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Social impact of the industrial revolution


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Social impact of the industrial revolution

  2. 2. Witness History Read “Stench and Sickness” on p. 430 How did conditions become so bad in industrial cities? Why was little done to improve conditions initially?
  3. 3. People Move to Cities  Urbanization- the movement of people to cities  cities emerged around coal/iron mines and large factories  Look at the map of Population Growth in London on p. 431
  4. 4. New Social Classes Emerge  Industrial Middle Class- owned factories, mines, railroads, etc.  Similar to the French bourgeoisie  “rags to riches”  Industrial Working Class- workers in mines and factories  Many came from farm families  Poor working/living conditions  Tenements- crowded apartment buildings
  5. 5. Worker Protests Labor Unions were illegal Luddites- textile workers who staged protests  Destroyed machines  Burned factories Methodist religion gained popularity  Personal improvement  Better life to come  Be sober/moral
  6. 6. Life in Factories Long hours- 12 to 16 hour days Dangerous machines Dirty air- lung damage Many women worked in factories  Lower wages  “Easier to manage”
  7. 7. Life in Mines  Paid more  Worse conditions than factories  dark  Coal dust- severe lung damage  Explosions  Collapsing tunnels
  8. 8. Child Labor Most started working at age 7 or 8 (some as young as 5)! Smaller fingers- advantage! Could crawl under machines to fix them Needed to earn extra money for their families “factory acts”- child labor laws passed in early 1800s  Shortened work day to 12 hours  Minimum age to work is 8
  9. 9. Homework: Read p. 435 Do #1-2 at bottom of page