Animation  Animation Functions  Animation Techniques  Uses Of Animation  Animation Software's  Animation File Formats
  • 3. Introduction to Animation The word “animation” derives from “animate,” which means “to bring to life”. Thus when a multimedia developer wants to bring an Image to life, animation is used. “Animation is the process resulting time-varying visual effects of motion, shape, color and so on.”
  • 4. Why Do We See Images As Moving ? The Persistence of Vision Theory  Our brain holds onto an image for a fraction of a second after the image has passed. If the eye sees a series of still images very quickly one picture after another, then the images will appear to move because our eyes cannot deal with fast-moving images.
  • 5. Effects On Picture During Animation In Animation, you get moving images when the pictures change in some way. Here are some ways in which pictures can change :-  Change in Size  Change in Position  Change in Angle  Change in Color  Change of Shape
  • 6. Categories Of Animation Animation deals with graphics drawn by hand or by animation software. Depending upon the techniques used to create and manage the frame. There are two broad categories of animation :- 1. Cell Animation 2. Computer Animation :- a) Computer Assisted (two-dimensional) animation b) Computer Generated (three dimensional ) animation
  • 7. Animation Functions  Zooming  Tilting  Panning  Tweening  Morphing
  • 8. Zooming If we fix the window on an object but reduce or increase its size, the object would appear bigger (zoom in) or smaller (zoom out), respectively.
  • 9. Tilt (camera) Tilting is a technique in which the camera is stationary and rotates in a vertical plane (or tilting plane). Tilting the camera pitch rotation. results in a motion similar to someone nodding their head "yes" or to an aircraft performing a pitch rotation.
  • 10. Panning A rotation in a horizontal plane is known as panning (yaw rotation). Tilting the camera results in a motion similar to yaw rotation someone nodding their head “no" or to an aircraft performing a yaw rotation.
  • 11. Tweening Traditional animation sequence is created by two types of artists :- 1. the lead artists or experts who draw those frames where major changes take place within the sequence, called key frames. 2. assistants draw a number of frames in between the frames, process is called tweening.
  • 12. Morphing Transformation of object shapes from one to another is called morphing.
  • 13. Animation Techniques There are four basic techniques used in animation. These are:- 1. Drawn Animation 2. Cut-out Animation 3. Model Animation 4. Computer Animation
  • 14. Drawn Animation This covers any form where one drawing is replaced by another in a sequence. Each drawing is slightly different from one before. Disadvantages:- It takes a very long time to film from start to finish and is expensive needing many animators to complete the work.
  • 15. Cut-out Animation This covers any form where cut-out shapes are moved around or replaced by other cut-out. Flat objects like buttons, matchsticks and string can also be used in this form of animation. Disadvantages:- It is difficult to have more than one or two cut-outs moving at the same time.
  • 16. Model Animation This involves the filming of puppets or any form of three-dimensional models. Disadvantages:- This type of animation needs a lot of time and hard work. The makers of „James and the Giant Peach‟ were only able to complete 45 seconds of model animation a week, 10 seconds a day. This was because each puppet had so many joint.
  • 17. Computer Animation This refers to drawing of three dimensional models and sets on the computer. Images can be scanned into the computer using digital photography or made within the computer itself.
  • 18. 11 Basic Principle of Animation 1. Squash and stretch 2. Anticipation 3. Staging 4. Straight ahead action and pose to pose 5. Follow through and overlapping action 6. Slow in and slow out 7. Arcs 8. Secondary action 9. Timing 10. Exaggeration 11. Appeal
  • 19. 1. Squash and Stretch Defining the rigidity and mass of an object by distorting its shape during an action
  • 20. 2. Anticipation Preparation for an action Example: Goofy prepares to hit a baseball.
  • 21. 3. Staging Presenting an idea so that it is unmistakably clear
  • 22. 4. Straight Ahead Action and Pose- to-Pose Action 1. Straight Ahead Animator start from first drawing in the scene and draw all subsequent frames until the end of scene. 2. Pose-to-Pose Animator plans actions, draws a sequence of poses, in between frames etc.
  • 23. 5. Follow Through and Overlapping Action The termination of an action and establishing its relationship to the next action Example: Luxo Jr.‟s hop with overlapping action on chord.
  • 24. 6. Slow in and Out
  • 25. 7. Arcs • Visual path of action for natural movement. • Makes animation much smoother and less stiff than a straight line.
  • 26. 8. Secondary Action The action of an object resulting from another action Example: Body movement is the primary action, facial expression is the secondary action
  • 27. 9. Timing and Motion Examples: 1. Timing: tiny characters move quicker than larger ones. 2. Motion: can define weights of objects.
  • 28. 10. Exaggeration Accentuating the essence of an idea via the design and the action Example: Luxo Jr. made smaller to give idea of a child.
  • 29. 11. Appeal Creating a design or an action that the audience enjoys watching
  • 30. Animation File Formats Software File Format Director .dir & .dcr Animator Pro .fli Studio Max .max SuperCard and Director .pics Windows Audio Video Interleaved .avi Macintosh .qt & .mov Motion Video .mpeg CompuServe .gif Flash .swf Shockwave .dcr
  • 31. Current Companies • Pixar • Metrolight Studios • Industrial Light and • Boss Film Studios Magic (ILM) • deGraf/Wahrman • Pacific Data Images • R/Greenberg (PDI) Associates • Disney • Blue Sky Productions • Xaos • Sony Pictures • Rhythm & Hues • Cinesite • Digital Domain • Imageworks • Lamb & Company • Apple…. .