Visual Dictionary<br />BSCI 2300-001<br />Spring 2010<br />Blake Jackson and Ben Willoughby<br />Shingle<br />
Air Barrier Paper<br />Air barrier paper is a membrane that is applied to the sheathing that serves to reduce the leakage ...
Attic Ventilation<br />4 common types of ventilation: Soffit vents, Ridge vents, Gable vents, and Roof turbines<br />Attic...
Soffit Vent<br />An opening under the eave of a roof, used to allow air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof...
Ridge Vent<br />A long, open assembly that allows air to circulate in and out of a gable or hip roof at the ridge.  Allows...
Gable Vent<br />A screened, louvered opening in the gable that allows for heat to escape through the gable ends.<br />
Roof Turbine<br />A turbine vent is a passive ventilation device that exhausts humid, hot air from an attic.  <br />
Backhoe<br />A backhoe is a piece of excavating equipment consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two piece, hydrau...
Batter Boards<br />Batter boards are used as a temporary frame outside the excavation to carry marks that lie on the surfa...
Brick Arches<br />Jack Arch<br />Roman Arch<br />
Brick Arch with a Keystone<br />Keystone<br />
Centering<br />
Brick Bonds: Flemish Bond<br />A bond formed by alternating stretchers and headers in every course of brick.<br />
Brick Bonds: Running Bond<br />Bond made entirely of stretchers that is laid in an offsetting position to the course below...
Brick Bonds<br />Stretcher Rowlocks<br />Rowlocks<br />
Brick Bonds<br />Soldiers<br />Stretchers<br />
Brick Bonds<br />Headers<br />Sailors<br />
Brick Sizes: Modular<br />2 1/4” x 3 5/8” x 7 5/8”    <br />
Brick Sizes:Utility<br />3 1/2” x 3 5/8” x 11 5/8” <br />
Bulldozer<br />A bulldozer is a crawler tractor equipped with a large blade used to push large amounts of dirt, sand, rubb...
Cladding: Brick<br />
Cladding: EIFS<br />
Cladding: Stone<br />
Cladding: Wood Boards<br />
Cladding: Wood Shingles<br />
Code Requirements<br />The IBC for emergency exit and rescue from a window requires that the net window area when open be ...
Concrete Joints: Control Joint<br />A control joint is placed in concrete to keep the ingredients from cracking during exp...
Concrete Joints: Isolation Joint<br />Isolation joints are used to relieve flexural stresses due to vertical movement of s...
Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU)<br />A block made of hardened concrete.  The blocks are hollow, so reinforcement can be instal...
Decorative CMU<br />Ribbed<br />Split<br />
Doors: Flush<br />
Doors: Panel<br />Top Rail<br />Panel<br />Lock Rail<br />Stile<br />Bottom Rail<br />
Doors: Transom/Sidelight<br />Sidelight: A small vertical and narrow window that is on either side of the door.  <br />Tra...
Electrical Components<br />Transformer Box: Used to reduce the high voltage power from transmission lines down to a useabl...
Electrical Components: Service Head/Meter<br />The service head is the area where the electricity is routed from the high ...
Electrical Components: Service Panel<br />The area where electricity is distributed throughout the home to all different c...
Electrical Components: Duplex Receptacle<br />A duplex receptacle is where the electricity is transferred from the wiring ...
Framing: Anchor Bolt #1<br />
Framing: Sill Plate #2<br />
Framing: Floor Joist #3<br />
Framing: Subflooring #4<br />
Framing: Sole Plate #5<br />
Framing: Stud #6<br />
Framing: Top Plate #7<br />
Framing: Stringer #8<br />
Framing: Ceiling Joist #9<br />
Framing: Rafter #10<br />
Framing: Roof Decking #11<br />
Framing: Sheathing #12<br />
Front End Loader<br />A front end loader is a machine that is used to load and unload materials.  It can also be used to d...
