The cold war unfolds

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The cold war unfolds

  1. 1. Ch. 30, sec. 1
  2. 2. Two sides face off 2 Superpowers after WWII United States Democratic Allied with Western countries North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO) Soviet Union Communist Allied with Eastern countries Warsaw Pact Two sides divided by “IronCurtain”
  3. 3. Berlin Wall  West Berlin- Democratic East Berlin- Communist Wall stopped peoplefleeing from East to WestBerlin Resistance toCommunism East Germany,Hungary, Poland,Czechoslovakia Rebellion stopped byWarsaw Pact and Soviettroops
  4. 4. Nuclear Weapons Arms Race 1949- S.U. develops nuclear weapons 1953- both sides develop hydrogen bombs “balance of terror” Limiting Nuclear Weapons Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT)- 1970s Limiting anti-ballistic missiles Pres. Reagan “star wars” missile defense system Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START)- 1991
  5. 5.  1960s- Britain, France, China develop nuclear weapons 1968- Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Stop spread of nuclear weapons Détente Relaxation of tension during 1970s Ended when Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in 1979
  6. 6. Cold War goes Global U.S. formed alliances with Britain, France, Australia,Pakistan, Thailand, New Zealand, the Philipines,Turkey, Iran, Japan, and South Korea Built many military bases around the world- encirclingthe enemy Soviets allied with many African and Asiangovernments including China Shooting wars in Korea and Vietnam U.S., Soviet Union, and China all got involved
  7. 7. Cuba Fidel Castro- Organized rebellion against corrupt Cuban dictator Supported Soviet Union Restricted Cuban freedom Bay of Pigs U.S. invasion of Cuba Invaders captured by Castro’s forces- trade embargowith Cuba Cuban Missile Crisis- 1962 Soviet Union sent nuclear weapons to Cuba

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