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ANSAR KHAN
Student of Biotechnology university of Malakand
Overview of
the Economy of
Pakistan
Economy: The system of producing, distributing, and consuming
goods and services within a society or geographical area.
Pakistan's GDP: $340 billion (SBP latest available data).
Role of
Biotechnology
in Addressing
Economic
Challenges of
Pakistan
• Biotechnology: Use of living organisms, cells, and
biological systems for technological advancements,
such as the development of new medicines, agricultural
improvements, and industrial processes.
• Biotechnology leads to the development of
sustainable economy.
• Need for Modern Technologies: Conventional
methods insufficient due to rapid population
growth.
• Biotechnology Solution: Offers modern
technologies to increase production at a lower
cost.
• Pakistan is started practicing Modern biotechnology in 1985
• Currently there are 29 biotech institutes in Pakistan
• Biotech Industry in Pakistan: Contributes about 1% to the
country's total employment.
• Major industries in Pakistan
• Agriculture
• Textile
• Pharmaceutical
• Food processing
BIOTECNOLOGY IN THE
AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY
• Agriculture contribute 25 % to the total GDP
(state bank of Pakistan)
• Key Agricultural Crops in Pakistan:
• Sugarcane: 67.1 million tons (5th largest global
producer).
• Wheat: 25.0 million tons (7th largest producer).
• Rice: 10.8 million tons (10th largest producer).
• Maize: 6.3 million tons (20th largest producer).
• Cotton: 4.8 million tons (5th largest producer).
PBS.COM
Biotechnology's Contribution to
Major Crops:
• Economic Significance:
• Increased yields and resistance contribute
to economic growth.
• Reduction in pesticide (Pest-resistant
varieties) use can lead to cost savings for
farmers.
• Improved nutritional content enhances
food security and health.
Bt Technology in rice and cotton
• Bt Rice:
• Introduction of Bt rice to produce the cry1Ac(b) gene, to produce Bt toxins which is insecticides.
• Conventional rice yield in Pakistan: 1820kg per acre.
• Bt rice increases production by 20% per acre
• Bt Cotton:
• Conventional cotton yield approximately 1000kg per acre
• Bt cotton increases yield by up to 30%.
• Pakistan ranks fourth globally in cotton production.
• Cotton and textile constitute 50% of Pakistan's total exports (488 billion rupees).
• Pakistan , with an estimated economic gain of 6 billion dollars from biotech
products (2010-2018). (NCBI)
FERTILIZER AND
PESTICIDE INDUSTRY
• Pesticide imports in Pakistan: 20,000
metric tons in 2022, primarily from China,
India, and the United States( 75%). Worth
40 billion rupees
• Biopesticides have a low market share in
Pakistan due to a lack of local expertise.
agrihunt, researchgate, plantprotectionagency.pk
FERTILIZER
AND PESTICIDE
INDUSTRY
• Fertilizer Import Statistics:
• Pakistan imported $821.16 million worth of fertilizer
in 2022.
• Biofertilizer Potential:
• In Pakistan's billion-rupee fertilizer business, a 10%
contribution by biofertilizers can save approximately
~10 billion rupees.
FORMAN CHRISTAN COLLEGE
Biotech Seeds in
Pakistan
• The Pakistan Seed Market growth projection from USD
392.88 million (2023) to USD 506.22 million (2028).
• 700 companies in Pakistan working on biotech seed
production
• Pakistan can save 4.5 billion dollars by planting genetic
modified olive trees
(pro Pakistani)
• Pakistan imports 2.2 million tons of soybeans.
• Major sources include the United States, with China,
India, and others also contributing.
USDA bio org.com adb org
Leather industry
• Statistics:
• Pakistan exported $833.199 million worth of leather and leather
products (2022-23).
• Modern Biotechnological Tools contributed to an 8.86% increase
in exports.
• Biotechnological Interventions:
• Enzyme Processing.
• Biological Wastewater Treatment.
• Biobased Tanning Agents.
• Quality Enhancement:
• Genetic Improvement in Livestock.
Biotechnological
Research for Quality Enhancement.com
Biotech in Textile: Eco-Friendly
Transformation
• Textile industry contributes about 54% to the country export earnings and
8.5% of the total GDP. The industry also employs 40% of the total labour force.
• Pakistan is using modern biotechnology to improve textile products. when the
Government of Pakistan has granted regulatory approval for cultivation, use,
and commercialization of GE cotton since 2010.