Gypsum Board<br />Construction material used for wall and ceiling coverage inside a residence or building.  It is made by ...
Heat Pump<br />A heat pump is a piece of equipment that uses a refrigeration cycle to heat/cool a building by passing air ...
Heat Pump Components<br />Compressor/Evaporator<br />Air Handling Unit<br />
Insulation<br />Insulation is used to retard heat flow in and out of a building or residence.<br />4 Types: Batt/Blanket, ...
Insulation<br />Batt/Blanket<br />Loose Fill<br />
Insulation<br />Rigid Board<br />Foamed<br />
Lintel<br />Horizontal cross piece over a door or window installed to bear the weight of the masonry above it.  Common typ...
Mortar: Extruded<br />An extruded mortar joint is neither tooled nor troweled.  The mortar dries extruding from the brick....
Mortar: Concave<br />A concave mortar joint is tooled, and is 3/8” thick.  This concave mortar joint was used on a home, a...
Oriented Strand Board<br />OSB is a nonveneered panel wood product that is manufactured  in wide mats from cross oriented ...
Plumbing: Lavatory and Water Closet<br />A lavatory is drained by a 1½” pipe, and a water closet is drained by a 3” pipe. ...
Plumbing: Vent Plumbing<br />Vent Plumbing allows air from the outside to enter the waste and drain lines to prevent sucti...
Plumbing: Drop-in Sink<br />
Plywood<br />Plywood is an engineered wood made from thin sheets of veneered wood that are pressed and glued together perp...
Rebar<br />This particular rebar is ½” in diameter, it is otherwise referred to as a #4 bar.  The deformations on the surf...
Steep Roof Drainage: Gutter<br />A gutter is a narrow channel that catches water from the roof and directs it to a downspo...
Steep Roof Drainage: Downspout<br />A downspout is connected to the gutter.  It sends the water in the gutter down to a sp...
Steep Roof Drainage: Splashblock<br />A splashblock is a formed piece of concrete placed at the bottom of a gutter to dive...
Steep Roof Materials: Underlayment<br />Underlayment is a layer of black material that is laid between the roof decking an...
Steep Roof Materials: Clay Tile Roof<br />
Steep Roof Materials: Shingle Roof<br />A shingle is a thin unit of water-resistant material nailed in an overlapping patt...
Steep Roof Materials: Metal Roof<br />Metal roofs are made of various materials such as: galvanized steel, copper, lead co...
Steep Roof Shapes: Gable<br />
Steep Roof Shapes: Gambrel<br />
Steep Roof Shapes: Hip<br />
Steep Roof Shapes: Mansard<br />
Steep Roof Terms: Eave and Fascia<br />The Eave is the horizontal edge at the low side of a steep roof.  The Fascia is the...
Steep Roof Terms<br />Ridge- Intersection of two roof planes<br />
Steep Roof Terms: Valley<br />Valley- Trough formed by intersection of two roof slopes.<br />
Steep Roof Terms<br />Rake- Sloping edge of a steep roof.<br />
Steep Roof Terms<br />Soffit- Undersurface of a roof overhang <br />
Stone: Coursed Ashlar<br />
Stone: Random Ashlar<br />
Stone: Coursed Rubble<br />
Stone: Random Rubble<br />
Vapor Retarder<br />The vapor retarder below is made of kraft paper, and is used to prevent water vapor from penetrating t...
Waterproofing<br />This waterproofing shown is of the loosely laid category.  It is in place here to prevent water from pe...
Weep Hole<br />A weep hole is a small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a build...
