SPONGE:What are the three G’s of exploration. Which do you     think had the biggest impact on Europe?
Reasons for Exploration                God – spread of Christianity Goods – to trade and become  wealthy (gold and spic...
Crusades, the start of it             all…                Military expeditions were sent out by  the Catholic Church to ...

Exploration Begins   European countries were looking for trade routes to  India and China    Did not want to go through...


Exploration Begins The 1400s were a time of discovery and exploration  for Europe. Main countries involved in explorati...

10 and 2                  With your partner, discuss would  you rather… Explore for Gold Explore for Goods OR Explore...
PORTUGAL      1st to sail around the tip of Africa to Asia Also wanted to spread Christianity Mainly explored what is ...
10 and 2                  With your partner, discuss would  you rather have… Found the Americas Or New trade routes fo...
Prince Henry the   Navigator       
Prince Henry the          Navigator    Son of Portuguese king 1418: started the first school for navigation  (taught ma...
Institute of Sagres                          The Institute of Sagres was an important research  center in Portugal where...
Institute of Sagres        
Technology Advances!                         the compass   the astrolabe   the cross-staff   the caravel
   According to legend, beyond this point in an area known as the "Green Sea of    Darkness," the sun was so close to the...
Portugal’s Empire        For the next 300 years, Portuguese sailors continued  to explore East Africa where they establi...

SPAIN  Very curious about the New World Wanted to have a larger empire Searched for spices, gold, and silver   So the...
Christopher Columbus    King Ferdinand and  Queen Isabella (Spain)  sent him to find another  way to Asia 1492: first e...
Four Voyages of Columbus        
Spain’s Empire    Huge empire that spanned the globe Spanish conquistadors conquered civilizations in  Central and Sout...
Line of Demarcation                 The Treaty of  Tordesillas signed  in 1494, divided the  New World into  Spanish and...
Line(s) of Demarcation       
ENGLAND      Searched for riches, gold, and silver (like Spain, but  navy wasn’t as powerful) At one time Great Britain...
The Sun Never Sets              Eventually, after colonizing parts of Africa  and Asia, the British Empire became the  l...
One-fourth of the World                       By 1921, the British    Empire controlled    about 458 million    people (...
FRANCE     Wanted a large empire, spices and riches, and to  spread Christianity Also really wanted animal furs (beaver...
France’s Empire   France possessed colonies around the world from  1600 to 1900, including much of North America  (Louis...
French Empire  France had two different empires. The first   (1608-1803), was in the Americas. The   second (1830-1960), ...
Fur Trading              In Canada, Quebec’s people traded their  furs for many French goods such as metal  objects, gun...

10 and 2                   With your partner, discuss which  European empire would you have  wanted to have explored for...
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Week 6 day 4-unit 2- guided notes-exploration maps

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Week 6 day 4-unit 2- guided notes-exploration maps

