SlideShare a Scribd company logo
The Path to EffectiveWriting
Verbs and Voice
 Voice is the form a verb takes to
indicate whether the subject of
the verb performs or receives
the action.
 There are two types of voice:
active voice and passive voice.
Active Voice
 ActiveVoice – indicates that the
subject of the verb is acting
 Because the subject does or
"acts upon" the verb in such
sentences, the sentences are
said to be in the active voice.
Active Voice
 These examples show that the subject is
doing the verb's action.
 The dog jumped onto the boy.
 The dog (subject) is doing the jumping (verb).
 Kristy will give a book report to the class.
 Kristy (subject) is doing the giving (verb).
 The computer ate my paper.
 The computer (subject) is doing the eating (verb).
Passive Voice
 In a passive voice sentence, the subject and
object flip-flop.The subject becomes the
passive recipient of the action.
 Because the subject is being "acted upon" (or
is passive), such sentences are said to be in
the passive voice.
Passive Voice
 These examples show the subject being
acted upon by the verb.
 The boy was jumped on by the dog.
 Boy (subject) was being jumped on (verb)
 A book report will be given by Kristy to the
class.
 Report (subject) will be given (verb).
 My paper was eaten by the computer.
 Paper (subject) was being eaten (verb).
Reasons to Use the Active
Voice
 Most writers prefer to use active voice
because it is more direct.
 Compare
 Active:The waiter dropped the tray of
food.
 Passive:The tray of food was dropped
by the waiter.
Reasons to Use the Active
Voice
 The active voice is less awkward and clearly
states relationship between subject and action.
 Compare
 Passive:Your request for funding has been denied by
the review committee.
 Active:The review committee denied your request for
funding.
 The active voice sentence pattern propels the
reader forward through your writing thus
avoiding weak prose.
When to Use Passive Voice
 In general, the passive voice is less direct, less
forceful, and less concise than the active voice.
 Use the passive voice in the following
situations:
 Use passive voice when you do not know or
do not want to reveal the performer of an
action.
 Use passive voice when you want to
emphasize the receiver of an action.
Examples
 Awkward Passive: My bicycle was
repainted by John.
 Deliberate Passive: My bicycle was
repainted. (The performer is not mentioned
and the emphasis is on the bicycle.)
Form of Passive Voice Verbs
 The passive voice requires a "double verb"
and will always consist of a form of the verb
"to be" and the past participle (usually the
"en/ed/t" form) of another verb.
 Example:
Active: John baked the bread.
Passive: The bread was baked by John. (Was is
a form of the verb “be”.)
Form of Passive Voice Verbs
 Writers should be familiar with the forms of
"to be" , often called linking verbs, so that
they can easily identify the passive voice in
their work.
 Review the forms of "to be":
 am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been
Form of Passive Voice Verbs
 Note the forms of "to be" in the examples of
the verb "to kick" in various forms of the
passive voice:
 is kicked----------------had been kicked
was kicked-------------is going to be kicked
is being kicked---------will be kicked
has been kicked-------can be kicked
was being kicked------should be kicked
Form of Passive Voice Verbs
 Often passive voice sentences will contain a
"by" phrase indicting who or what performed
the action.
 Passive sentences can be easily transformed
into active sentences when the object of the
preposition "by" is moved to the subject
position in the sentence.
Form of Passive Voice Verbs
 Examples:
 Passive:The cookies were eaten by the children.
 Active:The children ate the cookies.
 Passive:The tunnels are dug by the gophers.
 Active:The gophers dug the tunnels.
Let’s Practice
 Directions: Change the sentences below to
the active voice.
1. The statue is being visited by hundreds of
tourists every year.
2. My books were stolen by someone yesterday.
3. These books had been left in the classroom by a
careless student.
4. Coffee is raised in many parts of Hawaii by
plantation workers.
5. The house had been broken into by someone
while the owners were on vacation.
Let’s Practice
 Directions: Change the sentences below to
the passive voice.
1. Children cannot open these bottles easily.
2. The government built a road right outside her
front door.
3. Mr. Ross broke the antique vase as he walked
through the store.
4. When she arrived, the changes amazed her.
5. The construction workers are making street
repairs all month long.

