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Visual Dictionary- Lighttransmitting

  2. 2. Air Barrier Air Barrier paper is a moisture resistant paper such as roofing felt or a ‘Ves-Queen’ type material that stops water in its liquid state but not in a vapor form. It is wrapped around the house to protect the sheathing from water damage.
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation soffit vent A soffit vent is an opening of some form underneath the eave used to allow air flow to the attic or to the cavity below the roof decking
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation ridge vent A ridge vent is a long vent mounted at the top of the roofs ridge used to circulate air though the gable of the house
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation gable vent A gable vent is a louvered vent backed by a screen used to circulate air through the attic;, it lets out the heat, humidity, etc.
  6. 6. Attic Ventilation roof turbine A roof turbine is a ventilation that spins by electricity or air flow to regulate air flow through an attic
  7. 7. Backhoe A backhoe is used to excavate a site it moves earth, soil, and rubble to prep the site for construction, the bucket in the rear of this backhoe measured 22.5 inches.
  8. 8. Batter boards <ul><li>Batter boards are temporary frames built after excavation to offer lines for the approximate place for the building of a basement </li></ul>
  9. 9. Brick Arch Segmental arch
  10. 10. Brick Arch Roman Arch
  11. 11. Brick Arch with a Keystone
  12. 12. Centering <ul><li>Centering is the temporary form used to build an arch </li></ul>
  13. 13. Running brick bond Brick work made of entirely stretchers
  14. 14. Common Bond Five or six rows of stretchers followed by a row of headers
  15. 15. Rowlocks
  16. 16. Headers
  17. 17. Soilders
  18. 18. Sailors
  19. 19. Stretcher Rowlocks
  20. 20. Brick sizes Modular brick- 3.5 X 2.5 X 7.5 Closure or King Size Brick- 3.5 X 9.75
  21. 21. Bull Dozer A bull dozer is a large tracked vehicle with a large steel blade mounted on the front used to move large amounts of earth on a worksite.
  22. 22. Brick Cladding
  23. 23. EIFS Cladding
  24. 24. Stone Cladding Uncoursed rubble pattern
  25. 25. Wood Cladding
  26. 26. Wood Shingle/Shakes Wood shakes are split and wood shingles are saw, because these were smooth I think they are shingles not shakes.
  27. 27. Code Requirements: Bedroom Window This window meets all IBC Building code requirements IBC Building Code Requirements: Minimum hieght- 24” Minimum width- 20” Maximum Sill Height- 24” Net opening- 5.7’ Bedroom Window: Height- 29.5” Width- 35” Sill Height- 20.5” Window Opening- 7.17’
  28. 28. Code Requirements: Stairs Tread- 10.75” Riser- 7.5” IBC Code 11” minimum tread 7.75” maximum riser 4” minimum riser These stairs do not meet code requirements, the tread is below the minimum
  29. 29. Concrete Control Joint w/ a Crack <ul><li>A concrete control joint is a gap cut into a concrete slab to create a weak line to control where the concrete will crack </li></ul>
  30. 30. Isolation joint An isolation joint is a joint used to relieve stress of expansion and contraction between two concrete things; a slab and column, or wall, etc.
  31. 31. Concrete Masonry Units 3 bricks = 1 CMU
  32. 32. CMU sizes A typical CMU is 8x8x16 however they come in a variety of different sizes 8x8x16 24x4x8
  33. 33. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units Split faced CMU Ribbed CMU
  34. 34. Ext. Flush Door
  35. 35. Ext. Panel Door Top rail panel stile Lock rail Bottom rail
  36. 36. Transom Small window directly above door
  37. 37. Side Lights A tall narrow window alongside a door
  38. 38. Power pole and Transformer Used to bring power to a building or house and to reduce current to a usable voltage for service head
  39. 39. Service head Used to bring power into the building
  40. 40. Meter Used by the power company to obtain a readout of the amount of electricity used
  41. 41. Service Panel Contains breakers that regulate safe current flow and distribute power to receptacles and duplexes in the house
  42. 42. Duplex Receptacle Used to plug electrical appliances into current source
  43. 43. Framing Elements 1. anchor bolt
  44. 44. Framing Elements 2. sill plate
  45. 45. Framing Elements 3. floor joist
  46. 46. Framing Elements 4. subflooring 5. sole plate 6.stud
  47. 47. Framing Elements 7. Top plate 8. Ceiling joist
  48. 48. Framing Elements 9. Rafter 10. decking
  49. 49. Framing Elements 11. Sheathing
  50. 50. Framing Elements 12. stringer
  51. 51. Front End Loader Front end loader has a big hydraulic bucket used to move earth or rubble, where a backhoe is for more precise digging a frontend loader is more for lifting and transport of earth
  52. 52. Gypsum Board An interior facing panel board it is composed of a gypsum core sandwiched between two thin layers of paper
  53. 53. Heat Pump A heat pump extracts cold or hot air from outside and moves it inside. Advantages: one of the most efficient ways to heat and cool a home Disadvantages: the possible need for a backup system All- in- One compressor and condenser
  54. 54. Air Handling Unit A usually internal unit that helps move and further heats or cools air once it is pumped through the external unit
  55. 55. Batt Insulation Batt insulation is used to easily insulate walls and ceilings in a waterproof environment
  56. 56. Loose Fill Insulation Loose fill insulation is a type insulation that is blown into large areas that are normally to remain unfinished
  57. 57. Foamed Insulation Foamed insulation is blown in/ sprayed in and normally used around windows and doors to it expands in cracks and openings to completely seal off and insulate any air holes
  58. 58. Rigid Insulation Rigid insulation is used to insulate placed mostly on exteriors beneath the cladding.
