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Strain sprain fracture

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first aid

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Strain sprain fracture

  1. 1. SPRAIN  stretch and/or tear of a ligament caused by a sudden pull  one or more ligaments can be injured at the same time
  2. 2. STRAIN  injury to either a muscle or a tendon as a result of suddenlly pulling them too far  simple overstretch of muscle or tendon, or result of a partial or complete tear
  3. 3. fall sudden twist blow to the body that forces a joint out of its normal position and stretches or tears the ligament supporting that joint
  4. 4.  most common site: the ankle  frequently occur at the wrist  sprain to the thumb common in skiing and other sports
  5. 5. pain swelling bruising loss of functional ability sometimes a pop or tear when the injury happens
  6. 6. twisting or pulling a muscle or tendon acute or chronic —› recent trauma or result of overuse
  7. 7.  two common sites: the back and the hamstring muscle  hand and forearm, elbow
  8. 8.  typical—›pain, limited motion, muscle spasms, possibly muscle weakness  localized swelling, cramping, or inflammation and, with a minor or moderate strain, usually some loss of muscle function
  9. 9. RICETherapy
  10. 10. Rest Ice Compressio n Elevation
  11. 11. Rest Stop using injured part. Use splint for injuries of the arm, elbow, wrist, or hand
  12. 12.  Keep damp or dry cloth between skin and ice pack  Do not apply ice for longer than 15 to 20 minutes at a time
  13. 13. Use elasticized bandage, compression sleeve, or cloth Wrap injured part firmly ▪Do not impair blood supply ▪Too tight compression may cause more swelling Wrap over ice  Loosen the bandage if it gets too tight
  14. 14. Dislocation Displacement of the joint/ bone Frequently accompanied by a tearing or stretching of ligaments, muscles or other soft tissue
  15. 15. Signs and symptoms  Deformity of joint or limb  Limited or abnormal movement  Swelling and discoloration  Pain and tenderness  Shortening or lengthening of affected limb
  16. 16. A break or a crack in a bone is called a fracture. Many types of fractures are difficult to determine. If a fracture is suspected, it’s wise to get it checked out
  17. 17.  All fractures are one of two types 1) Closed – skin over fracture is not broken 2) Open/Compound – where the skin over the fracture is broken.The bone may be visible.
  18. 18. FIRST AID CARE  Basically the same as first aid for fractures  IMMOBILIZE the affected part in the position in which it is found by using splints and/or slings  Avoid any movement of part because movement can lead to additional injury to nerves, blood vessels and other tissues in the area  Obtain medical help immediately
  19. 19. Stop the activity. Survey the injured area. First Aid if qualified. Get help if not. Determine if additional medical attention is necessary.
  20. 20. Splints Devices that can be used to immobilize injured parts when fractures, dislocations and other similar injuries are present or suspected Many commercial splints are available  Inflatable or air splints  Padded boards  Traction splints (used for fractured femur)

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