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1.1 classification of microbes

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1.1 classification of microbes

  1. 1. MICROORGANISM AND THEIR EFFCTS ON LIVING THING<br />CHAPTER 1<br />
  2. 2. MICROORGANISM……?<br />Micro and Makro?<br />
  3. 3. Micro mean…………….<br />small, very small, can’t see by naked eyes.<br />Makro mean……………<br />big,can see by naked eyes<br />
  4. 4. How to see the tiny particle such as microorganism…..<br />It can be seen by using electron microscope..<br />
  5. 5. The classification of microorganism.<br />
  6. 6. The characteristic of microorganism include their…<br />Appearance ---- keadaanluaran<br />Shape……………….. Bentuk<br />Size…………………… saiz<br />Method of reproduction……………..caramembiak<br />Nutrition ……………………. Nutrisi<br />Habitat……………………….. Tempattinggal<br />
  7. 7. Viruses <br />
  8. 8. APPEARANCE OF VIRUSES<br />Is the smallest microorganism<br />The structure is simple <br />Viruses consist (mengandungi) of strands of nucleic acid (DNA) which protected(dilindungi) by a protein coat<br />
  9. 9. SIZE OF VIRUSES<br />THE SIZE ARE TOO SMALL<br />SMALLER THAN BACTERIA<br />
  10. 10. SHAPE OF VIRUSES<br />HELICAL<br />POLYHEDRAL<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. CHARACTERISTIC OF VIRUS<br />Viruses do not make their own food<br />They obtain (mendapatkan) food from animals,plants and some bacteria.<br />So they are PARASITES <br />(mendapatmakanandrindividu lain sehinggamembawakeburukankepadaindividutersebut)<br />The cell where the viruses are attached (melekat) are called as host cells…<br />This cell become the habitat of the viruses<br />
  13. 13. Viruses and host cell<br />
  14. 14. Viruses are parasites…<br />They can infect<br />Human<br />Animal <br />Plant <br />Bacteria <br />
  15. 15. Viruses Infected on human<br />
  16. 16. Viruses Infected on animal<br />
  17. 17. Viruses infected on plant<br />
  18. 18. Method of reproduction<br />It only reproduce when it is contact with living cell.<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
  24. 24. BACTERIA<br />Can be found everywhere<br />They are the simplest single celled organism<br />
  25. 25. Appearance <br />
  26. 26. Appearance of bacteria <br />Surrounded with tough cell wall<br />cell wall …… support and maintain the shape of the cell<br />Have hundred of hairlike called PILLI<br />pilli……… enable(membolehkan) bacteria to stick (melekat) to certain surface (permukaan)<br />Also have a tail<br /> tail……….. Help them to move<br />
  27. 27. Size <br />The size is bigger than viruses..<br />
  28. 28. Shape of bacteria<br />
  29. 29.
  30. 30. Nutrition <br />Carry out photosynthesis<br />Some live as parasites<br />Some are SAPROTROPHS…<br />saprotrophs…absorb (serap) nutrient from dead organism<br />
  31. 31. Method of reproduction<br />By binary fission<br />
  32. 32. Habitat <br />
  33. 33. PROTOZOA<br />
  34. 34. PROTOZOA<br />Are unicellular microscopic organism<br />They have complex internal structures such as nuclei containing genetic material<br />
  35. 35. Size of protozoa<br />Ranges from 5 to 250 µm<br />So they are easily seen under low magnification microscope.<br />
  36. 36. Example of protozoa<br />
  37. 37. HABITAT<br />AMOEBA <br />Soil<br />Fresh water<br />Ocean <br />Other organism as parasites<br />PARAMESIUM<br />Fresh water<br />
  38. 38. Shape of AMOEBA<br />Does not have fix shape<br />Its shapes change when it moves<br />Use PSEUDOPODIA which help them to move<br />And use PSEUDOPODIA to capture and engulf(telan) makanan. <br />
  39. 39. Shape like a slipper<br />Has a tiny hair called CILIA<br />CILIA was used to move and draw food into its body.<br />SHAPE OF PARAMESIUM<br />
  40. 40. METHOD OF REPRODUCTION<br />AMOEBA <br />Binary fission<br />PARAMESIUM<br />Binary fission<br />
  41. 41. ALGAE<br />
  42. 42. Characteristic of algae<br /><ul><li>Simple organism that make food through photosynthesis.
  43. 43. They have chlorophyll but it is not a plant….
  44. 44. Did algae have roots, stems and leaves?
  45. 45. They didn’t have roots, stems and leaves..
  46. 46. So, can we classified it as a plant?</li></li></ul><li>Algae <br />Can be UNICELLULAR such as euglena<br />Or<br />MULTICELLULAR such as spirogyra<br />
  47. 47.
  48. 48. Method of reproduction<br />They reproduce asexually through BINARY FISSION<br />SPIRIGYRA reproduce SEXUALLY through CONJUGATION<br />
  49. 49. CONJUGATION<br />TWO individual united by a tube formed by outgrowths from one or both of the cells.<br />Genetic materials are passed through the tube into the other cell.<br />
  50. 50. CONJUGATION<br />
  51. 51. and finally it will form 4 daughter cells<br />
  52. 52. HABITAT<br />
  53. 53. Fungi <br />
  54. 54.
  55. 55.
  56. 56. Fungi <br />Are simple, plant like organism<br />Do not contain the chlorophyll<br />Feed (mendapatmakanan) on the dead matter<br />
  57. 57. Size <br />The size ranges from 10 to 100µm<br />Example of fungi…<br />Mould <br />Yeast <br />
  58. 58.
  59. 59.
  60. 60. Habitat of fungi<br />

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