Visual Dictionary- Bark1


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Visual Dictionary- Bark1

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary BSCI 2300 Materials Methods & Equipment I Bark1
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>What’s it doing?: Providing a water barrier between the outer cladding of a structure and the frame, insulation, etc. It also serves as windbreak. </li></ul>Air Barrier Paper: A weather-resistant barrier, preventing rain from getting into the wall assembly while allowing water vapor to pass to the exterior.
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation 1 <ul><li>Soffit Vent : Allows air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing. </li></ul><ul><li>Ridge Vent : A long, open assembly that allows air to circulate in and out of a gable roof at the ridge. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation 2 <ul><li>Gable Vent : Used for exhausting excess heat and humidity from the attic. </li></ul>Roof Turbine : Exhaust moist, hot air from your attic. Turbine roof vents work with Mother Nature to pull this air outside
  5. 5. Backhoe <ul><li>An excavator whose bucket is rigidly attached to a hinged pole on the boom and is drawn backward to the machine when in operation. The backhoe’s hinged arm makes it capable in extruding large holes and channels. </li></ul><ul><li>5’ bucket width </li></ul>
  6. 6. Batter Boards <ul><li>Def </li></ul><ul><li>Function </li></ul>
  7. 7. Brick Arches <ul><li>Roman arch </li></ul>Jack Arch With Keystone Straight Jack Arch
  8. 8. Brick Bonds 1 <ul><li>Flemish Bond: It is created by alternately laying headers and stretchers in a single course. The next course is laid so that a header lies in the middle of the stretcher in the course below. </li></ul>Common Bond: A variation of running bond with a course of full length headers at regular intervals. These headers provide structural bonding, as well as pattern. Header courses usually appear at every fifth, sixth or seventh course.
  9. 9. Brick Bonds 2 <ul><li>Rowlocks </li></ul>Headers Sailor
  10. 10. Brick Bonds 3 <ul><li>Soldiers </li></ul>Shiners
  11. 11. Brick Sizes <ul><li>Utility Brick: 3 ½” x 3 ½” x 11 ½” </li></ul>Norman Brick: 3 ½” x 2 ¼” x 11 ¼”
  12. 12. Bulldozer <ul><li>Bulldozer: A caterpillar tracked tractor equipped with a substantial metal plate (known as a blade), used to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, etc., during construction work. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Cladding 1 <ul><li>Brick Clad Structure </li></ul>-EIFS Clad Structure -Stone Clad Structure (Random/Ashlar)
  14. 14. Cladding 2 <ul><li>Wood board structure </li></ul>Woods Shake Structure <ul><li>Wood that is applied in small sections on exterior walls to convey the run off of water. </li></ul>Wood Shingles : Rectangular pieces Wood Shakes : Rough and splintered rectangular pieces
  15. 15. Code Requirements 1 <ul><li>Open Area Measurements: </li></ul><ul><li>Width: 29 ½” </li></ul><ul><li>Height: 29” </li></ul><ul><li>Area: 5.99 sp. Ft </li></ul><ul><li>Sill Height AFF: 21 ½” </li></ul>21 ½” 29 ½” 29” IBC Requirements: 20in. Min width 24in. Min height 5.7 sq. ft min area Sill height above 44in. My window does not meet code because my window sill height is below the 44in. Requirement.
  16. 16. Code Requirements 2 <ul><li>Tread: 12” </li></ul><ul><li>Riser: 5 ¼” </li></ul>IBC Code Requirements: Tread: Min depth 10” Riser: Max height 7 ¾” The tread meets code requirements because the tread is above 10” and the riser is below 5 ¼”. 5 ¼” 12”
  17. 17. Concrete Joints <ul><li>Control Joint : An intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure </li></ul>Isolation Joint: They completely isolate the slab from something else. That something else can be a wall or a column or a drain pipe. The Column is being isolated from the slab
  18. 18. Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU) <ul><li>CMU : A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone </li></ul><ul><li>American standard concrete block is nominally 8 inches high and 16 inches long. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU) 2 <ul><li>Other CMU Sizes: </li></ul><ul><li>10” CMU block </li></ul><ul><li>6” CMU block </li></ul>
  20. 20. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units <ul><li>Split Block </li></ul>Ribbed Block
  21. 21. Doors 1 <ul><li>Exterior Flush </li></ul>Top Rail Stile Lock Rail Bottom Rail Exterior Panel
  22. 22. Doors 2 <ul><li>Transom : A small window directly above the door. </li></ul><ul><li>Sidelight : A tall, narrow window alongside a door. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Electrical Components 1 <ul><li>Power pole with transformer: An electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current </li></ul>Service Head: keeps water from entering the electrical mast when the wires run to the home overhead. It also helps protect the wires from mechanical damage.
  24. 24. Electrical Components 2 <ul><li>Meter: A device that measures the amount of electrical energy supplied to or produced by a residence, business or machine. </li></ul>Service Panel : Divides an electrical power feed into subsidiary circuits, while providing a protective fuse or circuit breaker for each circuit, in a common enclosure. Duplex receptacle : Connectors used for mains electricity that conform to the standards set by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association. Supply electricity to appliances.
