5-1_8th

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Greek Mythology Art Drama

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5-1_8th

  1. 1. <ul><li>Exploring cultural contributions of Classical Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Mythology </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry and Fables </li></ul><ul><li>Drama </li></ul><ul><li>Art and Architecture </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Myths are traditional stories about gods and heroes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Polytheistic is the belief in many gods and goddesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gods & Goddesses controlled or affected people’s lives and shaped events </li></ul></ul>Greek Mythology
  3. 3. Zeus <ul><li>Chief god </li></ul><ul><li>god of the sky, rain, and lightning </li></ul><ul><li>The Olympic Games </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you weren’t Greek you could not compete </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Athletes would come from hundred of miles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Athletes were from different polises. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Hades <ul><li>god of the underworld </li></ul><ul><li>brother of Zeus and Poseidon </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled with his wife Persephone </li></ul><ul><li>Power to be invisible </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Hera </li></ul><ul><li>Poseidon </li></ul><ul><li>Queen of the Olympians </li></ul><ul><li>Wife and sister of Zeus </li></ul><ul><li>goddess of marriage </li></ul><ul><li>She is usually seen with a scepter, a cow, or peacock. </li></ul><ul><li>god of the sea </li></ul><ul><li>Brother of Zeus </li></ul><ul><li>Sailors relied upon him for favorable winds and safe voyages, but he was moody. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Apollo </li></ul><ul><li>Artemis </li></ul><ul><li>god of light. </li></ul><ul><li>Patron of many things, including archery, music, prophecy and medicine </li></ul><ul><li>goddess of the hunt and wild animals. </li></ul><ul><li>She helped women in childbirth but also brought sudden death with her arrows </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Aphrodite </li></ul><ul><li>Hephaestus </li></ul><ul><li>goddess of beauty and love </li></ul><ul><li>Protectress of sailors </li></ul><ul><li>Daughter of Zeus and Dione </li></ul><ul><li>god of fire and of the artisans </li></ul><ul><li>Husband of Aphrodite </li></ul><ul><li>He was the only ugly god </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Athena </li></ul><ul><li>goddess of wisdom, protector of cities </li></ul><ul><li>Protectress of those who worship her in times of war, also patron of household crafts </li></ul><ul><li>Patron goddess of Athens </li></ul><ul><li>god of the Market </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orators, writers, and commerce; protector of thieves and of mischief-makers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Messenger to mortals </li></ul><ul><li>Hermes </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Ares </li></ul><ul><li>Dionysus </li></ul><ul><li>god of War </li></ul><ul><li>He is often depicted carrying a bloodstained spear. His throne on Mount Olympus was said to be covered in human skin. </li></ul><ul><li>god of wine and fertility </li></ul><ul><li>Showed mortals how to cultivate grapes. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Demeter </li></ul><ul><li>Goddess of crops, giver of grains and fruit </li></ul><ul><li>When depicted in art, Demeter is often shown carrying a sheaf of grain. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Mount Olympus <ul><li>The highest mountain in Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Home to the 12 most important gods and goddesses </li></ul><ul><li>Zeus, Aphrodite, Apollo, Ares, Artemis, Athena, Demeter, Dionysus, Hephaestus, Hera, Hermes, and Poseidon. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Gods & Goddesses <ul><li>Human Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They married, had children, quarreled, played tricks on each other, and fought wars. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rituals - set of actions carried our in a fixed way. Help keep the gods happy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Festivals </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Greek beliefs <ul><li>Each person had a fate or destiny </li></ul><ul><li>Prophecy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prediction about the future </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Oracle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A sacred shrine where a priest or priestess spoke for a god or goddess - predict the future </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Temple of Apollo -were the Oracle at Delphi lived </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Answers could be interpreted to always be the right answer </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Greek Poetry and Fables <ul><li>Oldest in the Western world </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare borrowed many Greek ideas to write he’s famous plays </li></ul><ul><li>Epics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Long poems that tell about heroic deeds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Homer - writer and poet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>His epics based on stories of war between Greece and the city of Troy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Iliad - prince of Troy kidnapping the King of Sparta’s wife </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Odyssey- Greek hero Odysseus (fought in the Trojan War) trying to make it back home to his wife </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Greek stories taught courage and honor and the value of friendship and love </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Iliad
  16. 16. The Odyssey
  17. 17. Aesop’s fables <ul><li>Aesop told his stories to many people throughout his life. </li></ul><ul><li>Each of these fables have a lesson to be told. </li></ul><ul><li>These stories were retold and passed down from generation to generation by word of mouth. </li></ul><ul><li>The fables were not written down for over 200 years. </li></ul><ul><li>The stories end with a moral to assure the reader understands the message. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 600 fables are have been collected and written down. </li></ul>Aesop’s fables
  18. 18. Greek Drama <ul><li>A story told by actors who pretend to be characters. </li></ul><ul><li>Tragedy </li></ul><ul><li>Struggles to overcome difficulties but fails </li></ul><ul><li>Early Greek vs. Later Greek tragedies </li></ul><ul><li>Comedy </li></ul><ul><li>Happy ending </li></ul><ul><li>Big questions </li></ul><ul><li>Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Sophocles – playwright who used 3 actors and painted scenes (Oedipus Rex and Antigone) </li></ul><ul><li>Euripides – playwright characters were everyday people who questioned real world problems, especially war </li></ul><ul><li>Oresteia play written by Aeschylus about evil causing more evil </li></ul><ul><li>Aristophanes’ style (Saturday Night Live?) plays made fun of politicians </li></ul>
  20. 20. Greek Art <ul><li>Idea: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reason </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moderation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>harmony </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Architecture <ul><li>The art of designing and building structures </li></ul><ul><li>Most important architecture </li></ul><ul><li>The Parthenon </li></ul><ul><li>The orders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Doric </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ionic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corinthian </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Used to express ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Favorite subject </li></ul>Sculpture

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