Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

US drought vs. Ethiopian drought


Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

US drought vs. Ethiopian drought

  1. 1. Vulnerability: DroughtCase studies:US (2012) versus Ethiopia (2009) Drought Charlotte Chung, Tae Eun Kim, Yusuke Fukuyama, Isabel Wilson
  2. 2. Characteristics: Areal Extent US Ethiopia2012-2013 March 2008-April 2009January 3 2012 July 3 2012 2009 April 9 2013
  3. 3. Characteristics: Frequency US Ethiopia-  Dust Bowl (1930s) Increased frequency of-  Droughts of the 1950s droughts in eastern Africa-  Droughts of the 1970s over the past 20 yearsnot as frequent asEthiopian droughts, but oflarger severity Horn of Africa
  4. 4. Characteristics: Magnitude US Ethiopia•  54.6% of the states •  Precipitation levels fell experienced drought by under 30% of the average the end of June 2012, in 1995-2010 reaching its highest percentage since 1956•  Covered much larger area compared to past droughts, but more concentrated in severity
  5. 5. Characteristics: Speed of Onset US Ethiopia
  6. 6. Socio-Economic Vulnerability Wealth Education Health
  7. 7. WealthMore wealth=less vulnerability US Ethiopia GDP: $15,653 trillion GDP: $103.1 billion per capita: $49,800 per capita: $513 below poverty line: 15.1% below poverty line: 29.2% Labor Force: agriculture Labor Force: farming forestry fishing (0.7%), (85%), industry (5%), manufacture extract services (10%) transport craft (20.3%), technical professional Lower Vulnerability (37.3%), office (24.2%), because of better economy and higher services (17.6%) income
  8. 8. EducationHigher education=less vulnerability US Ethiopia School life expectancy: School life expectancy: •  Male (15) •  Male (9) •  Female (17) •  Female (8) Literacy rate Literacy rate •  Total: 99.9% •  Total: 42.7% •  Male: 99.9% •  Male: 50.3% •  Female: 99.9% •  Female: 35.1% Education Expenditure Education Expenditure •  5.4% of GDP Higher School life •  4.7% of GDP expectancy and literacy rate = Less vulnerable
  9. 9. HealthBetter health care=less vulnerability US Ethiopia Health expenditure Health expenditure 17.9% of GDP 4.9% of GDP Children under the age of 5 Children under the age of 5 underweight - 1.3% underweight - 29.2% Infant mortality rate Infant mortality rate 6 deaths per 1000 births 60.9 deaths per 1000 births Better health facilities, less children underweight, lower infant mortality rate= lower vulnerability
  10. 10. DemographicsVery differentiated Ethiopia USA -80 million in population -Urbanized, while 82% residing in -Average family size of 6-7 cities and suburbs -41.5% of population aged -3rd populous country in the world between 0-14 (more than 300 million) -Very youthful population -Stationary population structure, and many are still in their active age (low -Urban population is 17% of the dependency) total population
  11. 11. Ethiopia: Ethnic Variations Ethnic inequality=higher vulnerability Certain et hnic group were cons s idered mo important re than the others k of Ethnicity % of Population e s: lac ment, tuniti ve e d oppor tical invol Limit ion, poli tural of cul Oromo 40 ed ucat ation ma nifest Amahara 25 Tigray 7
  12. 12. USA: Ethnic VariationsLow vulnerability from ethnicity Most affected areas: Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska, Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky, Indiana, Georgia Inequality between Re c e i v e e qu a ethnicities is very opport l unities low
  13. 13. Overall Evaluation USA Ethiopia •  Only the first year of •  Caught in a deadly cycle drought of death and famine •  Less time needed for •  Around US$176 million recovery was donated in international aid - not enough