More Related Content

What's hot

Direct And Indirect Speech
Direct And Indirect SpeechDirect And Indirect Speech
Direct And Indirect Speech
Yuniverse
 
Sentence Types: Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative and Exclamatory
Sentence Types: Declarative, Interrogative,  Imperative and Exclamatory Sentence Types: Declarative, Interrogative,  Imperative and Exclamatory
Sentence Types: Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative and Exclamatory
Belachew Weldegebriel
 
Conjunctions powerpoint
Conjunctions powerpointConjunctions powerpoint
Conjunctions powerpoint
Daphna Doron
 

What's hot (20)

Phrases
PhrasesPhrases
Phrases
 
Question tags
Question tagsQuestion tags
Question tags
 
Active voice and passive voice
Active voice and passive voiceActive voice and passive voice
Active voice and passive voice
 
Phrases and clauses
Phrases and clausesPhrases and clauses
Phrases and clauses
 
English tenses
English tensesEnglish tenses
English tenses
 
Sentence
Sentence Sentence
Sentence
 
Active and passive voice
Active and passive voiceActive and passive voice
Active and passive voice
 
Direct And Indirect Speech
Direct And Indirect SpeechDirect And Indirect Speech
Direct And Indirect Speech
 
Active and passive voice
Active and passive voiceActive and passive voice
Active and passive voice
 
Punctuation Powerpoint
Punctuation PowerpointPunctuation Powerpoint
Punctuation Powerpoint
 
Sentence Types: Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative and Exclamatory
Sentence Types: Declarative, Interrogative,  Imperative and Exclamatory Sentence Types: Declarative, Interrogative,  Imperative and Exclamatory
Sentence Types: Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative and Exclamatory
 
What are prepositions? | Kinds of Prepostions
What are prepositions? | Kinds of PrepostionsWhat are prepositions? | Kinds of Prepostions
What are prepositions? | Kinds of Prepostions
 
Infinitives
InfinitivesInfinitives
Infinitives
 
Phrases - what are phrases and types of phrases
Phrases - what are phrases and types of phrasesPhrases - what are phrases and types of phrases
Phrases - what are phrases and types of phrases
 
adverbs
 adverbs adverbs
adverbs
 
Auxiliary verbs
Auxiliary verbsAuxiliary verbs
Auxiliary verbs
 
Conjunctions powerpoint
Conjunctions powerpointConjunctions powerpoint
Conjunctions powerpoint
 
Pronouns and its types
Pronouns and its typesPronouns and its types
Pronouns and its types
 
Conjunctions
ConjunctionsConjunctions
Conjunctions
 
Conditional sentences
Conditional sentencesConditional sentences
Conditional sentences
 

Viewers also liked

Detailed lesson plan in active and passive
Detailed lesson plan in active and passiveDetailed lesson plan in active and passive
Detailed lesson plan in active and passive
dhayhan
 
Active audience
Active audienceActive audience
Active audience
themerch78
 
Consumer behavior Values
Consumer behavior ValuesConsumer behavior Values
Consumer behavior Values
Mohamed Mousa
 
Beliefs, attitudes, and behavior
Beliefs, attitudes, and behaviorBeliefs, attitudes, and behavior
Beliefs, attitudes, and behavior
Dieu-Donne Bitoyi
 
BB Chapter Nine : Learning and Memory
BB Chapter Nine : Learning and MemoryBB Chapter Nine : Learning and Memory
BB Chapter Nine : Learning and Memory
BBAdvisor
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Active and Passive Voice
Active and Passive VoiceActive and Passive Voice
Active and Passive Voice
 
Voices of the verb
Voices of the verbVoices of the verb
Voices of the verb
 
Voice of the verb
Voice of the verbVoice of the verb
Voice of the verb
 
Detailed Lesson Plan on Active and Passive Voice
Detailed Lesson Plan on Active and Passive VoiceDetailed Lesson Plan on Active and Passive Voice
Detailed Lesson Plan on Active and Passive Voice
 
