THE PRINTING REVOLUTION Johann Gutenberg Invented the printing press Printed the first complete edition of the Christian Bible Books became cheaper Easier to produce What was the impact of the printing press?
FLANDERS Birthplace of the northern Renaissance Center of trade- spread of ideas Flemish Painters Jan Van Eyck Pieter Bruegel- scenes of peasants Peter Paul Rubens
VAN EYCK-PORTRAIT OFGIOVANNIARNOLFINI ANDHIS WIFE
BRUEGEL- WINTER LANDSCAPE WITH SKATERSAND A BIRD TRAP
ALBRECHT DURER German painter “Leonardo of the North” Travelled to Italy to study art Also mastered the art of engraving Often portrayed religious upheaval
NORTHERN HUMANISTS AND WRITERS Focused on education Wanted religious ad moral reform Many began writing in everyday language of the common people, instead of Latin Appealed to the middle class
ERASMUS Priest and humanist Wanted the Bible to be translated into the common vernacular Two core beliefs: Be open minded Show good will toward others Hated the corruption in the Catholic church
SIR THOMAS MORE Humanist writer Wrote Utopia ideal society peace and harmony all are educated everyone works Many believe achieve a Utopian society is impossible.
RABELAIS French humanist Monk, physician, scholar, author Wrote Gargantua and Pantagruel Surface level- Story of two gentle giants Deeper meaning- metaphor for religious and educational reform
SHAKESPEARE Poet and playwright Wrote 37 plays- still performed today Universal themes- love, tragedy, comedy “not for an age, but for all time”