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Feudal japan

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Feudal japan

  1. 1. FeudalJapan
  2. 2. Yamato Period: 300-710“Great Kings” era
  3. 3. Yamato Period: 300-710Began promoting the adoptionof Chinese culture: “Great Kings” era
  4. 4. Yamato Period: 300-710Began promoting the adoptionof Chinese culture:a Confucianism. “Great Kings” era
  5. 5. Yamato Period: 300-710Began promoting the adoptionof Chinese culture:a Confucianism.a Language (kanji characters). “Great Kings” era
  6. 6. Yamato Period: 300-710Began promoting the adoptionof Chinese culture:a Confucianism.a Language (kanji characters).a Buddhist sects. “Great Kings” era
  7. 7. Yamato Period: 300-710Began promoting the adoptionof Chinese culture:a Confucianism.a Language (kanji characters).a Buddhist sects.a Chinese art & architecture. “Great Kings” era
  8. 8. Yamato Period: 300-710Began promoting the adoptionof Chinese culture:a Confucianism.a Language (kanji characters).a Buddhist sects.a Chinese art & architecture.a Government structure. “Great Kings” era
  9. 9. Prince Shotoku: 573-621
  10. 10. Prince Shotoku: 573-621 a Adopted Chinese culture and Confucianism.
  11. 11. Prince Shotoku: 573-621 a Adopted Chinese culture and Confucianism. a Buddhist sects allowed to develop.
  12. 12. Prince Shotoku: 573-621 a Adopted Chinese culture and Confucianism. a Buddhist sects allowed to develop. a Created a new government structure:
  13. 13. Prince Shotoku: 573-621 a Adopted Chinese culture and Confucianism. a Buddhist sects allowed to develop. a Created a new government structure:  17 Article Constitution in 604. 
  14. 14. Heian Period: 794-1156
  15. 15. Heian Period: 794-1156Characteristics:
  16. 16. Heian Period: 794-1156Characteristics:a Growth of large landed estates.
  17. 17. Heian Period: 794-1156Characteristics:a Growth of large landed estates.a Arts & literature of China flourished.
  18. 18. Heian Period: 794-1156Characteristics:a Growth of large landed estates.a Arts & literature of China flourished.a Elaborate court life [highly refined]
  19. 19. Heian Period: 794-1156Characteristics:a Growth of large landed estates.a Arts & literature of China flourished.a Elaborate court life [highly refined]  ETIQUETTE. 
  20. 20. Heian Period: 794-1156Characteristics:a Growth of large landed estates.a Arts & literature of China flourished.a Elaborate court life [highly refined]  ETIQUETTE. a Personal diaries
  21. 21. Heian Period: 794-1156Characteristics:a Growth of large landed estates.a Arts & literature of China flourished.a Elaborate court life [highly refined]  ETIQUETTE. a Personal diaries e The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon [10c]
  22. 22. Heian Period: 794-1156Characteristics:a Growth of large landed estates.a Arts & literature of China flourished.a Elaborate court life [highly refined]  ETIQUETTE. a Personal diaries e The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon [10c]a Great novel
  23. 23. Heian Period: 794-1156Characteristics:a Growth of large landed estates.a Arts & literature of China flourished.a Elaborate court life [highly refined]  ETIQUETTE. a Personal diaries e The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon [10c]a Great novel e The Tale of Genji by Lady Murasaki Shikibu [1000 pgs.+] 
  24. 24. Heian Period: 794-1156Characteristics:a Growth of large landed estates.a Arts & literature of China flourished.a Elaborate court life [highly refined]  ETIQUETTE. a Personal diaries e The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon [10c]a Great novel e The Tale of Genji by Lady Murasaki Shikibu [1000 pgs.+] a Moving away from Chinese models in religion, the arts, and government. 
  25. 25. Heian Period:Cultural Borrowing
  26. 26. Heian Period:Cultural Borrowing1.Chinese writing.
  27. 27. Heian Period:Cultural Borrowing1.Chinese writing.2.Chinese artistic styles.
  28. 28. Heian Period:Cultural Borrowing1.Chinese writing.2.Chinese artistic styles.3.Buddhism [in the form of ZEN].
  29. 29. Heian Period:Cultural Borrowing1.Chinese writing.2.Chinese artistic styles.3.Buddhism [in the form of ZEN].4.BUT, not the Chinese civil service system! 
  30. 30. Heian Court Dress
  31. 31. The Pillow Bookby Sei Shonagon (diary)
  32. 32. The Pillow Bookby Sei Shonagon (diary)
  33. 33. Tale of Genji (first novel)
  34. 34. Tale of Genji Scroll (first novel)
  35. 35. Lady Murasaki ShikibuShe contributed much to the Japanese script known as kana,while men wrote with Chinese characters, kanji.