  25. 25. Framing Elements 1 #1 Anchor Bolt #2 Sill Plate #7 Top Plate #6 Stud #5 Sole Plate #4 Subflooring
  26. 26. Framing Elements 2 #3 Floor Joist #8 Ceiling Joist #9 Rafter #10 Roof decking
  27. 27. Framing Elements 3 <ul><li>#12 Stringer </li></ul>#11 Sheathing
  28. 28. Front End Loader <ul><li>An engineering vehicle that is primarily used to &quot;load&quot; material (asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, rock, sand, etc.) into or onto another type of machinery (dump truck, conveyor belt, feed-hooper, rail-car, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>Differs from a bulldozer because the front scoop is connected to a nomadic are that is capable of lifting a load instead of just pushing it. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Gypsum Board <ul><li>An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Heat Pump <ul><li>Heap Pump Advantage : capable of producing heating and cooling </li></ul><ul><li>Heap Pump Disadvantage : Can Be very expensive. </li></ul><ul><li>Heat Pump </li></ul>Compressor What’s it doing: It’s moving air across coils filled with refrigerant to heat or cool the air Air Handling Unit What’s it doing: It’s conditioning and circulating the air as a part of the HVAC system
  31. 31. Insulation <ul><li>Purpose: To regulate heat and keep it where we want it </li></ul>Foamed Insulation Batt/Blanket Insulation Loose Fill Insulation
  32. 32. Lintel <ul><li>Concrete Lintel </li></ul><ul><li>A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening </li></ul>
  33. 33. Mortar 1 <ul><li>Concave Joint </li></ul><ul><li>Tooled </li></ul><ul><li>3/8” width </li></ul><ul><li>Used on small exterior retaining wall </li></ul><ul><li>Type S mortar </li></ul>
  34. 34. Mortar 2 <ul><li>Raked Joint </li></ul><ul><li>Raked, not tooled or troweled </li></ul><ul><li>3/8” width </li></ul><ul><li>Used on small exterior retaining wall </li></ul><ul><li>Type N mortar </li></ul>
  35. 35. Oriented Strand Board (OSB) <ul><li>A building nonveneered panel product composed of long shreds of wood fiber. </li></ul><ul><li>4 X 8’ </li></ul><ul><li>It is manufactured by the long shreds of wood fiber being oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure </li></ul>
  36. 36. Plumbing 1 Lavatory -Waste piping is usually 1 ½”- 2” in diameter Water closet -Drain piping is at least 3 inches in diameter
  37. 37. Plumbing 2 <ul><li>Manufactured shower/tub </li></ul>Plumbing Roof Vent -Allows noxious waste line gases to vent out of the system and into the outside air.
  38. 38. Plumbing 3 <ul><li>Kitchen Sink </li></ul><ul><li>Flush mount </li></ul>
  39. 39. Plywood <ul><li>A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>4 X 8’ </li></ul><ul><li>Veneer : A thin layer, sheet, or facing </li></ul>
  40. 40. Radiant Barrier A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy. It is reflecting the exterior heat back out and keeps the interior heat within. ***This is next to impossible to find installed so please cut me some slack. Thank you
  41. 41. Rebar <ul><li>Diameter: ½” </li></ul><ul><li># 4 bar </li></ul><ul><li>The deformations on the exterior of the rebar helps grip and hold the concrete as it sets around the bar </li></ul>
  42. 42. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Gutter </li></ul><ul><li>A channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof. It helps funnel the water to the downspout. </li></ul><ul><li>Downspout </li></ul><ul><li>A vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level. </li></ul><ul><li>Splashblock </li></ul><ul><li>A small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout so that it spreads evenly and doesn’t flood the ground </li></ul>
  43. 43. Steep Roof Materials 1 <ul><li>Underlayment: A layer of waterproof material such as building felt between roof sheathing and roofing. </li></ul><ul><li>It controls air and water and permits water vapor to pass out but not in </li></ul>Clay Tile Roof Shingle : A small unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight.
  44. 44. Steep Roof Materials 2 <ul><li>Slate Shingle Roof </li></ul><ul><li>Metal Panel Roof </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aluminized steel </li></ul></ul>
  45. 45. Steep Roof Shapes 1 Gable Gambrel
  46. 46. Steep Roof Shapes 2 <ul><li>Hip Roof </li></ul>Mansard
  47. 47. Steep Roof Terms 1 <ul><li>Ridge: The level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof. </li></ul><ul><li>Valley: A trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes. </li></ul><ul><li>Eave: The horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof </li></ul><ul><li>Soffit: The undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially the underside of a roof overhang </li></ul><ul><li>Fascia: The exposed vertical face of an eave. </li></ul>
  48. 48. Steep Roof Terms 2 <ul><li>Building without a fascia </li></ul><ul><li>Building without a vertical face of an eave </li></ul>
  49. 49. Stone 1 Random Rubble Pattern Coursed Rubble Pattern
  50. 50. Stone 2 Coursed Ashlar Random Ashlar
  51. 51. Vapor Retarder <ul><li>The vapor retarder is obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly. </li></ul><ul><li>It is installed facing the inside of the home because that is the warm in winter side. </li></ul>
  52. 52. Waterproofing <ul><li>The waterproofing is resisting standing water under pressure by creating a waterproof barrier. </li></ul><ul><li>Loosely Laid </li></ul>
  53. 53. Weep Hole <ul><li>A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly </li></ul><ul><li>The weep hole is allowing a way for the moisture behind the wall to escape </li></ul>
  54. 54. Welded Wire Fabric <ul><li>The grid is 4” x 4” </li></ul>
  55. 55. Window 1 Awning Window , because it pivots on an axis near the top edge of the sash and projects towards the outdoors
  56. 56. Window 2 Casement Window , because it pivots on an axis at or near a vertical edge of the sash
  57. 57. Window 3 <ul><li>Double-Hung Window , because it has two over lapping sashes that slide vertically in tracks </li></ul>