Food and Nutrition Security in Africa, Tools and solutions for improved food security in West and East Africa, Hannu Korhonen


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Food and Nutrition Security in Africa seminar in Helsinki 16 June 2014, Tools and solutions for improved food security in West and East Africa, Hannu Korhonen, MTT

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Food and Nutrition Security in Africa, Tools and solutions for improved food security in West and East Africa, Hannu Korhonen

  1. 1. FoodAfrica Research for Development Programme Tools and solutions for improved food security in West and East Africa Prof. Hannu J. Korhonen FoodAfrica Director
  2. 2. Facts on African agriculture Agriculture has a vital significance for sub-Saharan African countries, as it is the biggest economic sector throughout the area. A majority of the population gains livelihood through farming. Agriculture carries great potential for economical development, but has low productivity. Africa holds a rich and varied biodiversity. 19.6.2014© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 2
  3. 3. African agriculture in figures • 60 % of the globally available arable land is in Africa but it provides only 10 % of global agricultural output • 4 % Africa’s annual agricultural growth over the past decade • 75% of African population relies on agricultural and livestock production for their livelihoods • 90% of the agricultural output is produced by smallholder farmers on farms averaging 2.5 hectares in size • 85% of locally consumed food is produced by women farmers • $40bn to $50bn The amount Africa spends yearly on imported agricultural products- Africa remains as net importer Source: Economic Commission for Africa,World Bank, NEPAD 19.6.2014© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 3
  4. 4. Women produce up to 85 % of foodstuffs in Sub-Saharan Africa for household consumption and sale in local markets 19.6.2014© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 4
  5. 5. Challenges of food and nutrition security in Africa • Population growth - 900 million more by 2050 • Climate change- extreme weather conditions, less rainfall • Poverty- 25 % of population below absolute poverty line • Undernourishment- 230 million people now • Low investments in agricultural R&D and agribusiness- low yields, quality and added value • Poor marketing efficiency of agricultural produce- loss of harvest, low prices • Unsustainable agricultural practises and resource use- low productivity and environmental degradation • Inappropriate or limited extension services- poor agricultural productivity, subsistence farming 19.6.2014© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 6
  6. 6. Projected change in population numbers (millions) in different continents during 2010-2100 19.6.2014© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 7
  7. 7. Climate change attenuates food and nutrition security  Increase of 2 degrees C decreases all crop yields across Sub- Saharan Africa by 10% by the 2050s.  Effects on nutrient content of food (for example, protein and toxin levels).  Effects on availability of and access to food 19.6.2014© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 8
  8. 8. How to improve food and nutrition security in Africa through science and education? Extracts from IFPRI Report 2013- potential solutions? • Higher investments in agricultural research and development (R&D) to develop new varieties of crops and livestock that are tolerant to stresses such as drought, flood, and cold are critical • Linking smallholder farmers to agrifood value chains is also an important component of building their resilience. To help them acquire real-time information on prices and weather patterns, investments in new information and communication technologies (ICTs) are imperative • Developing and introducing novel extension methods. For example, Farmer Field Schools’ emphasis on farmers as decision-makers helps rural communities, and especially women, to build their confidence and capacity to experiment, while also helping people to improve their farming potential. Source: IFPRI 2013 Global Food Policy Report 19.6.2014© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 9
  9. 9. FoodAfrica Programme- Basic Data Duration - 4 years (Jan 2012- Dec 2015) Budget -11,8 million €, of which 9,5 million Official Development Aid (ODA) from the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland 8 Partners - MTT, IFPRI, ICRAF, ILRI, Bioversity International, University of Helsinki, HAMK University of Applied Sciences and the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland - Plus many local partners in Programme countries 6 African countries - Benin, Cameroon, Ghana, Kenya, Senegal and Uganda 7 Work Packages © MTT Agrifood Research Finland 11
  10. 10. FoodAfrica objective, purpose and approach • Objective The overall objective of FoodAfrica is to reduce poverty and improve food and nutrition security in Western and Eastern Sub-Saharan Africa by providing new knowledge and tools for the use of decision makers, extension officers and local farmers • Purpose Improved capacity of African research and education institutions for research, education, and information dissemination • Approach A new model combining applied research with development co- operation by linking a large number of different actors at research, education, extension and farmer level. 19.6.2014© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 12