  36. 36. Minamoto YoritomoFounded the Kamakura Shogunate: 1185-1333
  37. 37. FeudalSociety
  38. 38. The emperorreigned, but didnot always rule! Feudal Society
  39. 39. Feudalism
  40. 40. FeudalismA political, economic, and social systembased on loyalty, the holding of land,and military service. Japan: Food
  41. 41. Feudalism A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service. Japan: Shogun Land - Shoen Loyalty Land - Shoen Daimyo Daimyo Loyalty Samurai Samurai Samurai FoodProtection Peasant Peasant Peasant Peasant
  42. 42. Code of Bushido
  43. 43. Code of Bushido * Fidelity
  44. 44. Code of Bushido * Fidelity * Politeness
  45. 45. Code of Bushido * Fidelity * Politeness * Virility
  46. 46. Code of Bushido * Fidelity * Politeness * Virility * Simplicity
  47. 47. Seppuku: Ritual SuicideIt is honorable to die in this way. Kaishaku – his “seconds”
  48. 48. Full Samurai Attire
  49. 49. Samurai Sword
  50. 50. Early MountedSamurai Warriors
  51. 51. Underpinnings: Basic Steps in Self Defense
  52. 52. Underpinnings: Basic Steps in Self DefenseA COTTON BREECH CLOUTthat extended up over thechest was the basicundergarment of a samurai’scostume
  53. 53. Underpinnings: Basic Steps in Self DefenseA COTTON BREECH CLOUT A SHORT SLEEVED KIMONO,that extended up over the or “armor robe,” was tiedchest was the basic snugly at the waist with aundergarment of a samurai’s special knot (lower right)costume
  54. 54. BILLOWINGPANTALOONS,worn over thearmor robe,fitted loosely inthe legs toallow freedomof movement
  55. 55. BILLOWINGPANTALOONS,worn over thearmor robe,fitted loosely inthe legs toallow freedomof movementSTURDYSHINGUARDSof cloth orleather werereinforced withstrips of ironto giveprotectionfrom the front
  56. 56. BILLOWINGPANTALOONS,worn over thearmor robe,fitted loosely inthe legs toallow freedomof movement AN EXQUISITE BROCADE, richlySTURDY worked with aSHINGUARDS design of peonies,of cloth or was one of theleather were extravagantreinforced with materials used instrips of iron an armor robe thatto give may have beenprotection made for a 14thfrom the front Century imperial
  57. 57. Samurai Charging
  58. 58. Feudalism
  59. 59. FeudalismA political, economic, and social system based onloyalty, the holding of land, and military service. Europe:
  60. 60. Feudalism A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service. Europe: King Land - Fief Loyalty Land - Fief Lord Lord Loyalty Knight Knight Knight FoodProtection Peasant Peasant Peasant Peasant
  61. 61. Code of Chivalry
  62. 62. Code of Chivalry * Justice
  63. 63. Code of Chivalry * Justice * Loyalty
  64. 64. Code of Chivalry * Justice * Loyalty * Defense
  65. 65. Code of Chivalry * Justice * Loyalty * Defense * Courage
  66. 66. Code of Chivalry * Justice * Loyalty * Defense * Courage * Faith
  67. 67. Code of Chivalry * Justice * Loyalty * Defense * Courage * Faith * Humility
  68. 68. Code of Chivalry * Justice * Loyalty * Defense * Courage * Faith * Humility * Nobility
  69. 69. Medieval Warriors vs.European knight Samurai Warrior
  70. 70. Medieval Warriors vs.Knight’s Armor Samurai Armor
  71. 71. Zen Buddhisma A Japanese variation of the Mahayana form of Buddhism, which came from India through China.a It reinforced the Bushido values of mental and self-discipline.
  72. 72. Mongol “Invasions” of Japan4,400 ships and 140,000 men, but kamikaze winds stopped them.
  73. 73. Ashikaga Age: 1338-1573
  74. 74. Ashikaga Age: 1338-1573► Shoguns fought for power.
  75. 75. Ashikaga Age: 1338-1573► Shoguns fought for power.a Laws are unclear.
  76. 76. Ashikaga Age: 1338-1573► Shoguns fought for power.a Laws are unclear.a Less efficient than the Kamakura.
  77. 77. Ashikaga Age: 1338-1573► Shoguns fought for power.a Laws are unclear.a Less efficient than the Kamakura.a Armies of samurai protected the country. 
  78. 78. CASTLES
  79. 79. Osaka Castle
  80. 80. Main Gate ofHiroshima Castle
  81. 81. Caernorfon Castle, Wales
  82. 82. Warwick Castle, England
  83. 83. The Age of the Warring States: (1467 - 1568)
  84. 84. The Age of the Warring States: (1467 - 1568)a Castles built on hills in different provinces.
