The National Assembly The Third Estate was very upset with the results of the Estates General The Third Estate decided to break away and form its own governing body called the National Assembly A majority of the clergy also voted to join the Third Estate
The Tennis Court Oath When the National Assembly arrived at their meeting place on June 20th, 1789, the doors were locked! So they decided to move their meeting to a nearby indoor tennis court The National Assembly swore that they would continue to meet until they produced a French constitution. This oath was known as the Tennis Court Oath
The Storming of the Bastille In July 1789, one fourth of the people of Paris were unemployed Bread prices were so high that many people were left without food Rumors spread that the king was sending troops to take over Paris. The people needed weapons to defend themselves
The Storming of the Bastille Hundreds of French citizens marched to the Bastille, an old fort and prison, to search for gunpowder. The officer at the Bastille refused to give gunpowder to the crowd. He fired at the crowd, killing 98 people. The soldiers finally surrendered and the crowd took the Bastille.
News about the Bastille spread across France Peasants began to spontaneously revolt against their lords. The Storming of the Bastille symbolized the beginning of the French Revolution!
Declaration of the Rights of Man On August 4th, 1789, the National Assembly voted to abolish the rights of the landlords They also abolished the financial privileges of the nobles and clergy. On August 26th, the National Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man
Declaration of the Rights of Man Inspired by the American Declaration of Independence, the American Constitution, and the English Bill of Rights. Liberty, Property, Security, and Resistance to Oppression Equal rights for all men All citizens had the right to take part in the law-making process.
Women? Many insisted the declaration also included the rights of women as long as they did not get involved in politics. Olympe de Gouges was a woman who wrote plays and pamphlets. She refused to accept the political exclusion of women She wrote the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen But the National Assembly ignored her demands
The March on Versailles King refused to accept any of the decrees from the National Assembly Unemployment and hunger increased So 7,000 desperate women marched 12 miles from Paris to Versailles to demand bread.
March on Versailles The women invaded the palace and killed several guards The King promised to give them bread and go with them back to Paris The King and his family never returned to Versailles…
Church Reforms The National Assembly seized and stole land from the Church A new Civil Constitution of the Clergy was put into effect. Bishops and priests were elected by the people and paid by the state. Many Catholics did not like this and became enemies of the revolution
New Constitution The Constitution of 1791 set up a limited constitutional monarchy. Legislative Assembly would make the laws Many people still opposed the new order Louis XVI attempted to flee France but was caught and brought back to Paris
War with Austria Austria and Prussia were scared the revolt would spread to their countries Tried to restore Louis XVI to power National Assembly declared war on Austria