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  1. 1. Visual Dictionary 2010 SP10Lumber
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>Air Barrier Paper - Used to prevent airflow and water penetration into the house. In this instance the air barrier paper is wrapped around only a small portion of the house. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation <ul><li>Soffit vent - Opening under the eave of the roof that allows air to flow into the attic. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation <ul><li>Ridge Vent - Long open assembly that allows air to circulate out of the ridge of a roof. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation <ul><li>Gable Vent - Opening used to exhaust excess heat from the attic. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Attic Ventilation <ul><li>Roof Turbine - Helps exhaust heat from the attic or building. Pulls the air away from it. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Backhoe <ul><li>A backhoe is primarily used in the beginning stages of residential construction. It is used for such things as digging foundations. </li></ul><ul><li>The bucket on this backhoe measured 2 feet wide. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Batter Boards Batter Boards are Boards erected at the corners of a proposed structure to specifically locate and show corners and show foundation height.
  9. 9. Brick Arches <ul><li>Roman Arch </li></ul>Keystone
  10. 10. Brick Arches <ul><li>Jack Arch </li></ul>
  11. 11. Brick Arches <ul><li>Gothic Arch </li></ul>
  12. 12. Brick Arches <ul><li>Centering - Temporary framework used to construct domes and arches. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Running Bond - Stretcher courses off set </li></ul>
  14. 14. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Stacked Bond - Bricks stacked on top of each other in vertical rows </li></ul>
  15. 15. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Stretcher </li></ul>
  16. 16. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Soldier </li></ul>
  17. 17. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Sailor </li></ul>
  18. 18. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Rowlock </li></ul>
  19. 19. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Header </li></ul>
  20. 20. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Rowlock Stretcher </li></ul>
  21. 21. Brick Sizes <ul><li>Modular - 3 5/8” by 2 ¼” by 7 5/8” </li></ul>
  22. 22. Brick Sizes <ul><li>Norman - 4 5/8” by 2 ¼” by 11 5/8” </li></ul>
  23. 23. Bulldozer <ul><li>A Bulldozer is used to grade a site. A bulldozer is a machine that pushes dirt or any sort of land off or on a job site </li></ul>
  24. 24. Cladding <ul><li>Wood Shingles </li></ul><ul><li>Shingle - Small unit of water resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion to render a wall or sloping roof water tight. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Cladding <ul><li>Brick </li></ul>
  26. 26. Cladding <ul><li>EIFS </li></ul>
  27. 27. Cladding <ul><li>Stone Clad Structure – This building has a mix of random and coursed rubble Limestone. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Cladding <ul><li>Wood Boards </li></ul>
  29. 29. Code Requirements <ul><li>My Window </li></ul><ul><li>This window measured 21”x44” </li></ul><ul><li>This is an opening of 6.4 square feet. </li></ul><ul><li>This meets the code requirements. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Code Requirements <ul><li>Stair s </li></ul><ul><li>Tread = 10.5” </li></ul><ul><li>Riser = 7” </li></ul><ul><li>Nosing = 1.25” </li></ul><ul><li>These stairs meet the code requirements. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Concrete Joints <ul><li>Control Joint - An intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or a component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Concrete Joints <ul><li>Isolation Joint - An intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or a component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure. </li></ul><ul><li>The pole is being isolated from the slab. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Concrete Masonry Units <ul><li>Also known as CMU. This is a building material that is hollowed concrete block. Meant to be laid in mortar. Standard dimensions are 8” by 8’” by 16”, which makes it equivalent to three courses of brick. The top of the wall is 4” by 8” by 16”. </li></ul>One course of CMU = 3 courses of brick
  34. 34. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units <ul><li>Split Face </li></ul>
  35. 35. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units <ul><li>Ribbed </li></ul>
  36. 36. Doors <ul><li>Flush Door </li></ul>
  37. 37. Doors <ul><li>Panel Door </li></ul>Lock Rail Bottom Rail Top Rail Stiles Panel
  38. 38. Doors Transom – Used to let in light over the door Sidelights – A small narrow window to the side of the door
  39. 39. Electrical Components Power Pole with Transformer - Holds power and transfers it to a smaller voltage to be used by the consumer.
  40. 40. Electrical Components <ul><li>Service Head - Entrance point for power to go into a house. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Electrical Components Meter - A meter keeps track of how much power is used so that the power company will not charge you too little or too much.