Windows: Casement<br />This is an outswinging casement window, because it is hinged along the side of the window.<br />
Windows: Single Hung<br />This is a single hung window due to it only has a single operating sash<br />
Windows: Awning<br />This is an awning window, because it is hinged along the top edge of the window.<br />
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Visual Dictionary-sp10shingle

578 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
578
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Visual Dictionary-sp10shingle

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary<br />BSCI 2300-001<br />Spring 2010<br />Blake Jackson and Ben Willoughby<br />Shingle<br />
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper<br />Air barrier paper is a membrane that is applied to the sheathing that serves to reduce the leakage of air between the interior and exterior of the structure. Also protects the shell from moisture during construction.<br />
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation<br />4 common types of ventilation: Soffit vents, Ridge vents, Gable vents, and Roof turbines<br />Attic ventilation is required to vent heat and moisture from the attic of buildings. It is essential for proper temperature and moisture control.<br />
  4. 4. Soffit Vent<br />An opening under the eave of a roof, used to allow air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing. Also allows for the release of heat from the soffit area.<br />
  5. 5. Ridge Vent<br />A long, open assembly that allows air to circulate in and out of a gable or hip roof at the ridge. Allows for the release of the buildup of heat from the underside of the roof.<br />
  6. 6. Gable Vent<br />A screened, louvered opening in the gable that allows for heat to escape through the gable ends.<br />
  7. 7. Roof Turbine<br />A turbine vent is a passive ventilation device that exhausts humid, hot air from an attic. <br />
  8. 8. Backhoe<br />A backhoe is a piece of excavating equipment consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two piece, hydraulic arm. It can be a piece of detachable unit. It is used for excavating foundations, septic systems, and for digging various holes.<br />Bucket Dimensions: 22” Wide, 29” Long <br />
  9. 9. Batter Boards<br />Batter boards are used as a temporary frame outside the excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement or foundation that will be built in the excavation.<br />
  10. 10. Brick Arches<br />Jack Arch<br />Roman Arch<br />
  11. 11. Brick Arch with a Keystone<br />Keystone<br />
  12. 12. Centering<br />
  13. 13. Brick Bonds: Flemish Bond<br />A bond formed by alternating stretchers and headers in every course of brick.<br />
  14. 14. Brick Bonds: Running Bond<br />Bond made entirely of stretchers that is laid in an offsetting position to the course below and above.<br />
  15. 15. Brick Bonds<br />Stretcher Rowlocks<br />Rowlocks<br />
  16. 16. Brick Bonds<br />Soldiers<br />Stretchers<br />
  17. 17. Brick Bonds<br />Headers<br />Sailors<br />
  18. 18. Brick Sizes: Modular<br />2 1/4” x 3 5/8” x 7 5/8” <br />
  19. 19. Brick Sizes:Utility<br />3 1/2” x 3 5/8” x 11 5/8” <br />
  20. 20. Bulldozer<br />A bulldozer is a crawler tractor equipped with a large blade used to push large amounts of dirt, sand, rubble, etc. Also used for clearing land and grade work.<br />
  21. 21. Cladding: Brick<br />
  22. 22. Cladding: EIFS<br />
  23. 23. Cladding: Stone<br />
  24. 24. Cladding: Wood Boards<br />
  25. 25. Cladding: Wood Shingles<br />
  26. 26. Code Requirements<br />The IBC for emergency exit and rescue from a window requires that the net window area when open be equal to or greater than 5.7’ sq. for second floor bedrooms, and for the sill to be no more than 44” AFF. It also states that the opening area of a window should be at a minimum of 20” wide and 24” high. This window met all requirements. It was 24” AFF, 37” wide and 58” high.<br />
