A n c i e n t Japan                                                        SJ                                      ho las ...
Yayoi Culture in Japan                     Han Dynasty in China      Early Ties with       C h i n a and Korea
Aborigines in Japan                               Man       Woman                                     Chief               ...
The Relationship between hereditary rule andancestral worship became an important part of a           native religion - Sh...
Simple religion based on                 worship of the forces of nature...               Kamispirits that are present in ...
AMATERASU          Goddess of the Sun         her grandson descended to earth               and brought 3 things.D e s c e...
AMATERASU          Goddess of the Sun         her grandson descended to earth               and brought 3 things.D e s c e...
AMATERASU          Goddess of the Sun         her grandson descended to earth               and brought 3 things.D e s c e...
AMATERASU          Goddess of the Sun         her grandson descended to earth               and brought 3 things.D e s c e...
AMATERASU          Goddess of the Sun         her grandson descended to earth               and brought 3 things.         ...
AMATERASU          Goddess of the Sun         her grandson descended to earth               and brought 3 things.         ...
AMATERASU          Goddess of the Sun         her grandson descended to earth               and brought 3 things.         ...
Yamato Clan - Descendants of Amaterasu                   593 Empress Suiko chose her                       nephew to rule ...
They rejected the idea of Mandate            of HeavenRejected China’s Examination System     Sons of nobles were admitted...
They rejected the idea of Mandate            of Heaven        because they can be overthrownRejected China’s Examination S...
They rejected the idea of Mandate            of Heaven        because they can be overthrownRejected China’s Examination S...
Sent many missions to China, hoping tolearn about their laws and government...     Thousands of Japanese students went to ...
Fujiwara           7th Century    Opposition leaderTAIKA REFORM of 646 to model China’s political and economic institution...
Traditional Culture               remained             distinctively               JapaneseS E L E C T I V E Borrowing
710 - The capital was NARA794 The capital was moved to HEIAN (Kyoto)Novels replaced poetry as the most popular form of lit...
at the end of 11th Century the Heian Courts declined  LANDOWNDERS                             They can collect taxes      ...
T i t l e Text
MINAMOTO FAMILY1185 ADYORIMOTO     Established his government in Kamakura.           far from the influence of the imperial...
YORIMOTOThe emperor gave Yorimoto the title:    SHOGUN “Barbarian Subduing      General”             In theory, they ruled...
To gain the loyalty of the       landlords Yorimoto       appointed powerful    lords as protector of the            provi...
The lords estates were protected  by the   SAMURAI     “Those who serve”only them were allowed to wearthe two swords of th...
SAMURAIBUSHIDO“The way of the warrior”   Called for the life of discipline and duty            1 They need to control thei...
HONOR SAMURAI      If he was dishonored by capture or anact of disloyalty to his lord, he would not hesitate              ...
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Early and Feudal Japan

