Disaster management


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Types of disaster and role of government in disaster management

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Disaster management

  2. 2. What is a “Disaster”? Disaster- dis·as·ter n.a.An occurrence causing widespread destruction anddistress; a catastrophe.b. grave misfortune. c. Informal- A total failure Home Science Disaster Management
  3. 3. DISASTER D: Detection I: Incident Command S: Safety & Security A: Assess Hazards S: Support T: Triage & Treatment E: Evacuation R: RecoveryHome Science Disaster Management
  4. 4. DEFINITIONS OF DISASTER• A disaster can be defined as any occurrence that cause damage, ecological disruption, loss of human life, deterioration of health and health services on a scale, sufficient to warrant an extraordinary response from outside the affected community or area”. (W.H.O.) Home Science Disaster Management
  5. 5. • A disaster can be defined as an occurrence either nature or manmade that causes human suffering and creates human needs that victims cannot alleviate without assistance”. American Red Cross (ARC) Home Science Disaster Management
  6. 6. HazardsNatural• Earthquake Landslides• Avalanche - mass ice fall• Volcano Fires• Tornado- rotating storm• Hurricanes- severe storm• Meteors Floods• Drought Home Science Disaster Management
  7. 7. HazardsMan-made• Fires Explosive devices• Firearms Structural collapse• Transportation event Air, Rail, Roadway, Water• Industrial Epidemic• Terrorism Home Science Disaster Management
  8. 8. HAZARD Damage Potential Elements at Risk Societal Elements People & Live-stockNatural Features Huts & Semi-permanent HousesRiver/Stream Banks Weak BuildingsLow-lying Areas Agri. & Horticultural cropsSea & Sea-coast Livelihood tools / EquipmentSlopes of hills Unsecured personal assets Public Infrastructure Home Science Disaster Management
  9. 9. AIMSReduce (Avoid, ifpossible) thepotential losses fromhazards.Assure prompt andappropriateassistance to victimswhen necessary.Achieve rapid anddurable recovery. Home Science Disaster Management
  10. 10. PHASES OF DISASTERPre-impact phase Impact phase Post-impact phase Home Science Disaster Management
  11. 11. STRATEGY  Pre-disaster Phase:1. Prevention.2. Mitigation.3. Preparedness.4. Capacity Building and Awareness.5. Community Based Disaster Management.  Post-disaster Phase:6.Prompt and Efficient Response – Proactive.7. Reconstruction to build back better. Home Science Disaster Management
  12. 12. Cycle of DISASTERHome Science Disaster Management
  13. 13. MitigationPrevention of hazards developing into disastersReduce effects of disastersFocuses on long term measuresIs part of recovery processActions • structural – use technology • Non structural –legislationMost cost effectiveNecessitates identification of risk Home Science Disaster Management
  14. 14. Preparedness• Communication plans• Emergency response teams• Emergency warning methods• Shelters, evacuation plans• Resources inventory building• Develop trained volunteers• Casualty prediction- helps in evacuationHome Science Disaster Management
  15. 15. Response Mobilization of • Emergency teams – Core emergency services – Specialist teams • First responders in area • Search and rescue efforts Runs on • principle of unified command • Mutual aidImmediate needs are addressed Home Science Disaster Management
  16. 16. Relief…the period immediately following the occurrence of a sudden onset disaster or deteriorated slow-onset situation, when exceptional measures have to be taken to search for and rescue survivors as well as meet their basic needs Home Science Disaster Management
  17. 17. Home Science Disaster Management : www.time.com/.../0,29307,1779418,00.html 17
  18. 18. Early Recovery…actions that restore national capacities to provide a secure environment, offer services, restore livelihoods, coordinate activities, prevent the recurrence of crisis, and create conditions for future development Home Science Disaster Management
  19. 19. Photo rebuildingHome Science Disaster Management 19
  20. 20. Reconstruction…the actions taken to reestablish a community after a period of rehabilitation subsequent to a disaster. Home Science Disaster Management
  21. 21. Photo of construction activity A tradesman employed by Oxfam helps to build temporary shelter in Sri Lanka after the tsunami.Home Science Disaster Management 21
  22. 22. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE The Government of India through an Act ofthe Parliament have decided to put inplace, necessary institutional mechanisms fordrawing up and monitoring theimplementation of disaster managementplans, ensuring measures by various wings ofGovernment for prevention of andmitigating the effects of disasters and forundertaking a holistic, coordinated andprompt response to any disaster situation. Home Science Disaster Management