  85. 85. The Age of the Warring States: (1467 - 1568)a Castles built on hills in different provinces.a Power shifts from above to below.
  86. 86. The Age of the Warring States: (1467 - 1568)a Castles built on hills in different provinces.a Power shifts from above to below.a Europeans arrive in Japan  bringing firearms & Christianity.
  87. 87. The Age of the Warring States: (1467 - 1568)a Castles built on hills in different provinces.a Power shifts from above to below.a Europeans arrive in Japan  bringing firearms & Christianity.a Christianity & foreign trade flourish.
  88. 88. Oda Nobunaga (1534-1582)a Banishes the last Ashikaga shogun.a Unifies a large part of Japan.
  89. 89. Catholic Jesuits in Japan St. Francis Xavier[First Catholic Missionaries in Asia]
  90. 90. Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536-1598)
  91. 91. Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536-1598) a Becomes suspicious of European territorial ambitions.
  92. 92. Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536-1598) a Becomes suspicious of European territorial ambitions. a Orders all European missionaries expelled from Japan. 
  93. 93. Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536-1598) a Becomes suspicious of European territorial ambitions. a Orders all European missionaries expelled from Japan.  a Tries to invade Korea, but fails.
  94. 94. First Christian Martyrs(1597): Shrine in Nagasaki Today
  95. 95. Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616)
  96. 96. Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616)a Appointed shogun by the Emperor.
  97. 97. Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616)a Appointed shogun by the Emperor.a Four-class system laid down with marriage restricted to members of the same class! 
  98. 98. Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616)a Appointed shogun by the Emperor.a Four-class system laid down with marriage restricted to members of the same class!   Warriors.
  99. 99. Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616)a Appointed shogun by the Emperor.a Four-class system laid down with marriage restricted to members of the same class!   Warriors.  Farmers.
  100. 100. Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616)a Appointed shogun by the Emperor.a Four-class system laid down with marriage restricted to members of the same class!   Warriors.  Farmers.  Artisans.
  101. 101. Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616)a Appointed shogun by the Emperor.a Four-class system laid down with marriage restricted to members of the same class!   Warriors.  Farmers.  Artisans.  Merchants.
  102. 102. Tokugawa Shogunate Period
  103. 103. Tokugawa Shogunate Perioda Japan closed off to all trade [except to the Dutch and Chinese]. 
  104. 104. Tokugawa Shogunate Perioda Japan closed off to all trade [except to the Dutch and Chinese].   The Dutch were restricted to a small island in Nagasaki harbor.
  105. 105. Tokugawa Shogunate Perioda Japan closed off to all trade [except to the Dutch and Chinese].   The Dutch were restricted to a small island in Nagasaki harbor.a Japanese Christians persecuted and Christianity is forbidden.
  106. 106. Tokugawa Shogunate Perioda Japan closed off to all trade [except to the Dutch and Chinese].   The Dutch were restricted to a small island in Nagasaki harbor.a Japanese Christians persecuted and Christianity is forbidden.a The government is centralized with all power in the hands of the shogun.
  107. 107. Tokugawa Shogunate Perioda Japan closed off to all trade [except to the Dutch and Chinese].   The Dutch were restricted to a small island in Nagasaki harbor.a Japanese Christians persecuted and Christianity is forbidden.a The government is centralized with all power in the hands of the shogun.a Domestic trade flourishes.
  108. 108. Tokugawa Shogunate Perioda Japan closed off to all trade [except to the Dutch and Chinese].   The Dutch were restricted to a small island in Nagasaki harbor.a Japanese Christians persecuted and Christianity is forbidden.a The government is centralized with all power in the hands of the shogun.a Domestic trade flourishes.a Towns, esp. castle towns, increase.
  109. 109. Tokugawa Shogunate Perioda Japan closed off to all trade [except to the Dutch and Chinese].   The Dutch were restricted to a small island in Nagasaki harbor.a Japanese Christians persecuted and Christianity is forbidden.a The government is centralized with all power in the hands of the shogun.a Domestic trade flourishes.a Towns, esp. castle towns, increase.a Merchant class becomes rich! 
  110. 110. Tokugawa Shogunate Perioda Japan closed off to all trade [except to the Dutch and Chinese].   The Dutch were restricted to a small island in Nagasaki harbor.a Japanese Christians persecuted and Christianity is forbidden.a The government is centralized with all power in the hands of the shogun.a Domestic trade flourishes.a Towns, esp. castle towns, increase.a Merchant class becomes rich! a New art forms  haiku poetry, kabuki theater.

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