BSCI 2300
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BSCI 2300

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BSCI 2300 BSCI 2300 Presentation Transcript

  • Air Barrier Paper
    • A polyolefin sheet material that is permeable to water vapor but not to air or liquid water.
    • Air barriers protect the structure from weather to ensure that the interior walls do not become mildewed and corroded. Also they help to reduce energy used by limiting airflow.
  • Attic Ventilation 1. Soffit Vents located at the eave of a roof, permit generous airflow to the rafter space as they act as the intake to the attic’s ventilation.
  • Attic Ventilation 2. Ridge Vent Ridge Vents, located at the highest point of a roof, allows air to be exhausted while still protecting the attic from weather.
  • Attic Ventilation 3. Gable Vent located high in the wall at opposite ends of an attic. Gable vents create a cross draft to help ventilate the attic.
  • Attic Ventilation 4. Roof Turbines Roof Turbines use wind to expel air out of the attic to ensure the moist air does not settle in the attic and begin to mold .
  • Backhoe
    • Piece of equipment used in the excavation of a site consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two-piece articulated arm. This bucket is thirty inches wide.
  • Batter Boards
    • Boards that are set horizontally along the edge of a foundation, which are used to support strings that outline the foundation.
  • Brick Arch
  • Brick Arch
  • Brick Arch With Keystone
  • Brick Arches Centering
    • Centering is the process of setting up temporary formwork in the process of building an arch, dome, or vault.
  • Brick Bonds Common
  • Brick Bonds Rowlocks
  • Brick Bonds Headers
  • Brick Bonds Soldier
  • Brick Bonds Shiners
  • Brick Size Modular Brick
    • Modular Brick - 3 5/8” x 2 1/4” x 7 5/8”
  • Brick Size Utility Brick 3 5/8” x 3 5/8” x 11 1/2”
  • Bulldozer A heavy engineering vehicle that has a large vertically mounted blade in the front that is used to move earth, tree stumps etc.
  • Cladding - Brick
  • Cladding - EIFS
  • Cladding - Stone
  • Cladding - Wood Boards
  • Cladding - Wood Shingles Wood Shakes: a shingle split from a block of wood Wood Shingle: is sawn from a block of wood Wood Shakes
  • Code Requirements Window IBC Requirements: Sill height less than 44” Min. Width 20” Min. Height 24” Min. Area 5.7 sf Measurements: Sill Height: 20” Width: 31 1/2” Height: 37 1/2” Area: 8.2 sf This window meets all of the IBC requirements for window sizing.
  • Code Requirements Stair IBC Requirements: Min. Tread Depth 10” Riser Height 4”- 7 3/4” Actual Measurements: Tread Depth: 10” Riser Height: 7”
  • Concrete Joints Control Joint An intentional groove strategically placed to prevent cracking in a slab of concrete.
  • Concrete Joints Isolation A joint placed in such a way as to separate column bases and other structures to keep unwanted stresses from causing cracks along the slab.
  • Two Different Sized CMU’s
  • Decorative CMU Split Block
  • Decorative CMU Ribbed Split-Face Block
  • Doors Exterior Flush
  • Doors Exterior Panel Panel Stile Top Rail Lock Rail Bottom Rail
  • Doors Transom A window above a door that is usually hinged to a horizontal crosspiece over the door. Transom
  • Doors Sidelight A tall, narrow window alongside a door. Sidelight
  • Electrical Transformer An electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current.
  • Electrical Service Head Where the three wires (two hot and one neutral) enter the house
  • Electrical Meter Measures power usage of the home.
  • Electrical Service Panel Houses the breakers, which act as fuses, for the electrical circuits in the home.
