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BSCI 2300


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BSCI 2300

  1. 1. Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>A polyolefin sheet material that is permeable to water vapor but not to air or liquid water. </li></ul><ul><li>Air barriers protect the structure from weather to ensure that the interior walls do not become mildewed and corroded. Also they help to reduce energy used by limiting airflow. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Attic Ventilation 1. Soffit Vents located at the eave of a roof, permit generous airflow to the rafter space as they act as the intake to the attic’s ventilation.
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation 2. Ridge Vent Ridge Vents, located at the highest point of a roof, allows air to be exhausted while still protecting the attic from weather.
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation 3. Gable Vent located high in the wall at opposite ends of an attic. Gable vents create a cross draft to help ventilate the attic.
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation 4. Roof Turbines Roof Turbines use wind to expel air out of the attic to ensure the moist air does not settle in the attic and begin to mold .
  6. 6. Backhoe <ul><li>Piece of equipment used in the excavation of a site consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two-piece articulated arm. This bucket is thirty inches wide. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Batter Boards <ul><li>Boards that are set horizontally along the edge of a foundation, which are used to support strings that outline the foundation. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Brick Arch
  9. 9. Brick Arch
  10. 10. Brick Arch With Keystone
  11. 11. Brick Arches Centering <ul><li>Centering is the process of setting up temporary formwork in the process of building an arch, dome, or vault. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Brick Bonds Common
  13. 13. Brick Bonds Rowlocks
  14. 14. Brick Bonds Headers
  15. 15. Brick Bonds Soldier
  16. 16. Brick Bonds Shiners
  17. 17. Brick Size Modular Brick <ul><li>Modular Brick - 3 5/8” x 2 1/4” x 7 5/8” </li></ul>
  18. 18. Brick Size Utility Brick 3 5/8” x 3 5/8” x 11 1/2”
  19. 19. Bulldozer A heavy engineering vehicle that has a large vertically mounted blade in the front that is used to move earth, tree stumps etc.
  20. 20. Cladding - Brick
  21. 21. Cladding - EIFS
  22. 22. Cladding - Stone
  23. 23. Cladding - Wood Boards
  24. 24. Cladding - Wood Shingles Wood Shakes: a shingle split from a block of wood Wood Shingle: is sawn from a block of wood Wood Shakes
  25. 25. Code Requirements Window IBC Requirements: Sill height less than 44” Min. Width 20” Min. Height 24” Min. Area 5.7 sf Measurements: Sill Height: 20” Width: 31 1/2” Height: 37 1/2” Area: 8.2 sf This window meets all of the IBC requirements for window sizing.
  26. 26. Code Requirements Stair IBC Requirements: Min. Tread Depth 10” Riser Height 4”- 7 3/4” Actual Measurements: Tread Depth: 10” Riser Height: 7”
  27. 27. Concrete Joints Control Joint An intentional groove strategically placed to prevent cracking in a slab of concrete.
  28. 28. Concrete Joints Isolation A joint placed in such a way as to separate column bases and other structures to keep unwanted stresses from causing cracks along the slab.
  29. 29. Two Different Sized CMU’s
  30. 30. Decorative CMU Split Block
  31. 31. Decorative CMU Ribbed Split-Face Block
  32. 32. Doors Exterior Flush
  33. 33. Doors Exterior Panel Panel Stile Top Rail Lock Rail Bottom Rail
  34. 34. Doors Transom A window above a door that is usually hinged to a horizontal crosspiece over the door. Transom
  35. 35. Doors Sidelight A tall, narrow window alongside a door. Sidelight
  36. 36. Electrical Transformer An electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current.
  37. 37. Electrical Service Head Where the three wires (two hot and one neutral) enter the house
  38. 38. Electrical Meter Measures power usage of the home.
  39. 39. Electrical Service Panel Houses the breakers, which act as fuses, for the electrical circuits in the home.
  40. 40. Electrical Duplex Receptacle Electrical outlet with space for two plugs
  41. 41. Framing Elements 1. Anchor Bolt
  42. 42. Framing Elements 2. Sill Plate
  43. 43. Framing Elements 3. Floor Joist
  44. 44. Framing Elements 4. Subflooring
  45. 45. Framing Elements 5. Sole Plate
  46. 46. Framing Elements 6. Stud
  47. 47. Framing Elements 7. Top Plate
  48. 48. Framing Elements 8. Ceiling Joist
  49. 49. Framing Elements 9. Rafter
  50. 50. Framing Elements 10. Roof Decking
  51. 51. Framing Elements 11. Sheathing
  52. 52. Framing Elements 12. Stringer
  53. 53. Front-End Loader Front-end loaders are used to move a material from one place to another. Unlike the bulldozer, the front-end loader can pick up material in its bucket whereas a bulldozer can only push the material. A front-end loader cannot dig into the ground like a backhoe can do.