  11. 11. Food Africa Components and Cross-cutting Issues Thematic components Sustainable food production Food safety and nutrition Market access and extension Cross-cutting Issues *) Climate Sustainability Gender Equality Reduction of Inequality Human rights based approach *) as stipulated by MFA
  12. 12. FoodAfrica work package topics and partners © MTT Agrifood Research Finland 14 WP1: Soil micronutrients (Sub-Saharan Africa) • ICRAF, University of Nairobi, MTT WP2: Sustainable dairy production (Senegal) • ILRI, EISMV, University of Helsinki, MTT WP3: Agricultural practices in a changing climate (Senegal) • IFPRI, ISRA, MTT WP4: Traditional foods for nutrition (Benin) • Bioversity International, University of Benin, University of Helsinki WP5: Reducing risk of mycotoxins (Kenya) • ILRI, IFPRI, University of Nairobi, MTT WP6: Better market access through ICT’s (Ghana & Uganda) • IFPRI, MTT WP7: Innovative extension approaches (Kenya & Cameroon) • ICRAF, HAMK
  13. 13. WP 1: Strengthening Soil Management for Sustainable Agriculture and Food Production (> 20 African countries) • Expected outcome Strengthened capacity of local research and education institutions, and local soil laboratories for diagnosis and management of soil micronutrient deficiencies • Partners • ICRAF • MTT/ Plant Production Research • University of Nairobi, Institute of Nuclear Physics © MTT Agrifood Research Finland 15
  14. 14. WP 2: Increasing Sustainable Dairy Production through Livestock Breeding in Senegal • Expected outcome Strengthened capacity of local institutions to support sustainable dairy production • Partners • ILRI • MTT Biotechnology and Food Research • University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Sciences • EISMV (Inter-State School of Veterinary Science and Medicine of Dakar) 19.6.2014© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 16
  15. 15. WP 3: Adaptation of Smallholder Farming Practises in Changing Climate in Senegal • Expected outcome Best agricultural practices and adaptation responses produced for and disseminated to the farmers, agricultural extension officers and national policy makers • Partners • IFPRI • MTT Economic Research • ISRA (National Agricultural Research Institute of Senegal) © MTT Agrifood Research Finland 17
  16. 16. WP 4: Improving Nutrition of Vulnerable Groups by Traditional Foods • Expected outcome Strengthened information base on indigenous foods for marginal and vulnerable households through nutrition-sensitive value chains • Partners • Bioversity International • University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Environmental Sciences • Universite d’Abomey Calavi, Benin © MTT Agrifood Research Finland 18
  17. 17. WP 5: Reducing Risk of Mycotoxins in the Feed – Dairy Chain in Kenya • Expected outcome Improved methods and practises for reducing the risk of mycotoxin contamination in feeds, maize and milk • Partners • ILRI • IFPRI • MTT/ Biotechnology and Food Research • MTT/ Economic Research • University of Nairobi • ACDI/VOCA © MTT Agrifood Research Finland 19
  18. 18. WP 6: Developing Better Market Access in Uganda and Ghana for Smallholders through ICT • Expected outcome Improved market access for small scale farmers through market information by means of modern information and communication technology (ICT) • Partners • IFPRI • MTT Economic Research • ISSER (University of Ghana) • FIT-Uganda © MTT Agrifood Research Finland 20
  19. 19. WP 7: Application of Innovative Extension Approaches for Better Food Security and Livelihoods • Expected outcome Innovative extension approaches made available for local extension organizations for transfer of research results to end-users • Partners • ICRAF • HAMK University of Applied Sciences • ANAFE • local partners © MTT Agrifood Research Finland 21
  20. 20. FoodAfrica Dissemination and Extension Methods • Policy briefs, workshops, videos, mobile technology, websites, education materials • Volunteer Farmer Trainers approach (VFT) • Focus Group Discussions (FGD) • Rural Resource Centres (RRC) • Market Information Systems (MIS) Target Groups: Decision-makers and authorities, education and extension staff, rural communities, NGO’s, CSO’s, small-scale farmers and vulnerable groups
  21. 21. FoodAfrica - Academic Capacity Building Activities • The Programme aims to improve the research and teaching capacity of participating African universities and research institutions through provision of training opportunities for a number (up to 20) of MSc and PhD students. • At present, 8 PhD students from African (Programme) countries and 3 PhD students from Finland are attached to different work packages and carry out research on topics related to WP objectives. • Many African MSc. students have already completed their thesis work or are working on it in different WPs. 19.6.2014© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 23
  22. 22. 19.6.2014© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 24 Food security is a precondition for human development. Africa has the knowledge, technology and resources for closing the food security deficit, and breakthroughs will continue to emerge from research and development . UNDP Africa Human Development Report 2012 Photo by Mila Sell /MTT