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ICT in Agriculture

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Presentation at the RISE event Agri-Tech that took place in Nicosia, Cyprus on November 8, 2018

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ICT in Agriculture

  1. 1. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY USAGE IN AGRICULTURE George Adamides Senior Agricultural Research Officer Agricultural Research Institute 1
  2. 2. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης Overview  About the Agricultural Research Institute (ARI)  ICTs in agriculture  Examples of ICT related projects at ARI  The situation of ICTs in Cyprus  From research to dissemination  Future directions 2
  3. 3. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης About the Agricultural Research Institute  Established in 1962 as a cooperative project between the government of Cyprus and the FAO UNDP (Special Fund) and entrusted to the government of Cyprus in 1967  ARI as an integral part of the MARDE acts as an instrument of the Cyprus Government to develop its agricultural and environmental policy  In 2000 it was selected by the EU as a Centre of Excellence in Agriculture and the Environment as a recognition of its high standards of scientific research  Representative of Cyprus to the Standing Committee for Agricultural Research (SCAR, EC) and in ‘Food, Agriculture and Fisheries and Biotechnology’ Program Committee of HORIZON 2020 3
  4. 4. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης Web: http://www.ari.gov.cy Twitter: @ARI_RD Vision and Mission The vision of the Agricultural Research Institute is to be a model center of knowledge and innovation, and lead agriculture in Cyprus to a better future by strengthening rural development, improving the quality of life, and ensuring the sustainable use of natural resources. Its Mission is to: - conduct research aiming to create and transfer knowledge for the development of the primary sector and to solve problems at the farmers’ level. -transfer research results to stakeholders through modern educational programs and dissemination tools. -strengthen rural development and contribute to the adoption of a sustainable rural policy and innovation offer.
  5. 5. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης ARI Experimental Stations Athalassa Polis Achelia (2) Saittas Zygi Xylotymbou 200 hectares Famagusta NICOSIA Kyrenia Larnaka Limassol Pafos Marinos Markou, Chief Research Officer 5
  6. 6. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης Why ICTs in agriculture  “European agriculture could gain a decisive competitive advantage if the ICT sector and the farming community could work together to generate a wave of bottom-up ICT innovations across Europe designed to create more productive and sustainable agricultural systems” – EC https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/digitising-european-industry  “World population is expected to surpass the 9 billion mark by 2050, and agricultural production will need to increase by 60 percent from its 2005/2007 levels to meet this additional food demand. ICT applications can make a significant contribution to meet this future global food needs” – FAO of the United Nations http://www.fao.org/in-action/e-agriculture-strategy-guide/activities/ict- mediated-agricultural-solutions-in-asia-pacific/en/ 6
  7. 7. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης How ICTs help farmers and agriculture stakeholders  By collecting and sharing timely and accurate information on weather, inputs, markets, and prices;  By feeding information into research and development initiatives;  By disseminating knowledge to farmers;  By connecting farmers with stakeholders in the food supply chain;  By diagnosing problems (e.g. mobile phones, drones);  By raising awareness of general opportunities or needs or threads;  …. 7
  8. 8. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης Web: http://www.ari.gov.cy Twitter: @ARI_RD Applications of satellite remote sensing in agriculture Methodology LAI-WDVI y = 46,74x2 - 34,83x + 7,89 R2 = 0,79 0 0,5 1 1,5 2 2,5 3 3,5 4 4,5 5 0,00 0,10 0,20 0,30 0,40 0,50 0,60 0,70 WDVI LAI(m2/m2) REMOTELY SENSED DATA Penman-Monteith adapted to satellite data method flow chart WEATHER DATA VEGETATION INDICES ALBEDO CROP EVAPOTRANSPIRATION MAPS P-M adapted to satellite data LAI/CH MAPS ALBEDO MAPS Rn, es, ea, pa, cp rah, rs ESSEM COST Action ES1106 Project goals: - Assess the impact of climate changes on crop irrigation needs - Investigate how these crops have managed to adapt to the new conditions - Investigate whether their lifecycle has differentiated according to their irrigation needs and climatic conditions.
  9. 9. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης Telerobotics in agriculture 9 Current spraying methods
