Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>A synthetic replacement material and sheathing tar paper. functions as a weather-resistant barrier, preventing rain from getting into the wall while allowing water vapor to pass to the exterior. </li></ul>
Attic Ventilation <ul><li>It is needed to allow water vapor to escape, and keep the house cooler in the summer by preventing the buildup of solar heat through the roofing and roof sheathing. </li></ul>Soffit Vent Ridge Vent Gable Vent Roof Turbine
Backhoe <ul><li>3 foot bucket </li></ul><ul><li>It is a piece of equipment with a digging bucket on the end that is used for excavating. </li></ul>
Batter Boards <ul><li>A pair of horizontal boards nailed to posts set at the corners of an excavation, used to indicate the desired level, also as a fastening for stretched strings to indicate outlines of foundation walls. </li></ul>
Brick Arches Arch with a Keystone Roman Arch Segmental Arch Centering- Is the structure that the material for the arch is laid on during construction.
Brick Bonds Header Rowlock Flemish Bond – The courses alternate between headers and stretchers. Running Bond – The courses are stretchers all the way across. Soldier Sailor
Brick Sizes Utility Brick – 113 ½ ‘’ x ½ ‘’ x 3 ½ ‘’ Modular Brick – 3 ½’’ x 7 ½ ‘’ x 2 ¼ ‘’
Bulldozer <ul><li>A crawler equipped with a substantial metal plate, used to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, etc., during construction work. </li></ul>
Cladding Brick Stone – Random Rubble Wood Boards EIFS Wood Shingles and Shakes – They are a siding that modernly are either sawn or split. Wood shakes are thicker and usually left undressed.
Concrete Joints Isolation Joint (Column is isolated from the slab) - Separation that allows adjoining parts of a structure to move freely from one another, both in the horizontal and vertical directions, usually a saw cut. Control Joint – An intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur because of various forces so to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure.
Concrete Masonry Units 8’’ CMU Block - The workhorses of masonry construction. They are concrete masonry units or CMU’s. The serve primarily in foundations, retaining walls, and fireplaces. 12’’ CMU Block 4’’ CMU Block
Decorative Concrete Masonry Units Split Face Block
Doors Flush Door Sidelight- A tail, narrow window alongside a door. Panel Door Transom- A small window directly above a door. Top Rail Stile Panel Lock Rail Bottom Rail
Electrical Components Duplex Receptacle- Electrical outlet with space for two plugs. Service Panel- The main panel or cabinet through which electricity is brought into the building and then distributed to various branch circuits. Transformer Box- An electrical device that changes the voltage of alternation current. Meter- A meter for measuring the amount of electric power used Service Head- The assembly by which electricity is conducted from outdoor lines to the meter base.
Framing Elements 8 Stringer 6 Anchor Bolt 2 Sub flooring 1 Floor Joist 12 Sheathing 9 Ceiling Joist 10 Rafter 11 Roof Decking 3 Sole Plate 5 Top Plate 7 Sill Plate 4 Stud
Front End Loader <ul><li>A heavy equipment machine that is primarily used to load material into or onto another type of machinery. It has a front mounted square wide bucket connected to the end of two booms arms to scoop up loose material from the ground. </li></ul>
Gypsum Board <ul><li>An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces. </li></ul>
Heat Pump Compressor/evaporator – the exterior component that moves outdoor air across coils containing refrigerant to change the temperature of the refrigerant. Advantage- the ability to heat a house rapidly and the potential to integrate other climate control devices with it. Disadvantage- It is difficult to zone because the furnace supplies air to the supply ducts at a single temperature, and the outside units are noisy. Air handling unit- Device used to condition and circulate air as part of a heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning system.
Insulation A material with a low thermal conductivity that is included in a building assembly for the purpose of reducing heat flow through the assembly. Batt/Blanket insulation Loose fill Rigid Board Foamed
Lintel Steel Lintel - A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening.
Mortar Concave Joint, 3/8 inch, tooled, used on office building, and type S. Vee Joint, 3/8 inch, troweled joint, used on office building, and type S.
Oriented Strand Board A non-veneered panel product that is made of long wood particles compressed and glued into three to five layers. They are oriented in the same manner in each layer as the grains of the veneer layer in plywood.
Plumbing Vent through the roof- Creates a way for harmful waste gases to escape the house that buildup in the pipes. Drop-in sink Manufactured Shower and Tub Water closet- 3 inch Lavatory- 1 ½ inch
Plywood A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure. The layers are glued together so that adjacent plies have their wood grain at right angles to each other for greater strength. Veneer- A thin layer, sheet, or facing.
Radiant Barrier A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy.
Rebar #4 Rebar Ridges are for better mechanical anchoring in the concrete.
Steep Roof Drainage Splash block- A small pre-cast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout. Down spout- A vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level. Gutter- A channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof.
Steep Roof Materials Underlayment - A panel laid over a sub floor to create a smooth, stiff surface for the application of finish flooring. Clay tile roof Metal Panel Roof – Materials used are enamel coated galvanized steel, copper, lead coated copper, stainless steel, terne, and terne coated stainless steel.
Steep Roof Terms Roof without fascia Ridge Rake Valley Eave Fascia Soffit Rake- The sloped perimeter edge of a roof that runs from the eaves to the ridge. The rake is usually perpendicular to the eaves and ridge. Ridge- The line where two planes of roof intersect, forming the highest point on the roof that runs the entire length of the roof. Valley- The internal intersection of two sloping roof planes that runs from the eaves to the ridge. This intersection collects the most water run-off. Eave- A roof edge that extends out past the exterior wall line. Fascia- Vertical roof trim located along the perimeter of a building, usually below the roof level. Its use can be either decorative or for waterproofing. Soffit- The underside of a roof overhang.
Stone Coursed Ashlar Random Rubble Coursed Rubble
Vapor Retarder A layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly. Usually on the inside of insulation or the warmer side of the insulation layer.
Windows Single-hung because it has one moving sash that slides up and down in tracks in the frame of the window. Sliding because it is essentially a single hung or double hung laid on its side where the tracks in the frame hold the sash securely along two opposite sides. Casement because it is hinged along the side of the window.