Stop using injured part.
Use splint for injuries of the
arm, elbow, wrist, or hand
Keep damp or dry cloth between skin and
Do not apply ice for longer than 15 to 20
minutes at a time
Use elasticized bandage,
compression sleeve, or cloth
Wrap injured part firmly
▪Do not impair blood supply
▪Too tight compression may cause more
Wrap over ice
Loosen the bandage if it gets too tight
Displacement of the
accompanied by a
or other soft tissue
Signs and symptoms
Deformity of joint or limb
Limited or abnormal
Swelling and discoloration
Pain and tenderness
Shortening or lengthening
of affected limb
A break or a crack in a bone is
called a fracture.
Many types of fractures are difficult to
If a fracture is suspected, it’s wise to get it
All fractures are one of two types
1) Closed – skin over fracture is not
2) Open/Compound – where the
skin over the fracture is
broken.The bone may be
FIRST AID CARE
Basically the same as first aid for
IMMOBILIZE the affected part in the
position in which it is found by using
splints and/or slings
Avoid any movement of part because
movement can lead to additional injury
to nerves, blood vessels and other
tissues in the area
Obtain medical help immediately
Stop the activity.
Survey the injured area.
First Aid if qualified.
Get help if not.
Determine if additional medical
attention is necessary.
Devices that can be used to immobilize
injured parts when fractures,
dislocations and other similar injuries
are present or suspected
Many commercial splints are available
Inflatable or air splints
Traction splints (used for fractured femur)