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Introduction to social stratification

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Social stratification; class structure

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Introduction to social stratification

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  2. 2. Social Stratification, Social Class, and Ethnicity
  3. 3. Social Stratification A system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy based on their access to scarce resources.
  4. 4. Four Basic Principles of Social Stratification: It is a characteristic of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences. It persists over generations. It is universal but variable. It involves not just inequality but beliefs.
  5. 5. Cultural beliefs serve to justify social stratification. That is part of the reason why it persists.
  6. 6. Types of Stratification Systems Caste System- social stratification based on ascribed status. India and South Africa Class System- social stratification based on achieved status.
  7. 7. Interpretations of Stratification  Functionalist Meritocracy  Social Conflict (Marx)  Max Weber Wealth, Prestige, Power Socioeconomic status- An individual’s comparative status in a society based on factors (education, income and occupation).
  8. 8. People in the US are stratified based on the following: Income Prestige Wealth Education Power
  9. 9. Income  Wages or salaries from work and earnings from investments.  Distribution of Income in the US –Top 5th 47% –Next 5th 24% –Third 5th 16% –Fourth 5th 10% –Bottom 5th 4%
  10. 10. Wealth  Total value of money and other assets, minus outstanding debts. Distribution of Wealth in the US –Top 5th 80% –Next 5th 15% –Third 5th 5% –Fourth 5th less than 1% –Bottom 5th less than 1%
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