• Enzymes
• Enzymatic starch
• Microbial amylases
• Genetic engineering methods
USDA FOREGIN AGRICULTURE SERVICE
Challenges in Waste Management
and bioremediation
• Pakistan produces 49 million tons of solid waste annually.
• Solid waste production is increasing at a rate of 2.4% per
year.
• Bioremediation in Pakistan:
The Pakistan Model of Bioremediation reduces the strain on
fresh water and reclaims used water for agriculture. include
Landfills , Recycling, and Composting,
In 49 million approximately 40% collected for recycling and
reuse
Food Wastage prevention
• Estimated wastage in post-harvest fruits and vegetables 40%:
• Food waste in Pakistan costs $4 billion annually.
• 26% percent food is wasted equivalent to 19.6 million metric tones per year
• Biotech role to reduce food spoilage
• Genetic Modification for Delayed Ripening
• Biotech Anti-Spoilage Agents:
• smart Packaging with Biosensors
International Atomic Energy Commission, MOL Group, Technology Times.
Livestock contribution
to the economy
• Livestock Contribution to GDP:
• Livestock contributed 61.9% to the agriculture GDP (2021-22).
• 14.0% of the national GDP.
• More than 8 million rural families derive 35-40% of their
income from livestock production.
Biotech role in enhancing
livestock economy
• According to the ECO Agricultural Biotechnology Network
Pakistan, the growth rate of livestock production using
biotechnology breeding is
• Goats: 3.6%
• Buffaloes: 2.96%
• Cattle: 1.77%
• Sheep: 0.82%
• Poultry: 12.1%
• Biotechnology Methods for Animal Breeding:
• Artificial Insemination
• Embryo Transfer
Livestock
Exports and
Meat
Production
Pakistan exported $5.86M worth of milk in 2021 (63rd
largest exporter).
Meat production: 52.996 million tons (2021-2022).
Meat exports in FY23: 100.194 million tones , earning
$427 million.
Factors contributing to export success: Control over
diseases, genetic modification for increased meat
production.
Oec.world pide.org.pk wits.worldbank.org Pakistan Meat Trade Authority World Integrated
Trade Solution Arab News
Biofuel Production and Impact on
Fossil Fuel Imports
• Biofuel Production in Pakistan:
• In 2021, Pakistan produced 0.09 thousand barrels of biofuels per day.
• Ethanol Production: 0.123 million tons.
• Biodiesel Production: 56 million tons.
• Utilized Feedstock:
• of agricultural residues.
animal manure.
• Municipal Solid Waste (MSW).
Is a source of renewable energy source
Impact on fossil
fuel on import
• Pakistan spends approximately $7
billion on importing fossil fuels.
• Pakistan State Oil predicts a 15%
decrease in fossil fuel imports due
to biofuel production.
Pakistan state oil
Pharmaceutical Industry
in Pakistan
• Pharmaceutical Industry Contribution:
• Contributes 1% to the total GDP of Pakistan.
• The industry is valued at $3.4 billion and is
growing at a rate of 15% annually.
• Pakistan has 750 pharmaceutical companies.
Pakistan Drug Regulatory Authority, Institute of Business
Administration Karachi, World Health Organization.
Vaccine Industry and Drug
Discovery in Pakistan
• Vaccine Import and Local Production:
• Pakistan imported $2 billion worth of corona vaccines (Arab News).
• A 45% decrease in corona vaccine imports is attributed to local vaccine production in collaboration
with China.
• Total vaccine imports for human medicine were 248 billion rupees , with a quantity of 5,328,700Kg.
• Biopharmaceuticals and Vaccine Production:
• Multinational companies producing vaccines in Pakistan.
• Ongoing efforts in drug discovery and development contribute to the growth and innovation of the
pharmaceutical sector.
Fishery industry in
Pakistan
• Seafood Exports:
• Pakistan's seafood exports have
been on the rise.
• In fiscal year 2017-18, Pakistan
exported 198,420 tons of seafood,
earning $451.026 million (Trade
Development Authority of Pakistan).
• Fish diseases in Pakistan
Improving Fish
Production:
• Biotechnology has been employed to enhance fish
production and conserve endangered species.
• Germ Cell Transplantation Technology and Fish Hybridization
are promising tools (tdap.govt.pk, The News International).
• Nutritional Enhancement:
• Biotechnology is used to improve the nutritional value of
fish.
