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Visual dictionary FINAL COMPLETE REAL


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Visual dictionary FINAL COMPLETE REAL

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary By: Sp10Downspout
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>Air Barrier Paper is a product used to try and fill gaps at joints between boards while keep the inside dry and protected from the weather. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to control airflow & water, as well as permit water vapor buildup. </li></ul>Air barrier paper- AKA Building Wrap
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation <ul><li>Attic ventilation is necessary to keep an air flow through the attic, but also keep it in motion (i.e. turbines) so moisture isn’t held in the space. </li></ul>Ridge Vent- allows Roof Turbines Soffit Vent Gable Vent <ul><li>Soffit Vents and Ridge Vents allow passage of airflow in and out, Turbines keep air moving, and gable vents relieve humidity and heat. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Back Hoe <ul><li>A backhoe is piece of equipment with a bucket on the end of a pivoting two arm attachment controlled by a tractor. </li></ul><ul><li>Used for digging to create strips of footings for foundations and other excavations in industries such as telecommunications. </li></ul><ul><li>24 inch width bucket that I found. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Batter Boards <ul><li>A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Brick Arches Segmental Arch Keystone Roman Arch Jack Arch
  7. 7. Brick Arches- Centering <ul><li>(Centering) </li></ul><ul><li>Centering is temporary formwork used to build an arch, dome, or vault. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Brick Bonds Common Bond Running Bond
  9. 9. Brick Bonds Header Soldier Sailor Stretcher-Rowlock Rowlock
  10. 10. Brick Sizes <ul><li>Modular Brick- (3 5/8” x 2 ¼’’ x 7 5/8”) </li></ul><ul><li>Utility Brick- (3 5/8” x 3 5/8” x 11 ½’’) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Bulldozer <ul><li>A bulldozer uses a tracked system of wheels on a tractor with a large vertical panel of metal, the blade, used to push large amounts of soil or objects like tree stumps to a certain area. </li></ul>Blade Bulldozer
  12. 12. Cladding Part 1 <ul><li>Wood Shakes and Wood Shingles are wooden products used on the siding of a building. The difference is that shingles are sawn and shakes are split. </li></ul>Stone-Random Rubble Brick Wood Shingles
  13. 13. Cladding EIFS Wood Boards
  14. 14. Code Requirements <ul><li>If sill is more than 72” above grade below sill height must be 24’’ </li></ul><ul><li>Sill Height < 44’’ Opening Width > 20’’ Opening Height > 24’’ </li></ul><ul><li>Max Sill Height Above Finished Floor- 44’’ of Finish Grade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-If within 44’’ of grade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yes- Minimum net opening = 5.0 sq ft </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No- Minimum Net Opening= 5.7 sq ft </li></ul></ul></ul>Sill height AFF- 22’’ Opening Width- 30’’ Opening Height – 60” Area- 1800 square inches ---Meets Code---
  15. 15. Code Requirements <ul><li>Tread (Step)- 10’’ minimum </li></ul><ul><li>Nosing (overhang on step)- (.75’’- 1 ¼ ‘’) </li></ul><ul><li>Riser (vertical between treads)- (7 ¾’’ Max) </li></ul>The stairs that I measured had 7 ½’’ risers, a 1’’ nosing, and a 10 ½’’ tread, so it met code. Riser Tread Nosing
  16. 16. Concrete Joints <ul><li>Control Joint- used to prevent cracks in concrete due to contraction. </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation Joint- isolates one piece of concrete (the slab) from another piece of material, such as a wall or column that relieves stress due to vertical movement. </li></ul>Isolation Joint- isolating column from slab on grade below Failed Control Joint
  17. 17. Concrete Masonry Units (CMU) <ul><li>Concrete Masonry Units (CMU) are large cast concrete blocks used as a load bearing wall or masonry. Relatively cheap and quick to install </li></ul><ul><li>Actual dimensions are 7 5/8’’x 7 5/8”x 15 5/8”(with 3/8” mortar joint it is 8” x 8” x 16”) </li></ul>1 Course of CMU=3 Courses of Brick 8’’x8’’x16’’ 12’’x8’’x16’’
  18. 18. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units Ribbed Block Split Block
  19. 19. Doors <ul><li>Transom- a window located above the door </li></ul><ul><li>Sidelight- a window located on side of doors, normally on both sides. </li></ul>Sidelight Transom Flush Door
  20. 20. Doors-Panel Door Top Rail Stile Lock Rail Panel Bottom Rail
  21. 21. Electrical Components Part 1 Service Head Meter Transformer Box Transformer Box- Box that converts energy in the form of electricity from one circuit to another. Service Head- Brings electricity from transformer box to meter Meter- reads the number of kilowatts per hour of electricity the structure uses.
