1.4 the harmful effects of microorganism

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1.4 the harmful effects of microorganism

  1. 1. THE HARMFUL EFFECTS OF MICROORGANISM<br />
  2. 2. PATHOGENS<br />Some microorganism have harmful effect ( kesanburuk) on human and other living things.<br />They can cause diseases (penyakit)<br />So they are called as pathogens…<br />
  3. 3. TPATHOGENS <br />Live in the host cells<br />Caused disease (menyebabkanpenyakit) in 2 ways<br />Produced poisonous (menghasilkanracun)<br />Called toxins – can destroy host cells<br /> - bolehmemusnahkanselperumah<br />Attack and destroy host cells and body tissues<br />
  4. 4. Disease caused by bacteria <br />Examples of diseases are<br />Tuberculosis<br />Cholera <br />Gonorrhea <br />Syphilis <br />
  5. 5. TUBERCULOSIS<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. TUBERCULOSIS <br />Also known as TIBI.<br />
  8. 8.
  9. 9. CHOLERA <br />
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Cholera <br />
  12. 12. Genorrhea<br />Is a sexually transmitted disease ( penyakit yang dipindahkanmelaluihubunganseksual)<br />Caused by cocci bacteria<br />Spread from person to person<br />
  13. 13. Gonorrhea In men<br />Infect the urethra of male reproductive organ<br />After 1 to 14 days of infections<br />burning sensation when urinating<br /> accompanied with some discharge ( heavy ,thick, yellow)<br />
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  15. 15. In women <br />Starts inside the vagina<br />Caused some discharge from vagina painful urination<br />Bacteria may spread and lead to steriility<br />
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  17. 17. Syphilis <br />Is a sexually transmitted disease ( penyakit yang dipindahkanmelaluihubunganseksual)<br />Caused by spirilla bacteria<br />
  18. 18. The symptoms<br />Small, red pimples at the site of infection on the reproductive organ<br />Rash (ruam) may appear on many parts of the body especially………..<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20. Other symptoms <br />Fever <br />Headaches <br />Hair loss<br />Also attack brain, heart, skin, bones, spinal cord<br />Blindness, deafness, mental illness, heart failure, paralysis, bone deformities<br />
  21. 21. Disease caused by viruses <br /><ul><li> common cold
  22. 22. Dengue fever
  23. 23. Hepatitis
  24. 24. acquired immune deficiency syndrome</li></li></ul><li>COMMON COLD<br />
  25. 25. COMMON COLD<br />
  26. 26. DENGUE FEVER<br />Is caused by 4 distinct virus ( 4 virus berbeza) that are carried by mosquitoes.<br />Example of virus carried by mosquitoes,<br />Flavivirus<br />The female Aedes mosquitoes carried the virus and transmit the virus to human by biting.<br />
  27. 27.
  28. 28. Rash <br />
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  31. 31. Until now, still no medicine to cure medicine.<br />Treatment usually include controlling the symptoms such as reducing the fever.<br />Drinks lots of fluid and getting plenty of rest are needed too<br />
  32. 32. AIDS<br />Stand for Acquired immune Deficiency Syndrome<br />It is contagious (BOLEH BERJANGKIT) and fatal disease ( MEMBAWA MAUT) caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)<br />
  33. 33.
  34. 34. HIV<br />
  35. 35. WAYS OF INFECTION<br />SHARING SYRINGES <br /> SEXUAL CONTACT WITH THE PATIENT<br />
  36. 36. SYMPTOMS<br />Enlarged lymph glands<br />Tiredness<br />Fever<br />Loss of appetite and weight<br />Diarrhea <br />Yeast infections of mouth and vagina<br />Pneumonia <br />Yeast infections of esophagus,<br /> cytomegalovirus retinitis<br />Kaposi’s sarcoma<br />Tuberculosis <br />
  37. 37. cytomegalovirus retinitis<br />
  38. 38. Kaposi’s sarcoma<br />
  39. 39. Tuberculosis <br />
  40. 40. HEPATITIS<br />It is a disease of liver<br />Caused by alcohol, drugs and viruses<br />
  41. 41. Symptoms <br />Fatigue <br />Poor appetite<br />Nausea <br />Pain in the abdomen ( over the liver)<br />Urine become dark<br />Jaundice ( yellow skin colour)<br />Liver failure<br />Dead <br />Cirrhosis <br />
  42. 42.
  43. 43.
  44. 44. Cirrhosis <br />
  45. 45. Cirrhosis <br />
  46. 46. Disease caused by fungi <br />2 common fungal disease <br />tinea<br />ringworm<br />
  47. 47. Tinea<br />White spot on facial skin, body, hands and feet<br />Infected area looks brighter than the uninfected area<br />
  48. 48.
  49. 49.
  50. 50. Ringworm <br />Caused by tiny fungi<br />Itching or may not be a symptoms<br />
  51. 51. Symptoms <br />Small red area<br />Grow larger day by day<br />Inside of area is clear<br />Eruptions appears as a red, scaly ring<br />Attacks…. Neck, back, chest, abdomen<br />
  52. 52.
  53. 53. Athlete’s foot<br />
  54. 54. Athlete’s foot<br />
  55. 55.
  56. 56. Disease caused by protozoa<br />Malaria <br />
  57. 57. MALARIA <br />Caused by protozoan called Plasmodium<br />Transmitted by female Anophelesmosquito<br />
  58. 58.
  59. 59. Symptoms <br />Fever – 41.40c<br />Headache <br />Muscular pain<br />Nausea <br />Feeling chill<br />Perspires ( berpeluh)<br />Feel better but weak<br />Die <br />
  60. 60. www.cikgusuhailiescience.blogspot.com<br />

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