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Early history of Japan

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  • Early and Feudal Japan

    1. 1. A n c i e n t Japan SJ ho las Pioquinto, Br. Jeffrey Nic Feuda l Japan HokkaidoEar ly and Honshu Shikoku Kyushu
    2. 2. Yayoi Culture in Japan Han Dynasty in China Early Ties with C h i n a and Korea
    3. 3. Aborigines in Japan Man Woman Chief Clan A i n u Uji
    4. 4. The Relationship between hereditary rule andancestral worship became an important part of a native religion - ShintoismS h i n t o “The Way of the gods”
    5. 5. Simple religion based on worship of the forces of nature... Kamispirits that are present in extraordinary people and things.Inspires a feeling of awe and wonder They worship waterfalls, sunset, rock formations S h i n t o i s m Religion
    6. 6. AMATERASU Goddess of the Sun her grandson descended to earth and brought 3 things.D e s c e n d a n t s o f t h e SUN
    7. 7. AMATERASU Goddess of the Sun her grandson descended to earth and brought 3 things.D e s c e n d a n t s o f t h e SUN
    8. 8. AMATERASU Goddess of the Sun her grandson descended to earth and brought 3 things.D e s c e n d a n t s o f t h e SUN
    9. 9. AMATERASU Goddess of the Sun her grandson descended to earth and brought 3 things.D e s c e n d a n t s o f t h e SUN
    10. 10. AMATERASU Goddess of the Sun her grandson descended to earth and brought 3 things. Bronze MirrorD e s c e n d a n t s o f t h e SUN
    11. 11. AMATERASU Goddess of the Sun her grandson descended to earth and brought 3 things. Bronze Mirror Carved JewelD e s c e n d a n t s o f t h e SUN
    12. 12. AMATERASU Goddess of the Sun her grandson descended to earth and brought 3 things. Bronze Mirror Iron Sword Carved JewelD e s c e n d a n t s o f t h e SUN
    13. 13. Yamato Clan - Descendants of Amaterasu 593 Empress Suiko chose her nephew to rule as regent Prince Shotoku drafted the 17-Article Constitution Ended the hereditary clans Introduction of centralized government based on Confucian principles Adoption of Buddhism as state religion Y a m a t o Clan
    14. 14. They rejected the idea of Mandate of HeavenRejected China’s Examination System Sons of nobles were admitted to university S e l e c t i v e Borrowing
    15. 15. They rejected the idea of Mandate of Heaven because they can be overthrownRejected China’s Examination System Sons of nobles were admitted to university S e l e c t i v e Borrowing
    16. 16. They rejected the idea of Mandate of Heaven because they can be overthrownRejected China’s Examination System because it opposed to their aristocratic rule Sons of nobles were admitted to university S e l e c t i v e Borrowing
    17. 17. Sent many missions to China, hoping tolearn about their laws and government... Thousands of Japanese students went to China to learn about their civilization P r i n c e Shotoku
    18. 18. Fujiwara 7th Century Opposition leaderTAIKA REFORM of 646 to model China’s political and economic institutions End large landowning established uniform tax system and measurement Assigned military governor Meant to copy the grandeur of TANG DYNASTY T a i k a Reform
    19. 19. Traditional Culture remained distinctively JapaneseS E L E C T I V E Borrowing
    20. 20. 710 - The capital was NARA794 The capital was moved to HEIAN (Kyoto)Novels replaced poetry as the most popular form of literature LADY MURASAKI SHIKIBU The first novel ever1000 AD (Japan) The Tale of Genji written The Classical age o f HEIAN JAPAN
    21. 21. at the end of 11th Century the Heian Courts declined LANDOWNDERS They can collect taxes Controlled productions- got wealthy Organized armies for protections P e r r e n i a l Problem
    22. 22. T i t l e Text
    23. 23. MINAMOTO FAMILY1185 ADYORIMOTO Established his government in Kamakura. far from the influence of the imperial court at Heian J a p a n e s e FEUDALISM
    24. 24. YORIMOTOThe emperor gave Yorimoto the title: SHOGUN “Barbarian Subduing General” In theory, they ruled in the name of the emperor but in practice, real authority rested with the shogun J a p a n e s e SHOGUNATE
    25. 25. To gain the loyalty of the landlords Yorimoto appointed powerful lords as protector of the provinces. Moving from Civil Goverment to Military DictatorshipJ a p a n e s e FEUDALISM
    26. 26. The lords estates were protected by the SAMURAI “Those who serve”only them were allowed to wearthe two swords of the warriorsSamurai inherited their position as warriorsHad the right to inherit land... Rise of the SAMURAI
    27. 27. SAMURAIBUSHIDO“The way of the warrior” Called for the life of discipline and duty 1 They need to control their emotions 2 Loyalty to the lords 3 Loyalty was based on personal and moral obligations rather than contract vassalage. European feudalism BUSHIDO
    28. 28. HONOR SAMURAI If he was dishonored by capture or anact of disloyalty to his lord, he would not hesitate to commit: SEPPUKU HARA-KIRI “Belly-slitting”thrusting a short knife into his abdomen then his friend would cut off his head to complete the act of honor S e p p u k u Hara-Kiri

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