• Genetic engineering increases omega-3 fatty acid content,
benefiting human health (springer.com).
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THE ROLE OF BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE ECONOMIC UPLIFT.pptx

  • 1. ANSAR KHAN Student of Biotechnology university of Malakand
  • 2. Overview of the Economy of Pakistan Economy: The system of producing, distributing, and consuming goods and services within a society or geographical area. Pakistan's GDP: $340 billion (SBP latest available data).
  • 3. Role of Biotechnology in Addressing Economic Challenges of Pakistan • Biotechnology: Use of living organisms, cells, and biological systems for technological advancements, such as the development of new medicines, agricultural improvements, and industrial processes. • Biotechnology leads to the development of sustainable economy. • Need for Modern Technologies: Conventional methods insufficient due to rapid population growth. • Biotechnology Solution: Offers modern technologies to increase production at a lower cost.
  • 4. • Pakistan is started practicing Modern biotechnology in 1985 • Currently there are 29 biotech institutes in Pakistan • Biotech Industry in Pakistan: Contributes about 1% to the country's total employment. • Major industries in Pakistan • Agriculture • Textile • Pharmaceutical • Food processing
  • 5. BIOTECNOLOGY IN THE AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY • Agriculture contribute 25 % to the total GDP (state bank of Pakistan) • Key Agricultural Crops in Pakistan: • Sugarcane: 67.1 million tons (5th largest global producer). • Wheat: 25.0 million tons (7th largest producer). • Rice: 10.8 million tons (10th largest producer). • Maize: 6.3 million tons (20th largest producer). • Cotton: 4.8 million tons (5th largest producer). PBS.COM
  • 6. Biotechnology's Contribution to Major Crops: • Economic Significance: • Increased yields and resistance contribute to economic growth. • Reduction in pesticide (Pest-resistant varieties) use can lead to cost savings for farmers. • Improved nutritional content enhances food security and health.
  • 7. Bt Technology in rice and cotton • Bt Rice: • Introduction of Bt rice to produce the cry1Ac(b) gene, to produce Bt toxins which is insecticides. • Conventional rice yield in Pakistan: 1820kg per acre. • Bt rice increases production by 20% per acre • Bt Cotton: • Conventional cotton yield approximately 1000kg per acre • Bt cotton increases yield by up to 30%. • Pakistan ranks fourth globally in cotton production. • Cotton and textile constitute 50% of Pakistan's total exports (488 billion rupees).
  • 8. • Pakistan , with an estimated economic gain of 6 billion dollars from biotech products (2010-2018). (NCBI)
  • 9. FERTILIZER AND PESTICIDE INDUSTRY • Pesticide imports in Pakistan: 20,000 metric tons in 2022, primarily from China, India, and the United States( 75%). Worth 40 billion rupees • Biopesticides have a low market share in Pakistan due to a lack of local expertise. agrihunt, researchgate, plantprotectionagency.pk
  • 10. FERTILIZER AND PESTICIDE INDUSTRY • Fertilizer Import Statistics: • Pakistan imported $821.16 million worth of fertilizer in 2022. • Biofertilizer Potential: • In Pakistan's billion-rupee fertilizer business, a 10% contribution by biofertilizers can save approximately ~10 billion rupees. FORMAN CHRISTAN COLLEGE
  • 11. Biotech Seeds in Pakistan • The Pakistan Seed Market growth projection from USD 392.88 million (2023) to USD 506.22 million (2028). • 700 companies in Pakistan working on biotech seed production • Pakistan can save 4.5 billion dollars by planting genetic modified olive trees (pro Pakistani) • Pakistan imports 2.2 million tons of soybeans. • Major sources include the United States, with China, India, and others also contributing. USDA bio org.com adb org
  • 12. Leather industry • Statistics: • Pakistan exported $833.199 million worth of leather and leather products (2022-23). • Modern Biotechnological Tools contributed to an 8.86% increase in exports. • Biotechnological Interventions: • Enzyme Processing. • Biological Wastewater Treatment. • Biobased Tanning Agents. • Quality Enhancement: • Genetic Improvement in Livestock. Biotechnological Research for Quality Enhancement.com
  • 13. Biotech in Textile: Eco-Friendly Transformation • Textile industry contributes about 54% to the country export earnings and 8.5% of the total GDP. The industry also employs 40% of the total labour force. • Pakistan is using modern biotechnology to improve textile products. when the Government of Pakistan has granted regulatory approval for cultivation, use, and commercialization of GE cotton since 2010. • Enzymes • Enzymatic starch • Microbial amylases • Genetic engineering methods USDA FOREGIN AGRICULTURE SERVICE
  • 14. Challenges in Waste Management and bioremediation • Pakistan produces 49 million tons of solid waste annually. • Solid waste production is increasing at a rate of 2.4% per year. • Bioremediation in Pakistan: The Pakistan Model of Bioremediation reduces the strain on fresh water and reclaims used water for agriculture. include Landfills , Recycling, and Composting, In 49 million approximately 40% collected for recycling and reuse
  • 15. Food Wastage prevention • Estimated wastage in post-harvest fruits and vegetables 40%: • Food waste in Pakistan costs $4 billion annually. • 26% percent food is wasted equivalent to 19.6 million metric tones per year • Biotech role to reduce food spoilage • Genetic Modification for Delayed Ripening • Biotech Anti-Spoilage Agents: • smart Packaging with Biosensors International Atomic Energy Commission, MOL Group, Technology Times.
