What is Grammar Translation Method? Classical Method - first used in teaching Latin and Greek - read and appreciate foreign literature The study of the grammar
Objectives Memorizing verb forms, grammar rules, and vocabulary. Ability to read the text (literature). Translating from one language to another. To develop reading and writing skills.
Advantages Translation is the easiest way of explaining meanings or words and phrases from one language into another. Students are more familiar with both languages (the target language and the natve langage) by using translation. Teachers can ask and also discuss about some topics by the mother tongue
Disadvantages GTM lays emphasis on reading and writing only. It neglects speech. Exact translation from one language to another is not always possible.• It seemed there was no need for students to master the four skills of English (listening, speaking, reading, and writing)• Worst effect of this method is on pupils motivation. Because (s)he cannot succeed - leads to frustration, boredom and indiscipline
Principles The goals of teachers who use the grammar- translation method The role of the teacher The role of the learners Some characteristics of the teaching/learning process The nature of student-teacher interaction and student- student interaction Emphasized areas of language and language skills Teacher respond to student errors
Conclusion Students will learn grammar by using translation from the target language to the first language with teacher´s help and using long text, frases and then translate to the known language.
The goals of teachers who usethe GTM To be able to read literature To translate from one language to another To develop students’ mindsBack
Teacher’s Role Traditional instructor. The authority in the classroom. What does the teacher do? - explain - translate - conduct practices - correct mistakesBack
Learner’s Role Do as the teacher says. Learners interact with the teacher, not with each other. What does the student do? - translate - study words and rules - memorizeBack
Some characteristics of theteaching/learning process use the students’ native language Translate from one language to another Students study grammar deductively Students memorize vocabulary and grammar rulesBack
The nature of student-teacher interaction andstudent-student interaction Most of the interaction in the classroom is from the teacher to the students. Little student-student interactionBack
Emphasized areas of language andlanguage skills Areas of language which are developed are Vocabulary and grammar Language skills which are emphasized are Reading and writingBack
Teacher respond to student errors If a student’s answer of a question is incorrect, the teacher selects a different student to give the correct answer or s/he replies himself/herselfBack