  54. 54. Gypsum Board Wall board made of layers of fiberboard or paper bonded to a gypsum core
  55. 55. Heat Pump <ul><li>Compressor/Condenser </li></ul><ul><li>f an moves outdoor air across coils containing refrigerant to change the temperature of the refrigerant. </li></ul><ul><li>Air Handling Unit </li></ul><ul><li>conditions and circulates the air in an air-conditioning unit </li></ul>Advantage: Has the ability to both heat and cool Disadvantage: Difficult to zone
  56. 56. Insulation 1. Batt/Blanket Most popular type of insulation for wall cavities. Also used in some attics, roofs, and floors.
  57. 57. Insulation 2. Loose Fill Most commonly used in attics because it is inexpensive and leaves few voids with no gaps between pieces.
  58. 58. Insulation 4. Rigid Board Used where high R-value per unit thickness is necessary. Commonly found in roof assemblies, walls and ceilings where insulation thickness is limited, and in below grade areas with a special water resistant composition.
  59. 59. Lintel A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening.
  60. 60. Mortar #1 Tooled, Concave 3/8” wide Commercial Building Mortar Type: N
  61. 61. Mortar #2 Tooled, Flush 3/8” wide Residential Home Mortar Type: N
  62. 62. Oriented Strand Board (OSB) A non-veneered building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure. The strands of rectangular wood strips are held together by a wax and resin adhesive.
  63. 63. Plumbing Roof Vent The Vent Through Roof (VTR) maintains a system of plumbing drains and waste lines at atmospheric pressure by connecting them to the outdoor air.
  64. 64. Plumbing Sink Drop-In Sink
  65. 65. Plywood A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer and bonded together under pressure. Veneer – A thin layer, sheet or facing.
  66. 66. Radiant Barrier Placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy.
  67. 67. Rebar #5 Rebar, 5/8” Deformations in rebar are to help prevent slipping
  68. 68. Steep Roof Drainage Gutter a narrow channel which collects rainwater from the roof of a building and diverts it away from the structure, typically into a drain. The main purpose of a rain gutter is to protect a building‘s foundation by channeling water away from its base
  69. 69. Steep Roof Drainage Downspout Feeds the water collected by the rain gutter
  70. 70. Steep Roof Drainage Splashblock Used in order to prevent soil erosion/moisture problems around the foundation of a building or house. Leads the water away from foundation
  71. 71. Steep Roof Shapes 1. Gabel Roof
  72. 72. Steep Roof Materials underlayment Roof underlayments are designed to protect the roof sheathing and structure from moisture and penetration. This example was a scrap piece I found on site.
  73. 73. Clay Tile Roof
  74. 74. Shingles (wood) A thin oblong piece of material, such as wood or slate, that is laid in overlapping rows to cover the roof or sides of a house or other building.
  75. 75. Metal Roof Galvanized Steel
  76. 76. Steep Roof Shapes 2. Gambrel Roof
  77. 77. Steep Roof Shapes 3. Hip Roof
  78. 78. Steep Roof Shapes 4. Mansard Roof
  79. 79. Steep Roof Terms Ridge- level intersection of 2 roof planes in a gable roof Rake- sloping edge of steep roof
  80. 80. Steep Roof Terms Valley- trough formed by the intersection of 2 roof slopes
  81. 81. Steep Roof Terms Eave- horizontal edge at he low side of a sloping roof Soffit- undersurface of a horizontal element of a building Fascia- exposed vertical surface of an eave
  82. 82. Stone Random Rubble Pattern
  83. 83. Stone Coursed Rubble Pattern
  84. 84. Stone Coursed Ashlar Random Ashlar
  85. 85. Vapor Retarder Placed between insulation and sheathing, prevents condensation of water vapor
  86. 86. Waterproofing Impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation prevents penetration of water
  87. 87. Weep Hole A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly.
  88. 88. WWF
  89. 89. Windows double hung <ul><li>Has two panes which slide up or down onto each other </li></ul>
  90. 90. Windows casement <ul><li>Has one vertically hinged window swinging outward </li></ul>
  91. 91. Windows sliding <ul><li>Has two windows that slide left or right onto each other </li></ul>