Passive voice presentation
Passive voice presentationPassive voice presentation
Passive voice presentation
 
Detailed lesson plan in active and passive
Detailed lesson plan in active and passiveDetailed lesson plan in active and passive
Detailed lesson plan in active and passive
 
Classification of learning profile based on categories of student preferences
Classification of learning profile based on categories of student preferencesClassification of learning profile based on categories of student preferences
Classification of learning profile based on categories of student preferences
 
Information processing in consumer behaviour
Information processing in consumer behaviourInformation processing in consumer behaviour
Information processing in consumer behaviour
 
Fhs attitudes
Fhs attitudesFhs attitudes
Fhs attitudes
 
Active audience
Active audienceActive audience
Active audience
 
Theory of reasoned action
Theory of reasoned actionTheory of reasoned action
Theory of reasoned action
 
Five functions of effective management
Five functions of effective managementFive functions of effective management
Five functions of effective management
 
Consumer behavior Values
Consumer behavior ValuesConsumer behavior Values
Consumer behavior Values
 
Consumer Learning
Consumer LearningConsumer Learning
Consumer Learning
 
Beliefs, attitudes, and behavior
Beliefs, attitudes, and behaviorBeliefs, attitudes, and behavior
Beliefs, attitudes, and behavior
 
BB Chapter Nine : Learning and Memory
BB Chapter Nine : Learning and MemoryBB Chapter Nine : Learning and Memory
BB Chapter Nine : Learning and Memory
 
Active and Passive audience theories
Active and Passive audience theoriesActive and Passive audience theories
Active and Passive audience theories
 
Lecture 1: What is Machine Learning?
Lecture 1: What is Machine Learning?Lecture 1: What is Machine Learning?
Lecture 1: What is Machine Learning?
 
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
Cognitive Dissonance TheoryCognitive Dissonance Theory
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
 
Cognitive dissonance theory
Cognitive dissonance theoryCognitive dissonance theory
Cognitive dissonance theory
 

Similar to Active and passive voice ppt

Similar to Active and passive voice ppt (20)

02k activeand passivevoiceoffice2003-1
02k activeand passivevoiceoffice2003-102k activeand passivevoiceoffice2003-1
02k activeand passivevoiceoffice2003-1
 
02k-ActiveandPassiveVoice.ppt
02k-ActiveandPassiveVoice.ppt02k-ActiveandPassiveVoice.ppt
02k-ActiveandPassiveVoice.ppt
 
02k-ActiveandPassiveVoice.ppt
02k-ActiveandPassiveVoice.ppt02k-ActiveandPassiveVoice.ppt
02k-ActiveandPassiveVoice.ppt
 
02k-ActiveandPassiveVoice.ppt
02k-ActiveandPassiveVoice.ppt02k-ActiveandPassiveVoice.ppt
02k-ActiveandPassiveVoice.ppt
 
Activepassivevoice
ActivepassivevoiceActivepassivevoice
Activepassivevoice
 
Active and Passive Voice
Active and Passive VoiceActive and Passive Voice
Active and Passive Voice
 
Active and passive voice
Active and passive voiceActive and passive voice
Active and passive voice
 
Active & passive voice
Active & passive voiceActive & passive voice
Active & passive voice
 
Active and voice passive
Active and voice passiveActive and voice passive
Active and voice passive
 
02k activeand passivevoiceoffice2003
02k activeand passivevoiceoffice200302k activeand passivevoiceoffice2003
02k activeand passivevoiceoffice2003
 
02k activeand passivevoiceoffice2003
02k activeand passivevoiceoffice200302k activeand passivevoiceoffice2003
02k activeand passivevoiceoffice2003
 
Active and passive dc75
Active and passive   dc75Active and passive   dc75
Active and passive dc75
 
Active and passive voice
Active and passive voiceActive and passive voice
Active and passive voice
 
