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Bites first aid


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bites basic first aid

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Bites first aid

  1. 1. BITES -Is a wound received from the teeth of an animal, including humans. -Animals may bite in selfdefense, in an attempt to prey in food, & as part of normal interactions.
  2. 2. ANIMAL BITES • An animal bite can result in a break or tear in the skin. • When a person is bitten by an animal, an infection can result.
  3. 3. PREVENTION • Vaccinate all pets against rabies. • Don’t disturb animals while they’re eating. • Teach children not to approach or play with stray animals. • Don’t touch wild animals. • Don’t handle sick or injured animals. • Don’t keep wild animals as pets.
  4. 4. TREATMENT How to Treat a Cat or Dog Bite.mp4 1. STOP BLEEDING • Apply direct pressure until bleeding stops. 2.CLEAN AND PROTECT • Gently clean with soap and warm water, rinse for several minutes after cleaning. • Apply antibiotic cream to reduce the risk of infection and cover with a sterile bandage.
  5. 5. 3. GET HELP • Consult a doctor immediately. (He will treat the wound more effectively & decide what measures are necessary to guard against rabies and tetanus infection. • If the animal’s owner is available, find out if the animal’s rabies shots are up-to-date. (Give this information to your health care provider.)
  6. 6. 4. FOLLOW UP • The health care provider will make sure the wound is thoroughly clean &may prescribe antibiotics. • If there is any risk of rabies infection, the health care provider will recommend anti-rabies treatment & tetanus shot or booster. • The health care provider may recommend pain relievers.
  7. 7. INSECT BITES -Insect, spider, and bee bites usually cause a localized reaction with swelling, redness, & itching. - Some people have severe skin reactions to insect or spider bites & few have allergic reactions that affect the whole body.
  8. 8. PREVENTION • To avoid bee stings, wear white or light colored solid fabrics. • Avoid wearing perfume and colognes when you are outside. • Apply an insect repellent every few hours when in insect and spider infested area. • Wear gloves and tuck pants when working in woodpiles, sheds, & basements & storerooms where spiders are found.
  9. 9. TREATMENT • Remove a bee stinger by scrapping or flicking it out. • Don’t squeeze the stinger, you may release more venom into the skin. • Apply a cold pack or ice cube to the bite or sting to relieve the pain & decrease the reaction. (Baking soda, meat tenderizer, or activated charcoal mixed with a little water can also
  10. 10. • An oral antihistamine(Benadryl) may help relieve itching if there are many bites. • Trim fingernails to prevent scratching, which can lead to infection. • Seek emergency help if signs of a severe allergic reaction develop soon after being stung by insect.
  11. 11. TICK BITES What is a tick? - are parasites that fasten themselves to the skin and feed on blood. • A tick should be removed as soon as you discover it because they may transmit disease.
  12. 12. Prevention • Check regularly for ticks when you are out in the fields or woods. (Wear light-colored clothing to easily detect ticks) • Apply an insect repellant to exposed areas of skin when in tick infested areas. • Don’t put repellant on small children’s hands, because they often put their hands in their mouths, • After returning indoors, wash the repellant off with soap and water.
  13. 13. • Thoroughly examine your skin and scalp when you return home. • Check your pets too.(The sooner ticks are removed, the less likely they are to spread bacteria.)
  14. 14. TREATMENT 1. Dislodge the embedded tick loose from the skin with a few drops of heavy oil or petroleum jelly. -This closes the tick’s breathing pores, which will often cause it to disengage itself from the skin)
  15. 15. 2. If applying a petroleum jelly doesn’t work, gently scrape the insect’s stinger out of the skin with the edge of a clean fingernail or blunt edge of a table knife. - Grasp the tick as close to the skin as possible. - Put steadily, trying not to crush the tick.
  16. 16. 3. Wash the areas and apply an antiseptic. 4. Get a medical help if allergic reaction occurs.
  17. 17. SNAKE BITES -Snakes are one of the dangerous animals. -They have their salivary glands which produces venom which is injected through grooved or tubular fangs. -If you were attacked by a snake & you didn’t give yourself a first aid it may cost some complications and at some cases it may lead to death.
  18. 18. PREVENTION • • • • Don’t make snakes as your pet. Clean your backyards. Don’t live near the forest. If you see a snake don’t touch it. Ask help to those who know how to catch a snake.
  19. 19. TREATMENT • Tie the upper part of the bitten area tightly. • Do not panic. • Go to the nearest Hospital or Clinic and tell to the doctor or nurse that you were attacked by a snake. • They’ll inject you anti venom. • Check you doctor daily for a follow up check up.