1.1 Classsification Of Microorganisms

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1.1 Classsification Of Microorganisms

  1. 1. CLASIFFICATION OF MICROORGANISMS Topic 1.1 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  2. 2. Learning Outcomes •1. List the characteristics of various types of microorganisms •2. Classify microorganisms into bacteria, fungi, protozoa, viruses and algae •3. Describe the characteristics of each 07/08/09 Review 1.1_Classificationofmicros
  3. 3. Microorganisms •1. Microorganisms are tiny organisms that can only be seen under microscope •2. Called as microbe •3. Found in surround of the air, water, soil, other object and in the bodies of other organisms. 07/08/09 Review 1.1_Classificationofmicros
  4. 4. CLASSIFICATION OF MICROORGANISMS BY THIER CHARACTERISTICS Form Size Habitats Nutrition Method of Reproduction 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  5. 5. TYPES OF MICROORGANISMS MICROORGANISMA Viruses Protozoa Bacteria Algae Fungi 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  6. 6. VIRUSES Virus 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  7. 7. Size of Viruses •1. Smallest microorganisms. •2. Visible under electron microscope. •3. Different types of viruses have different shapes. 07/08/09 •4. Size: 0.0006 µm – 0.4Review 1.1_Classificationofmicros
  8. 8. Structure of Viruses •Basically, has a strand of genetic material either DNA or RNA and surrounded by a protein 07/08/09 coat. 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  9. 9. Viruses Nutrition •Are non-living things because they DO NOT feed, respire, grow and respond to stimuli. Viruses Habits •Live in the living cells of bacteria, protozoa, fungi, algae, plants and 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  10. 10. Method of Reproduction •1. Virus are PARASITI C. •2. Reprodu ce in the Bacteria_infection_movie_go! 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros HOST Review
  11. 11. BACTERIA Bakteria 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  12. 12. Size of Bacteria •1. Tiny unicelullar organisms (bersel tunggal) •2. Size: 0.2 µm – 10.0 µm. •3. named and classified by their shapes. 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  13. 13. Shapes of Bacterium Cocci – spherical bacteria Spirilla – spiral bacteria Bacilli – rod-shaped bacteria Vibrios – comma-shaped bacte 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  14. 14. Structure of Bacteria 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  15. 15. Habits of Bacteria •1. Classified as living things. •2. Live in the air, water, soil, food and decaying organic matter. •3. Able to survive unfavourable (extreme) environmental condition (extreme temperature, Review 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros
  16. 16. Nutrition of Bacteria •1. Different types of them obtain nutrients in the different ways. •a. Autotrophic bacteria: 07/08/09 •b. Parasitic bacteria: Review 1.1_Classificationofmicros
  17. 17. Method of Reproduction Binary fission Spores Asexual Conjugation: Transferring DNA to Sexual another bacterium through conjugation tube 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  18. 18. PROTOZOA Protozoa 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  19. 19. Size of Protozoa •1. Unicelullar organisms. •2. Size: 5 µm – 250 µm. •3. Shape: various type – round, spherical, 07/08/09 spindle-shaped. 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  20. 20. 1? AMOEBA Structure of Protozoa 2? PARAMECIUM 3? EUGLENA 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  21. 21. Habits of Protozoa •1. Live in the bodies of other living things, in the sea, fresh water and damp soil. 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  22. 22. Nutrition of Protozoa •1. Most of them are parasitic and feed on other living things. •2. Some of protozoa which contains chlorophyll carry out photosynthesis. 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  23. 23. Method of Reproduction •1. Most reproduce asexually by binary fission. •2. Some protozoa reproduce 07/08/09 sexually throughReview 1.1_Classificationofmicros
  24. 24. ALGAE Alga 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  25. 25. Size of Algae •1. Can be unicellular (chlamydomonas) / multicellular (seaweeds) plants. •2. have / no chlorophyll. •3. Size: 1 µm – 10 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  26. 26. Structure of Algae 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  27. 27. Habits of Algae •Microscopic algae live in fresh water, sea water, damp soil and on the barks of trees 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  28. 28. Nutrition of Algae •1. Some have nuclei and chloroplasts (green pigments). •2. Make their own food by 07/08/09 carry out 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  29. 29. Method of Reproduction •1. Asexual: by Movie 1 binary fission, fragmentation and spore Movie 2 formation. •2. Sexual: by conjugation 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  30. 30. FUNGI Kulat 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  31. 31. Size of Fungi •1. Type: unicellular (yeast) / multicellular (mucor). •2. Range: 10 µm – 100 µm. •3. Have various 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  32. 32. Structure of Fungal Cell 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  33. 33. Habits of •1. Decaying organic matter. Fungi •2. Found in outside / inside of •1. Do things. living not have Nutrition chlorophyll. of Fungi •2. Feed on other organisms as movie 07/08/09 parasites / Review 1.1_Classificationofmicros
  34. 34. Method of Reproduction •1. Asexual: produce spores, movie budding •2. Sexual: conjugation 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  35. 35. Classification of Microorganisms Learning outcomes Review 1.1 1.0 Microorganisms 1.1 Viruses 1.2 Bacteria 1.3 Protozoa 1.4 Algae 1.5 Fungi Exercise 1.1 EXIT 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros
  36. 36. Practice 1.1 •1. Viruses •A. are not differ from classified as other types living things of •B. can microorgani reproduce sms •C. cannot be because seen with our they … 07/08/09 eyes 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  37. 37. • A. Bacteria, fungi, viruses •2. Which of • B. Fungi, the following bacteria, shows the viruses microorganis • C. Viruses, ms in fungi, bacteria descending • D. Viruses, order of size bacteria, fungi from the 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review
  38. 38. CLASIFFICATION OF MICROORGANISMS The end 07/08/09 1.1_Classificationofmicros Review

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