Active voice Tenses
Active voice Tenses Active voice Tenses
Active voice Tenses
 
Active and passive voice
Active and passive voiceActive and passive voice
Active and passive voice
 
Active n passive
Active n passiveActive n passive
Active n passive
 
Active and Passive Voice
Active and Passive VoiceActive and Passive Voice
Active and Passive Voice
 
Active and passive voice
Active and passive voiceActive and passive voice
Active and passive voice
 
Active and passive voice
Active and passive voiceActive and passive voice
Active and passive voice
 
Active passive
Active passiveActive passive
Active passive
 

More from idahisyam

Celebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 4 evaluation
Celebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 4 evaluationCelebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 4 evaluation
Celebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 4 evaluation
idahisyam
 
Celebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 2 ebooks
Celebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 2 ebooksCelebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 2 ebooks
Celebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 2 ebooks
idahisyam
 
Celebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 1 updated
Celebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 1 updatedCelebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 1 updated
Celebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 1 updated
idahisyam
 
P6 std sc heat energy and what is does
P6 std sc heat energy and what is doesP6 std sc heat energy and what is does
P6 std sc heat energy and what is does
idahisyam
 

More from idahisyam (20)

Celebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 4 evaluation
Celebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 4 evaluationCelebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 4 evaluation
Celebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 4 evaluation
 
Celebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 2 ebooks
Celebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 2 ebooksCelebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 2 ebooks
Celebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 2 ebooks
 
Celebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 1 updated
Celebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 1 updatedCelebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 1 updated
Celebrating successful entrepreneurs of singapor lesson 1 updated
 
Day 6 tutorialp6
Day 6 tutorialp6Day 6 tutorialp6
Day 6 tutorialp6
 
Nota peribahasa
Nota peribahasaNota peribahasa
Nota peribahasa
 
2015 p6 (day 6)
2015 p6 (day 6)2015 p6 (day 6)
2015 p6 (day 6)
 
Habitat p6 fsc
Habitat p6 fscHabitat p6 fsc
Habitat p6 fsc
 
P6 std sc heat energy and what is does
P6 std sc heat energy and what is doesP6 std sc heat energy and what is does
P6 std sc heat energy and what is does
 
Problem solving
Problem solvingProblem solving
Problem solving
 
Comprehension cloze power point ( all groups)
Comprehension cloze   power point ( all groups)Comprehension cloze   power point ( all groups)
Comprehension cloze power point ( all groups)
 
P6 tl tutorial haze m. e learning day 5
P6 tl tutorial haze m. e learning day 5P6 tl tutorial haze m. e learning day 5
P6 tl tutorial haze m. e learning day 5
 
Menjawab soalan kefahaman
Menjawab soalan kefahamanMenjawab soalan kefahaman
Menjawab soalan kefahaman
 
2015 p6 (day 5)
2015 p6 (day 5)2015 p6 (day 5)
2015 p6 (day 5)
 
P6 std sc plant transport system
P6 std sc  plant transport systemP6 std sc  plant transport system
P6 std sc plant transport system
 
Concept of similar figures
Concept of similar figuresConcept of similar figures
Concept of similar figures
 
Teknik imbas kembali
Teknik imbas kembaliTeknik imbas kembali
Teknik imbas kembali
 
2015 p6 (day 4)
2015 p6 (day 4)2015 p6 (day 4)
2015 p6 (day 4)
 
Plant reproduction with qn
Plant reproduction with qnPlant reproduction with qn
Plant reproduction with qn
 
Effects of heat 6 fsc e learning day 4
Effects of heat 6 fsc e learning day 4Effects of heat 6 fsc e learning day 4
Effects of heat 6 fsc e learning day 4
 
Journey in opp direction
Journey in opp directionJourney in opp direction
Journey in opp direction
 

Recently uploaded

IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdffIATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
17thcssbs2
 
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyesppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ashishpaul799
 
Industrial Training Report- AKTU Industrial Training Report
Industrial Training Report- AKTU Industrial Training ReportIndustrial Training Report- AKTU Industrial Training Report
Industrial Training Report- AKTU Industrial Training Report
Avinash Rai
 

