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201.13 age and society

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201.13 age and society

  1. 1. © 2009 The McGraw Hill Companies Age and Society
  2. 2. © 2009 The McGraw Hill Companies Aging and Society • Age stratification varies from culture to culture – “Being old” is master status that commonly overshadows all others in U.S. – All who live long enough will eventually assume ascribed status of older person
  3. 3. © 2009 The McGraw Hill Companies World’s “Oldest” Countries Versus the United States, 2006 Source: Bureau of the Census 2005d (projected).
  4. 4. © 2009 The McGraw Hill Companies Perspectives on Aging • Increase in life expectancy has led to referring to people in their 60s as the “young old” – Those in their 80s and beyond are the “old old” • Gerontology: study of the sociological and psychological aspects of aging and problems of the aged
  5. 5. © 2009 The McGraw Hill Companies Perspectives on Aging • Disengagement theory: society and aging individuals mutually sever many of their relationships – Highlights significance of social order • Activity theory: elderly persons who remain active and socially involved are best adjusted – Withdrawal viewed as harmful to both the elderly and society
  6. 6. © 2009 The McGraw Hill Companies Perspectives on Aging • Ageism and Discrimination – Ageism: prejudice and discrimination based on age – Critics argue that neither disengagement nor activity theory considers impact of social structure and social class on patterns of aging
  7. 7. © 2009 The McGraw Hill Companies Aging in the United States • The Graying of America – In 1900, 4.1 percent of the U.S. population was age 65 or older; by 2010 it will be 13 percent – Highest proportions of older people are in Florida, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Iowa, West Virginia, and Arkansas
  8. 8. © 2009 The McGraw Hill Companies Actual and Projected Growth of the Elderly Population in the United States Source: Bureau of the Census 2004a: 113; He et al. 2005: 9.
  9. 9. © 2009 The McGraw Hill Companies Twenty-Eight Floridas by 2030 Source: Bureau of the Census 2005c.
  10. 10. © 2009 The McGraw Hill Companies Aging in the United States • Wealth and Income – Typical older person has standard of living higher than in the nation’s past; class differences remain • Competition in the Labor Force – In 2007, 34 percent of men and 26 percent of women aged 65 to 69 were in paid labor force – Older workers face discrimination in the labor force
  11. 11. © 2009 The McGraw Hill Companies Rising Labor Force Participation Rates Among the Elderly Source: Gendell 2008: 47.
  12. 12. © 2009 The McGraw Hill Companies Death and Dying • Death has been a taboo topic in U.S. • Kübler-Ross identified five stages of dying • Kalish laid out issues people must face to have “good death”• Hospice care: has goal of helping people die comfortably without pain • Recent studies in U.S. suggest people are breaking through historic taboos about death

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