European Exploration The Search for Spices

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The First Global Ages: Europe and Asia
The Search for Spices
Exploration of Asia

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European Exploration The Search for Spices

  1. 1. The First Global Age: Europe and Asia<br />The Search for Spices<br />
  2. 2. Trade<br />Black Death and Mongol Empire breakup<br />Population grew<br />Demand for trade goods grew<br />
  3. 3. Spices<br />Spices<br />Cinnamon<br />Cloves<br />Nutmeg<br />pepper<br />Uses<br />Preserve food<br />Flavor<br />Medicines<br />Perfumes<br />
  4. 4. Explore the Seas<br />Motives<br />Gain direct access to Asia<br />Wealth<br />Crusade against the Muslims<br />Desire to learn more about the lands beyond Europe<br />Improved Technology<br />Cartographers<br />Astrolabe<br />Caravel<br />
  5. 5. Portugal Sails Eastward<br />African Coast<br />Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460)<br />Explored the western coast of Africa<br />Diaz rounded the southern tip of Africa (Cape of Good Hope)<br />Opened the way for a sea route to Asia<br />
  6. 6. Portugal Sails Eastward<br />India<br />Vasco da Gama reached to spice port of Calicut<br />Lost half their ships and sailors<br />Died of hunger, thirst, and scurvy<br />Sold at profit of 3000 %<br />1502 forced a treaty of friendship with Calicut<br />
  7. 7. Columbus Sails to the West<br />Italian Navigator<br />Two Errors<br />He greatly underestimated the size of the Earth<br />He had no idea that two continents lay in his path<br />
  8. 8. Columbus<br />Financer: Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain<br />Isabella wanted to spread Christianity in Asia<br />Three Ships<br />Nina<br />Pinta<br />Santa Maria<br />
  9. 9. Columbus<br />August 3, 1492 Columbus sailed west<br />October 12, 1492“LAND, LAND”<br />Several months exploring<br />1493 Returned to Spain a hero<br />
  10. 10. Lines of Demarcation<br />Pope Alexander VI set a Line of Demarcation dividing the non-European world into two zones<br />Spain had trading and exploration rights in lands west of the line<br />Portugal had the same rights east of the line.<br />The line ran due north and south 100 leagues (about 300 mi) west of the Azores and Cape Verde Islands. <br />
  11. 11. Search Continues<br />Vasco Nunez de Balboa<br />Ferdinand Magellan<br />Hacked a passage through the tropical forests of Panama<br />Named the new sea Balboa Sea<br />November 1520, ships entered a bay at the southern tip of South America<br />Charted a passage known as the Strait of Magellan<br />Emerged from Balboa South Sea (renamed the Pacific Ocean)<br />
  12. 12. Ferdinand Magellan<br />One ship and 18 sailors completed the voyage<br />September 8, 1522 the survivors reached Seville<br />Continued across the Pacific Ocean<br />Four months at sea<br />March 1521 reached the Philippines<br />Magellan was killed in a local conflict<br />
  13. 13. Northwest Passage<br />John Cabot<br />Jacques Cartier<br />Henry Hudson<br />England searches a northerly route<br />French explored the St. Lawrence River<br />Dutch explored the Hudson River<br />

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