After WWII, Chinese Civil War Communist vs. Nationalists Communists won, led byMao Zedong Reasons for Communist victory Popularity with peasants-land redistribution Ended oppression fromlandlords Decreased taxes on the poor Chinese Communists conquerTibet in 1959
Chinese govt. discouragedBuddhism andConfucianism Govt took property fromlandlords and businessowners Some Chinese middle classcitizens were opposed tothe communist revolution Beaten, sent to labor camps,killed Built dams and factories Collectivization- poolingpeasant land/labor toincrease productivity
1958-1960 Mao-Zedong’s program to increaseoutput and productivity Urged people to increase farmingefforts Set up communes “Great Leap” failed No individual incentive Less production Famine 55 million starved to death
1966- plan to purge China of“bourgeois” tendencies Encouraged younggenerations to experiencerevolution Red Guards Groups of teens Attacked those considered“bourgeois” “little red book”- Quotationsfrom Chairman Mao Zedong
China and Soviets wereloose allies Mistrust, border disputes 1960- Soviets withdraw allaid to China U.S. saw the opportunity touse china to isolate theSoviet Union 1971-Allowed China toreplace Taiwan in the UnitedNations 1979- U.S. set up formaldiplomatic relations withChina
Open your book to p. 802-803 Look at the series of maps at the bottom of thepage
Read War Comes to Korea and Two Koreas onp. 803-805 and answer the following questionsin your notes: What types of governments did North and SouthKorea have? What countries supported either side? Who was Kim Il Sung? Who was Syngman Rhee? Why did China get involved in the Korean War? Compare/Contrast the economies of North andSouth Korea.