  22. 22. Electrical Components Part 2 Service Panel-distributes the electricity brought in to branch circuits Duplex Receptacle- used to allow anything that uses electricity to plug into circuit
  23. 23. Framing Elements 1. Anchor Bolt 2. Sill Plate 3. Floor Joist 4. Subflooring
  24. 24. Framing Elements Part 2 5. Sole Plate 6. Studs 7.Top Plate (Doubled)
  25. 25. Framing Elements Part 3 9. Ceiling Joist 10.Rafter 11. Roof Decking 12. Sheathing
  26. 26. Front End Loader <ul><li>A piece of equipment with a large bucket used to lift materials such as soil or wood chips, and move into a dump truck. </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation of materials </li></ul>Front End Loader
  27. 27. Gypsum Board <ul><li>Gypsum is a durable mineral that can retard fire and tiny bits can be formed around two paper like materials to form boards that can be used as sheathing of buildings </li></ul>First installed in ceilings, then moved down walls. Joints filled with “mud” a bonding substance similar to mortar.
  28. 28. Heat Pump <ul><li>A heat pump is a forced air system. First a refrigerant fluid, Freon, flows through the compressor where it evaporated to expand. Then air handling unit condenses the air and distributes it throughout the house through the ductwork. This refrigerant cycle occurs to get desired temperature, cold in opposite direction than heat) </li></ul><ul><li>One advantage is that it is the same system for both A/C and heat, but unfortunately it doesn’t work well in cold climates because the heat isn’t immediate. </li></ul>Air Handling Unit Evaporator/Condenser
  29. 29. Insulation <ul><li>Insulation is used to keep a comfortable climate inside the house by maintain the heat in the residence with its effectiveness in retarding heat flow (R-value) through walls and ceilings. </li></ul>Loose Fill Insulation Batt/Blanket Insulation Rigid Board Insulation Loose Fill is normally a spray applied insulation often in Attics to not disturb structure, while Batt/Blanket Insulation comes in precut rolls for stud widths or can be cut separately. Foamed is strong in R-value and can fill difficult gaps, while rigid board is strong and can be used as sheathing as well
  30. 30. Lintel <ul><li>A lintel is a concrete, brick/block, or steel unit use to span openings such as windows in brick walls, that holds the weight above the opening. </li></ul>Steel angle Lintel
  31. 31. Mortar Concave Joint Tooled 3/8’’ width Type S mortar on House Flush Joint Troweled 3/8’’ width Type S Mortar on House
  32. 32. Oriented Strand Board <ul><li>Oriented Strand Board, or OSB, is Non-veneered panel, engineered wood product often used in housing flooring, that is made by using smaller strands of wood bonded together into a single sheet. </li></ul>4’x8’ Sheet of OSB
  33. 33. Plumbing Part 1 <ul><li>Lavatory pipe diameter- 1 ½” </li></ul><ul><li>Water closet pipe diameter- 3’’ </li></ul>Lavatory Water Closet
  34. 34. Plumbing Part 2 <ul><li>A plumbing vent is used to supply air to p-traps so draining water won’t pull out the p-trap’s water as well as maintain pressure through system. </li></ul>Vent Thru Roof (VTR) Drop In Kitchen Sink Prefabricated Tub <ul><li>This kitchen sink is a drop in model. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Plywood <ul><li>Plywood is flat sheets of wood that are layered, with every layer being turned 90 degrees. Often used structurally. </li></ul><ul><li>Plywood is manufactured by essentially unrolling a large log into flattened pieces which are ultimately glued together for better strength </li></ul><ul><li>Veneer-a thin layer, sheet, or facing, such as wood or brick. </li></ul>4’ x 8’ sheet of Plywood