  • 16. Livestock contribution to the economy • Livestock Contribution to GDP: • Livestock contributed 61.9% to the agriculture GDP (2021-22). • 14.0% of the national GDP. • More than 8 million rural families derive 35-40% of their income from livestock production.
  • 17. Biotech role in enhancing livestock economy • According to the ECO Agricultural Biotechnology Network Pakistan, the growth rate of livestock production using biotechnology breeding is • Goats: 3.6% • Buffaloes: 2.96% • Cattle: 1.77% • Sheep: 0.82% • Poultry: 12.1% • Biotechnology Methods for Animal Breeding: • Artificial Insemination • Embryo Transfer
  • 18. Livestock Exports and Meat Production Pakistan exported $5.86M worth of milk in 2021 (63rd largest exporter). Meat production: 52.996 million tons (2021-2022). Meat exports in FY23: 100.194 million tones , earning $427 million. Factors contributing to export success: Control over diseases, genetic modification for increased meat production. Oec.world pide.org.pk wits.worldbank.org Pakistan Meat Trade Authority World Integrated Trade Solution Arab News
  • 19. Biofuel Production and Impact on Fossil Fuel Imports • Biofuel Production in Pakistan: • In 2021, Pakistan produced 0.09 thousand barrels of biofuels per day. • Ethanol Production: 0.123 million tons. • Biodiesel Production: 56 million tons. • Utilized Feedstock: • of agricultural residues. animal manure. • Municipal Solid Waste (MSW). Is a source of renewable energy source
  • 20. Impact on fossil fuel on import • Pakistan spends approximately $7 billion on importing fossil fuels. • Pakistan State Oil predicts a 15% decrease in fossil fuel imports due to biofuel production. Pakistan state oil
  • 21. Pharmaceutical Industry in Pakistan • Pharmaceutical Industry Contribution: • Contributes 1% to the total GDP of Pakistan. • The industry is valued at $3.4 billion and is growing at a rate of 15% annually. • Pakistan has 750 pharmaceutical companies. Pakistan Drug Regulatory Authority, Institute of Business Administration Karachi, World Health Organization.
  • 22. Vaccine Industry and Drug Discovery in Pakistan • Vaccine Import and Local Production: • Pakistan imported $2 billion worth of corona vaccines (Arab News). • A 45% decrease in corona vaccine imports is attributed to local vaccine production in collaboration with China. • Total vaccine imports for human medicine were 248 billion rupees , with a quantity of 5,328,700Kg. • Biopharmaceuticals and Vaccine Production: • Multinational companies producing vaccines in Pakistan. • Ongoing efforts in drug discovery and development contribute to the growth and innovation of the pharmaceutical sector.
  • 23. Fishery industry in Pakistan • Seafood Exports: • Pakistan's seafood exports have been on the rise. • In fiscal year 2017-18, Pakistan exported 198,420 tons of seafood, earning $451.026 million (Trade Development Authority of Pakistan). • Fish diseases in Pakistan
  • 24. Improving Fish Production: • Biotechnology has been employed to enhance fish production and conserve endangered species. • Germ Cell Transplantation Technology and Fish Hybridization are promising tools (tdap.govt.pk, The News International). • Nutritional Enhancement: • Biotechnology is used to improve the nutritional value of fish. • Genetic engineering increases omega-3 fatty acid content, benefiting human health (springer.com).
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