Disaster management by Ma Celna Icban


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Disaster management by Ma Celna Icban

  2. 2.  A disaster is a natural or manmade hazard resulting to physical damage or destruction, loss of life, or drastic change to the natural environment.
  3. 3. PHILIPPINE DISASTERS  According to the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the Philippines was the fourth most accident prone country in the world. Some 5 million Filipinos were killed or injured as a result of disasters or man-made calamities over a ten-year period.
  4. 4. Disaster Management Disaster management is the discipline that involves preparing, warning, supporting and rebuilding societies when natural or manmade disasters occur.  It is the continuous process in an effort to avoid or minimize the impact of disasters resulting from hazards. 
  5. 5. Goals of Disaster Management Avoid or reduce the potential losses from hazards  Assure prompt and appropriate assistance to victims of disaster  Achieve rapid and effective recovery 
  6. 6. Typhoon
  7. 7. TYPHOON  Typhoon , cyclone or hurricanes is an area of closed, circular fluid motion rotating in the same direction as the Earth.  usually characterized by inward spiraling wind that rotate anticlockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere of the Earth
  8. 8. Haiyan topped Utor as the strongest typhoon to hit the Philippines this year and could end up the strongest cyclone ever at landfall after further analysis of the typhoon becomes available.
  9. 9. THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND    Stay inside the house and keep calm. Postpone any travel. Always keep flashlights, candles, and batteries and first-aid supplies available. Keep an adequate supply of food and water that would last for a few days. Canned goods are ideal especially if cooking is not possible.
  10. 10. THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND        Have an available battery powered transistor radio for listening to news updates If you are living in lowlands, or risked areas, evacuate as early as possible. If there is a need to move to an evacuation center, follow these reminders: Evacuate calmly. Close the windows and turn off the main power switch. Put important appliances and belongings in a high ground. Avoid the way leading to or along the river.
  11. 11. Flood
  12. 12. Flood    is an overflow of water that submerges land which is usually dry. as a covering by water of land not normally covered by water. or it may occur due to an accumulation of rainwater on saturated ground in an areal flood.
  13. 13. THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND     monitor your surroundings monitor local television and radio stations, if a flash flood is issued for your area; flash flood develop quickly . do not wait until you see rising water get out of low areas subject to flooding
  14. 14. THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND     Avoid wading through flooded areas to avoid watertransmitted diseases. Do not operate any electrical equipment during a flood. Do not use gas or electrical appliances that have been flooded. watch for washed out roads, earth slides and downed trees or power lines.
  15. 15. Fire
  16. 16. Fire Fires start when a flammable and/or a combustible material, in combination with a sufficient quantity of an oxidizer such as oxygen gas or another oxygen-rich compound (though nonoxygen oxidizers exist that can replace oxygen), is exposed to a source of heat or ambient temperature above the flash point for the fuel/oxidizer mix, and is able to sustain a rate of rapid oxidation that produces a chain reaction.
  17. 17. THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND • The goal of fire prevention is to educate the public to take precautions to prevent potentially harmful fires, and be educated about surviving them. It is a proactive method of reducing emergencies and the damage caused by them.
  18. 18. THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND   Proper ventilation is very important, as it helps in reducing the risk of fire. Never place any wires or electrical cables under the carpets, they increase the risk of fire
  19. 19. THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND  You need to use your common sense and make proper plans to save yourself and people around you if there is sudden fire in your house. Know your fire-emergency number, so that you can call them immediately
  20. 20. THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND  If your house catches fire then make an escape plan immediately to escape from your house and close all the doors and windows of your house to prevent the fire from spreading  If you think you have time, unplug bigger appliances such as the refrigerator, washin g
  21. 21. Earthquake
  22. 22. Earthquake Is an unexpected and rapid shaking of earth due to the breakage and shifting of underneath layers of earth  An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves.
  23. 23. THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND • Before an earthquake hits your area, you should already have an emergency plan or a disaster plan for your home or business so that everyone knows where they are supposed to be and what they are supposed to do.
  24. 24. THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND In each room, a certain area or piece of furniture should be designated as a safe place. It is smart to get under a desk, table, coffee table or other piece of furniture so that nothing can fall on you, such as drywall or plaster, if it is shaken loose by the earthquake
  26. 26. THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND • Protect your head with the pillow. If you are outside, find a clear area away from trees, buildings and power lines, and then drop to the ground.
  27. 27. After an Earthquake • After the trembling and shaking are over, check for any injuries. Inspect your home, office or car for damages. Eliminate any fire hazards. If you think the gas is leaking as a result of the earthquake, turn the gas off. Expect to feel some aftershocks. When the aftershocks occur, drop, cover and hold on.
  28. 28. THANK YOU!!!