Ch. 14, sec. 1
Motivations for Exploration   Spices! Used for:     Preserving food     Flavoring meat     Medicine     Perfume   Mo...
Portugal SailsEast   Prince Henry the Navigator     Founded school for      sailors, cartographers, and scientists     ...
Portugal Reaches India                Vasco da Gama                  Following same route as                   Diaz     ...
Columbus sails West Italian Navigator Wanted to find a route to  the East Indies by going  West Portugal refused to  sp...
Voyage of Columbus   Leaves Spain in 1492 with 3 ships Reached the Caribbean after 2 months Thought he was in India- ca...
Dividing the Globe                Arguments over                 land exploration                 rights                ...
Magellan Searching for direct  route to the spice  islands Discovered Straight of  Magellan His ship was first to  circ...
The SlaveTrade Europeans bought slaves to work on  their large plantations in the Americas Relied on African leaders to ...
African Leaders Resist                Affonso I                  Ruler of Kongo                  Forced to convert to  ...
New African States Arise   Many African states    benefitted from the slave    trade     Asante Kingdom      ○ Traded go...
European PresenceExpands                Dutch immigrants in                 South Africa                  Est. Cape Town...
The search for spices
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The search for spices

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The search for spices

  1. 1. Ch. 14, sec. 1
  2. 2. Motivations for Exploration Spices! Used for:  Preserving food  Flavoring meat  Medicine  Perfume Moluccas  Island chain called the “spice islands”
  3. 3. Portugal SailsEast Prince Henry the Navigator  Founded school for sailors, cartographers, and scientists  Never actually sailed on any voyages  Wanted to explore Africa- why? Explored western coast of Africa Bartholomeu Diaz rounds the tip of Africa (Cape of Good Hope) in 1488.
  4. 4. Portugal Reaches India  Vasco da Gama  Following same route as Diaz  Rounded Cape of Good Hope  Crossed Indian Ocean to India  Portugal gained control of many trade ports in the Indian Ocean
  5. 5. Columbus sails West Italian Navigator Wanted to find a route to the East Indies by going West Portugal refused to sponsor his voyage Spain agreed  Who ruled Spain?  What was going on in Spain?
  6. 6. Voyage of Columbus Leaves Spain in 1492 with 3 ships Reached the Caribbean after 2 months Thought he was in India- called the natives “Indians” Took 3 more voyages Still thought he was in Asia
  7. 7. Dividing the Globe  Arguments over land exploration rights  Treaty of Tordesillas  Line of Demarcation ○ Spain had lands to the west ○ Portugal had lands to the east
  8. 8. Magellan Searching for direct route to the spice islands Discovered Straight of Magellan His ship was first to circumnavigate the globe
  9. 9. The SlaveTrade Europeans bought slaves to work on their large plantations in the Americas Relied on African leaders to capture the slaves and bring them to the coast  Received weapons, tobacco, rum, etc in exchange Read box on p. 267
  10. 10. African Leaders Resist  Affonso I  Ruler of Kongo  Forced to convert to Christianity  Tried to convince the Portuguese to end the slave trade  Some African leaders banned slave traders from passing through their kingdoms
  11. 11. New African States Arise Many African states benefitted from the slave trade  Asante Kingdom ○ Traded gold and slaves for guns  Oyo Empire ○ Gained $$ from slave trade and built a large army to defeat surrounding tribes
  12. 12. European PresenceExpands  Dutch immigrants in South Africa  Est. Cape Town  Dutch farmers called Boers  Killed or enslaved the local Africans  French and British explorers conquered much of North Africa

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