Recently uploaded (20)

50 ĐỀ LUYỆN THI IOE LỚP 9 - NĂM HỌC 2022-2023 (CÓ LINK HÌNH, FILE AUDIO VÀ ĐÁ...
50 ĐỀ LUYỆN THI IOE LỚP 9 - NĂM HỌC 2022-2023 (CÓ LINK HÌNH, FILE AUDIO VÀ ĐÁ...50 ĐỀ LUYỆN THI IOE LỚP 9 - NĂM HỌC 2022-2023 (CÓ LINK HÌNH, FILE AUDIO VÀ ĐÁ...
50 ĐỀ LUYỆN THI IOE LỚP 9 - NĂM HỌC 2022-2023 (CÓ LINK HÌNH, FILE AUDIO VÀ ĐÁ...
 
Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17
Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17
Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17
 
Salient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptx
Salient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptxSalient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptx
Salient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptx
 
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
 
Telling Your Story_ Simple Steps to Build Your Nonprofit's Brand Webinar.pdf
Telling Your Story_ Simple Steps to Build Your Nonprofit's Brand Webinar.pdfTelling Your Story_ Simple Steps to Build Your Nonprofit's Brand Webinar.pdf
Telling Your Story_ Simple Steps to Build Your Nonprofit's Brand Webinar.pdf
 
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
 
The Art Pastor's Guide to Sabbath | Steve Thomason
The Art Pastor's Guide to Sabbath | Steve ThomasonThe Art Pastor's Guide to Sabbath | Steve Thomason
The Art Pastor's Guide to Sabbath | Steve Thomason
 
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17
 
NCERT Solutions Power Sharing Class 10 Notes pdf
NCERT Solutions Power Sharing Class 10 Notes pdfNCERT Solutions Power Sharing Class 10 Notes pdf
NCERT Solutions Power Sharing Class 10 Notes pdf
 
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdffIATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
 
Advances in production technology of Grapes.pdf
Advances in production technology of Grapes.pdfAdvances in production technology of Grapes.pdf
Advances in production technology of Grapes.pdf
 
Matatag-Curriculum and the 21st Century Skills Presentation.pptx
Matatag-Curriculum and the 21st Century Skills Presentation.pptxMatatag-Curriculum and the 21st Century Skills Presentation.pptx
Matatag-Curriculum and the 21st Century Skills Presentation.pptx
 
PART A. Introduction to Costumer Service
PART A. Introduction to Costumer ServicePART A. Introduction to Costumer Service
PART A. Introduction to Costumer Service
 
Students, digital devices and success - Andreas Schleicher - 27 May 2024..pptx
Students, digital devices and success - Andreas Schleicher - 27 May 2024..pptxStudents, digital devices and success - Andreas Schleicher - 27 May 2024..pptx
Students, digital devices and success - Andreas Schleicher - 27 May 2024..pptx
 
size separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceutics
size separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceuticssize separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceutics
size separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceutics
 
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyesppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
 
Industrial Training Report- AKTU Industrial Training Report
Industrial Training Report- AKTU Industrial Training ReportIndustrial Training Report- AKTU Industrial Training Report
Industrial Training Report- AKTU Industrial Training Report
 
Basic_QTL_Marker-assisted_Selection_Sourabh.ppt
Basic_QTL_Marker-assisted_Selection_Sourabh.pptBasic_QTL_Marker-assisted_Selection_Sourabh.ppt
Basic_QTL_Marker-assisted_Selection_Sourabh.ppt
 
Basic phrases for greeting and assisting costumers
Basic phrases for greeting and assisting costumersBasic phrases for greeting and assisting costumers
Basic phrases for greeting and assisting costumers
 
....................Muslim-Law notes.pdf
....................Muslim-Law notes.pdf....................Muslim-Law notes.pdf
....................Muslim-Law notes.pdf
 