  59. 59. Lintel A lintel is a piece of steel used to span an opening and support the weight of the wall above it
  60. 60. Concave Mortar Joint Tooled Used on a house Type S mortar Joint is 3/8 in thick
  61. 61. Raked Mortar Joint Raked Joint Tooled Used on a pool house ½ in joint Type S mortar
  62. 62. Oriented Strand Board, OSB OSB is a non-veneered sheet of wood strands oriented for strength and then bound together under pressure
  63. 63. Lavatory A lavatory normally uses a 1.5 inch pipe as a drain
  64. 64. Water Closet 3 inch pipe is used to drain a water closet
  65. 65. Manufactured Tub
  66. 66. Plumbing vent The plumbing vent maintains a system of plumbing drains and waste lines at atmospheric pressure by connecting them to the outside air
  67. 67. Sink Mounted in a Countertop This kitchen sink is a drop in mount
  68. 68. Plywood A number of layers of wood veneer bounded together under pressure Veneer- a thin layer, sheet, or facing
  69. 69. Radiant Barrier Radiant barrier is a wrap applied to a structure to reflect the radiant heat of the sun and help cool the interior of the building
  70. 70. Rebar ¾ in; #6 rebar The purpose of the deformations in the rebar is to hold the rebar in place once the concrete has been poured and set up around it
  71. 71. Steep roof drainage Gutter- a channel that collects water run off at the eave of the roof Downspout- a vertical pipe that directs water from the gutter to a lower level Splashblock- a small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the end of the down spout
  72. 72. Steep Roof Materials underlayment The underlayment is a material laid between sub floor and floor finish often referred to as roofing felt and can be used to create a moisture barrier between the roof deck and the shingles
  73. 73. Clay Tile Roof
  74. 74. Metal Shingle Roof Shingle- A small water proof material constructed in an overlapping pattern such that water will run off and not under them when applied to a slope
  75. 75. Metal Panel Roof Metal roofs are commonly made of galvanized steel or aluminum
  76. 76. Gable Roof
  77. 77. Gambrel Roof
  78. 78. Hip Roof
  79. 79. Mansard Roof
  80. 80. Steep Roof Terms Ridge- horizontal line at which the rafters of a roof meet Valley- the depression or angle formed by two inclined sides of a roof meeting Eave- the overhanging lower edge of a roof Rake- the downward sloping side of a roof
  81. 81. Steep Roof Terms Fascia- flat horizontal surface at the edge of a roofs eave Soffit- the underside of an eave
  82. 82. Building with no fascia Building lacking flat horizontal surface at the edge of a roofs eave
  83. 83. Random Rubble Stone Pattern
  84. 84. Coursed Rubble Stone
  85. 85. Random Ashlar Stone
  86. 86. Coursed Ashlar Stone
  87. 87. Vapor Retarder Vapor Retarder is a treated paper that is used to prevent water vapor from moving inside the home outside and to stop the condensation of water inside of walls or ceilings It is located on the interior side of the insulation panels
  88. 88. Waterproofing This waterproofing is in a below ground storm shelter that is under construction the gray is and white are both different waterproofing substances both of which are liquid applied. The gray has a thicker viscosity in the application stage
  89. 89. weephole A small hole at the base of a wall used to allow condensated water to run down the wall and out of the wall
  90. 90. Welded Wire Fabric
  91. 91. Sliding Windows This is a sliding window because its hung so that when opened one sash stays closed and the other slides horizontally in a track.
  92. 92. Casement Window This is an outward swinging casement window because when the crank is turned the window is swung outward on a hinge like a door
  93. 93. Double Hung Window This is a double hung window because when it is unlocked both the top and bottom sashes slide vertically in tracks to open the window.