Visual Dictionary- Racking


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Visual Dictionary- Racking

  1. 1. Air barrier paper<br />Definition-A material used as both a vapor retarder and air barrier.<br />It keeps the sheathing dry and unharmed from weather conditions, any water that penetrates is allowed to be released as water vapor. <br />
  2. 2. Attic Ventilation-Soffit Vent<br />Why it is needed- Allows air to flow into the attic or space below the roof sheathing<br />
  3. 3. Ridge Vent<br />Why it is needed- to allow air to circulate in and out of a gable roof at the ridge.<br />
  4. 4. Gable Vent<br />Why it is needed- exhausting excess heat and humidity from the attic <br />
  5. 5. Roof Turbine<br />Why it is needed- removes heat from the attic and then replaces it with outside air<br />
  6. 6. Backhoe<br />Definition and type of work performed- a hydraulic excavating machine consisting of a tractor having an attached hinge boom, with a bucket with movable jaws on the end of the boom. They do earth work removing soil.<br />Width of bucket- 24”<br />
  7. 7. Batter Boards<br />Definition and function- one of the number of boards set horizontally to support strings for outlining the foundation plan of a building<br />
  8. 8. Brick Arch #1<br />Segmental Arch<br />
  9. 9. Brick Arch #2<br />Roman Arch<br />
  10. 10. Arch with a Keystone<br />
  11. 11. Centering<br />Definition- a temporary framework for supporting a masonry arch during construction until it is able to stand by itself<br />
  12. 12. Brick Bond #1<br />Flemish- Bricks for each course alternate between header and stretchers.<br />
  13. 13. Brick Bond #2<br />Running- this pattern with each course made entirely of stretchers. Unlike stack bond, the running bond courses alternate instead of being right on top of each other<br />
  14. 14. Rowlocks<br />
  15. 15. Headers<br />
  16. 16. Soldiers<br />
  17. 17. Sailors<br />
  18. 18. Stretcher Rowlocks (Shiners)<br />
  19. 19. Brick size #1<br />Name of Brick-Norman<br />Size-<br />Height-2”<br />Width- 3-1/2”<br />Length- 11-1/2”<br />
  20. 20. Brick size #2<br />Name of Brick- standard<br />Size- <br />Height- 2-1/4”<br />Width- 3-5/8”<br />Length – 7-5/8”<br />
  21. 21. Bulldozer<br />Definition and type of work – a large , powerful tractor having a vertical blade at the front end for moving earth, tree stumps, rocks etc.<br />
  22. 22. Brick Clad Structure<br />
  23. 23. EFIS clad structure<br />
  24. 24. Stone Clad Structure<br />Coursed ashlar<br />
  25. 25. Wood board clad structure<br />
  26. 26. Wood Shingle clad structure<br />Definition of wood shingle- A shingle made from wood that was commonly used before other shingles were manufactured.<br />Definition of wood shake- a wooden shingle that is made from split logs.<br />
  27. 27. Egress Window from Bedroom<br />Width-30 in<br />Height-60 in<br />Area- 1800 in squared<br />Sill height AFF- 24”<br />State IBC requirements- opening size of 5.7 feet squared. No more than 44 in. above or below finished grade. Minimum net width 20 in. net hieght minimum 24 in. <br />The window meets all of the requirements because it meets all of the criteria.<br />
  28. 28. Stair Studied<br />Tread dimension-13-1/4”<br />Riser dimension-7 “<br />IBC code requirements for tread and riser- <br />Tread min 10’<br />Riser max 7-3/4 “<br />These stairs meet code because they reach both criteria.<br />
  29. 29. Control Joint<br />Definition- Scored lines they put in by the cement finisher to provide a predictable, weakened straight line for the concrete to break along as it cures, shrinks and settles .<br />
  30. 30. Isolation Joint<br />Definition-Isolation joints are used to relieve flexural stresses due to vertical movement between two materials <br />
  31. 31. 1 CMU= 3 Brick Courses<br />Definition and important aspects of CMU- large rectangular brick used in construction. Made from cast concrete. The are structurally strong and quick to assemble. Typical dimensions are 8” by 8” by 16”<br />
  32. 32. CMU size #1<br />8” by 8” by 16”<br />
  33. 33. CMU size #2<br />8” by 12” by 16”<br />
  34. 34. Split Block CMU<br />
  35. 35. Ribbed Block CMU<br />
  36. 36. Exterior Flush Door<br />
  37. 37. Exterior Panel Door<br />Panel<br />Stile<br />Top Rail<br />Lock rail<br />Bottom Rail<br />
  38. 38. Transom<br />Definition- a window above door<br />
  39. 39. Side Light <br />Definition- a window at the side of a door or another window.<br />
  40. 40. Power Pole with a Transformer<br />Function-A device used to transfer electric energy from one circuit to another, especially a pair of multiply wound, inductively coupled wire coils that effect such a transfer with a change in voltage, current, phase, or other electric characteristic.<br />
  41. 41. Service Head<br />Function- brings electricity fro the transformer to the meter.<br />
  42. 42. Meter<br />Function- measures the kilowatts that are being used by the building<br />
  43. 43. Service Panel<br />Function- is the main panel or cabinet through which electricity is brought into the building and then distributed to various branch circuits.<br />
  44. 44. Duplex Receptacle <br />Function- to allow access to electricity for anything that requires power.<br />
  45. 45. #1 Anchor Bolt<br />
  46. 46. Sill Plate<br />
  47. 47. #3 Floor Joist#4 Subflooring<br />
  48. 48. #5 Sole Plate#6 Stud<br />
  49. 49. #7 Top Plate<br />
  50. 50. #8 Ceiling joists<br />
  51. 51. #9 Rafter<br />
  52. 52. #10 Roof Decking<br />
  53. 53. #11 Sheathing<br />
  54. 54. #12 Stringer<br />
  55. 55. Front End Loader<br />Definition- a loader having a shovel or bucket at the end of an articulated arm located at the front of the vehicle. Used for picking up and the transportation of dirt and materials on site. Does not dig like a backhoe or push like a bull doser.<br />