  27. 27. Concrete Joints: Control Joint<br />A control joint is placed in concrete to keep the ingredients from cracking during expansion/contraction due to change in temperatures.<br />
  28. 28. Concrete Joints: Isolation Joint<br />Isolation joints are used to relieve flexural stresses due to vertical movement of slab-on-grade applications that adjoin fixed foundation elements.<br />
  29. 29. Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU)<br />A block made of hardened concrete. The blocks are hollow, so reinforcement can be installed. CMU’s are quick to put up, and are affordable . Dimensions of a standard block: 8”x8”x16”<br />4” x 8” x 16”<br />
  30. 30. Decorative CMU<br />Ribbed<br />Split<br />
  31. 31. Doors: Flush<br />
  32. 32. Doors: Panel<br />Top Rail<br />Panel<br />Lock Rail<br />Stile<br />Bottom Rail<br />
  33. 33. Doors: Transom/Sidelight<br />Sidelight: A small vertical and narrow window that is on either side of the door. <br />Transom: A small window that is above a door. Allows light in the building.<br />
  34. 34. Electrical Components<br />Transformer Box: Used to reduce the high voltage power from transmission lines down to a useable voltage for normal applications.<br />
  35. 35. Electrical Components: Service Head/Meter<br />The service head is the area where the electricity is routed from the high voltage lines down to the meter and meter box assembly. The meter measures the amount of electricity going into the building or home.<br />
  36. 36. Electrical Components: Service Panel<br />The area where electricity is distributed throughout the home to all different circuits. Circuits can be turned on and off at the service panel as well.<br />
  37. 37. Electrical Components: Duplex Receptacle<br />A duplex receptacle is where the electricity is transferred from the wiring within the walls to the surface. From here various things can be connected to receive electricity.<br />
  38. 38. Framing: Anchor Bolt #1<br />
  39. 39. Framing: Sill Plate #2<br />
  40. 40. Framing: Floor Joist #3<br />
  41. 41. Framing: Subflooring #4<br />
  42. 42. Framing: Sole Plate #5<br />
  43. 43. Framing: Stud #6<br />
  44. 44. Framing: Top Plate #7<br />
  45. 45. Framing: Stringer #8<br />
  46. 46. Framing: Ceiling Joist #9<br />
  47. 47. Framing: Rafter #10<br />
  48. 48. Framing: Roof Decking #11<br />
  49. 49. Framing: Sheathing #12<br />
  50. 50. Front End Loader<br />A front end loader is a machine that is used to load and unload materials. It can also be used to dig/fill on a jobsite.<br />
  51. 51. Gypsum Board<br />Construction material used for wall and ceiling coverage inside a residence or building. It is made by pressing gypsum plaster between two pieces of thick paper.<br />
  52. 52. Heat Pump<br />A heat pump is a piece of equipment that uses a refrigeration cycle to heat/cool a building by passing air or water over the evaporating or condensing coils.<br />The compressor/evaporator moves coolant around through the unit to facilitate operation. The air handling unit moves air around through the duct system and across the condenser.<br />Advantage: Affordability to purchase.<br />Disadvantage: Cannot operate well in cold temperatures.<br />
  53. 53. Heat Pump Components<br />Compressor/Evaporator<br />Air Handling Unit<br />
  54. 54. Insulation<br />Insulation is used to retard heat flow in and out of a building or residence.<br />4 Types: Batt/Blanket, Loose Fill, Rigid Board, and Foamed<br />
  55. 55. Insulation<br />Batt/Blanket<br />Loose Fill<br />
  56. 56. Insulation<br />Rigid Board<br />Foamed<br />
  57. 57. Lintel<br />Horizontal cross piece over a door or window installed to bear the weight of the masonry above it. Common types of lintels are concrete and steel.<br />Concrete Lintel <br />
  58. 58. Mortar: Extruded<br />An extruded mortar joint is neither tooled nor troweled. The mortar dries extruding from the brick. To get this look extra mortar is laid between courses of brick. This mortar joint is 3/8,” and has been used on a home. The type of mortar is most likely “M.”<br />