  • Electrical Duplex Receptacle Electrical outlet with space for two plugs
  • Framing Elements 1. Anchor Bolt
  • Framing Elements 2. Sill Plate
  • Framing Elements 3. Floor Joist
  • Framing Elements 4. Subflooring
  • Framing Elements 5. Sole Plate
  • Framing Elements 6. Stud
  • Framing Elements 7. Top Plate
  • Framing Elements 8. Ceiling Joist
  • Framing Elements 9. Rafter
  • Framing Elements 10. Roof Decking
  • Framing Elements 11. Sheathing
  • Framing Elements 12. Stringer
  • Front-End Loader Front-end loaders are used to move a material from one place to another. Unlike the bulldozer, the front-end loader can pick up material in its bucket whereas a bulldozer can only push the material. A front-end loader cannot dig into the ground like a backhoe can do.
  • Gypsum Board Wall board made of layers of fiberboard or paper bonded to a gypsum core
  • Heat Pump
    • Compressor/Condenser
    • f an moves outdoor air across coils containing refrigerant to change the temperature of the refrigerant.
    • Air Handling Unit
    • conditions and circulates the air in an air-conditioning unit
    Advantage: Has the ability to both heat and cool Disadvantage: Difficult to zone
  • Insulation 1. Batt/Blanket Most popular type of insulation for wall cavities. Also used in some attics, roofs, and floors.
  • Insulation 2. Loose Fill Most commonly used in attics because it is inexpensive and leaves few voids with no gaps between pieces.
  • Insulation 4. Rigid Board Used where high R-value per unit thickness is necessary. Commonly found in roof assemblies, walls and ceilings where insulation thickness is limited, and in below grade areas with a special water resistant composition.
  • Lintel A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening.
  • Mortar #1 Tooled, Concave 3/8” wide Commercial Building Mortar Type: N
  • Mortar #2 Tooled, Flush 3/8” wide Residential Home Mortar Type: N
  • Oriented Strand Board (OSB) A non-veneered building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure. The strands of rectangular wood strips are held together by a wax and resin adhesive.
  • Plumbing Roof Vent The Vent Through Roof (VTR) maintains a system of plumbing drains and waste lines at atmospheric pressure by connecting them to the outdoor air.
  • Plumbing Sink Drop-In Sink
  • Plywood A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer and bonded together under pressure. Veneer – A thin layer, sheet or facing.
  • Radiant Barrier Placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy.
  • Rebar #5 Rebar, 5/8” Deformations in rebar are to help prevent slipping
  • Steep Roof Drainage Gutter a narrow channel which collects rainwater from the roof of a building and diverts it away from the structure, typically into a drain. The main purpose of a rain gutter is to protect a building‘s foundation by channeling water away from its base
  • Steep Roof Drainage Downspout Feeds the water collected by the rain gutter
  • Steep Roof Drainage Splashblock Used in order to prevent soil erosion/moisture problems around the foundation of a building or house. Leads the water away from foundation
  • Steep Roof Shapes 1. Gabel Roof
  • Steep Roof Materials underlayment Roof underlayments are designed to protect the roof sheathing and structure from moisture and penetration. This example was a scrap piece I found on site.
  • Clay Tile Roof
  • Shingles (wood) A thin oblong piece of material, such as wood or slate, that is laid in overlapping rows to cover the roof or sides of a house or other building.
  • Metal Roof Galvanized Steel
  • Steep Roof Shapes 2. Gambrel Roof
  • Steep Roof Shapes 3. Hip Roof
  • Steep Roof Shapes 4. Mansard Roof
  • Steep Roof Terms Ridge- level intersection of 2 roof planes in a gable roof Rake- sloping edge of steep roof
  • Steep Roof Terms Valley- trough formed by the intersection of 2 roof slopes
  • Steep Roof Terms Eave- horizontal edge at he low side of a sloping roof Soffit- undersurface of a horizontal element of a building Fascia- exposed vertical surface of an eave
  • Stone Random Rubble Pattern
  • Stone Coursed Rubble Pattern
  • Stone Coursed Ashlar Random Ashlar
  • Vapor Retarder Placed between insulation and sheathing, prevents condensation of water vapor
  • Waterproofing Impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation prevents penetration of water
  • Weep Hole A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly.
  • WWF
  • Windows double hung
    • Has two panes which slide up or down onto each other
  • Windows casement
    • Has one vertically hinged window swinging outward
  • Windows sliding
    • Has two windows that slide left or right onto each other