  56. 56. Gypsum Board<br />wallboard composed primarily of gypsum and often used as sheathing.<br />
  57. 57. Heat Pump<br />a device that uses a compressible refrigerant to transfer heat from one body, as the ground, air, or water, to another body, as a building, with the process being reversible.<br />Cant work at low temperatures.<br />Pays for themselves fast<br />
  58. 58. Air handling unit<br />Is a device used to condition and circulate air as part of a heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system. <br />
  59. 59. Blanket insulation<br />Purpose- Batts and rolls are available in widths suited to standard spacing of wall studs, and attic or floor joists. Continuous rolls can be hand-cut and trimmed to fit. They are available with or without facing.<br />
  60. 60. Loose fill insulation<br />Purpose- foam, or other materials. These small particles form an insulation material that can conform to any space without disturbing any structures or finishes. This ability to conform makes loose-fill insulation well suited for retrofits and for places where it&apos;s difficult to install some other types of insulation.<br />
  61. 61. Foamed Insulation<br />Liquid foam insulation materials can be sprayed, foamed-in-place, injected, or poured. Their ability to fill even the smallest cavities gives them twice the R-value per inch than traditional batt insulation.<br />
  62. 62. Ridged board insulation<br />Purpose- can be used to insulate almost any part of your home, from the roof down to the foundation. They provide good thermal resistance and often add structural strength to your home. Foam board insulation sheathing reduces heat conduction through structural elements, like wood and steel studs.<br />
  63. 63. Concrete Lintel<br />Definition- a horizontal architectural member supporting the weight above an opening, as a window or a door.<br />
  64. 64. Mortar Joint #1<br />Concave joint <br />Tooled<br />Size 3/8”<br />Brick clad university building<br />Type S<br />
  65. 65. Mortar Joint #2<br />Tooled- Raked<br />Size 3/8”<br />Brick clad university building<br />Type s mortar<br />
  66. 66. Oriented Strand Board<br />A nonveneered building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bounded together under pressure<br />
  67. 67. Lavatory<br />1½” pipe used to drain lavatory <br />
  68. 68. Water Closet<br />3” Pipe used to drain water closet<br />
  69. 69. Manufactured tub <br />
  70. 70. Plumbing roof vent<br />Maintains a system of plumbing drains and waste lines at atmospheric pressure by connecting them to the outside air <br />
  71. 71. Kitchen sink<br />Drop in <br />
  72. 72. Plywood<br />Veneer- A thin layer, sheet, or facing A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure <br />
  73. 73. Radiant Barrier<br />A reflective material that inhibits heat transfer by radiation, it is usually placed between the rafters of a roof to deflect the suns rays<br />
  74. 74. Rebar<br />Rebar Diameter 5/8 in, #5 rebar Purpose of the deformations is to keep the rebar in place in the concrete after the concrete has been poured and setup around the rebar <br />
  75. 75. Gutter<br />A channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof<br />
  76. 76. Downspout<br />A vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level<br />
  77. 77. Splashblock<br />A small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout <br />
  78. 78. Underlayment<br />a layer of waterproofing material such as building felt between roof sheathing and roofing <br />
  79. 79. Clay Tile Roof<br />
  80. 80. Wood Shingle Roof<br />Shingle-A small unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight <br />
  81. 81. Metal panel roof <br />Galvanized or aluminized steel<br />
  82. 82. Gable Roof<br />
  83. 83. Gambrel Roof<br />
  84. 84. Hip Roof<br />
  85. 85. Mansard Roof <br />
  86. 86. Ridge<br />The level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof <br />
  87. 87. Valley <br />A trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes <br />
  88. 88. Eave<br />The horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof <br />
  89. 89. Rake<br />The sloping edge of a steep roof <br />
  90. 90. Soffit <br />The undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially the underside of a stair or a roof overhang <br />
  91. 91. Fascia <br />The exposed vertical face of an eave <br />
  92. 92. Without a fascia <br />no exposed vertical face of an eave <br />
  93. 93. Random rubble pattern<br />
  94. 94. Coursed rubble pattern<br />
  95. 95. Random ashlar pattern<br />
  96. 96. Coursed ashlar pattern<br />
  97. 97. Vapor retarder<br />A vapor retarder is a layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly. It is place on the warm-in- winter side of a building <br />
  98. 98. Waterproofing<br />Liquid Applied waterproofing<br />An impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation. It keeps water in the soil from entering the foundation.<br />
  99. 99. Weep hole<br />A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly <br />
  100. 100. Welded wire fabric<br />Measurements: 6”X 6” <br />Adds tensile strength to the concrete slab<br />
  101. 101. Single Hung window<br />This is a single hung Window because bottom sash slides upward and the top sash is permanently fixed <br />
  102. 102. Hopper window<br />This is a hopper window because it tilts inward and is hinged on the bottom and tilts open at the top so the entire window can be opened <br />
  103. 103. Casement<br />This is an out-swinging casement window because it is hinged along the side of the window <br />