Ancient to Feudual Japan


Published on

A history of Japan from ancient times until the Feudal period. For use in a high school setting.
For the note-taking guide and more visit my store:

1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ancient to Feudual Japan

  1. 1. Japan 日本  Honors World History
  2. 2. Geography of Japan  Archipelago: island chain  4 main islands:  Label on your map
  3. 3. Geography of Japan  Very mountainous, only a small amount of land can be used for farming
  4. 4. Geography of Japan  Prone to earthquakes  Seismic Hazard Map
  5. 5. Geography of Japan  Tsunamis  Typhoons  Map shows 150 years of tropical cyclones (through September 2006) What observations can you make about this map of tropical cyclone activity?
  6. 6. Major Turning Points in Japanese History Lasted 8000 years -Jomon Culture- -Yayoi CultureAgricultural, bronze, & iron Tomb Period revolutions Old Stone Age 500 B.C.E. 0 Chinese Influential Period: Writing, Feudal technologies, Japan philosophies -Nara- -Heian- 500 C.E. 1000 C.E. Edo Period (Japan’s Isolation) 1500 C.E. 2000 C.E. The name Jomon, refers to the “cord pattern” pottery found from this time & the term Yayoi refers to the area where its pottery was first unearthed
  7. 7. Dogū  Is this a female • Small figurines from the Jomon period deity?  Why are the eyes • Tens of thousands have be found all slitted? Snow over Japan (not goggles? Okinawa) • Studying historya  Was it part of starts with asking questions. mystical medicine Study the image of practice? this Dogū. • Are they wearing  What questions do spacesuits? you have?
  8. 8. Shinto  Kami: gods/nature spirits  These spirits live in natural objects   Sand, waterfalls, trees Animism:  Many Japanese clans trace their linage to a particular kami  Shinto means “the way of the Kami” or “the way of the gods”  No scripture or doctrine  People worship with rituals and prayers to please the kami   Ritual cleanliness Shamans: (male or female religious specialists) entered trances, directly contact inner forces of nature in order to tell the future/heal
  9. 9. Yamato Clan Age of Great Tombs  Early Emperors acted as Shinto Priests  Yamato family came to power in the early 300s and held power ever since.     Longest ruling royal family in the world Kami: Sun goddess; became chief deity Yamato family became living gods Japanese creation story is a blend of the stories/kami/ genealogy of the early noble families Mukadezuka Tomb, Miyazaki Prefecture  Early Yamato aristocratic society:     uji (extended family clans) be (groups of specialists workers) Slaves Most peasants not part of social hierarchy Kaguraden (prayer hall) The Great Shrine of the sun Goddess in Ise
  10. 10. Yamato Japan and Korea c. 500 C.E. • • • Rebellions Wars with “barbarian tribes” from Kyushu and eastern Honshu Korean Influences:  Confucianism   513 C.E.: Paekche sent a “scholar of the Five Classics” Buddhism   Paekche King sent a Buddha image, sutras and maybe a priest to Yamato Did not replace Shinto, merged with Japanese culture
  11. 11. Chinese Influential Period Nara & Heian  Yamato court sent official embassies to Tang court, from 607 C.E.-839 C.E.  Traders, students, monks      Art Science Government Fashion Education    Court education in Chinese From 700s- 1800s, most philosophical , legal documents, histories, essays, and religious texts were written in Chinese Kana developed during 9th century Bentendo Hall, Kyoto  680s C.E., Japanese Emperor Temmu modeled government after Tang Dynasty laws   Centralized government and gave emperor more power Changed his title from “great king” to tennō “heavenly emperor”  794 C.E. built capitol: Heian-kyo (Kyoto)  Chinese influence lessened  Japanese poets emerged  Lady Murasaki Shikibu wrote “Tale of Genji”  World’s first novel, 1010 C.E. Capitol Moved to Tokyo in 1869
  12. 12. Scenes from The Tale of Genji The story of the life of Genji, the son of the emperor and his favorite concubine, Kiritsubo
  13. 13. Taxation Emperor/Court Governor District Magistrate Landowners Governor District Magistrate District Magistrate District Magistrate Commend: Landowners Landowners Landowners Feudal Law. to place (oneself or one's land) under another's protection temples used his Court Nobles and powerfulso as to become their influences to tenant farmer obtain tax exemptions Landowners Landowners Landowners Half of the land would become tax-free, due to exemptions Small landowners often commended their land to nobles, opting to be serfs on tax-free estates, than pay taxes on their own land Landowners
  14. 14. Feudal Japan  System of government brought from China Takauji Ashikaga claims Shogunate declines for his own clan In 1185, the emperor (He was suppose  Centralized government: emperor & powerful granted Minamoto Yoritomo to help Emperor the title of Shogun [general] families Go-Daigo regain - Shogun has power over power)  Local governments: finances and laws local landowners with warriors military, Fujiwara 800 C.E. 1000 C.E. Minamoto 1200 C.E. Ashikaga 1400 C.E. 1600 C.E. 1800 C.E.
  15. 15. Local Level  Landlords hold power  Hire warriors, called samurai, for protection  Similar to European Knights  Local lords (daimyo: “great names”) and their samurai (“those who served”) were the most powerful people during the Ashikaga shogunate
  16. 16. Samurai  Did not pay taxes  Expensive (armor, horses, weapons, training); from well-to-do families  Main function: local police  Traits of a samurai   Loyal to clan/lord Skilled swordsman     Conduct a proper tea ceremony Write poetry Bushido: samurai code of behavior; “way of the warrior”    Swords had names Bravery, loyality, honor Samurai would except physical hardships without complaint and did not fear death Seppuku: ceremonial suicide (aka: hara-kiri)  Avoid dishonor that accompanied defeat or disobedience
  17. 17. Central Government  Emperor; had less power, but a stronger connection to the deities  Portuguese explorers compared the emperor to the Pope  Shoguns: Ruler of Japan; general
  18. 18. Pause on Japan…
  19. 19. Mongols  At its height, the Mongol army had 100,000 cavalry (mounted troops)  Advantages over foot soldiers   Cover up to 100 miles a day Accurately fire arrows while riding  Genghis Khan: “universal ruler”, 1162-1227  Created an empire
  20. 20. Mongol Empire, c. 1294
  21. 21. Mongols vs. Japanese  1266: Kublai Khan     demands Japan to submit to his rule 1274-1281 Mongol Warlord Kublai Khan tries to conquer Japan Second invasion: sends 140,000 soldiers Japanese build stone wall (Hakata Bay) and hold of Mongols for 2 months About 2.5 km long
  22. 22. Mongols vs. Japanese  A powerful typhoon wrecks the fleet  Kamikaze, “divine wind” [Video] 13th century Mongol ship found near Nagasaki in 2011
  23. 23. Zen Buddhism  Introduced from Song China, c. 1100  Interested warriors    Salvation through enlightenment, not faith Similar to Daoism Develop discipline through meditation • Inspired art and culture • • • Landscape architecture: Zen gardens Tea ceremony: spiritual calm Noh play: dance dramas Noh Plays Masks worn by actors Ryoanji, Zen garden
  24. 24. Women in Japanese Society  Served as rulers, including Shogun and Empresses  Writers  Trained in military arts  Status began to decline in the 14th and 15th centuries  Daughters no longer allowed to inherit
  25. 25. Questions  In what ways did China influence Japan?  Which is the most important? Why?