32.2 japan’s pacific campaign new


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32.2 japan’s pacific campaign new

  1. 1. Japan’s Pacific Campaign Chapter 32, Section 2 vs.
  2. 2. Introduction  Japan attacks Pearl Harbor in Hawaii and brings the United States into World War II
  3. 3. Surprise Attack on Pearl Harbor
  4. 4. Japan and the United States  Japan develops a plan for attacks on European colonies and U.S. bases  In 1941 President Franklin D. Roosevelt cuts off oil shipments to Japan.  Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto plans attack on U.S. fleet in Hawaii
  5. 5. Route of Japanese Fleet Attacking Pearl Harbor
  6. 6. Waves of the Attack  First wave, 182 planes  Second wave, 171 planes
  7. 7. World History Television
  8. 8. USS Arizona Memorial
  9. 9. Day of Infamy  Japan attacks Pearl Harbor—U.S. Naval base in Hawaii—on December 7, 1941  U.S. declares war on Japan December 8, 1941.  Japan also attacks Hong Kong, Thailand, and other islands
  10. 10. Japanese Victories  Guam and Wake Island  The Philippines  Japanese attack Philippine Islands defended by U.S., Filipino troops.  Philippine islands fall to Japanese in 1942.
  11. 11. Bataan Death March  The forcible transfer of 75,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war in the Philippines from the Bataan peninsula to prison camps  Beheadings, cut throats and casual shootings were the more common and merciful actions — compared to bayonet stabbings, rapes, disembowelments, numerous rifle butt beatings and a deliberate refusal to allow the prisoners food or water while keeping them continually marching for nearly a week in tropical heat.
  12. 12. Pictures of the Bataan Death March
  13. 13. World History Television Henry Grady Stanley, 89, recalls his time as a Prisoner of War during World War II.
  14. 14. Propaganda Poster in the U.S. after the Bataan Death March
  15. 15. Bataan Death March Memorial “The Battling Bastards of Bataan”
  16. 16. Gains in Many Places  Japan captures British holdings, including Hong Kong and Singapore.  Japan conquers the Dutch East Indies which is rich in minerals  Japan captures Burma. This threatens India, Britain’s main possession in Asia.  Japanese forces treat conquered peoples and prisoners of war brutally
  17. 17. Doolittle Raid  U.S. bombers attack Tokyo and other Japanese cities in April 1942.  (Here Lt. Col. James H. Doolittle wires a Japanese medal to a bomb, for "return" to its originators in the first U.S. air raid on the Japanese Home Islands.)  Raid does little damage, but shows that Japan is vulnerable.
  18. 18. World History Television The Doolittle Raid
  19. 19. Allies Turn the Tide  Battle of the Coral Sea—Americans stop Japanese advance, May 1942.  New kind of naval warfare—ships launch planes to fight each other (see next slide).
  20. 20. Bombers do not engage each other, but pass each other on the way to the enemy aircraft carrier.
  21. 21. The Allies Strike Back  The Battle of Midway  Japanese send powerful fleet to capture Midway Island.  Battle of Midway—U.S. destroy half of Japan’s aircraft carriers causing Japan to retreat.
  22. 22. World History Television The Battle of Midway by John Ford
  23. 23. An Allied Offensive  MacArthur’s Plan  Douglas MacArthur— American army commander in the Pacific.  He plans to “island- hop” past strongholds in order to attack weaker Japanese bases.
  24. 24. Guadalcanal Battle of Guadalcanal—hellish battle that ends in Allied victory.
  25. 25. Guadalcanal Diary (book and film)  Hollywood cooperated with the war effort by producing films to build the morale of the American people.  Released in 1943.  The film recounts the fight of the United States Marines in the Battle of Guadalcanal, which occurred only a year before the movie's release. While the film has notable battle scenes, its primary focus is on the characters and back stories of the Marines.
  26. 26. World History Television Trailer for Guadalcanal Diary (1943)