-Is a wound received from the
teeth of an animal, including
-Animals may bite in selfdefense, in an attempt to prey
in food, & as part of normal
• An animal bite can result in
a break or tear in the skin.
• When a person is bitten by
an animal, an infection can
• Vaccinate all pets against rabies.
• Don’t disturb animals while they’re eating.
• Teach children not to approach or play
with stray animals.
• Don’t touch wild animals.
• Don’t handle sick or injured animals.
• Don’t keep wild animals as pets.
How to Treat a Cat or Dog
1. STOP BLEEDING
• Apply direct pressure until bleeding stops.
2.CLEAN AND PROTECT
• Gently clean with soap and warm water, rinse for
several minutes after cleaning.
• Apply antibiotic cream to reduce the risk of infection
and cover with a sterile bandage.
3. GET HELP
• Consult a doctor immediately. (He will treat
the wound more effectively & decide what
measures are necessary to guard against
rabies and tetanus infection.
• If the animal’s owner is available, find out if
the animal’s rabies shots are up-to-date. (Give
this information to your health care provider.)
4. FOLLOW UP
• The health care provider will make sure the wound is
thoroughly clean &may prescribe antibiotics.
• If there is any risk of rabies infection, the health care
provider will recommend anti-rabies treatment &
tetanus shot or booster.
• The health care provider may recommend pain
-Insect, spider, and bee bites usually cause
a localized reaction with
swelling, redness, & itching.
- Some people have severe skin reactions to
insect or spider bites & few have allergic
reactions that affect the whole body.
• To avoid bee stings, wear white or light colored
• Avoid wearing perfume and colognes when you
• Apply an insect repellent every few hours when
in insect and spider infested area.
• Wear gloves and tuck pants when working in
woodpiles, sheds, & basements & storerooms
where spiders are found.
• Remove a bee stinger by
scrapping or flicking it out.
• Don’t squeeze the stinger, you
may release more venom into
• Apply a cold pack or ice cube to
the bite or sting to relieve the
pain & decrease the reaction.
(Baking soda, meat
tenderizer, or activated charcoal
mixed with a little water can also
• An oral antihistamine(Benadryl) may help
relieve itching if there are many bites.
• Trim fingernails to prevent scratching, which
can lead to infection.
• Seek emergency help if signs of a severe
allergic reaction develop soon after being
stung by insect.
What is a tick?
- are parasites that fasten
themselves to the skin
and feed on blood.
• A tick should be removed
as soon as you discover it
because they may
• Check regularly for ticks when you are out in the
fields or woods. (Wear light-colored clothing to
easily detect ticks)
• Apply an insect repellant to exposed areas of
skin when in tick infested areas.
• Don’t put repellant on small children’s
hands, because they often put their hands in
• After returning indoors, wash the repellant off
with soap and water.
• Thoroughly examine your skin and scalp
when you return home.
• Check your pets too.(The sooner ticks are
removed, the less likely they are to spread
1. Dislodge the embedded tick loose from
the skin with a few drops of heavy oil or
-This closes the tick’s breathing pores,
which will often cause it to disengage itself
from the skin)
2. If applying a petroleum jelly
doesn’t work, gently scrape the
insect’s stinger out of the skin
with the edge of a clean
fingernail or blunt edge of a table
- Grasp the tick as close to
the skin as possible.
- Put steadily, trying not to
crush the tick.
3. Wash the areas and apply an antiseptic.
4. Get a medical help if allergic reaction
-Snakes are one of the
-They have their salivary
glands which produces venom
which is injected through
grooved or tubular fangs.
-If you were attacked by a
snake & you didn’t give yourself
a first aid it may cost some
complications and at some
cases it may lead to death.
Don’t make snakes as your pet.
Clean your backyards.
Don’t live near the forest.
If you see a snake don’t touch it. Ask help
to those who know how to catch a snake.
• Tie the upper part of the bitten area
• Do not panic.
• Go to the nearest Hospital or Clinic
and tell to the doctor or nurse that
you were attacked by a snake.
• They’ll inject you anti venom.
• Check you doctor daily for a follow up
BUT ALWAYS REMEMBER
PREVENTION IS ALWAYS
BETTER THAN CURE!