  36. 36. Radiant Barrier <ul><li>(Radiant Barrier) </li></ul><ul><li>Radiant Barrier- Although more common in the South, aluminum sheets or spray-on aluminum particles that reflect sun heat back into atmosphere in order to reduce heat gains in building </li></ul><ul><li>Can be installed on top side of truss, below bottom chord, or over ceiling insulation. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Rebar <ul><li>Deformations on surface of rebar is for better bonding to the concrete itself </li></ul><ul><li>Sizes are determined by 1/8’’, if 6/8” diameter then #6, 7/8” is #7, and 8/8” is #8. </li></ul>#8 Rebar (1 inch diameter)
  38. 38. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Gutter-a channel that collects rainwater and melted snow at the eave of a roof. </li></ul><ul><li>Downspout-a vertical pipe for moving water from the roof to a lower level and eventually the ground. </li></ul><ul><li>Splashblock- a small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of downspout (foundation) </li></ul>Downspout Splashblock Gutter
  39. 39. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>(Shingle Roof besides asphalt) </li></ul><ul><li>Underlayment-”Roofing Felt”, 15 lb building felt installed over sheathing that the roofing material is attached to. </li></ul><ul><li>Shingle-Small units applied in overlapping layers with staggered vertical joints (Come in squares (1 square=100 sq ft) </li></ul><ul><li>Typical metal panel materials include galvanized steel (coated with zinc to prevent corrosion) </li></ul>Clay Tile Roof Black Underlayment Metal Panel Roof
  40. 40. Steep Roof Shapes Part 1 Mansard Roof Gambrel Roof
  41. 41. Steep Roof Shapes Part 2 Hip Roof Gable Roof
  42. 42. Steep Roof Terms Part 1 <ul><li>Soffit- Metal part found under the overhang with fascia </li></ul><ul><li>Eave- Lowest horizontal part of roof, around whole structure </li></ul><ul><li>Fascia- Exposed vertical face of the eave that comes below roof. </li></ul>Eave Hip Fascia Soffit <ul><li>Building without Fascia </li></ul>
  43. 43. Steep Roof Terms Part 2 Ridge Valley Rake Ridge-Highest horizontal piece of the roof, topmost part Valley- The slope intersection of two slopes, must be flashed Rake- Sloping edge of a steep roof on end of Gable roof
  44. 44. Steep Roof Terms Part 3 Wood Shingles
  45. 45. Stone- Part 1 Coursed Ashlar Coursed Rubble
  46. 46. Stone- Part 2 Random Rubble Random Ashlar
  47. 47. Vapor Retarder <ul><li>Vapor retarder is placed between the insulation and inside of the house and is used to keep moisture out of the wall. The vapor retarder is placed on the warm-in-winter side of the insulation. </li></ul>Kraft Paper Vapor Retarder (R-13)
  48. 48. Waterproofing <ul><li>Waterproofing is used in order to keep water out of the soil around the foundation to allow for water to drain away from the walls properly. Comes in three forms: Liquid applied, Fully Adhered, and Loosely Laid. </li></ul>Liquid Applied Waterproofing
  49. 49. Weep Hole <ul><li>A weep hole is a vertical mortar joint at the bottom of a wall left unfilled in order to allow drainage down behind the brick veneer wall after it seeps through other joints above. </li></ul>Weep Hole
  50. 50. Welded Wire Fabric (WWF) <ul><li>Welded Wire Fabric is used in concrete as reinforcement to the concrete. The WWF is supported by high chairs to get in the middle of the concrete and off the ground. </li></ul>
  51. 51. Windows Outswinging Casement because hinged on the side and swings outward Fixed windows because panes of glass that does not move Awning Window because hinged at top corners, inward swinging