  1. 1. SPONGE:What are the three G’s of exploration. Which do you think had the biggest impact on Europe?
  2. 2. Reasons for Exploration  God – spread of Christianity Goods – to trade and become wealthy (gold and spices) Glory – explorers were seen as heroes if they discovered new lands
  3. 3. Crusades, the start of it all…  Military expeditions were sent out by the Catholic Church to capture the Holy Land from the Muslim Turks.  This was not successful but it did have positive results  Europeans learned how to draw better maps and build better ships  Exposed Europeans to spices and goods from the East.
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Exploration Begins  European countries were looking for trade routes to India and China  Did not want to go through Mediterranean Sea, dangerous territory Wanted access to the spices that were available  Cut out the Middle man and get products cheaper This increased the empires of …..
  6. 6.
  7. 7.
  8. 8. Exploration Begins The 1400s were a time of discovery and exploration for Europe. Main countries involved in exploration:  Portugal  Spain  England  France
  9. 9.
  10. 10. 10 and 2  With your partner, discuss would you rather… Explore for Gold Explore for Goods OR Explore for Glory And then explain why
  11. 11. PORTUGAL  1st to sail around the tip of Africa to Asia Also wanted to spread Christianity Mainly explored what is now Brazil in the New World--this is why Brazilian culture today is heavily influenced by Portugal
  12. 12. 10 and 2  With your partner, discuss would you rather have… Found the Americas Or New trade routes for Asia Explain and defend your answer
  13. 13. Prince Henry the Navigator 
  14. 14. Prince Henry the Navigator  Son of Portuguese king 1418: started the first school for navigation (taught map making, navigation, and astronomy) 1434: sent an expedition to sail around dangerous West African coast Made more than 50 trips down Africa’s west coast
  15. 15. Institute of Sagres  The Institute of Sagres was an important research center in Portugal where several breakthrough discoveries in mathematics and naval technology occurred.
  16. 16. Institute of Sagres 
  17. 17. Technology Advances!  the compass the astrolabe the cross-staff the caravel
  18. 18.  According to legend, beyond this point in an area known as the "Green Sea of Darkness," the sun was so close to the Earth that a person’s skin would burn black, the sea boiled, ships caught on fire, and monsters hid waiting to smash the ships and eat the sailors. It took fourteen voyages over a period of 12 years until a ship finally reached the equator. 
  19. 19. Portugal’s Empire  For the next 300 years, Portuguese sailors continued to explore East Africa where they established trading forts and posts  By 1571, a string of outposts connected Portugal to Africa, India, South Pacific Islands and Japan Portugal grew wealthy from these trade routes, but its most profitable colony was Brazil.
  20. 20.
  21. 21. SPAIN  Very curious about the New World Wanted to have a larger empire Searched for spices, gold, and silver  So they began searching for a quicker route to Asia through or around North and South America Used missionaries to spread Christianity Needed gold and silver to pay for wars with the Turkish Empire
  22. 22. Christopher Columbus  King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella (Spain) sent him to find another way to Asia 1492: first expedition-- landed in the Caribbean and called it “ the Indies” Made 4 trips to the Caribbean from 1492-1504
  23. 23. Four Voyages of Columbus 
  24. 24. Spain’s Empire  Huge empire that spanned the globe Spanish conquistadors conquered civilizations in Central and South America.  Looking for gold and spices  Missionaries converted natives to Christianity Claimed huge areas of North and South America and ruled them for over 300 years.
  25. 25. Line of Demarcation  The Treaty of Tordesillas signed in 1494, divided the New World into Spanish and the Portuguese territories along the meridian 46 degrees West. The lands to the east would belong to Portugal and the  Pope Alexander VI lands to the west to drew the line to avoid Spain. conflict.
  26. 26. Line(s) of Demarcation 
  27. 27. ENGLAND  Searched for riches, gold, and silver (like Spain, but navy wasn’t as powerful) At one time Great Britain controlled: Canada, Australia, India, parts of Africa, and many islands Controlled America until 1776, Canada until the 20th century Colonized Australia and used it as a penal colony (prison colony) Sent Captain James Cook to Australia and the Pacific and Cecil Rhodes to Africa
  28. 28. The Sun Never Sets  Eventually, after colonizing parts of Africa and Asia, the British Empire became the largest empire in history. At the peak of its power, it was often said that “The sun never sets on the British Empire" because it was so big that the sun was always shining on at least one of its many colonies.
  29. 29. One-fourth of the World  By 1921, the British Empire controlled about 458 million people (a quarter of the worlds population at that time). It covered about 14.2 million square miles, about a quarter of Earths total land area.  Cartoon showing Brit, Cecil Rhodes and his desire to control all of Africa.
  30. 30. FRANCE  Wanted a large empire, spices and riches, and to spread Christianity Also really wanted animal furs (beaver)  Enjoyed wearing hats and coats made out of animal skins
  31. 31. France’s Empire  France possessed colonies around the world from 1600 to 1900, including much of North America (Louisiana Purchase). Also dominated much of the European Continent  By 1812, France controlled much of Germany, Italy and France Heavy influence on parts of Canada (Quebec) Explorer: Jacque Cartier
  32. 32. French Empire France had two different empires. The first (1608-1803), was in the Americas. The second (1830-1960), was in Africa and Asia.
  33. 33. Fur Trading  In Canada, Quebec’s people traded their furs for many French goods such as metal objects, guns, alcohol, and clothing.
  34. 34.
  35. 35. 10 and 2  With your partner, discuss which European empire would you have wanted to have explored for? Portugal, Spain, England or France? France

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