Course of WW II European Theater
 
<ul><li>Hitler invaded  Poland Sept. 1, 1939  and took control in just 4 short weeks. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blitzkrieg- li...
<ul><li>GB & FR gave Hitler 2 days to withdraw from PO, he ignored them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept 3 rd  “confetti war” an...
<ul><li>May 10 th  GER attacked the Netherlands, Belgium & FR </li></ul><ul><li>The British & French had dug obsolete WWI-...
<ul><li>June 22 – FR sign armistice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GER occupied 3/5 of FR </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vichy France  – FR...
Battle of Britain   <ul><li>Aug 1940- Luftwaffe launched </li></ul><ul><li>Major Offensive- bombed BR:  </li></ul><ul><ul>...
Battle of Britain  cont. <ul><li>Sept – Hitler ordered strategy shift & bombed cities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hilter wanted ...
Operation Barbarossa    Hitler’s Invasion of Soviet Russia <ul><li>Why USSR? </li></ul><ul><li>Easier to take BR with USSR...
` Stalin’s Great Purge
<ul><li>Mussolini failed to defeat Greece (1940) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>So GER had to go help – seized Greece & Yugoslavia ...
Operation Barbarossa cont.  <ul><li>By Nov.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>– 1 st  GER army group swept Ukraine </li></ul></ul><ul...
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Course of WWII 19-2A

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EU theater, Blitzkrieg, Dunkirk, Vichy, Barbarossa, Leningrad

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Course of WWII 19-2A

  1. 1. Course of WW II European Theater
  2. 3. <ul><li>Hitler invaded Poland Sept. 1, 1939 and took control in just 4 short weeks. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blitzkrieg- lighting war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New style of warfare </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used planes & tanks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Would have taken Poland sooner but spent time trying to annihilate as many Poles & Jews </li></ul></ul></ul>Hitler invades West Poland Stalin into East Poland
  3. 4. <ul><li>GB & FR gave Hitler 2 days to withdraw from PO, he ignored them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept 3 rd “confetti war” anti-Nazi propaganda dropped over GER by Allies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*crew drops leaflets into a chute </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sept. 28 th GER & SOV divided up Poland </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>May 10 th GER attacked the Netherlands, Belgium & FR </li></ul><ul><li>The British & French had dug obsolete WWI-style trenches. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very ineffective against blitzkrieg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GER went around Maginot Line </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FR & BR trapped on beaches of Dunkirk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operation Dynamo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used every available ship & fishing boat to evacuate +300,000 troops </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>June 22 – FR sign armistice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GER occupied 3/5 of FR </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vichy France – FR authoritarian regime under GER control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by FR WWI hero – Marshall Henri Petain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BR still undefeated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask U.S. for help </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FDR- denounces </li></ul><ul><li>attacks BUT follows </li></ul><ul><li>isolationist policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neutrality acts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cash & carry - loophole </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Battle of Britain <ul><li>Aug 1940- Luftwaffe launched </li></ul><ul><li>Major Offensive- bombed BR: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Air & Naval bases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harbors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communications Centers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War industries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BR fought back </li></ul><ul><li>- Used radar that provided early warning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- But RAF suffered big losses </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Battle of Britain cont. <ul><li>Sept – Hitler ordered strategy shift & bombed cities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hilter wanted to break BR morale (war of attrition) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BR took advantage of situation to rebuild air strength </li></ul></ul><ul><li>End of Sept – Hitler postponed BR invasion indefinitely </li></ul>Children of WWII
  8. 9. Operation Barbarossa Hitler’s Invasion of Soviet Russia <ul><li>Why USSR? </li></ul><ul><li>Easier to take BR with USSR not able to help </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler believed USSR had pitiful army that would be easy to defeat </li></ul><ul><li>(Stalin had purged most of his military leaders) </li></ul>
  9. 10. ` Stalin’s Great Purge
  10. 11. <ul><li>Mussolini failed to defeat Greece (1940) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>So GER had to go help – seized Greece & Yugoslavia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Invasion of USSR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>June 22, 1941 – Hitler invaded USSR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1800 mile front </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GER advanced quickly captured 2 million RU soldiers </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Operation Barbarossa cont. <ul><li>By Nov. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>– 1 st GER army group swept Ukraine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd army besieged Leningrad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 rd 25 miles outside of Moscow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stopped because GER halted by early winter & fierce Soviet resistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GER had no winter uniforms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 st time GER armies stopped </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Dec 1941 – Soviets counter attacked & pushed GER back </li></ul>

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