Nationalism in india


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Nationalism in india

  1. 1. Moving TowardIndependence India
  2. 2. After World War I
  3. 3. 1. Imperialism2. The assassination on 28 June 1914 of Archduke heir to Ferdinand of A Franz the throne of Austria-ustria, theby aYugoslav nationalist inHungary, BosniaSarajevo,
  4. 4. After World War 1 People thought thatIndia would seize the chance to ask for independence... India remained loyal ally of Great Britain
  5. 5. Diachy Parliament passed the Government of India Act Set up a double government India Britain Kept control overGained greater India’s foreign affairs self-rule in and policydomestic affairs and national security
  6. 6. Acts of Terror Grew Bengal and Other provincesConsequence: Rowlatt Act In March, 1999, Parliament passed this law that allowed judges to try suspected political agitators without a jury Double Standard
  7. 7. Amritsar Massacre April 10 crowd gathered in amritsar-Capital of Punjab Reason: To protest the Rowlatt ActThere were violence but peace was restored by the BritishBUT 3 days later, thousands gathered for religious festivalGeneral Dyer ordered his troops to fire on the crowd
  8. 8. General Dyer Hundreds of Hindus were trapped and killed. Parliament and the British citizens were horrified“He acted to make a wide impression and to discourage further riot.” He was forced to resign
  9. 9. Anamorphic illusion QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  10. 10. Hind SwarajIndian Home Rule
  11. 11. Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall, Humpty Dumpty had a great fall. All the kings horses and all the kings men Couldnt put Humpty together again. Boston Tea Party - USAHumpty Dumpty
  12. 12. Mohandas Gandhi Rowlatt Act and the Amritsar Massacre Brought him to political area Unlikely Heroby Western StandardHow do we measure greatness?
  13. 13. 1893-1915 (South Africa)
  14. 14. Satyaghara “SOUL FORCE” Non-violent ResistancePrinciple: “Injustice was to be met with justice; violence with non-violence.”
  15. 15. Hartal - Illegal BoycottAll economic activity came to a halt and the day was dedicated to prayer and fasting. He called for a nationwide Hartal 1. boycott offices 2. refused to pay taxes 3. lay down across train tracks 4. Did not fight the police...
  16. 16. Destiny of India“The destiny of India has chosen for its ally the power of soul and not of the muscle.”
  17. 17. Sentenced to jail 6 years
  18. 18. Mahatma“Great Soul”
  19. 19. Gandhi’s MessageRiver of blood shedby the government can’t frighten me, but I should be deeply pained...if the people did so much abuse thegovernment for mysake or in my name
  20. 20. HOMESPUNWhat are these women doing? And Why?Britain outlawed LOOMING :Thus, over a hundred people starved to death!!
  21. 21. Civil Disobedience He encouraged Indians to bring back home/cottage industries such as spinning cotton rather than buy from the British.As a result:Great Britain was force to raise the tax on salt. and forbade Indians to process salt...
  22. 22. Salt March Gandhi and 70 of his followersbegan the 180-mile march to the sea on April, 1930. 15k Indians joined the march.
  23. 23. Salt March When he reached the ocean, Gandhi bent over and picked up a lump of natural salt in deliberate defiance of British Law.
  24. 24. Gandhi’s goals:1. Equality w/t BritishLater became Independence from the British2. Hindu-Muslim unity, thusNO division o/t country into India for Hindus and Pakistan for Muslims3. End to Untouchability
  25. 25. Muslim League
  26. 26. Jawaharlal NehruNehru was leader and an Indiannationalist who became statesmanthe first prime ministerof independentIndia in 1947.
  27. 27. Political DynastyWhat are the pros and cons?
  28. 28. Indira Gandhi2nd Prime Minister of IndiaDaughter of NehruAssassinated by her SikhbodyguardsBut why my gulay?
  29. 29. A Great LeaderBut what are the characteristics of a great leader?During her term, corruption in India was rampant Authoritarian Rule
  30. 30. Voted out1977, She and the Congress Party were voted out from office Morarji Desai Succeeded to the office, he’s the man Indira had jailed... Leader of Janata Party
  31. 31. Restored to powerDecember 1978, the Parliament reinstate her
  32. 32. Rajiv Gandhi 3rd Prime Minister of India Son of Indira Gandhi Assassinated by fellow Hindus for his support of the Buddhist led gov’t of Sri Lanka? Why naman laman?
  33. 33. Why did India experience political instability?
  34. 34. Muhammad Ali Jinnah
  35. 35. PakistanMuslim StateWest PakistanEast Pakistan What could be the big problem of Pakistan from 1946-71?
  36. 36. death of M. Ali Jinnah He died a year after the founding of Pakistan The nation suffered a short-lived government
  37. 37. Zulfikar Ali BhuttoIn 1970, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto became the prime minister International debt increases
  38. 38. Benazir Bhutto
  39. 39. Flags-former colonies of GB
  40. 40. Can you correct history?
  41. 41. Ganito Kami Noon, Paano na kayo ngayon? QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  42. 42. Ang Pipit QuickTime™ and a decompressorare needed to see this picture.
  43. 43. QuickTime™ and a decompressorare needed to see this picture.
  44. 44. Kalash Culture in N. Pakistan QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.