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3.1 The First Israelites
<ul><li>Early Israelites </li></ul><ul><li>1000 B.C. – ISR built Canaan </li></ul><ul><li>Who were the Israelites? </li></...
<ul><li>Abraham- ISR believed their descendants  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>God promised land of Canaan to Abraham & followers ...
<ul><li>Burning bush- God told Moses to led ISR to freedom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 plagues God sent to trouble EGY  </li>...
<ul><li>Describe the following images. </li></ul>
 
 
 
The Promised Land <ul><li>40 years to reach Canaan after leaving EGY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Canaanites people now living in...
3.2 The Kingdom of Israel   <ul><li>Philistines strongest ppl living in Canaan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strength iron tools &...
<ul><li>David & Goliath – young shepherd boy defeated a giant w/ slingshot </li></ul><ul><li>1000 B.C. David crowned king ...
<ul><li>Solomon son of David became king </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proverbs wise sayings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Solomon’s achi...
Troubled Time <ul><li>Prob. of small & weak kingdoms located on trade routes & had powerful neighbors </li></ul><ul><li>Pr...
<ul><li>620 B.C. Kingdom of Judah cap. By EGY </li></ul><ul><li>605 B.C. Chaldeans conq. EGY </li></ul><ul><li>Egyptians a...
3.3 The Growth of Judaism <ul><li>Exile & Return  </li></ul><ul><li>Exile forced to live in a foreign land </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Hebrew Bible- 5 books of Torah and 34 other books </li></ul><ul><li>Genesis – 1 st  book of Torah tells of God pun...
Jews & the Greeks <ul><li>334 B.C. Alexander the Great began taking over kingdoms around the Med. </li></ul><ul><li>331 B....
Jewish Way of Life <ul><li>Jewish laws influenced daily life </li></ul><ul><li>Laws emphasized self-control and remind Jew...
<ul><li>Ruth & Naomi show importance of family love & devotion </li></ul><ul><li>Jewish diet kosher </li></ul><ul><li>No c...
Jews & Romans   <ul><li>63 B.C Romans conquered Judah </li></ul><ul><li>Judaea what Romans renamed Judah </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>A.D. 1947 Dead Sea Scrolls found </li></ul><ul><li>Messiah – deliverer sent by God </li></ul><ul><li>Zealots wante...
<ul><li>Rabbis- teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Johanan ben Zakkai founded Torah study schools </li></ul><ul><li>Rabbis’ goal sa...
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  1. 1. 3.1 The First Israelites
  2. 2. <ul><li>Early Israelites </li></ul><ul><li>1000 B.C. – ISR built Canaan </li></ul><ul><li>Who were the Israelites? </li></ul><ul><li>Monotheism- belief in one god </li></ul><ul><li>Judaism- faith of ISR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jews- followers of Judaism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judaism influenced- Christianity & Islam </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hebrew- language of ISR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hebrew Bible- contains rel. beliefs & history of ISR </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Canaan is present day- Lebanon, Israel, & Jordan </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Abraham- ISR believed their descendants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>God promised land of Canaan to Abraham & followers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jacob (Israel)- Abraham’s grandson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tribes separate family groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long drought forced ISR to leave Canaan and go to Egypt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Slavery to Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Moses mother hid him </li></ul><ul><li>in a basket found by </li></ul><ul><li>Pharaoh’s daughter </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Burning bush- God told Moses to led ISR to freedom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 plagues God sent to trouble EGY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Passover last plague kill all first-born excepted those with lamb’s blood on their door (PASSed OVER) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Red Sea God parted for ISR to cross – drowned EGY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exodus name for ISR escape from EGY </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Ten Commandments </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Sinai- received laws from God </li></ul><ul><li>Torah- laws </li></ul><ul><li>Covenant- agreement w/ God </li></ul><ul><li>Most important part of Torah- Ten Commandments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shaped our own laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ rule of law” = idea laws apply to everyone equally </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Describe the following images. </li></ul>
  6. 9. The Promised Land <ul><li>40 years to reach Canaan after leaving EGY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Canaanites people now living in Canaan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Joshua took over as leader after Moses died </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Took the city with trumpets & shouting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fighting Judges- took over leadership after Joshua died </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deborah- female judge / battlefield adviser </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISR won control of hilly region and built walls to keep Canaanites out </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Phoenicians (one group of Canaanites) skilled sailors & traders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alphabet- group of letters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISR created an alpha. Based on the Pho. alpha. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pho. Alpha. Impact – adopted by Greeks then Roman then most Western alpha. (like ours) </li></ul>
