Guidance & counselling


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Guidance & counselling

  1. 1. GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING PROGRAMME Surendra Sharma Assist. Professor Amity
  2. 2. GUIDANCE INTRODUCTION Guidance and counselling have, in all places, been a vital aspects of higher education. One of the purposes of education is to help the individual in becoming a useful member of society. If an individual receives education without proper guidance and counseling, he is not able to develop his personality fully.
  3. 3. MEANING OF GUIDANCE 1.Some form of help and assistance given to an individual to solve their problems. 2.Guidance as the promotion of the growth of the individual in self-direction. 3.Guidance helps the individuals to adjust to the environment.
  4. 4. DEFINITION 1.Guidance as a process through which an individual is able to solve their problems and pursue a path suited to their abilities and aspirations. JM Brewer. 2.Guidance is a continuous process of helping the individual development in the maximum of their capacity in the direction most beneficial to himself and to society - Stoops and wahlquist.
  5. 5. 3.Guidance is an educational service designed to help students make more effective use of the schools training programme. - Educational point of view
  6. 6. NEEDS FOR GUIDANCE Guidance based upon the fact, human being needs help. Every one needs assistance at sometime in his life, some will need it constantly while others used in only at rare. These reasons are of the following three kinds, a)Psychological reasons b)Sociological reasons c)Educational reasons
  7. 7. A. PSYCHOLOGICAL REASONS 1. Individual Differences 2. Guidance Needs at Different Stage of Development 3. Development of Health Personality 4. Making the Most of Available Opportunities
  8. 8. B. SOCIOLOGICAL REASONS 1) Guidance is need for Proper Use of Human energy 2) Guide and changes in religious and moral belief 3) Guidance and extension of democracy 4) Lack of Guidance at home
  9. 9. C.EDUCATIONAL REASONS 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) To help in traditional of student To help in proper choice of courses To help in proper choice of careers To minimize wastage To help exceptional children
  10. 10. ELEMENTS OF GUIDANCE  It focus our attention on the individual and not the problem.  Guidance leads to the discovery of abilities of an individual.  Guidance is based upon the assets and limitations of an individual.  Guidance leads to self- development and selfdirections.  Guidance helps the individual to plan wisely for the present and the future.  Guidance assists the individual to become adjusted to the environment.  Guidance assists to achieve success and happiness.
  11. 11. CHARACTERISTICS OF GUIDANCE 1.It helps every individual to help himself to recognize and use his inner resources,  To set goals  To make plans  To work out his own problems of development. 2.It is a continuous process 3.Choice and problem points are the distinctive concerns of guidance.
  12. 12. 4. It is assistance to the individual in the process of development. Aim: To develop the capacity for  Self direction  Self guidance  Self improvement 5.Guidance is a service meant for all: It is a regular service, which is required at every stage for every student. 6. It is both generalized and a specialized service. 7.It enables the individuals to take decisions to grow independently.
  13. 13. TYPES OF GUIDANCE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Educational Guidance Vocational Guidance Personal Guidance Social Guidance Avocational Guidance Health Guidance
  14. 14. GUIDACE GIVEN BY FOLLOWING PERSONNEL 1. Teacher 2. Advisor 3. Dean 4. Parents 5. Library staff 6. Medical staff 7. Warden 8. Liasion officer 9. Physical education instructor 10.Counsellors. 11.Psychiatrists 12.Psychologists.
  15. 15. COUNSELLING MEANING OF COUNSELLING Counseling is a specialized service of guidance, and it is an enabling process designed to help through learning to take responsibility and to make decisions for himself / herself. It is a helping relationship which includes Someone seeking help  Someone willing to give help  Capable or trained to help  In a setting that permits, help to be given and received. ‘Counselling’ denotes, “Giving of advice”.
  16. 16. DEFINITION “Counselling is a method that helps the client to use a problem- solving process to recognize and manage stress and that facilitates interpersonal relationships among client, family and health care team”.
  17. 17. BASIC COMPONENT OF COUNSELLING 1.Rapport 2.Communication 3.Understanding 4.Change in feeling and expressions 5.Planning of counseling interview
  18. 18. NEED OF COUNSELLING Bragdon has mentioned the following situations where counselling is required. • When a pupil requires not only reliable information but also an interesting interpretation of those information which can solve his personal difficulties. • When a pupil needs intelligent listener who has more experience than the pupil, to whom he can recite his difficulties.
  19. 19. • When the pupil has some problem but he is unaware of that problem, he is to be made aware of that problem. • When the pupil suffers the main maladjustment problem or some handicap which is temporary and which needs careful long due to diagnosis by an expert.
  20. 20. LEVELS OF COUNSELLING There are three levels of counselling 1.Informal counselling 2.Non – specialist counselling 3.Professional counselling
  21. 21. ELEMENTS OF COUNSELLING According to cattle 1.Rapport with the counselee. 2.Communication between the counselor and the counsellee. 3.Counselor's through background of the counselling process 4.Counsellee’s changes in the feelings as counselling proceeds and progresses through Various stages. 5.Structured counselling interview.