  42. 42. Electrical Components <ul><li>Service Panel - Box that allows you to control power flow throughout your residence. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Electrical Components <ul><li>Duplex Receptacle -Provides power directly to appliances. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Framing Elements <ul><li>#1. Anchor Bolt </li></ul>
  45. 45. Framing Elements <ul><li>#2. Sill Plate </li></ul>
  46. 46. Framing Elements <ul><li>#3. Floor Joists </li></ul>
  47. 47. Framing Elements <ul><li>#4. Subflooring </li></ul>
  48. 48. Framing Elements 6. Stud 5. Sole Plate 7. Top Plate
  49. 49. Framing Elements <ul><li>#9. Ceiling Joists </li></ul>
  50. 50. Framing Elements <ul><li>#10. Rafters </li></ul>
  51. 51. Framing Elements <ul><li>#11. Roof Decking </li></ul>
  52. 52. Framing Elements <ul><li>#12. Sheathing </li></ul>OSB used as sheathing
  53. 53. Framing Elements <ul><li>#8. Unfinished Stringer - The sloping wood or steel member that supports the treads of a stair. </li></ul>
  54. 54. Front End Loader <ul><li>Front end loader is used in the early stages like a backhoe, but is not meant for digging. It is used to move dirt and gravel or anything necessary. It doesn’t just push dirt like a bulldozer, it also picks it up </li></ul>
  55. 55. Gypsum Board <ul><li>Gypsum board is gypsum in between two sheets of paper. A material used for walls and ceilings. Also known as sheet rock or drywall. </li></ul>
  56. 56. Heat Pump <ul><li>Compressor – Brings fresh air into house. </li></ul><ul><li>Air Handling Unit – Regulates temperature in house. </li></ul>Advantages – Rapid response time Disadvantages – Relatively noisy
  57. 57. Insulation <ul><li>Insulation is a material used that has a low conductivity to help keep heat and cold air through the structure or assembly. </li></ul>
  58. 58. Insulation <ul><li>Batt/Blanket Insulation </li></ul>
  59. 59. Insulation <ul><li>Loose Filled </li></ul>
  60. 60. Insulation <ul><li>Foam </li></ul>
  61. 61. Insulation <ul><li>Rigid </li></ul>
  62. 62. Lintel <ul><li>A lintel is a beam that carries a load of an opening. </li></ul>
  63. 63. Mortar <ul><li>Concave mortar joints are troweled. Used on a church. 3/8” mortar joints. This looks like K mortar. </li></ul>
  64. 64. Mortar <ul><li>Flush mortar joints are troweled. Used on an educational building. 3/8” mortar joints. This looks like K mortar. </li></ul>
  65. 65. Oriented Strand Board <ul><li>A type of sheathing similar to plywood. It is not veneered, and it is strands of wood that is bonded together by pressure in specific directions. Its typical dimensions are 4’ by 8’. </li></ul>
  66. 66. Plumbing <ul><li>Drop-in Sink </li></ul>
  67. 67. Plumbing <ul><li>Manufactured shower and tub – This shower and tub are ready to be installed </li></ul>
  68. 68. Plumbing <ul><li>This plumbing vent is letting the gas from plumbing pipes escape through the roof instead of coming back into the house. </li></ul>
  69. 69. Plumbing <ul><li>A lavatory is a sink. This one uses a 1.5” piping to drain it. </li></ul>
  70. 70. Plumbing <ul><li>Water Closet </li></ul><ul><li>Uses a typical 3” pipe to drain </li></ul>
  71. 71. Plywood <ul><li>Plywood is a wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure. Veneer is a thin layer or sheet. </li></ul>
  72. 72. Radiant Barrier This radiant barrier is used around duct work.
  73. 73. Rebar #5 rebar. Measured 5/8”. The rebar has ridges on it so it will grip inside the concrete and not slide out.
  74. 74. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Gutter - Channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof </li></ul><ul><li>Downspout - Vertical piping used to drain water from roof to lower level or ground. </li></ul>
  75. 75. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Splashblock - Small piece of concrete or plastic used to divert water at bottom of the downspout. </li></ul>
  76. 76. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Metal Panel Roof - Aluminized steel </li></ul>
  77. 77. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Shingle - Small unit of water resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion to render a wall or sloping roof water tight. </li></ul>
  78. 78. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Clay Tile Roof </li></ul>
  79. 79. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Underlayment - Underlayment helps keep moisture and any penetration out of the sheathing. </li></ul>
  80. 80. Steep Roof Shapes <ul><li>Gambrel </li></ul>
  81. 81. Steep Roof Shapes <ul><li>Gable </li></ul>
  82. 82. Steep Roof Shapes <ul><li>Hipped Roof </li></ul>
  83. 83. Steep Roof Shapes <ul><li>Mansard </li></ul>
  84. 84. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Ridge - Level intersection of two roof planes in a gable vent. </li></ul><ul><li>Fascia - Exposed vertical face of an eave. </li></ul><ul><li>Eave - Horizontal edge at the low side of a roof. </li></ul>
  85. 85. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Valley - Trough formed by the intersection of two parts of a roof </li></ul><ul><li>Rake - Sloping edge of a steep roof </li></ul>
  86. 86. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Soffit - Undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially a roof overhang. </li></ul>
  87. 87. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Building without a fascia has no board or face to the eave. </li></ul>
  88. 88. Stone <ul><li>Random Rubble </li></ul><ul><li>Coursed Rubble </li></ul><ul><li>This wall is a mix of Random Rubble and Coursed Rubble. </li></ul>
  89. 89. Stone <ul><li>Coursed Ashlar </li></ul><ul><li>Random Ashlar </li></ul>
  90. 90. Vapor Retarder <ul><li>Vapor retarder protects moisture. It is usually put on the warm winter side of the insulation. </li></ul>
  91. 91. Waterproofing <ul><li>Definition: An impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation to prevent water permeation. </li></ul>This is adhered waterproofing.
  92. 92. Weep Hole <ul><li>Weep hole allows water to drain from where it has seeped through the mortar. </li></ul>
  93. 93. Welded Wire Fabric These are 8’ by 4’ WWF.
  94. 94. Windows Awning - This is an awning window because it is hinged at the top of the window. Casement - This is a casement window because it is hinged at the side and it swings outward.
  95. 95. Windows
  96. 96. Windows <ul><li>This is double hung because it has two overlapping sashes that slide vertically in tracks. </li></ul>