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What is communism

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What is communism

  1. 1. Capitalism Communism VS
  2. 2. An Inquiry into theAdam Smith Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776). Invisible hand invisible hand of the market is a metaphor conceived by Adam Smith to describe the self- regulating behavior of the marketplace
  3. 3. The Invisible Hand…directly linked to the concept of the market:specifically that it is competitionbetween buyers and sellers that channels theprofit motive of individuals on both sides ofthe transaction such that improved productsare produced and at lower costs.
  4. 4. Laissez-faire “Let alone…”Economists usually emphasize thedegree to which government does nothave control over markets
  5. 5. What is Communism?
  6. 6. 1. Communism is a type ofgovernment where only one politicalparty had power over the nation.2. This party gains its supremeexecutive power from military andpolice force.3. A communist government makesdecisions for its public and treats allcitizens equally.
  7. 7. Wealth of a NationCapitalism CommunismCompetition Collective( Individual )
  8. 8. What was the first Communism Power? Cathedral of St. Basil- Moscow
  9. 9. What was the first Communism Power? In the 19th century there was a power formed known as “Marxism- Leninism”. Karl Marx
  10. 10. Karl Marx DialecticMarxism—hold that all Ownersocieties progress through the Controls Productiondialectic of class struggle: aconflict between an (1)ownership class whichcontrols production and a (2) Laborerlower class which produces Produces goodsthe labour for goods.
  11. 11. Karl Marx Soviet Union in 1922 “Lenism” Peoples Republic of China in 1949 “Maoism”Capitalism"dictatorshipof the bourgeoisie"
  12. 12. “Marxism-Leninism”. This organization was lead by Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin.communism through industrialization andcollectivization.
  13. 13. Industrialization CollectivizationThis symbol represents the unity of thepeasants (Sickle) and worker (Hammer)class who formed Soviet Russia. RevolutionScarlet blood spilt by workers for their emancipation around the world.
  14. 14. How did Marxism-Leninism come to exist?AfterWorld War 1 Czar Czar Nicholas II Feelings of discontent
  15. 15. Nicholas II Vladimir Lenin Bolsheviks RevolutionLenin gave the authority for his regime to have secretpolice, and perform executions. This ruthless tacticallowed Marxism-Lenin’s party to survive.
  16. 16. BolsheviksRussian Party
  17. 17. Nicholas II Vladimir Lenin Bolsheviks RevolutionLenin gave the authority for his regime to have secretpolice, and perform executions. This ruthless tacticallowed Marxism-Lenin’s party to survive.
  18. 18. Stalin then tookover the SovietUnion with adifferent means ofsuccess. Stalin as Lenin’s successor enacted many foreign and domestic policies to keep the communist values of Marxism-Leninism.
  19. 19. 5 Year Plan INDUSTRIALIZATION COLLECTIVIZATIONThrough these policies there wasindustrialization and collectivization whichlead to economic success.
  20. 20. Bromance Frenemy CPCCommunist Party of China Mao Zedong 1928-34
  21. 21. CPCdefeatedKuomintang (KMT)
  22. 22. Kuomintang Sun Yat-Sen Father of the Nation Hawaii Chinese Culture and Identity Whampoa Military Academy Chiang Kai-shek
  23. 23. Sun Yat-senHis goal was to create astrong, unified, modern,Chinese republic.
  24. 24. The gentry class (landlords whosometimes were also localofficials) was an obstacle tomodernization.The social structure ofChina was obsolete.
  25. 25. Emperor Puyi Dowager Empress CixiIn 1911, a militaryrevolt led torevolution and thefall of the Qingdynasty
  26. 26. Lenin was convinced that theRussian Revolution could notsurvive unless successfulrevolutions took place inother countrieswhich would then become socialist allies of SovietRussia.
  27. 27. Russia was a backward country in 1917 the revolutionary leaders werenot workers or peasants, butbourgeois, i.e., middle classintellectuals.
  28. 28. This was, in turn, to lead to the fall of"imperialism" which he saw as thehighest stage of capitalism.
  29. 29. The Soviets agreed to give Sunmilitary, political, andorganizational help.
  30. 30. His primary goal was thereunification of thecountry. USSR 2 Factors: (a) defeat the Chinese warlords and (b) force out the foreign powers.
  31. 31. Lenin, and later Stalin,ordered the CCP to jointhe KMT and many leadingcommunists did so,including Mao .The goal was to strengthen and, at the sametime, infiltrate the KMT.
  32. 32. Kuomintang Nationalist Revolution, in 1925-27 Chinese Culture and Identity Whampoa Military Academy Chiang Kai-shek
  33. 33. Taiwan
  34. 34. Chiang won a seriesof impressivevictories and unifiedabout half of thecountry by 1927.Chiangs triumph signalled the end ofcooperation between the KMT and the CCP.
  35. 35. Stalin did not want toadmit the defeat of hisChina policy, so heordered the CCP tocontinue cooperationwith the KMT
  36. 36. Mao redirected Chinesecommunism from the workersto the peasants who, after all,made up the vast majority ofthe population.
  37. 37. Mao changed the communist goalin China from a workersrevolution to a peasantrevolution, which he saw as thefirst step toward a socialistrevolution.
  38. 38. Chinese Soviet Republic1931-34 The Jiangxi SovietDisaster !LONG MARCH 1934 was a military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the Communist Party of China
  39. 39. A Communist cadre leader addressing survivors.
  40. 40. by the end of the war in 1945,Chinese communism under Maosleadership had both a significantsocial-revolutionary content andhad become the embodiment ofChinese nationalism.
  41. 41. Achievements:(a) effective national unity(b) real independenceCCP led the way to the third goal:(C) social-economic reform, especiallythe abolition of the feudal system in thecountryside.
  42. 42. The Civil War

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