  22. 22. CHARACTERISTICS OF COUNSELLING  It is a purposeful learning experience for the counsellee.  It is the purposeful oriented and private interview between the counselor and counsellee  Based on mutual confidence satisfactory relationship will be establish  Counselling process is structured around the felt needs of the counsellee.  Main emphasis in the counselling process is on the counsellee’s self-direction and self acceptance.  It is only one aspect of guidance
  23. 23. MEDIA OF COUNSELLING 1) Regional centers 2) Study centers 3) Face to face contact 4) interview 5) Letters 6) Phones 7) Radio 8) Televisions 9) Broad cast 10)Computers 11)Teleconference
  24. 24. COUNSELLING PROCEDURE Williamson and Darley have mention six steps of counselling procedure. 1. Analysis 2. Synthesis 3. Diagnosis 4. Prognosis 5. Counseling 6. Follow up
  25. 25. TYPES OF COUNSELLING 1. Directive Counselling 2. Non Directive Counselling / client centred Counselling 3. Short Term Counselling 4. Long Term Counselling 5. Psychological counselling 6. Clinical Counselling 7. Student Counselling 8. Placement Counselling
  26. 26. 9) Marriage Counselling 10) Vocational counselling 11) Psycho therapeutic counselling 12) Individual Counselling 13) Group counselling 14) Behavioral counselling 15) Dietary counselling 16) Motivational counselling
  27. 27. 17)Interpersonal counselling 18)Problem solving counselling 19)Educational counselling 20)Personal counselling 21)Moral, religious and social counselling 22)Counselling in leisure time 23)Self help group counselling 24)peer group counselling
  28. 28. TECHNIQUES OF COUNSELLING Williamson described the Techniques of couselling under the following five headings. 1.Establishing Rapport 2.Cultivating self understanding 3.Advising and planning a programme of action a) Direct Advising b) Persuasive method 4.Explanatory method 5.Referral to other personnel workers
  29. 29. PHASES OF COUNSELLING The counselling divided in five phases Termination & Follow-up Intervention Settings Goals Assessment Establishing Relationship Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4 Phase 5
  30. 30. QUALITIES OF A COUNSELLOR 1. Interpersonal relationship • Friendly nature • Fairness • Sincerity • Tactfulness • Patience • Ability to maintain confidentiality • Respect clients abilities • Attentive listener • Speaks in client language • Capacity for being trusted by others.
  31. 31. 2.Personal Adjustment • Show matured behavior • Maintain emotional stability • Flexibility and adaptability • Aware of one’s limitations. • Able to accept criticism • Mentally sound • Knowledge of self
  32. 32. 3.Scholastic potentiality and educational background • Should be motivated and committed. • Aware of polices, beliefs, and misconceptions existing with in the local community. • Highly cultured social interests • Capacity for work • Intelligent to tackle the situations effectively • Positive interest • He will have master degree in the essential area of guidance programme • Ability to work with people.
  33. 33. 4.Health and personal appearance • Pleasing voice • Pleasing appearance • Freedom from annoying mannerisms. • Neatness. 5.Leader ship • Ability to lead other • Reinforce important information • Guidence the counsellee to choose appropriate method for problem solving.
  34. 34. 6.Philosophy of life • Good character • Positive philosophy of life • Integrated personality • Faith in human value • Show significant spiritual and religious values. 7.Professional dedication • Possess vocation interest and interest in guidance work. • Show loyalty, enthusiasm to provide service for student • Willing to work beyond call of duty.
  35. 35. THE ORGANIZED SETUP 1. for constituent college on the campus: • If 1000 students on rolls - Counseling officer • If less than 1000 student - liaison officer • If more than 1000 student - Assistant counseling Officer with counseling Officer. 2. At university: Deans are assisted by HOD of psychology, and Education – Guidance committee, counseling officer, can plan the program and implement the activity.
  36. 36. ORGANIZING GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING PROG. IN NSG. EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS PURPOSES  To help adolescents with normal developmental problem  To help individuals through temporary crisis  To identify signs of disturbed  To refer cases needing specialist treatment  To facilitate communication with in and between the nursing school, home and the resources  To support tutors who are helping individuals.
  37. 37. COUNSELING PERSONNEL Any successful counseling programme cannot just depend upon a counsellor alone but has to involve other member like librarian, medical personnel etc. 1. Principal / Tutor/ medical superintendent 2. Counsellors.
  38. 38. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING S.No GUIDANCE COUNSELLING 1. It is a comprehensive process It is an integral part of guidance. 2. It can be in individual as well as in group Counseling of one individual is possible at a time 3. It is concerned with educational, It usually helps in solving the problems of vocational and others problem along mental health and emotions. with personal problem 4. Any person can provide through the In magazines, books and correspondence counseling, consultation important. the and role of reasoning mutual is very
  39. 39. THANK U