  23. 23. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE1. High Powered Committee set up in August 1999.2. Until 2001 – Responsibility with Agriculture Ministry,3. Transferred to Ministry of Home Affairs in June 2002.4.National Disaster Management Authority established.5. Disaster Management Act passed in December 2005. Home Science Disaster Management
  24. 24. DISASTER MANAGEMENT • DM STRUCTURENDMA set up as the Apex Body with Hon’ble PM as Chairperson.National Executive Committee (NEC) - Executive Committee of NDMA. • At the CentreCentral Ministries will Continue with Nodal Responsibilities. Home Science Disaster Management
  25. 25. DISASTER MANAGEMENT State Level  SDMA at State Level, headed by Chief Minister.State Executive Committee (SEC), headed by Chief Secretary, will coordinate and monitor implementation of National Policy, National Plan and State Plan. Home Science Disaster Management
  26. 26. DISASTER MANAGEMENT District Level DDMA headed by District Magistrate. Chairperson of Zila Parishad as Co- Chairperson – interface between Govt. and Public. SUPPORTING INSTITUTIONS National Disaster Response Force (NDRF). National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM). Home Science Disaster Management
  27. 27. NDRF BNS – LOCATIONS PATNA BHATINDA BHUBANESHWAR ( Mundali ) GR. NOIDA GUWAHATI KOLKATA VADODARA LEGEND VIJAYAWADA PUNE (Talegaon) BNs CBRN BNs New Raisings CHENNAI (Arakkonam)• Two more Battalions Approved. Home Science Disaster Management
  28. 28. MOCK EXERCISES• Mock Exercises Conducted so far – 170• Details of Mock Exercises – • Mock Exercises on Chemical (Industrial) Disasters – 25 • Mock Exercises on Earthquake – 30 • Mock Exercise on Floods (including Urban Floods) – 11 • Mock Exercises on Cyclones – 10 • Mock Exercises on Fire – 10 • Mock Exercises on Mass Casualty Management – 08 • Mock Exercise on Man-Made Disasters – 04 • School Safety Exercises – 71 Home Science Disaster Management
  29. 29. BANGALORE (KARNATAKA) – 18 SEPTEMBER 2007 MOCK EXERCISE ON FIRE1.Place – Games Village, Kormangla, Bangalore2. People Participated – Over 2,000Home Science Disaster Management
  30. 30. KANPUR (UTTAR PRADESH) – 03 SEP 2008 MOCK EXERCISE ON FIRE1.Place – Hotel Geet and Park Palace Area.2. People Participated – Over 10,000. Home Science Disaster Management
  31. 31. PITHAMPUR (MP) – 12 MARCH 2007MOCK EXERCISE ON CHEMICAL (INDUSTRIAL) DISASTERS 1. Industrial Complex – Pithampur 2. Industrial Units – * M/s Bharat Exercised Petroleum Corporation Limited * M/s Pratibha Syntex Ltd * M/s AVTEC Limited 3. People Participated – 2,500 (approx). Home Science Disaster Management
  32. 32. SURAT – 28 MARCH 2008 MOCK EXERCISE ON CHEMICAL (INDUSTRIAL) DISASTERS1. Industrial Complex – Surat.2. Industrial Units – Oil and Natural Gas Company Exercised (ONGC). Reliance Petrochemical.3. People Participated – 5,000 (approx). Home Science Disaster Management
  33. 33. DEORIA DISTRICT (UP) – 30 MAY 2008 MOCK EXERCISE ON FLOOD1.Place – Deoria District.2. People Participated – Over 5,000. Home Science Disaster Management
  34. 34. MEGHALAYA – 24 – 25 MARCH 2008MOCK EXERCISE ON EARTHQUAKE People Participated – Over 10,000 Home Science Disaster Management
  35. 35. KADMAT & KARAVATI ISLANDS, LAKSHADWEEP MOCK EXERCISE ON CYCLONE1.Islands – Kadmat and Karavati.2. People Participated – Over 10,000 Home Science Disaster Management
  36. 36. HYDERABAD – 26 NOVEMBER 2008MOCK EXERCISE ON MAN-MADE DISASTER People Participated – 15,000 (Approx). Home Science Disaster Management
  37. 37. Major Disasters in India (1999-2009) Disasters in States Year CasualtiesOrissa Super Cyclone 1999 9,887Gujarat Earthquake 2001 14,000Tsunami 2004 15,000J&K Earthquake 2005 1,336 Home Science Disaster Management
  38. 38. Earthquake, Oct, 2005 MAJOR DISASTERS (1980-2005) Avalanche Feb Earthquake Uttarkashi, 20 2005 Oct 1991, Chamoli, 23 April 1999Bhuj, Earthquake, 26January, 2001 Flood, Assam & Bihar 2004Earthquake, Latur, 30 Bhopal GasSept 1993 Disaster, Dec 1982 S Cyclone Floods 29 Oct 1999 26 July 2005 Tsunami 26 Dec 2004 Tsunami 26 Dec 2004 Tsunami Home Science 26 Dec 2004 Disaster Management
  39. 39. Flood Map GujaratHome Science Disaster Management
  40. 40. Cyclone Map GujaratHome Science Disaster Management
  41. 41. Earthquake Map GujaratHome Science Disaster Management
  42. 42. Multi Hazard MapHome Science Disaster Management
  43. 43. Home Science Disaster Management