  10. 10. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης Human-Robot Collaboration in agriculture  Human-Robot Collaboration 10 Project goals: - Farmers’safety - Farmers and consumer health issues - Improve efficiency - Increase productivity - Reduce production costs - Decrease impact on the environment SAFETY + Increasing overall system performance and efficient use of inputs «produce more-pollute less»
  11. 11. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης Web: http://www.ari.gov.cy Twitter: @ARI_RD Building an experimental agricultural robot sprayer 11
  12. 12. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης AgriRobot sprayer 12 Source: George Adamides, Agricultural Research Institute, Cyprus
  13. 13. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης Statistics about ICTs in agriculture  Source: Rural Development in the European Union Statistical and Economic Information Report) – EU-27 farms with access to PC data not available – EU-27 farms with access to the Internet 83%  Source: USDA Statistics – USA farms with access to PC 85% – USA farms with access to the Internet 83%  Source: ARI 2018 field survey (preliminary results) – Cyprus farms with access to PC 49% – Cyprus farms with access to Internet 52% 13
  14. 14. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης The situation in Cyprus 14 2011 Field survey Random stratified sample: 602 participants from 219 rural communities
  15. 15. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης Socio-economic & demographic characteristics 15
  16. 16. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης PC and Internet usage  60,2% use the PC  54,2% use the Internet 16
  17. 17. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης What means do farmers use to access (agricultural related) knowledge 17
  18. 18. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης Effectiveness of information sources 18
  19. 19. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης Findings  Use of the PC – Gender, age, education level, income, whether or not they are members of a producers’ group  Use of the Internet – Age, education level, location of the farm, employment type (part-time, full-time)  In general; – Young and educated farmers, in particular livestock farmers, farmers with high income and part-timers, are more likely to use ICTs. 19
  20. 20. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης Mobile phone use (2013 field survey about mobile phone use) 20
  21. 21. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης The trend is encouraging 21 37.6 40 52 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Year Cyprus farmers using the Internet for agricultural purposes 2011 2013 2018
  22. 22. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης Dissemination In-house design and development of simple and easy to use applications
  23. 23. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης Web: http://www.ari.gov.cy Twitter: @ARI_RD Monthly irrigation needs 23 http://news.ari.gov.cy/agrotis/2017/2017%20Sep-Dec.pdf
  24. 24. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης Web: http://www.ari.gov.cy Twitter: @ARI_RD Fertilizers estimation for fertigation 24
  25. 25. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης Web: http://www.ari.gov.cy Twitter: @ARI_RD SmartFarmer project 25
  26. 26. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης Research directions - opportunities Precision agriculture Precision farming IoT – AI - Smart ICTs Big data - Cloud Drones – UAV - Robotics 26
  27. 27. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης References  Adamides and Stylianou. 2018. Evaluation of the radio as an agricultural information source in rural areas, in Journal of Agricultural & Food Information  Adamides et al. 2017. Design and development of a semi-autonomous agricultural vineyard sprayer: Human-robot interaction aspects, in Journal of Field Robotics 34(5):20  Adamides et al. 2017. HRI usability evaluation of interaction modes for a teleoperated agricultural robotic sprayer, in Applied Ergonomics 62:237-246  Adamides et al. 2015. Usability Guidelines for the Design of Robot Teleoperation: A Taxonomy, in IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems 256,262(45):2  Adamides et al. 2003. Factors affecting PC and internet usage by the rural population of Cyprus, in Agricultural Economics Review 14(1)  Adamides and Stylianou. 2013. ICT and mobile phone use for agricultural knowledge sharing by Cypriot farmers, in Agris On-line Papers in Economics and Informatics (2):3-9  SmartFarmer - Βελτίωση δεξιοτήτων για «Έξυπνες» Καλλιέργειες ως ένα καινοτόμο εργαλείο Αγροτικής και Οικονομικής ανάπτυξης - ΕΚΠΑΙΔΕΥΤΙΚΟ ΥΛΙΚΟ e-book http://www.smartfarmerproject.eu 27
  28. 28. Ινστιτούτο Γεωργικών Ερευνών Κλάδος Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION Contact: George Adamides MSc Computer Science, Ph.D. Information and Communication Systems Agricultural Research Institute Tel. +357-22403133 ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/George_Adamides Twitter: George_Adamides Skype: georgeadamides E-mail: gadamides@ari.gov.cy Web: http://www.ari.gov.cy 28

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