  7. 10. 3.2 The Kingdom of Israel <ul><li>Philistines strongest ppl living in Canaan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strength iron tools & weapons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>12 tribes’ problem fighting among each other (needed a king) </li></ul><ul><li>Prop. Samuel instructed to share God’s words </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Samuel’s warning a King would tax ppl & enslave </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1st King warrior-farmer named Saul </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Saul’s achievements won battles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saul’s failures displeased God & was replaced (David) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>David & Goliath – young shepherd boy defeated a giant w/ slingshot </li></ul><ul><li>1000 B.C. David crowned king & drove PHI out </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Empire nation that rules several other nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tribute forced payment (money & slaves) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>David’s unfinished dream temple to house sacred religious objects </li></ul></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>Solomon son of David became king </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proverbs wise sayings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Solomon’s achievement built temple </li></ul><ul><li>Solomon’s failure taxed ppl & forced to work on building projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebellion broke out after Solomon died </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10 of 12 – in north became kingdom of Israel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>last 2 in south became kingdom of Judah (capital Jerusalem & ppl Jews) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 13. Troubled Time <ul><li>Prob. of small & weak kingdoms located on trade routes & had powerful neighbors </li></ul><ul><li>Prop. Amos message work for a just society </li></ul><ul><li>“ lost tribes of Israel” tribes scattered by Assyrians </li></ul><ul><li>Assyrians of Samaria - Samaritans </li></ul><ul><li>Samaritans feared God might punish them for taking ISR land so they started following the ISR religion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Snobs Jews looked down on SAM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Believed SAM were not God’s ppl </li></ul></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>620 B.C. Kingdom of Judah cap. By EGY </li></ul><ul><li>605 B.C. Chaldeans conq. EGY </li></ul><ul><li>Egyptians and ISR united to fight CHAL </li></ul><ul><li>King Neb.’s punishment – Jews must leave JER & live in Babylon, apt new king </li></ul><ul><li>Prop. Jeremiah warned revolt would fail </li></ul><ul><li>586 B.C. revolt, CHAL ruler destroyed temple, chained king, forced Jews to BAB </li></ul><ul><li>Babylonian Captivity- Jewish history </li></ul>
  12. 15. 3.3 The Growth of Judaism <ul><li>Exile & Return </li></ul><ul><li>Exile forced to live in a foreign land </li></ul><ul><li>Sabbath weekly day of worship & rest </li></ul><ul><li>Synagogues houses of worship </li></ul><ul><li>538 B.C. King Cyrus allowed Jews to return to Judah </li></ul><ul><li>Persian controlled government </li></ul><ul><li>Jews looked for leadership in religion </li></ul><ul><li>Ezra – scribe directed writing of 5 books of the Torah </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>Hebrew Bible- 5 books of Torah and 34 other books </li></ul><ul><li>Genesis – 1 st book of Torah tells of God punishing world for bad behavior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Noah build an ark (2 every animal & his family) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rainbow symbol of God’s promise to never destroy the world with a flood </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tower of Babel- story of why there are different languages on Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel & Lion’s Den- God protected Daniel from lions (sym. Jews God would rescue them) </li></ul><ul><li>Good triumphs over evil in the end (belief shared with Christians & Muslims) </li></ul>
  14. 17. Jews & the Greeks <ul><li>334 B.C. Alexander the Great began taking over kingdoms around the Med. </li></ul><ul><li>331 B.C. his armies defeated Persia (Judah came under his control) </li></ul><ul><li>Jews outside of Judah known as the diaspora </li></ul><ul><li>Diaspora – people scattered </li></ul><ul><li>Greek translation of Hebrew Bible </li></ul><ul><li>Antiochus- Greek ruler controlled Judah </li></ul><ul><li>Judas Maccabeus & followers rebelled </li></ul><ul><li>Maccabees Judas’ army – they got rid of the Greek gods & goddesses in temple (cleansed the temple) </li></ul><ul><li>Hanukkah- celebration of the cleansing of the temple </li></ul>
  15. 18. Jewish Way of Life <ul><li>Jewish laws influenced daily life </li></ul><ul><li>Laws emphasized self-control and remind Jews of their religion </li></ul><ul><li>Family Life – sons were valued because they would carry on the family name </li></ul><ul><li>Education- mothers were 1 st teachers, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Male = fathers taught sons a trade & to worship God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Female = learned to be good wives & mothers </li></ul></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>Ruth & Naomi show importance of family love & devotion </li></ul><ul><li>Jewish diet kosher </li></ul><ul><li>No cheeseburgers! Must not cook or eat milk products with meat </li></ul><ul><li>Law even tells them how to dress </li></ul>
  17. 20. Jews & Romans <ul><li>63 B.C Romans conquered Judah </li></ul><ul><li>Judaea what Romans renamed Judah </li></ul><ul><li>King Herod most famous ruler of Judaea </li></ul><ul><li>3 Splinter Groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ph taught how to apply law to daily life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sad taught how law applied to priest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ess lived in desert </li></ul></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>A.D. 1947 Dead Sea Scrolls found </li></ul><ul><li>Messiah – deliverer sent by God </li></ul><ul><li>Zealots wanted to fight Romans for freedom </li></ul><ul><li>A.D. 66 Zealots drove Romans out of Jerusalem but lost 4 years later </li></ul><ul><li>Western Wall all that remains the temple </li></ul><ul><li>A.D. 132 Jews revolt again (lost again) </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of Palestine- Romans name it after the Philistines that ISR had kicked out cent. ago </li></ul>
  19. 22. <ul><li>Rabbis- teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Johanan ben Zakkai founded Torah study schools </li></ul><ul><li>Rabbis’ goal save and pass on teachings of Torah </li></ul><ul><li>Talmud book record of Jewish law </li></ul><ul><li>A.D. 1948 nation of ISR was created </li></ul>

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