Key concepts in disaster risk reduction


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Understanding how gender relations shape women’s and men’s lives is critical to disaster risk reduction (DRR). This is because women’s and men’s different roles, responsibilities, and access to resources influence how each will be affected by different hazards, and how they will cope with and recover from disaster. This presentation is part of part of Oxfam GB's Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction training pack available at

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Key concepts in disaster risk reduction

  1. 1. Gender and disaster risk reduction Key concepts in disaster risk reduction (DRR) PowerPoint 1.1 Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction : A training pack
  2. 2. <ul><li>Key definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard: a dangerous phenomenon, substance, human activity, or condition that may cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, damage to property, loss of livelihoods and services, social and economic disruption, or environmental damage </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability: the characteristics and circumstances of a person, group, community, system, or asset that make it susceptible to the damaging effects of a hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity: strengths, attributes, and resources available within a community, society, or organization that can be used to achieve agreed goals </li></ul><ul><li>Risk: ( Hazard x Vulnerability) / Capacity </li></ul>see UNISDR definition sheet
  3. 3. <ul><li>Disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Serious disruption of the functioning of a community or society </li></ul><ul><li>Involves widespread human, material, economic, or environmental losses and impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Disaster risk reduction </li></ul><ul><li>The concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causes of disasters. Includes: </li></ul><ul><li>reducing exposure to hazards </li></ul><ul><li>lessening vulnerability of people and property </li></ul><ul><li>wise management of land and the environment </li></ul><ul><li>improving preparedness for adverse events </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Disaster preparedness </li></ul><ul><li>Lessening or limiting the adverse impacts of hazards and related disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Adverse impacts of hazards often cannot be prevented fully </li></ul><ul><li>But the scale or severity can be substantially lessened by various strategies and actions </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Disaster response </li></ul><ul><li>Also called disaster relief </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of emergency services and public assistance </li></ul><ul><li>During and immediately after a disaster </li></ul><ul><li>To save lives, reduce health impacts, ensure public safety, and meet basic subsistence needs of people affected </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Disaster risk management </li></ul><ul><li>Using administrative directives, organization, and operational skills and capacities … </li></ul><ul><li>To implement strategies, policies, and improved coping capacities … </li></ul><ul><li>And so lessen the adverse impacts of hazards and the possibility of disaster </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The Hyogo Framework for Action (2005 –2015) </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted by 168 countries in January 2005 following the Indian Ocean tsunami </li></ul><ul><li>Sets out concrete measures to make communities and nations more resilient to disasters </li></ul><ul><li>‘ A gender perspective should be integrated into all disaster risk management policies, plans and decision-making processes, including those related to risk assessment, early warning, information management, and education and training’ </li></ul><ul><li>National Platforms are responsible for taking forward the commitments at country level </li></ul>
  9. 9. Oxfam GB, July 2011 This presentation is part of Gender and disaster risk reduction: A training pack available in full from