Camera TechniquesAnuj Gupta, Julia Kim, Chantel Romero Hernandez, Matt Sutton
Whip Pan, Whip Cut• Whip Pan is when the camera moves quickly from one angle to another causing the image to blur from the motion• Whip Cut can be created from Whip Pan when it it cuts into another Whip Pan.
Whip Zoom Look• Whip Zoom is created by quickly zooming towards an object.• It allows us to focus our attention on a specific object / character in the scene.
Search Up• Search up is a technique that’s used to visually and gradually describe a character or an object.• It’s as if your eyes were to scan over a person’s body from their feet to their head.
Back To Front• Back to Front is when we see an action taking place in the background then see an action that happens close to the camera.• It emphasizes depth and is used to compare two related scenes without moving the camera.http://vimeo.com/15533975
Focus Out, Pass Out• Focus Out, Pass Out is an point of view (POV) shot. The audience sees the world through the POV of someone passing out.
Focus Transition• Focus Transition: A specific type of transition achieved by changing the focus over time. o Brightness• Out of focus techniques: o Starts a new scene o Blurry o As the camera focues in, the scene is revealed• Another version of Focus Transition o Focuses out to prepare for the end of a scene o When combined, the first scene is focuses out and then the film cuts to a new scene that is out of focus and then the new scene gains focus.
Fade• Two experimental techniques that can change the exposure over time • Controls the brightness of the film image• Over expose Fade o Gradually overexposes the picture o Film looks washed out o This technique has been used to give a sense of enlightenment, or something significant is beginning to change• Underexpose Fade o Gradually underexposes the image o Its difficult to make out details because of the dark image.
Ceiling Twist• Ceiling Twist: is achieved by rotating the camera whenever it’s pointed up at something interesting o Usually a ceiling o The camera may also move towards the object or away from it to add another dimension.• This technique is used because a view of a ceiling by itself can be somewhat static and boring o This technique makes ceiling more interesting to look at.
FLIP OVERA flip over “starts out looking at the world and ends up looking at the world upside down”The camera can be tilted panned craned, dollied, and spinned. - The flipover can be used to accompany these techniques by an inverse.- This is done often to convey some sort of emotion, like uneasiness orsuspense.
A shifting angle is when the camera continuouslychanges the viewing angle, inducing a dizzying effect.- A shifting angle is related to the “Tilted Horizon technique” - For a tilted horizon, the camera always stay tilted at the sameangle.
Featured in: -Army of Darkness -Natural Born Killers - Dangerous LiaisonsThe technique can add “an incredible kinetic energy to the film” but can also “makeyou sick if you are prone to dizziness.” (89, Shots)
OVER FLIPFamous The flip over is most notably featured in: - Cape Fear -Mission to Mars -2001: A Space Odyssey - In 2001: A Space Odyssey, The flip over is used to “[emphasize] the lack of a horizon in space.
Bibliography• Videos taken from Youtube and Vimeo• Videos edited at cellsea.com o Search Up: Terminator 2 Judgment Day (3:23-3:37) o Back to Front: Deep Focus Lens System Demonstration (0:06-0:16) o Focus Out, Pass Out: Obsessed (5:18-5:24)