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WWI
WWI Begins
• At the start of Wilson declared that the US would
be neutral during the war
• Because of trade neutrality was a hard thing to
keep, and the Allied Powers soon benefited from
US resources
• Soon Germany began to attack ships traveling
between Europe and North America, with their
new invention the submarine
• Most Americans saw the sinking of civilian
merchant ships as an outrage and a violation of
the rules of war
• May 7, 1915 a German U-Boat sank the Lusitania
killing 128 Americans, which prompted protests
in the US, which caused Germany to change its
tactics
• January 1917 Germany resumed
unrestricted submarine warfare and
Wilson broke off diplomacy with
Germany
• February the British government
reveled through the Zimmerman
Telegram that Germany was trying
to get Mexico to attack the US, in
exchange for the former Mexican
territory
• End of 1917 Wilson asked congress
to declare war on Germany, thus
beginning WWI for the United States
WWI Battles
• In 1917 the Selective Service Act
was formed which instituted the
draft
• 2 million men would serve in the
American Expeditionary Force,
under the command of Gen. John
J. Pershing
• Most of the AEF would see combat
on the Western Front
• Most of the AEF that were sent over
were untrained and made little
contributions to the war effort.
• In 1918 the stalemate that had
taken place since 1914 was over
when Germany was freed from
fighting the Russians on the
Eastern Front
• In September of 1918 the AEF took
on two major offensives to drive the
Germans back.
• AEF declared victory in October
after breaking through the
Germany line
• By the end of 1919 Germany was
forced to sign the peace armistices
• American causalities were over
320,00o and more than 112,000
killed
WWI Ends

• Paris Peace Conference 1919
brought the UK, France, Italy, and
US together to decided the fate of
Europe
• Purpose of the conference:
negotiate a peace treaty with
Germany and to draw boundaries
for new countries
• The Treaty of Versailles was
signed June 28, 1919 ending
WWI
• Versailles included President
Wilson’s provisions to establish
the League of Nations (early
form of the United Nations)
• The end of World War I saw the
rise of several newly formed
nations within Europe;
including Poland
The Treaty of Versailles
The Punishment for Germany
•
•
•
•

Germany had to accept total blame for the war
Germany had to pay war reparations ($300 Billion)
Germany downsized army and gave up their navy
Germany gave up their colonial holdings, which were
divided up amongst the allies.
Other Territorial Changes
• Austria-Hungary divided up into four separate nations
• Five other independent nations were established out
of parts of Germany
An International Organization Established
• The League of Nations & World Court are formed
• The League were suppose to work together to stop
international aggression
• The World Court was set up to mediate disputes
between countries.
Issues not Covered by the Treaty of Versailles
• US President Wilson wanted open negotiations and
elimination of secret treaties
• No mention of the rights of neutrals at sea or freedom
of the seas
• Free trade was largely ignored and tariffs left enacted
• No other country was ordered to reduce their army or
armaments except for Germany

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World War I (American History)

  • 1. WWI
  • 2. WWI Begins • At the start of Wilson declared that the US would be neutral during the war • Because of trade neutrality was a hard thing to keep, and the Allied Powers soon benefited from US resources • Soon Germany began to attack ships traveling between Europe and North America, with their new invention the submarine • Most Americans saw the sinking of civilian merchant ships as an outrage and a violation of the rules of war • May 7, 1915 a German U-Boat sank the Lusitania killing 128 Americans, which prompted protests in the US, which caused Germany to change its tactics
  • 3. • January 1917 Germany resumed unrestricted submarine warfare and Wilson broke off diplomacy with Germany • February the British government reveled through the Zimmerman Telegram that Germany was trying to get Mexico to attack the US, in exchange for the former Mexican territory • End of 1917 Wilson asked congress to declare war on Germany, thus beginning WWI for the United States
  • 4. WWI Battles • In 1917 the Selective Service Act was formed which instituted the draft • 2 million men would serve in the American Expeditionary Force, under the command of Gen. John J. Pershing • Most of the AEF would see combat on the Western Front • Most of the AEF that were sent over were untrained and made little contributions to the war effort.
  • 5. • In 1918 the stalemate that had taken place since 1914 was over when Germany was freed from fighting the Russians on the Eastern Front • In September of 1918 the AEF took on two major offensives to drive the Germans back. • AEF declared victory in October after breaking through the Germany line • By the end of 1919 Germany was forced to sign the peace armistices • American causalities were over 320,00o and more than 112,000 killed
  • 6. WWI Ends • Paris Peace Conference 1919 brought the UK, France, Italy, and US together to decided the fate of Europe • Purpose of the conference: negotiate a peace treaty with Germany and to draw boundaries for new countries
  • 7. • The Treaty of Versailles was signed June 28, 1919 ending WWI • Versailles included President Wilson’s provisions to establish the League of Nations (early form of the United Nations) • The end of World War I saw the rise of several newly formed nations within Europe; including Poland
  • 8. The Treaty of Versailles
  • 9. The Punishment for Germany • • • • Germany had to accept total blame for the war Germany had to pay war reparations ($300 Billion) Germany downsized army and gave up their navy Germany gave up their colonial holdings, which were divided up amongst the allies.
  • 10. Other Territorial Changes • Austria-Hungary divided up into four separate nations • Five other independent nations were established out of parts of Germany
  • 11. An International Organization Established • The League of Nations & World Court are formed • The League were suppose to work together to stop international aggression • The World Court was set up to mediate disputes between countries.
  • 12. Issues not Covered by the Treaty of Versailles • US President Wilson wanted open negotiations and elimination of secret treaties • No mention of the rights of neutrals at sea or freedom of the seas • Free trade was largely ignored and tariffs left enacted • No other country was ordered to reduce their army or armaments except for Germany