Active and passive voice ppt

  • 1. The Path to EffectiveWriting
  • 2. Verbs and Voice  Voice is the form a verb takes to indicate whether the subject of the verb performs or receives the action.  There are two types of voice: active voice and passive voice.
  • 3. Active Voice  ActiveVoice – indicates that the subject of the verb is acting  Because the subject does or "acts upon" the verb in such sentences, the sentences are said to be in the active voice.
  • 4. Active Voice  These examples show that the subject is doing the verb's action.  The dog jumped onto the boy.  The dog (subject) is doing the jumping (verb).  Kristy will give a book report to the class.  Kristy (subject) is doing the giving (verb).  The computer ate my paper.  The computer (subject) is doing the eating (verb).
  • 5. Passive Voice  In a passive voice sentence, the subject and object flip-flop.The subject becomes the passive recipient of the action.  Because the subject is being "acted upon" (or is passive), such sentences are said to be in the passive voice.
  • 6. Passive Voice  These examples show the subject being acted upon by the verb.  The boy was jumped on by the dog.  Boy (subject) was being jumped on (verb)  A book report will be given by Kristy to the class.  Report (subject) will be given (verb).  My paper was eaten by the computer.  Paper (subject) was being eaten (verb).
  • 7. Reasons to Use the Active Voice  Most writers prefer to use active voice because it is more direct.  Compare  Active:The waiter dropped the tray of food.  Passive:The tray of food was dropped by the waiter.
  • 8. Reasons to Use the Active Voice  The active voice is less awkward and clearly states relationship between subject and action.  Compare  Passive:Your request for funding has been denied by the review committee.  Active:The review committee denied your request for funding.  The active voice sentence pattern propels the reader forward through your writing thus avoiding weak prose.
  • 9. When to Use Passive Voice  In general, the passive voice is less direct, less forceful, and less concise than the active voice.  Use the passive voice in the following situations:  Use passive voice when you do not know or do not want to reveal the performer of an action.  Use passive voice when you want to emphasize the receiver of an action.
  • 10. Examples  Awkward Passive: My bicycle was repainted by John.  Deliberate Passive: My bicycle was repainted. (The performer is not mentioned and the emphasis is on the bicycle.)
  • 11. Form of Passive Voice Verbs  The passive voice requires a "double verb" and will always consist of a form of the verb "to be" and the past participle (usually the "en/ed/t" form) of another verb.  Example: Active: John baked the bread. Passive: The bread was baked by John. (Was is a form of the verb “be”.)
  • 12. Form of Passive Voice Verbs  Writers should be familiar with the forms of "to be" , often called linking verbs, so that they can easily identify the passive voice in their work.  Review the forms of "to be":  am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been
  • 13. Form of Passive Voice Verbs  Note the forms of "to be" in the examples of the verb "to kick" in various forms of the passive voice:  is kicked----------------had been kicked was kicked-------------is going to be kicked is being kicked---------will be kicked has been kicked-------can be kicked was being kicked------should be kicked
  • 14. Form of Passive Voice Verbs  Often passive voice sentences will contain a "by" phrase indicting who or what performed the action.  Passive sentences can be easily transformed into active sentences when the object of the preposition "by" is moved to the subject position in the sentence.
  • 15. Form of Passive Voice Verbs  Examples:  Passive:The cookies were eaten by the children.  Active:The children ate the cookies.  Passive:The tunnels are dug by the gophers.  Active:The gophers dug the tunnels.
  • 16. Let’s Practice  Directions: Change the sentences below to the active voice. 1. The statue is being visited by hundreds of tourists every year. 2. My books were stolen by someone yesterday. 3. These books had been left in the classroom by a careless student. 4. Coffee is raised in many parts of Hawaii by plantation workers. 5. The house had been broken into by someone while the owners were on vacation.
  • 17. Let’s Practice  Directions: Change the sentences below to the passive voice. 1. Children cannot open these bottles easily. 2. The government built a road right outside her front door. 3. Mr. Ross broke the antique vase as he walked through the store. 4. When she arrived, the changes amazed her. 5. The construction workers are making street repairs all month long.