  59. 59. Mortar: Concave<br />A concave mortar joint is tooled, and is 3/8” thick. This concave mortar joint was used on a home, and the type of mortar used was most likely “M.”<br />
  60. 60. Oriented Strand Board<br />OSB is a nonveneered panel wood product that is manufactured in wide mats from cross oriented layers of thin, rectangular strips of wood. These are bonded together with wax and resin adhesives.<br />
  61. 61. Plumbing: Lavatory and Water Closet<br />A lavatory is drained by a 1½” pipe, and a water closet is drained by a 3” pipe. <br />Watercloset<br />Lavatory<br />
  62. 62. Plumbing: Vent Plumbing<br />Vent Plumbing allows air from the outside to enter the waste and drain lines to prevent suction of fumes in the pipes.<br />
  63. 63. Plumbing: Drop-in Sink<br />
  64. 64. Plywood<br />Plywood is an engineered wood made from thin sheets of veneered wood that are pressed and glued together perpendicular to each other. Veneer means thin, sheet, or facing.<br />
  65. 65. Rebar<br />This particular rebar is ½” in diameter, it is otherwise referred to as a #4 bar. The deformations on the surface of the bar give it a better bond with the concrete it is placed in.<br />
  66. 66. Steep Roof Drainage: Gutter<br />A gutter is a narrow channel that catches water from the roof and directs it to a downspout.<br />
  67. 67. Steep Roof Drainage: Downspout<br />A downspout is connected to the gutter. It sends the water in the gutter down to a splashblock, another gutter, or drain.<br />
  68. 68. Steep Roof Drainage: Splashblock<br />A splashblock is a formed piece of concrete placed at the bottom of a gutter to divert water away from the building’s foundation or wall.<br />
  69. 69. Steep Roof Materials: Underlayment<br />Underlayment is a layer of black material that is laid between the roof decking and roofing. It acts a moisture protector.<br />
  70. 70. Steep Roof Materials: Clay Tile Roof<br />
  71. 71. Steep Roof Materials: Shingle Roof<br />A shingle is a thin unit of water-resistant material nailed in an overlapping pattern with other shingles to create a watertight seal. Slate shingle roof is the one you see here.<br />
  72. 72. Steep Roof Materials: Metal Roof<br />Metal roofs are made of various materials such as: galvanized steel, copper, lead coated copper, stainless steel, tern coated stainless, etc.<br />
  73. 73. Steep Roof Shapes: Gable<br />
  74. 74. Steep Roof Shapes: Gambrel<br />
  75. 75. Steep Roof Shapes: Hip<br />
  76. 76. Steep Roof Shapes: Mansard<br />
  77. 77. Steep Roof Terms: Eave and Fascia<br />The Eave is the horizontal edge at the low side of a steep roof. The Fascia is the vertical face of the eave.<br />Eave<br />Fascia<br />
  78. 78. Steep Roof Terms<br />Ridge- Intersection of two roof planes<br />
  79. 79. Steep Roof Terms: Valley<br />Valley- Trough formed by intersection of two roof slopes.<br />
  80. 80. Steep Roof Terms<br />Rake- Sloping edge of a steep roof.<br />
  81. 81. Steep Roof Terms<br />Soffit- Undersurface of a roof overhang <br />
  82. 82. Stone: Coursed Ashlar<br />
  83. 83. Stone: Random Ashlar<br />
  84. 84. Stone: Coursed Rubble<br />
  85. 85. Stone: Random Rubble<br />
  86. 86. Vapor Retarder<br />The vapor retarder below is made of kraft paper, and is used to prevent water vapor from penetrating through the wall. It is placed on the warm-in-winter side.<br />
  87. 87. Waterproofing<br />This waterproofing shown is of the loosely laid category. It is in place here to prevent water from penetrating the wall where it intersects the ground.<br />
  88. 88. Weep Hole<br />A weep hole is a small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly.<br />
  89. 89. Windows: Casement<br />This is an outswinging casement window, because it is hinged along the side of the window.<br />
  90. 90. Windows: Single Hung<br />This is a single hung window due to it only has a single operating sash<br />
  91. 91. Windows: Awning<br />This is an awning window, because it is hinged along the top edge of the window.<br />

×