Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Strain sprain fracture


Published on

first aid

Published in: Health & Medicine

Strain sprain fracture

  1. 1. SPRAIN  stretch and/or tear of a ligament caused by a sudden pull  one or more ligaments can be injured at the same time
  2. 2. STRAIN  injury to either a muscle or a tendon as a result of suddenlly pulling them too far  simple overstretch of muscle or tendon, or result of a partial or complete tear
  3. 3. fall sudden twist blow to the body that forces a joint out of its normal position and stretches or tears the ligament supporting that joint
  4. 4.  most common site: the ankle  frequently occur at the wrist  sprain to the thumb common in skiing and other sports
  5. 5. pain swelling bruising loss of functional ability sometimes a pop or tear when the injury happens
  6. 6. twisting or pulling a muscle or tendon acute or chronic —› recent trauma or result of overuse
  7. 7.  two common sites: the back and the hamstring muscle  hand and forearm, elbow
  8. 8.  typical—›pain, limited motion, muscle spasms, possibly muscle weakness  localized swelling, cramping, or inflammation and, with a minor or moderate strain, usually some loss of muscle function
  9. 9. RICETherapy
  10. 10. Rest Ice Compressio n Elevation
  11. 11. Rest Stop using injured part. Use splint for injuries of the arm, elbow, wrist, or hand
  12. 12.  Keep damp or dry cloth between skin and ice pack  Do not apply ice for longer than 15 to 20 minutes at a time
  13. 13. Use elasticized bandage, compression sleeve, or cloth Wrap injured part firmly ▪Do not impair blood supply ▪Too tight compression may cause more swelling Wrap over ice  Loosen the bandage if it gets too tight
  14. 14. Dislocation Displacement of the joint/ bone Frequently accompanied by a tearing or stretching of ligaments, muscles or other soft tissue
  15. 15. Signs and symptoms  Deformity of joint or limb  Limited or abnormal movement  Swelling and discoloration  Pain and tenderness  Shortening or lengthening of affected limb
  16. 16. A break or a crack in a bone is called a fracture. Many types of fractures are difficult to determine. If a fracture is suspected, it’s wise to get it checked out
  17. 17.  All fractures are one of two types 1) Closed – skin over fracture is not broken 2) Open/Compound – where the skin over the fracture is broken.The bone may be visible.
  18. 18. FIRST AID CARE  Basically the same as first aid for fractures  IMMOBILIZE the affected part in the position in which it is found by using splints and/or slings  Avoid any movement of part because movement can lead to additional injury to nerves, blood vessels and other tissues in the area  Obtain medical help immediately
  19. 19. Stop the activity. Survey the injured area. First Aid if qualified. Get help if not. Determine if additional medical attention is necessary.
  20. 20. Splints Devices that can be used to immobilize injured parts when fractures, dislocations and other similar injuries are present or suspected Many commercial splints are available  Inflatable or air splints  Padded boards  Traction splints (used for fractured femur)