The Search For Spices


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Search For Spices

  1. 1. Chapter 15 Section 1 The Search for Spices By: Tara Paakkunainen
  2. 2. Europeans Explore the Seas <ul><ul><li>Crusades introduced Europeans to Asian goods. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black Death and breakup of the Mongol Empire disrupted trade. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most valued items were </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>spices, such as cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, and pepper. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The cheif source of spices was the Moluccas </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Motives <ul><ul><li>1400's, Muslims and Italian merchants controlled most trade between Asia and Europe. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Europeans wanted to gain direct acces to Asian good </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First Portugal sought a trade that bypassed the Mediterranean and then Spain did. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Improved Technology <ul><ul><li>Cartographers who, were map mapmakers and they created more accurate maps and sea charts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Astrolabe which could determine their latitude at sea. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portuguese developed the caravel which was an advanced ship that combined the square sails of European ship with Arab triangular sails. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Portugal Sails Eastward <ul><ul><li>Portugal led the way for exploration by the 1400’s. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At Sagres Prince Henry gathered scientists and cartographers to prepare maps and train crew members for long voyages. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He then sent them out to explore the western coast of Africa. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1460 Henry died but the Portuguese still continued their quest. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The rounded tip became known as the Cape of Good Hope because it opened the way for a sea route to Asia. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. India <ul><ul><li>In 1497 Vasco da Gama led a 10-month voyage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He acquired a cargo of spices that he sold at a profit of 3,000 percent. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1502 he forced a treaty of friendship on the ruler Calicut. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He left Portuguese merchants there to buy spices when they were low and store them till the next fleet came. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Portuguese seized key ports around the Indian Ocean to create vast trading post. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Columbus <ul><ul><li>Christopher Columbus wanted to reach the Indies by sailing west across the Atlantic. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He made two mistakes first he underestimated the size of the earth and two he did not know of the two continents in his way. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ferdinand & Isabella financed his voyage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On August 3, 1492 Columbus sailed west with three small ships the Pinta, the Nina, and the Santa Maria. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1493 he returned to Spain. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Europeans realized that Columbus had found a route to continents previously unknown to them. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Line of Demacration <ul><ul><li>Both Spain and Portugal pressed claims to the lands that Columbus explored. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1493 Pope Alexander VI set a Line of Demarcation dividing the non-European world into two zones. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spain and exploring and trading rights in any lands west of the line and Portugal had the same rights east of the line. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1507 a German Cartographer labeled the region America and the Islands that Columbus had explored in the Caribbean became known as the West Indies. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Search Continues <ul><ul><li>In 1513 Vasco Nunez de Balboa found a huge body of water which he named the South Sea. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On September 20, 1519 Ferdinand Magellan set out of Spain with five ships. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In November 1520 Magellan’s ships charted a passage that became known as the Strait of Magellan that emerged into Balboa’s South Sea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Magellan renamed it the Pacific-peaceful-Ocean. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magellan sailed across the Pacific to the West Indies and ended up sailing for four months. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1512 the fleet reached the Philippines. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magellan was killed there in a local conflict. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Search Continues <ul><ul><li>Only 1 ship and 18 sailors had completed the voyage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On September 8, 1522 the survivors had reached Seville, they were the first people to circumnavigate the world. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1497 King Henry VII of England sent John Cabot to seek a more northerly route than the one Columbus had charted. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He found rich fishing land off of Newfoundland which he claimed for England. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>French Captain Jacques Cartier explored the St, Lawrence River. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Henry Hudson who was sailing for the Dutch explored the Hudson River. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>But neither of them had found a route to Asia but the search still continued for centuries. </li></ul></ul></ul>